Archive for the ‘Generation 13’ Category

Peninsula Pilgrimage

4 June 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Elizabeth Valentine Huntley, Peninsula Pilgrimage (Richmond: The Press of Whittet and Shepperson, 1941).

[page 98]

Old Indian Trail. Route 5, Henrico County

CROSSING THE concrete bridge one is in front of the main entrance to Curles Neck Farm. Originally this plantation, in one of the “curls” of James River, was divided into many small farms, but these tracts eventually were consolidated. In 1617, Edward GURGANY patented the land known as “Longfield.” At his death his wife inherited it and in turn willed it to Captain Thomas HARRIS. Two decades later, John PLEASANTS, the Quaker merchant and planter, settled on Curles neck plantation. The next in line of occupancy was Nathaniel BACON, “the Rebel.” After BACON’s uprising against a tyrannical Colonial Governor, BACON̓s land was confiscated, and later was bought by William RANDOLPH, the first, of Turkey Island, Henrico County. At one time “Bremo,” the ancestral home of the COCKE family, was on Curles Neck estate. Today only tombstones mark the spot.

During the Revolution, when LAFAYETTE̓s headquarters were here, Curles Neck was the residence of Ryland RANDOLPH, grandson of William RANDOLPH. Years later, the estate became one of the many owned by Major William ALLEN, of Claremont Manor, Surry County. In 1907, the property was acquired by Charles H. SENFF, Esquire, the builder of the present modem brick house. He was followed by C.K. BILLINGS. During Mr. BILLINGS̓ ownership Curles Neck was the home of “Harvester,” one of the most famous race horses of a generation.

The plantation is now the property of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Billings RUDDOCK. Through their courtesy, the annual Deep Run Hunt Club̓s Spring Race Meet is held here.

[page 101]

Old Indian Trail. Route 5, Henrico County

A MODERN FENCE and farm road divide the prosperous farm of Curles Neck and the once renowned Turkey Island plantation. Tidal swamps, trees of dark foliage and tangled underbrush now cover much of the famous plantation, part of which belonged in 1676 to Colonial James CREWS, one of the leaders in BACON̓s Rebellion. After the uprising, he was hanged near Jamestown. his heirs sold the property to William RANDOLPH, the first, son of Richard RANDOLPH of Morton Hall, Warwickshire, England. This William RANDOLPH was the progenitor of so many distinguished Virginians that the date of his birth has been declared one of the most important in the history of the Old Dominion. At his death, his son, William RANDOLPH, the second, a member of the House of Burgesses, inherited the estate. Long after his day, Turkey Island plantation was on the stormy edge of the battle of Malvern Hill. At this time the old house was fired and destroyed by the gunboats in the James River. By strange irony, a section of the estate was owned at that time by General George B. PICKETT, who had sustained a wound in the battle of Gaine’s Mill, June 27, 1862, but survived to send his division into the famous charge at Gettysburg that made his name immortal in American history. Today, that part of Turkey Island which is not overflown by the James consists of small farms and modern residences.

A very interesting old monument was erected here after the disastrous flood of May, 1771. It bears the following inscription:

“The foundation of this pillar was laid in the calamitous year of 1771, when all the great rivers of this country were swept by inundations never before experienced, which changed the face of nature and left traces of their violence that will remain for ages.”

Less than half a mile across winding old Indian Trail, on a high hill are the site and vine-covered foundation of Malvern Hills. A fancied resemblance between the high ground above Turkey Island and the historic Malvern Hills that rise from the Severn in

[page 102]

Worcestershire Beacon, England, led Thomas COCKE to give the old name to his new home on the James. He was the son of Richard COCKE of England, who came to Virginia in 1630 and here built a house acclaimed “one of the best specimens of Colonial architecture” in the Old Dominion. It showed definite seventeenth century influence, but, unfortunately, it was never well photographed or measured prior to its destruction by fire about 1905. James Powell COCKE sold the estate after the Revolutionary War to Robert NELSON. He was the son of Elizabeth BURWELL and William NELSON, President of the Council, and was brother of General Thomas NELSON, Governor of Virginia. Subsequently, the Malvern Hills property was mortgaged to Charles CARTER of Shirley, but when he died in 1806, he left specific instructions that his executors should not foreclose on the home of his friends. At that time and for at least a generation later, the name of the estate was usually in the plural – “The Malvern Hills.” The singular form did not come into general use until the period of the War Between the States.

The associations of this old property are as martial as social. LAFAYETFE encamped here for the protection of Richmond against British attack by way of the James River. in the summer of 1813, the plantation was garrisoned with several thousand men to keep the British from a similar attack. The fighting here in the great battle of July 1, 1862, occurred a slight distance to the north and northwest of the old mansion. Federal artillery was parked, hills on hills, between the Mellert (Crew) and the West Houses. The Confederate attack was southward up the grade from Western Run. That section of the baffle ground known as the “Wheatfield” lies to the west under the bluff on which the Mellert (Crew) House stands. Although Malvern Hill continued to have strategic value until it fell permanently into Federal hands in June, 1864, its later history has not been conspicuous.

Categories: 006210. Thomas Harris

Ziegeler Genealogy Homepage

31 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Hamilton Ziegeler, “Ziegeler Genealogy Homepage,” at, accessed 16 August 1998.


BORN 22 MAY 1710







BORN 1687














BORN 20 FEB 1654


















DIED 6 NOV 1683




















BORN 1583/84 ENG.

DIED 7 OCT 1666

WILL 7 NOV 1665












BORN 1595/96

DIED AFT. 1666



Elizabeth COLE

DIED 5 MAR 1688




BORN 6 MAR 1656

DIED 1717













BORN 11 OCT 1722

DIED 25 DEC 1811




BORN 1709

DIED 1709


BORN 1 SEP 1712


BORN 1713

DIED 1715


BORN 17 JAN 1715


BORN 11 APR 1719

DIED 1802

Burlingame Family Records

31 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Mike Gifford,“Burlingame Family Records,” at, accessed 15 August 1998.


Roger BURLINGHAM was also known as Roger BURLINGAME, which is an American corruption of the original English name BURLINGHAM. After he came to Rhode Island, his name appears in both forms. Over time, most family members adopted the name BURLINGAME.

Roger was born 24 Jan 1620 (Doherty and Jacox both say 1638) in Darwich, Kent, England and married Jacolyn HUNTINGDON about 1646 in England. After Jacolyn̓s death, Robert married Mary LIPPITT, daughter of John LIPPITT and Martha (??) on 3 Oct 1663 in Warick [sic], RI. Roger died on 1 Sep 1718 in Mashantatack, Providence, RI at age 98. His estate was valued at 199 pounds, 13 shillings, 8 pence, and included a mare, three cows, three yearlings, a calf, two sheep, two swine, an old sword, clothing, scales, cash, etc.

He enlisted in the British Army at age 16, serving in his uncle Roger BURLINGHAM̓s regiment, and eventually became a Captain. His company was sent to America, landing at Boston, MA on 10 May 1650. Soon thereafter he resigned his commission. He went to Connecticut, intending to buy a farm and send for his wife and son in England, not knowing that his wife had died.

On 16 Feb 1656, he and Thomas GRIFFIAN bought 100 acres of land on the east side of “the brooke called mislicke” in Pequot (now New London), RI from Peter BLATCHFORD for 40 pounds. Roger sold this property on 1 Mar 1659 to William THOMPSON. On 14 Mar 1659 THOMPSON filed a complaint against “Thomas BURILNGHAM”, charging him with gathering crops on this farm. There is no other record of Thomas BURLINGHAM at this date and may have been Thomas GRIFFIAN, named BURLINGHAM by mistake. On 7 Mar 1663, Tollarton HARRIS testified in court that on 12 Jul 1662 he saw Samuel GORTON, George GOFF, Roger BURLINGAME, and Ebenezer MOONE mowing the grass on the property of W. FIELD and W. HARRIS, near a place called Toskeonke on the north side of the Pawtuxet River. similar testimony was given by Andrew HARRIS. Roger BURLINGAME, along with Thomas RALPH and John HARRUD, claimed that they had been granted the property, totaling 4000 acres, by the Cooweeseette Indians on 6 Jun 1662. FIELD and HARRIS claimed that they had been granted the property by the King. The court found in favor of FIELD and HARRIS and ordered BURLINGAME and the others to leave the land, and pay 10 shillings damages. They did not leave, however. The Town Sergeant put off enforcing the verdict, knowing that the community favored BURLINGAME and the others. On 1 May 1670, T. HARRIS testified that on 21 Apr 1670 he and the General Sergeant went to John HARRUD̓s home to execute the verdict, and were turned away at gunpoint. HARRUD was supported by about 15 men, including John WEEKS Sr. and Jr., Edmund CALVERY, Roger BURLINGAME and Benjamin BARTON. Eventually, BURLINGAME, HARRUD, and RALPH won out, partly due to HARRIS̓ death.

Roger bought lands from the Cooweeseette Indians on 23 Jun 1662 and 13 May 1663. The site of his home is “about one and one-half miles northwesterly from Oak Lawn Depot, Cranston, Rhode Island.” He built a 2 1/2 story “Mansion House” about 1666, which was about 35×60 feet. On 25 Sep 1671, Thomas RALPH, Roger BURLINGAME, and John HARRUD were authorized by the General Assembly to set the tax rate and levy assessments for the town of Mashantatack. On Oct 1671, they were ordered to levy a tax of 40 shillings on the townspeople, as their share of the 200 pounds levied on the Rhode Island Colony.

On 6 Oct 1682, Roger BURLINGHAM “of Mashantatack” bought land in Warwick from Abel POTTER, and then Roger BURLINOHAM “of Warwick” sold the land to his son John the same day. On 6 Sep 1684 he deeded his homestead in Mashantatack, RI totaling about 83 acres to his son Peter, reserving a lifetime lease. (Jacox and McPherson both put this date at 6 Sep 1704, and the land at 50 acres). On 15 Mar 1708 he deeded an additional 15 acres of land to Peter, to the west of his homestead in Mashantatack, including some iron ore beds. He was elected to the General Assembly from Warick <sic>, RI on 6 May 1690, but was not accepted by the Assembly because of the question of his legal residence, and hence the legality of the election. The questions arose from his purchase and sale of land in Warwick on 6 Oct 1682, described above, in which he claimed residency in Mashantatack in one deed and in Warwick in the other. The Assembly declared he was from Mashantatack, not Warwick.

On 24 Apr 1697, in Providence, Providence, RI he was one of 21 men who were ordered by a Council of War to take ten men each, to search for the Indian enemies, and if possible to expel or kill them. If they were too strong however, he was to warn the inhabitants. (The date of this order calls into question the birthdate given by Nelson BURLINGAME, and makes the 1638 date given by other sources more credible. A birthdate of 1638, however, would mean that he couldn’t have joined the British Army in 1636, married Jacolyn HUNTINGDON in 1646, and had a son in 1648, or come to the US as a Captain in the British Army in 1650.)

He was elected constable in Providence on 7 Jun 1697. He was elected to the town council of Providence on 6 Jul 1698. He and his family were Quakers, and up until about 1711, they held their meetings at his Mansion House in Mashantatack, Providence, RI.

His will was dated 28 Nov 1715 in Providence, Providence, RI. The witnesses were John BURTON, Mary BURTON, and Peter ROBARDS. It was proved 13 Sep 1718, and his son Roger and sons-in-law Thomas ARNOLD and Amos STAFFORD were named as overseers. His wife Mary was named as executrix, but since she had died, his son John took over. He left his movable estate to his wife Mary. At her death, this was to be evenly divided between his daughters, and his granddaughters Freelove BURLINGAME (of his son, Roger), Frances GORTON, and Deborah HAZZARD. He left 50 acres of land to his son Roger and his grandson John BURLINGAME, and the rest of his land to his son Thomas. He also left about 20 shillings each to his sons, John, Thomas, and Roger.

(Most of the above information was from Nelson BURLINGAME)

Colonial Families of the United States of America

30 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: George Newbury Mackenzie, Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume 6 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1966).

[page 40]


CHARLES FRANCIS BACON, deceased of Waterville, Maine [...]


BACON is a Seigniory in Normandy according to the well authenticated genealogy of the great Suffolk family of BACON from which sprung many branches. The founder of the English family is said to have been Grumbaldus, a Norman gentleman related to William DE WARRENE, Earl of Surrey. He came into England at the time of the Conquest and had grants of land at Letheringsete near Holt, County of Norfolk. He had three sons.

I.  Rudueph.

II.  RANUEF, of whom later.

III.  Edmund.

RAN(D)ULF or Reynolds resided at Thorpe, County Norfolk, called Baconsthorpe by distinction, his son Roger had sons ROBERT and William.

ROBERT had JOHN and William.

JOHN I had JOHN II Time of Edward I.




JOHN V who had

EDMUND who had

JOHN who had Robert John, THOMAS, Henry and William

THOMAS BAKON of Helmingham, will proved 27th February —-, m. Johan, surname not given, d. 1540.


I. JOHN, will proved 11th March, 1557, of whom later.

II.     Thomas.

III.    Anne, m. — DOW.

IV.     John.

V. Henry.

VI.     Mary.

VII.    Agnes.

VIII.   Elizabeth.

JOHN BACON, will proved 19th March, 1587; m. Margaret, surname not given.

[page 41]


I. William.

II.     Thomas.

III.    MICHAEL, bapt. 31st May, 1566, of whom later.

IV.     Richard.

V. Barbara.

VI.     Rose.

VII.    William (the younger).

MICHAEL BACON, Yeoman, of Winston, County Suffolk, England, bapt. 31st May, 1566, was buried 25th March, 1615, will dated 24th October, 1614, m. (firstly) 16th August, 1565. Elizabeth WYLIE, bapt. 30th May, 1566; m. (secondly) 20th September, 1607, the widow Grace BLOWERSES.


I.    John, bapt. 31st May, 1566.

II.    William.

III.    Thomas.

IV.    MICHAEL, bapt. 6th December, 1579, of whom later.

V.    Sarah, m. Daniel YORKE.

VI.    Elizabeth, bapt. 3d September, 1584.

MICHAEL BACON, Yeoman, of Winston, Suffolk County, England, and Dedham, Massachusetts; b. 6th December, 1579, in Winston, Suffolk County, England; d. 18th April, 1648; m. Alice (surname not given), who d. 2d April, 1648.


II.     Daniel, b. probably 1615; d. 7th September, 1691, at Newton; came to New England, 1640; m. Mary READ, who d. 4th October 1691, dau. of Thomas READ.


1.     Daniel, b. probably 1641; d. 1720; m. 1st August, 1664, Susanna SPENCER, dau. of Michael SPENCER, of Salem.

2.     Thomas, b. 13th April, 1645, d. young.

3.     John, b. 8th September, 1647; found dead on Boston Marsh 31st August, 1723; m. Abigail, surname unknown.

4.     Isaac, b. 4th April, 1650; d. 8th January. 1684; m. Abigail, surname unknown.

5.     Rachel, b. 8th June, 1652; m. 24th March, 1680, Thomas PEIRCE, b. 21st June, 1645, d. 8th December, 1717, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (COLE) PEIRCE.

Burke’s American Families with British Ancestry

30 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Sir John Bernard Burke, Burke’s American Families with British Ancestry, offprint of pages 2529-3022 of the 16th edition of Burke’s Landed Gentry (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1975).

[page 2544]



Lineage. — JOHN BACON, m. Helena, dau. of Sir George TILLOT. and was father of

EDMUND BACON, of Drinkstone, Co. Suffolk, m. Elizabeth CROFTS, of the family of that name for long settled at Saxham, co. Suffolk, and was father of

JOHN BACON, who m. Elizabeth COCKFIELD, and had issue,

1. Robert, father of Sir Nicholas BACON, and grandfather of Francis BACON, Viscount St. Albans, Lord Keeper, and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

2. THOMAS, of whom we treat

The younger son,

THOMAS BACON, of Helmingham, Norfolk, whose will was pr. 27 Feb. 1535, had a son,

JOHN BACON, (will pr. 11 Mar. 1557), who had issue by Margaret his wife, five sons and two daus.  The third son,

MICHAEL BACON, m. at Helrningham, 1565, Elizabeth WYLIE, and d. (will pr. 20 April, 1615), leaving issue, four sons and three daus. The youngest son,

MICHAEL BACON, of Winston, Suffolk, arrived at Dedham, Massachusetts in 1633, where he was one of the signatories of the Dedham  agreement. Returning to England he settled finally in Dedham in 1640, b. 1579; d. 1648, leaving issue, by Alice, his wife,

JOHN BACON, of Dedham, Mass., freeman 1647, Surveyor and Commissioner 1662, served in King Philip̓s War 1676, m. 1657, Rebecca HALL, and d. 1683. His son,

THOMAS BACON, representative of the Massachusetts General Court, b. 167[?]; m. Hannah FALES, and d. 1749. His son,

JOHN BACON, of Wrentham, b. 1710; d. 1806, having had by Mary, his wife,


[page 2866]


Lineage. — THOMAS PIERCE, of Stepney, the Founder of this family in America, left England in 1634, and settled in Charlestown, Mass., b. 1583; m. Elizabeth, and d. 7 Oct 1666, leaving issue,

THOMAS PIERCE, of Woburn, Mass., b. 1608; m. 6 May, 1635, Elizabeth, dau. of Ryse COLE, and d. 6 Nov. 1683, leaving issue, a son,

JOHN PIERCE, of Woburn, b. 7 Mar. 1643; m. 5 July, 1663, Deborah, daughter of James CONVERS, of Woburn, and d. 1720, leaving a son,

JOSIAH PIERCE, of Woburn, b. 10 June, 1691; m. Hannah, dau. of Jonathan THOMPSON, of Woburn, and by her had issue,

JOSIAH PIERCE, of Woburn, b. 30 Mar. 1720; m. 15 Jan. 1756, Ruth SIMONDS, widow of Benjamin THOMPSON, and mother by her first husband of Sir Benjamin THOMPSON, Count Rumford, and d. 18 Aug. 1799, leaving issue,

JOSIAH PIERCE, of Baldwin, Maine, b. 27 Aug. 1756; m. in Mar. 1787, Phebe, dau. of Daniel THOMPSON, of Woburn, and d. 23 Jan. 1830 [...]

The Compendium of American Genealogy

29 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Frederick Adams Virkus, editor, The Compendium of American Genealogy, Volume 7, 1942 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987).

[page 324]

1 – NORTON, Laurence Harper, b Cleveland, O., May 8, 1888.


10 – Sgt. Isaac MOORE (1622-77), settled at Farmington, Conn.; m 1645, Ruth STANLEY (1629-96);

9 – Mary (1664-1738), m Capt. John HART (1665-1714), ens. Farmington Train Band, 1695; lt., 1703, capt., 1707; dep. from Farmington;

8 – Dea. John (1684-1753), dep. from Farmington; m Esther GRIDLEY (1687-1743; Sam.9; Thos.10);

7 – Esther (1707-62), m 1727, Dea. Nathaniel NEWELL (1703-53);

6 – Rev. Abel (1730-1813), B.A., Yale, 1751, M.A.; minister Goshen, Conn.; to Charlotte, Vt., 1781; m 1756, Abigail SMITH (John7, m Abigail MERRILL);

5 – Judge Nathaniel I. (1757-1835), rep. Vt. Assembly 13 times; Am. Rev.; m Lucy STANLEY;

[page 325]

4 – George (1793-1832), m 1817, Hannah WILLIAMS (1793-1818; Col. Wm.5, Lanesboro, Mass., and Charlotte, Vt., m Polly WILSON);

3-Mary Hannah (1818-1907), m William B. CASTLE [...]

[page 753]

1 – DEXTER, Emily Smith, b Chicago, Ill., June 4 1887.


10 – Thomas AXTELL (1619-46), Eng. to Sudbury, Mass., ante 1642; m ante 1639, Mary —— (she m 2d, John MAYNARD);

9 – Henry (1641-76), a propr. of Marlborough, Mass.; killed in Wadsworth massacre, King Philip’s War; m 1665, Hannah MERRIAM (Geo10, m Elizabeth BAKER; Sgt. Thos.11); [This last may be a transcription error on my part, as George Merriam did not marry Elizabeth Bakerand was not the son of Sgt. Thomas (see William Pratt below)]

8 – Daniel (b 1673), of Berkley, Mass.; m 1702, Thankful PRATT (b 1683; Wm.9, m Elizabeth BAKER; Sgt. Thos.10);

7 – Henry (1715-53), of Mendham, N.J.; m 1737, Jemima LEONARD (1717-ca. 1797; Benj.8, m Hannah PHILLIPS; Isaac9; Sol.10);

6 – Maj. Henry (1738-1818), m 1st 1760, Mary BEACH (d 1766); m 2d. 1767 Phebe (CONDICT) DAY (1740-1829; Peter CONDIT, or CONDICT7, m Phebe DODD; Peter8; John9, qv);

5 – Lurana (1767-1820), m 1788, Samuel BEACH (1762-1824);


[page 760]

1 – GILKEY, Herbert James, b Montesano, Wash., Jan. 2, 1890.


12 – Thomas PIERCE (qv);

11 – Thomas (1608-83), of Charleston Village (now Woburn), Mass.; often styled sgt.; taxed at Woburn, 1645; selectman, 1660; mem. com. for div. of comon lands; “right proprs.,” 1667; mem. Gen. Ct. Coms., 1668; m 1635, Elizabeth COLE (d 1688; Rice12);

10 – Samuel (1656-1721), of Charleston; m 1680, Lydia BACON (1656-1717; Dan.11, m Mary READ);

9 – Lydia (1683-1764), m 1706, Timothy SNOW (1675-1748; John10; Rich.11);


[page 796]

1 – WASHINGTON, Bernice Beth Haskell (Mrs. Walter OWEN), b Ord, Neb., Feb. 16, 1888.

5 – Mordecai SOPER (b Eng., 1746 – d Vt., 1829), served in Vt. militia, 1780-81; m 1770, Elizabeth OWENS;

4 – Joseph (d 1850), capt. War 1812; of Orange Co., Vt.; lumberman, drowned in St. Lawrence River; m Electa MANSFIELD (b 1800), niece of Ethan ALLEN, of Am. Rev. fame;

3 – Harriet Eveline (1823-90), m 1843, Sylvester Smith HASKELL (1823-1901), of N.Y., Ill., and Neb. (Abel Tandy4, settled at N. Stockholm, St. Lawrence Co., N.Y., m Cynthia ROCKWELL, niece of Gen. Israel PUTNAM of Am. Rev. fame; Wm. or Caleb5, of Conn.);

The Ancestry of Eunice Burlingame who Married Ichabod Mattocks and Migrated to Western New York

28 May 2009 3 comments

Source: Alfred W. Little, The Ancestry of Eunice Burlingame who Married Ichabod Mattocks and Migrated to Western New York ( (Silver Spring, Maryland: unpublished manuscript, 1997).

[page 1]

[...], SILVER SPRING, MD. 20910
AUGUST 25, 1997

This effort is extracted from Nelson BURLINGAME, Burlingame Manuscript I.  Merrilan, Wisconsin: Privately Printed, 1971, pages 2-272, passim.  BURLINGAME’S undocumented study comprises several volumes, tracing the BURLINGAME family from colonial times to the present.  Additional data is from material assembled by the late Glen ALLEN of Topeka, Kansas and his recently deceased sister, Mrs. Maxine HOBBLE, of Wakarusa, Kansas, both of whom were active in researching the MATTOCKS, the RUGG, and the BURLINGAME families.  Sources that I have been able to document are cited immediately following the data.


ROGER BURLINGAME, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (HOWARD) BURLINGAME, born Kent Co., England Jan. 24, 1620, died Mashantatack (Cranston), R.I., Sept. 1, 1718 (VR of RI, 1st series, vol. II:52); married, first, England, about 1646, Jacolyn HUNTINGDON, died England; married, second, Warwick, R.I., Oct. 3, 1663 Mrs. MARY (LIPPITT) BARLINSTONE, born Providence Plantations, R.I., March 3, 1643, died Mashantatack July 5, 1718, daughter of John and Martha (_____) LIPPITT and widow of William BARLINSTONE, whom she had married on March 23, 1661.  See below for information regarding John LIPPITT.

At the age of sixteen Roger BURLINGAME enlisted in the British Army, serving in the regiment of his uncle, Roger BURLINGHAM, and eventually reaching the rank of Captain.  After his marriage and the birth of his son, Captain Roger BURLINGAME and his company were ordered to America; he landed with his troops at Boston on May 10, 1650.  Soon after reaching America he resigned his commission and went up into the Connecticut Valley for the purpose of purchasing a farm, with the intention of bringing his wife and child to America, only to learn that his wife had died.

He was a witness to Court held at Stonington, Conn. in 1654.  He and Thomas GRIFFIAN (said to have been the brother-in-law of Roger BURLINGAME, having married his sister, Elizabeth BURLINGAME) purchased one hundred acres of land on Feb. 16, 1656 at Pequot (now New London), Conn. located on the east side ‘of the brook Called misticke’.  (Suffolk Deed III:455).  He sold this farm on March 1, 1659.

John HARRUD, Roger BURLINGHAM and Thomas RALPH were recognized as the first English settlers of Mashantatuck (Sidney S. Rider, History of Rhode Island Lands).  The three settlers claimed to have had a grant from the Cooweeseette Indians bearing the date of June 6, 1662 for 4000 acres at Patuxet, at a place called either Mashantatack or Paquabuck (Providence Town Papers 0120,I:53).  By order of the General Assembly of Sept. 25, 1671, they were ordered to make the rate and levy the assessments on the inhabitants of Mashantatack.

Roger BURLINGHAM was elected Deputy to represent Warwick at the General Assembly of May 6, 1690.  However, he was not accepted as Deputy since he claimed residence in two jurisdictions (Warwick and Mashantatuck; the Assembly declared the election illegal, ruling that BURLINGHAM resided in Mashantatuck (Proceedings of the General Assembly May 16, 1690).  At a Town Meeting of Elections on June 6, 1698 Roger BURLINGAME was chosen as one of seven members of the Town Council.

Roger BURLINGAME and his family were of the Quaker faith.  For many years up until 1711, the “Friends” held their meetings in his mansion house (May Day Souvenir of May 2, 1882, The Oak Lawn Baptist Church of Providence).

[JOHN LIPPITT, born England in 1597, died Warwick, 1667 and MARTHA (MARY?) his wife, settled in Salem, Mass.  In September, 1635, Roger WILLIAMS and others were banished from Salem because of their religious views.  In 1636 WILLIAMS and four companions built their homes in the wilderness on land he purchased from the Indians.  In 1638 there were two divisions of this land and John LIPPITT’s name was sixth on a list of fifty-two persons who then held homelots in Providence Plantations.  On May 2, 1640 John LIPPITT signed a compact containing proposals for a form of government under the first charter.  In 1647 he represented Providence Plantations as it met with other towns for the purpose of forming a government.  He removed to Warwick, becoming a recorded landowner in 1648, the year he was elected a member of the Warwick Town Council.  Children: Nathaniel; John married Ann GREEN or GROVE; Mary; Moses married Mary KNOWLES; Joseph; Rebecca married Joseph HOWARD (Children’s names from Genealogy of R.I. Families from the NEHGR.  Baltimore: GPC, 1989. Vol. I:661)].

[page 2]

Roger BURLINGAME’s will, dated Nov. 28, 1715 and proved Sept. 13, 1718, named his wife Mary [who had predeceased him], daughters Mercy, Alice, sons Roger, Peter, Thomas, John, as well as several grandchildren and two sons-in-law.  All children were to share equally, the moveable estate being valued at 199 pounds: 13: 8.  Son Roger received fifty acres, and John, Thomas, and Roger received 20s. each.

Glen ALLEN, (hereafter GA), stated that Roger’s father was George Thomas BURLINGAME from Darwich, Kent, England.  He wrote that Roger̓s first wife was Mary (_____) with whom he had one son, Roger, Jr., born in England.  He then married in Rhode Island in October, 1663 Widow Mary BARLINGSTON with whom he had four children.  In 1672 he married Mary LIPPETT with whom he had five children.  ALLEN also indicated that Mary LIPPETT was the daughter of John and Mary LIPPETT and an older sister of Martha LIPPETT who married Roger BURLINGAME’s son, Thomas.

Children of Roger BURLINGAME:

1.  Roger, born in Coventry, Eng., 1648, died Mashantatack, Feb. 10, 1678; married Mary Elizabeth, born England, 1651, died Mashantatack, July 8, 1672, their infant son dying at the same time (Data copied on May 20, 1765 by William BURLINGAME, Jr. (William 4-William 3-Roger 2-Roger 1) from gravestones in the old family burial ground on the farm of the first Roger BURLINGAME).

2.  John BURLINGAME, born Warwick, R.I. Aug. 1, 1664 (VR, 1st series, Vol. I, Kent Co.), died Warwick June 24, 1719; married Warwick, Nov. 19, 1688 his first cousin Mary Knowles LIPPETT, born Warwick about 1666, died Cranston, R.I. Jan. 13, 1708, daughter of Moses and Mary (KNOWLES) LIPPETT.  Nine children: John, 1690; Roger, 1692; James, 1694; Barlingstone, 1698; Benjamin, about 1700; Persis, 1703; David, 1706; Patience; Mercy.

3.  Thomas, born Mashantatack, Feb. 6, 1667, died Warwick July 9, 1758; married Warwick Oct. 5, 1686 his first cousin Martha LIPPETT, born Providence about 1670, died Cranston 1723, daughter of Moses and Mary (KNOWLES) LIPPETT; married, secondly, 1726, Mrs. Hannah (GARDINER) WESTCOTT.  Children: Thomas 1688; Moses 1690; Samuel 1692; Peter 1694; Margaret 1696; Mary 1698; Sarah, about 1700; Freelove 1704; Joshua 1706; Alice; Patience 1702; Stephen 1711.

4.  Mary, born Mashantatack Jan. 14, 1668, died Warwick Oct. 14, 1760; married Warwick Dec. 19, 1689 Amos STAFFORD, born Warwick Nov. 8, 1665, died Warwick Oct. 8, 1760, son of Samuel and Mercy (WESTCOTT) STAFFORD.  Known children: Mary 1690; Samuel 1692; Mercy 1694; Amos 1702; Stuckley 1704; Patience 1707; Freelove 1709.

5.  Jane, born Mashantatack about 1672, died Warwick after 1718; married about 1691 John POTTER born Warwick Nov. 21, 1668, died Warwick Feb. 5, 1711; married secondly 1711 Edward POTTER, both sons of John and Ruth (FISHER) POTTER.  Children: John 1692; Amy, about 1695; William about 1700; Mary about 1701; Fisher Sept. 29, 1706; Alice about 1709.  By second marriage: John.

6.  Alice, born Mashantatack about 1673; married Oliver HAZZARD.  She died a few days after birth of first child, Deborah.

7.  Mercy, born Mashantatack Aug. 3, 1675, died before 1715; married about 1692 Othneil GORTON, born Warwick Sept. 22, 1669, died Cranston June 13, 1733, son of John and Margaret (WEEDEN) GORTON.  Children: Israel, about 1693; John 1698; Frances Mar. 15, 1707.

8.  Roger, born Mashantatack, May 30, 1678.

9.  Peter, born Sept. 7, 1680, died unmarried Dec. 2, 1712.

10.  Elizabeth, born Mashantatack Jan. 9, 1684, died Providence May 5, 1752; married Providence Oct. 5, 1706 Thomas ARNOLD, born Warwick Mar. 24, 1675, died Providence Feb. 3, 1727, son of Richard and Mary (ANGELL) ARNOLD.  She married second 1734 William SPENCER.  Children: Job Nov. 16, 1707; Jonathan Nov. 18, 1708; Mary Oct. 28, 1710; Thomas Nov. 4, 1713; Elizabeth June 3, 1717; Sarah Apr. 10, 1722.

11.  Patience, born Mashantatack May 8, 1685, died Providence Aug. 8, 1746; married Providence July 15, 1710 Thomas OLNEY, born Providence May 18, 1686, died Providence July 28, 1752, son of Epenetus and Mary (WHIPPLE) OLNEY.  Children: Lydia June 22, 1711; Esther July 7, 1714.

ROGER BURLINGAME, son of Roger and Mary (LIPPETT) BURLINGAME, born Mashantatack, R.I. May 30, 1678, died Coventry, R.I. Dec. 13, 1765; married Dec. 21, 1699 SARAH ELEANOR, born Braintree, Mass Apr 24, 1682, died Coventry Aug. 3, 1761, daughter of Jonathan and Sarah (ADAMS) SWEET.

An early record of Dec. 16, 1699 notes that Roger BURLINGAME brought in a wolf head and received a bounty of ten shillings. He was a Lieutenant in the Coventry Militia 1716 to 1719 when he was made Captain.  He took part in Queen Anne’s War and was wounded when the English captured Port Royal in 1710.

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In the division of his father’s homestead he received the southeast part.  On June 4, 1722 he deeded to his son Josiah 20 acres of the old homestead, calling Josiah the eldest son.  On Sept. 15, 1731 he deeded part of the old homestead to his son William, calling him the youngest son.  On May 5, 1746 he deeded a parcel to his son Jonathan.

Children of Roger and Sarah Eleanor (SWEET) BURLINGAME:

1.  Josiah Ichabod, born Mashantatack June 3, 1701, died East Greenwich, R.I. May 1, 1776; married April 1722 Patience BURLINGAME, born Cranston June 15, 1702, died after Dec., 1778, daughter of Thomas and Martha LIPPITT BURLINGAME.  Glen ALLEN wrote that Josiah married Sarah WILLIAMS in 1749.  Possibly Josiah Jr.?  Children: Josiah Ichabod, June 3, 1723; Freelove, July 7, 1725; Roger Sept. 6, 1728; John about 1730; William about 1732; Eleanor about 1734.

2.  Jonathan, born Warwick about 1704; married Mary GREENE, daughter of Philip and Elizabeth (WICKES) GREENE.  Children: Phebe; Eunice; Elisha about 1732.

3.  Freelove.

4.  William, born Warwick Sept. 30, 1710.

WILLIAM BURLINGAME, son of Roger and Sarah Eleanor (SWEET) BURLINGAME, born Warwick Sept. 30, 1710, died Coventry, R.I. May 16, 1775 (1772?); married Cranston Nov. 30, 1729 PHEBE ALICE GREENE, born Cranston July 10, 1712, died Coventry Aug. 30, 1776, daughter of Philp and Elizabeth (WICKES) GREENE.  (Phebe Alice 5-Philip 4-John 3-Benjamin 2 of the first John GREENE of Wickford, R.I., not Surgeon John GREENE of Warwick).

William also had a short first marriage to Susanna HOPKINS but no children were reported.  (Notes of Glen ALLEN).

William BURLINGAME’s will dated at West Greenwich, R.I. May 2, 1772 (proved July 30, 1772?) mentions wife Alice; daughters Rose ALLERTON, Prudence BURLINGAME, Abel PIERCE, Freelove PIERCE, Luranne BURLINGAME; sons Ephraim and William BURLINGAME; and grandchildren Clark, Wanton, Ephraim, William, Lucretia, and Elizabeth BURLINGAME, children of deceased son Ephraim (Coventry Prob. Rec. I:34-36; abstract in R.I. Gen. Reg II:140, which states will was proved July 30, 1772).

Children of William and Phebe Alice (GREENE) BURLINGAME:

1.  Rose, born Coventry about 1731; married Coventry Aug. 6, 1750 Mansir COOPER; married, second, July 17, 1754 John ALLERTON, born Norwich, Conn., Aug. 23, 1720.  Children, all by second marriage: Jerusha Jan. 21, 1755; Sarah June 8, 1757; Freelove Aug. 1759; Roger Oct. 1, 1761; John Feb. 13, 1764; Betsey July 3, 1766; Russell Nov. 27, 1768; Rose Marie Mar. 11, 1771.

2.  Prudence

3.  Luranne

4.  Ephriam born 1738.

5.  William born Coventry, Dec. 27, 1744, died Rochester, N.Y. Sept. 28, 1830; married West Greenwich Dec. 13, 1764 Ruth BROWN (RI VR, V.7), born Nov. 30, 1748, died Coventry Sept. 24, 1772; married second Coventry 1776 Penelope (DARLING) WILSON, born Cumberland, R.I. 1742, died Coventry 1792.  Children: Mary April 10, 1765; Son, born and died Jan. 1768; Ruth, Oct. 1, 1769; Nancy June 4, 1772; Lydia June 12, 1777; Susan Oct. 18, 1779; William III July 26, 1781; Samuel Apr. 15, 1784.

6.  Alice, born Warwick about 1746; married West Greenwich Jan. 27, 1769 Azriekam PEIRCE of Warwick (RI VR 1680-1860, Princeton, Mass, 1980, Vol. 7).

7.  Jonathan 1748; married Sophia.  His brother William wrote in his diary under date Oct. 4, 1768: ‘Jonathan and mother quarreled, father joined in and Jonathan has left home, says he is going to Penn., the Wyoming Valley…. I gave him my best gun, my blessing and some money and prayed that he comes out all right.  Mother and the girls spoiled him and now that mother has her GREENE back up, everything the boy does is wrong, but I did think father had more sense than to order him out and tell him “never to come back”.  In William’s obituary in a Rochester newspaper dated Sept. 30, 1830, Jonathan BURLINGAME is listed as a surviving brother living in Williamsport, Pa.

8.  Freelove, born Warwick about 1750; married West Greenwich Jan. 27, 1769 Azriekam PEIRCE. Jr. of Warwick (Ibid.).

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EPHRIAM BURLINGAME, son of William and Phebe Alice (GREENE) BURLINGAME, born Coventry, R.I. 1738, died Shaftsbury, Bennington Co., Vermont May 4, 1771 (Vermont VR); married Greenwich about 1756 JULIA STETSON.

A farmer and cooper, he resided at Coventry, West Greenwich, and Shafisbury, Vt.  His name does not appear in the Shaftsbury Town Index of Land Records.  He died at the age of 33 and is buried in the Center Cemetery, Shaftsbury (Vermont VR).  The names of the children were mentioned in the will of their grandfather, William BURLINGAME.

Children, all born in West Greenwich, RI. with exception of Ephriam.:

1.  Clark, born Oct. 17,1737

2.  William, born 1765, died after 1850; married Clarissa HYLAND, died before 1850; married second Irene _____, born Vermont 1778, died after 1850 census was taken.  A soldier in the Revolutionary War, representing Vermont, serving 66 days in 1780 in Colonel Ebenezer ALLEN’s Detachment (Rolls of Soldiers in the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783.  Rutland: Vermont General Assembly, 1904, p. 247).  In 1790 and 1850 Census for Shaftsbury, Vermont.  Children: Lillis, 1784; Lyman 1785; Clark 1787; Ona 1797; Fanny, about 1798; Rebecca 1804; Onna 1806.

3.  Wanton, born Feb. 19, 1762, died Attica, Wyoming Co., N.Y. Sept. 9, 1853 (Historical Wyoming, May 1948, II:73, Records of Attica Center Cemetery); married Lucy STONE, born April 1, 1761, died Attica May 1848 (Ibid.).  A soldier in the Revolutionary War, representing Vermont, serving three six month enlistments in 1779, 1780, and 1781, Colonel Ira ALLEN’s Regiment.  Census of 1790-he was residing in Queensbury, Washington Co., N.Y. and in 1820 he was residing in Alexander, Genesee Co., N.Y.  Received a Rev. War Pension as of Aug. 12, 1833, age 71, a resident of Genessee Co., NY.  (Pension Rolls of 1833: Baltimore GPC, II:403)  Children: Simon about 1781; Uriah, died young; Salome; Clarissa about 1788; Ephriam 1791; Amey 1793; Mary ‘Polly’ 1796; Wanton 1798; Betsey 1799; Diantha 1801; Lucinda; Julia Ann; Sarah ‘Sally[’] died 1823; Lucretia 1813.

4.  Lucretia

5.  Elizabeth

6.  Ephriam, born Shaftsbury 1769; married, first Ruby GILLET (Glen ALLEN); second Desire _____, born R.I. 1770.  Residing in Caldwell, Warren Co., N.Y. 1830 (Census).  Residing with Henry BURLINGAME household in 1850, he age 81, Desire 80.


CLARK BURLINGAME, son of Ephriam and Julia STETSON (?) BURLINGAME, born West Greenwich, R.I. Oct. 17, 1757, died Door Village, LaPorte, Indiana Jan. 13, 1843; married Fairfield, Franklin Co., Vermont Dec. 6. 1777 PATIENCE SOPER, born Fairfield Nov. 7, 1757, died Utica, N.Y. July 24, 1829, believed to be the daughter of Dr. Joel and Rachel (HILLS) SOPER (Glen ALLEN).

Clark BURLINGAME served in the Vermont Militia in Captain Jonas GALUSHA’s Company, Colonel HERRICK’s Regiment for eight days service in the alarm of October, 1780.  The company marched 55 miles; he was paid 1:9:0 (Rolls of Soldiers in the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783, op. cit., p. 247).  A family legend from his grandson says he was a member of Colonel Sam HERRICK’s Regiment of thirty men who attacked Skenesboro during the battle of Ft. Ticonderoga in May, 1775.  No record of this reported service has been found (Glen ALLEN̓s notes).  **Check rolls for GALUSHA’s and HERRICK’s hometowns**

In 1790 Clark and family were residents of Smithfield, Chittenden Co., Vt.  The household consisted of two males over 16, two males under 16, and seven females (U.S. Census 1790).  He was one of the first Justices of the Peace in Fletcher, Chittenden County, Vermont and in 1798 he was Justice in Fairfield.  He was deeded land in “Fairfield, formerly called Smithfield”, County of Chittenden on October 19, 1793 and again on Sept. 6, 1794 (Fairfield, Franklin County Land Records 2:163 and 2:164).  [Obviously Fairfield County on the Canadian border was formed from the northern part of Chittenden County].  The family’s removal from this area is signaled by land deeds executed in 1798 and 1799.  Clark BURLINGAME sold 100 acres in 1797, additional land also in 1797 and 150 acres on March 3, 1798 (Fairfield, Franklin Co. Land Records 3:150, 4:70, and 3:171).  Two deeds executed in 1798 and 1799 describe him as a resident of Tinmouth, Rutland Co, Vt.  On Dec. 29, 1798 Clark BURLINGAME of Tinmouth signed at Tinmouth a deed transferring title of land in Smithfield

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Franklin Co. and on March 6, 1799 he returned to Fairfield where he signed a deed, neither of which were co-signed by his wife (Fairfield Land Records 4:71 and 4:110).

The following year three families of BURLINGAMEs, Clark, Ephriam, and Wanton, were residing in Queensbury, Washington County, N.Y.  (1800 New York Census, Washington Co. Clark BURLINGIM, p. 210; Ephriam BURLINGIM, p. 202; Wonton BURLINGIM, p. 201).  *Check Composition of each household*

By 1805 Clark and family were residing in Attica, then part of Genessee Co., New York.  He is named as being among those immigrants – a carpenter by trade – who came to Attica Town in 1805, locating up Crow Creek near the center of town.  (F.W. Beers, History of Wyoming Co., N.Y.  New York: F.W. Beers, 1880, p. 126-7).  A deed for land purchased from the Holland Land Co. (Town 10, Range 2) was recorded in 1805.  **Source – probably Karen Livsey. Western NY Land Transactions. Baltimore: GPC, 1996. Check*

In 1810 the family was found in Sheldon, Genessee County.  **Census composition**  Patience is believed to have died in 1829 in Augusta or Utica, Oneida Co., N.Y. where her parents and son, Clark, lived.  In 1830 Clark, Sr. was living next door to sons Spencer and Abel in Putnam Co., Indiana.  **Census**  In 1840 he was in Milwaukee with his son Spencer.  **Census**  He was living in Door Township, LaPorte Co., Indiana when he died and was buried in Kingston Cemetery of that county in 1843.  (Margaret Waters. Rev. Soldiers Buried in Indiana (1942). Baltimore: GPC, 1967 and Glen ALLEN notes).

Children of Clark and Patience (SOPER?) BURLINGAME, all born Fairfield, Franklin Co., Vt. with exception of Spencer:

1.  Amey Sept. 6, 1778

2.  EUNICE LORRAINE, born Jan. 14, 1781, died probably Gerry, Chautauqua Co., N.Y., Jan. 5, 1857; married probably Queensbury, Washington Co., N.Y., Jan. 24, 1802 ICHABOD MAITOCKS, born Litchfield, Conn. Dec. 23, 1773, died Independence, Allegany Co., N.Y. Mar. 4, 1833, son of James and Sarah (PIERCE) MATTOCKS.  Their son James MATTOCKS married Elizabeth ‘Betsy’ RUGG, their daughter Cornelia Adele MNITOCKS and her husband Clark Benjamin ELY were the parents of Lilly Victoria (ELY) LITTLE.

(Glen ALLEN’s grandmother claimed the Eunice-Ichabod wedding took place at Utica, New York.  No record of this marriage except a bible record of the date has been found (Notes of Glen ALLEN).  The BURLINGAME and MATTOCKS families were near neighbors in the 1800 Queensbury, N.Y. census (Census, Washington Co., pages 209-10).

3.  Abel, born Jan. 19, 1783, died Green Lake, Wis., Nov. 5, 1853; married Jan. 29, 1812 Mary BURLINGAME, daughter of Wanton and Lucy (STONE) BURLINGAME.  Abel served in the War of 1812.  (Abel married Polly BROTHERS-Glen ALLEN notes).

4.  Mary Nov. 16, 1784.

5  William Nov. 30, 1786

6.  Lucinda

7.  Spencer Clark, born Smithfield, Vt. Nov. 9, 1794, died Cudahy, Wis. Jan. 27, 1868; married Bethbira WILDER, born Mar. 21, 1797; died Cudahy Oct. 4, 1837.  A cooper and farmer, he resided in Vermont, Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana and Wisconsin.  Received land for services, 1812-14.  Children: Elvira born 1816; Alanson; Cynthia; Lyman; Esther; John; Patience; Clark; Mary; Philomela; Seth; Electa; Lucinda, born 1837.

8.  Clark, Jr., died after 1830. (Glen ALLEN)

9.  Phobe K. married 1827 Jesse Gorum HANFORD (Glen ALLEN)

10.  A son, after 1800 (Glen ALLEN)

Colonial Records of Virginia

27 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Virginia General Assembly, Joint Committee on the State Library, Colonial Records of Virginia (Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 1989).

[page 37]

Volume 3, No. 2
Feb. 16th, 1623.

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Att the Neak of Land.*

Luke BOYS,
Mrs. BOYS,
Robert HALAM,
Joƒeph ROYALL,
John DODS,
Mrs. DODS,
Elizabeth PERKINSON,
William VINCENT,
Allexander BRADWAYE,
his wife BRADWAYE,
his wife PRICE,
Robert TURNER,
Nathaniell REEVE,
Serjeant William SHARP,
Richard RAWSE,
Thomas SHEPPY,
William CLEMENS,
Thomas HARRIS,
his wife HARRIS,
Margaret BERMAN,
Thomas FARMER,
Richard TAYLOR,
uxor TAYLOR,
Joƒhua CHARD,
Chriƒtopher BROWNE,
Thomas OAGE,
uxor OAGE,
infant OAGE,
uxor PRICE,
infant PRICE,
Robert GREENE,
uxor GREENE,
infant GREENE.


Neak of Land. — “There is another diviƒion of the country into necks of land, which are the boundaries of the Eƒcheators, viz.: the Northern Neck, between the Patowmeck and Rappahannock rivers.

“The neck between Rappahannock and York rivers, within which Pamunkey Neck is included.

“The neck between York and James rivers,” &c., &c. — Beverly, Book IV, chap. ii.

This list being made up at James city this neck might be the one nearest to that place, and therefore the last one named by Beverly would be the one referred to; but inasmuch as in this MS. list it follows immediately after the College land, and in the list of Burgesses for 1629, occupies the same position, it is not improbable that it refers to the peninsula opposite Henrico, known on all the maps of the State as Farrar’s island, and which has been made an island in reality by the completion of a canal begun by the United States army during the late civil war and afterwards finished by the engineer department of the same, under the direction of Col. W.P. CRAIGHILL.  Hening reports Serit SHARPE a Burgess for this place in 1629, and Serjeant William SHARP is named in the text as living there in 1626.

Colonial Surry

27 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: John D. Boddie, Colonial Surry (Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 1989).

[page 93]

The following persons shown below were appointed “Viewers of Tobacco” in 1639.  These persons were required to view the tobacco fields and see whether or not the laws governing the planting and growing of tobacco were being observed.

The penalty for planting tobacco out of the prescribed season (after July first) was a heavy fine.  All tobacco leaves on the ground were to be burned.  Any hidden tobacco was to be confiscated.  A person finding same or informing about same was to receive one-half of the tobacco, the other half was to be burned.  The object of such strict regulations was to prevent an over-production and the raising of an inferior quality.  It was hoped by these means to maintain a high price for tobacco.  (V.M. 5, p. 120, 274, 277.)



James City County

South Side


From Smith’s Fort to Grindall’s Hill,

Mr. Thomas SWAN, John BISHOP, William MILLS.

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A great Indian Massacre occurred in 1644, instigated by old Opecanough of former massacre fame, who though still alive was so feeble he could not lift his eyelids.  When it was necessary for him to see, an attendant raised them.  Notwithstanding his feebleness he still cherished his implacable hatred of the English.

Governor BERKELEY, alarmed by the spreading civil war in England, had ordered that Good Friday, April 18, 1644, be kept as a special day of fasting and prayer for the King.

However, upon Opecanough’s orders, on Holy Thursday, the Indians fell upon the outlying settlements and from 300 to 500 persons perished under their tomahawks.

The Assembly in 1644 provided that the county of Surry and other counties shall prosecute the enemy and defend those parts from “Upper Chipoake downward” by constant marches upon the enemy.

An Act was passed defraying the charges of the Pamunkey and Chickahominy march against the enemy.  Captain SHEPARD and Mr. SWAN were to raise 50 men, in Surry.  In all 300 men were to be raised for the march to Pamunkey.

For better measure of defense against the Indians, the Assembly in March 1645-46, enacted “that 45 soldiers be raised to garrison Fort Henry on the Appomattox, and that 45 soldiers be raised from the inhabitants of Basse’s Choice upwards including the said Basse’ Choice (In Isle of Wight).  All of which soldiers shall be raised by the Lieutenants and deputy Lieutenants within the said limits either by impressment or otherwise, Surry to finish 15 men.” [...]

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[...] Colonel Thomas SWAN and Colonel John FLOOD also appeared in the Assembly of November 1645, from James City.  They were both residing then on the Surry side.

Colonel SWAN was also Burgess from James City in 1649 and from Surry, 1657-58.  In 1659, he was appointed a member of the Council which place he held until his death in 1680.

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In 1666, William BATTE witnessed a deed in Surry from Nathan STANTON to Captain Thomas SWANN (B. 1, p. 281).

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Several communities in the United States have claimed that their particular place was the “Birthplace of Freedom” because early in colonial times its citizens made protests against the payment of unjust and burdensome taxes.

We wish to advance the claim of Lawne’s Creek Parish Church in Surry county as the “Birthplace of Freedom” in America for some of its parishioners met there on December 12, 1673 “to declare they would not pay their public taxes.”

There was no freedom of assembly in those days and this unusual and unauthorized meeting alarmed the authorities.  Two Justices of the County Court, by virtue of an English statute nearly 300 years old which empowered Justices to inquire into such “Riots”, ordered the sheriff to arrest these “seditious” people and bring them before the court for trial.

This was only a prelude to Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676.  Governor BERKELEY was America’s first modern dictator.  It will be noted in the following chapter on the Rebellion, that his methods of obtaining absolute rule was somewhat like that of Huey LONG’s and governors of other states to whom subservient legislatures gave autocratic powers.

America’s freedom was not won by a single stroke.  It was of slow growth, as typified by this and other like protests made from time to time, until it finally burst forth in a greater rebellion than BACON’s, the American Revolution.

But let us get along with the story.  On January 3, 1673-74, following the gathering at Lawne’s Creek Church, Lawrence BAKER and Robert SPENCER, Justices of the County Court issued the following writ which was recorded January 13, 1673: (Bk. 2, p. 40.)  “Of how dangerous consequence unlawful assemblies and meetings have been is evident by the chronicles of our native country which are occasioned by a giddy headed multitude, and unless restrained may prove the ruin of a country, and therefore we, LAWRENCE BAKER and ROBERT SPENCER, two of ye justices of this county, being informed that on about the 12th of December last past, a company of seditious and rude people to the

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number of 14 did unlawfully assemble at the Parish Church of Lawne’s Creek, with intent to declare they would not pay their public taxes, and they expected divers others to meet them, who failing they did not put their wicked designs in execution, and for the good law made against Rogues and Riots and particularly the Statute of 13 Henry IV, chapter 7, and injoining Justices to inquire of such meetings, we therefore sent our warrant to the Sheriff of this county to Cause,

Matthew SWAN
William TOOKE
Thomas CLAY
Robert LACY
William LITTLE

to appear before us, yet the said persons not being satisfied with the former unlawful meeting, did this day, the greatest part of them meet together in ye old field called ‘Devil’s Old Field’, and as we justly suspect did confederate not to discover who were the first instigators or moved them to their unlawful assembling as afore and we upon their examination to find they have unanimously agreed to justify their meetings, persisting in the same as appears by the open declaring of Roger DELKE that if one suffers they would all burn, and we find their contemptuous behavior and carriage not respecting authority; have therefore committed ye persons aforesaid to the custody of the Sheriff, until they find security for their appearance at the next County Court and also for keeping the peace which we conceive consonant tot he law in such cases, and ye mutinous persons aforesaid being so many in number.  We have by Virtue of the Statute of ye 2d of Henry 5th command ye aide and assistance of several of the neighborhood for their security.  Given under our hands the day and year aforesaid.”  (Book 2, p. 40.)

Many of the above fourteen men were respectable landowners.  Matthew SWAN was perhaps related to Col. Thomas SWANN, one of the most prominent men in the county at the time and a member of the Council.  William TOOKE was the son of James TOOKE of Isle of Wight County, who had served in the House of Burgesses.  Thomas CLAY was connected with the family of John and William CORKER, burgesses and prominent in the early history of the county.  John BARNES was a Quaker and a fairly prosperous man, who later married Mr. TOOKE’s widow.  William HANCOCK married Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas SPENCER, and a relative of the same Capt. Robert SPENCER who caused his arrest.

[page 103]

Roger DELKE was the son of Roger DELKE, Sr., who had been Burgess for Stanley Hundred in the session of 1632-33.  John GREGORY was the step-father of Roger DELKE, Jr., as he had married Alice DELKE, his mother.

The depositions of all fourteen of the above men are recorded immediately after the above warrant from Capts. SPENCER and BAKER (id., pp. 40-41).  That of James CHESSETT was the first:  “James CHESSETT being this day at ye house of Capt. Law. BAKER & coming with Thirteen psons who were summoned to appeare there to give an acct. of theire Rioutous or unlawful Assemblying att ye Church of Lawnes Creek on ye 12th Xbr. Last, & for yt ye sd CHESSETT was not summoned, but comeing with ye Rest, he was brought before us ye subscribed, & being asked who gave him notice to come with ye Rest, he said he came of his own Simple head; he was also asked if he was of them yt mett at ye Church, he Answered ‘yes’, he being (asked?) why he invited Geo. PEETRS to yt meeting, he said it was to see his neighbors, soe yt he seemes premptorily to give an acct. of ye first pmoter or Instigator of that meeting.”

He was followed by Roger DELKE who “being this day brought before us the subscribed, and complaint being made to us by William SHERWOOD, sub sheriff of this county, the said DELKE did this day say that ‘we will burne all before one shall suffer.’  Ye said DELKE acknowledged he said ye same words, and being asked why they met at the church he said by reason their taxes were so unjust and they would not pay it.  He was demanded who was the person that invited him to meet, he peremptorily denied; but ye said DELKE on his own behalf and on behalf of the others then met did declare their meeting was to be relieved from payment of Drams and Cyder which they never had.  All the rest assented to what he said save only Michael UPCHURCH.”

Robert LACY then deposed that William HANCOCK took him to the meeting at the Devil’s Field, though he was warned to the contrary, and that John BARNES, Michael UPCHURCH, John GREENE and John SHEPPARD were also there.  He also said that he was at the meeting at the church, about which John SHEPPARD told him.  Thomas CLAY deposed that William HANCOCK told him of the meeting and was the first to tell him that the levies were unreasonable.  William HANCOCK denied who told him of the meeting, “very obstinately persisting.”

George PETERS testified that James CHESSETT asked him to go to the

[page 104]

church.  Then Michael UPCHURCH denied who told him of the meeting or that he knew of the business they met about.

Matthew SWAN’s testimony was as follows:  “Matthew SWAN being this day brought before us the subscribed and being asked why he and others met at the Church, the 12th Xber, last, he said it was to agree about a redress from their taxes which were heavy.  He was asked how he knew their taxes were unreasonably laid, he said Mr. MASON (Francis MASON, one of the justices) told him and also Mr. GORING said the same, and that there were some extraordinary taxes, he being demanded what discourse he and Mr. GORING had about the meeting, he said Mr. GORING said he would be there if he did not go from home, and the said SWAN have also very obstinately persisted in the Lawlessness of the meeting, and said that all or most of the Country were of his mind.”

John GREENE in his deposition denied who instigated him to go to meeting.  William LITTLE said that he went with John BARNES, but denied who instigated him to go.  John SHEPPARD agreed with the others to meet at the church “to be redressed from their Levys”; he said that he heard from Samuel CORNELL that the levies were unjust, and that CORNELL said Mr. HOLT (i.e., Randall HOLT) told him so.

John BARNES then being called denied who said first that the levies were unreasonable and said that he heard it from everybody.  William TOOKE also denied knowing who said first that the levies were unreasonable.

The examination was concluded by the deposition of Francis TAYLOR, a person not involved.  “The deposition of Francis TAYLOR being called before Capt. Law. BAKER, Mr. Robert CAUFIELD, and Capt. Robert SPENCER to swear his true knowledge concerning a meeting of some of the Parish on Friday 12 Xbr., 1673, at Lawne’s Creek Parish Church is as follows:  “That being at my lodging — looking out I espyed John GREGORY going through the Field, and called him to desire him to make me a waistcoate, which he told me he would, but he asked me if I would not be at the Church for there was to be a great part of the Parish meeting there this morning concerning ye Levys.  I told him I knew nothing of it, neither was I concerned in it, as being no housekeeper, but I did not much care if I went with him to see what was done.  He told me he was going to Mr. CAUFIELD’s to take measure of one of his men, to make his freedom clothes and he would holler for me as he came back, which accordingly he did and we went together.

When we came there we found about halfe a score men sitting there,

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and asking them how they did, and what they met for they said they did expect some more to come intending civilly to treate concerning the Levy for they did understand that there was several officers to be paid tobacco out of the Levy, which they knew no reason for, by reason they were put to as much trouble and expense as they were.  Colonel SWAN was to have 5000 lbs. tbco. for the officers and the Colonel was to be levied on this parish only.  Their company not meeting yet they stayed there about an hour, and so resolved to speake about it on the next Sabbath being sermon day.  In the Interior on Saturday, I being at Mr. SHERWOOD’s (the sub-sheriff) requested him to see the list of the Levy which he did show me and there I saw the charge was levied on the whole county.  Which I spoke of at the Church, they hearing said no more, and further saith not.”  (Book 2, pp. 42-3.)

This simple meeting of citizens to complain about their taxes seems to be a “tempest in a tea pot” from a 20th century standpoint.  However, it appears to have been regarded as an extremely serious matter in 17th century Virginia under BERKELEY’s autocratic rule.

The case was speedily disposed of as follows at a court held for Surry County January 6, 1673/4 (O.B. 1671-90, p. 42):  “for that they were sorry for their offence & were no projectors of ye same, John GREGORY, Robert LACY, James CHESSETT, Thos. CLAY, Michll UPCHURCH, Wm. TOOKE, Wm. LITTLE and John GREENE be ordered committed until they give bond for their future good behaviour and pay costs and be dismist.”  (George PETERS seems to have been unintentionally omitted from the above list.)  John  BARNES, John SHEPPARD, and William HANCOCK were ordered to “be committed untill they give ye like bond and pay each of them one Thousand pounds tobo. fine, to ye use of his Majesty, and pay costs.”  Roger DELKE “altho he were noe Ring Leader in ye faction, yet for saying after much fair admonicon yt if one of them suffered they would burne all, he shall stand Comitted untell he give ye Like bond and pay ye Like fine of 1000 pds. of tobo. wth costs.” … “& for ye sd Mathew SWAN was a Chief projector of ye design & being asked if he were Convinced & said yt ye Cort had unjustly proceeded in ye sd Levy & Charged ye Cort therewth at ye Barr, it is therefore order’d that he stand Comitted untell he give bond for his good abearing wth security for his appearance at ye 3’d day of ye next Genrall Cort before ye Right Honourable ye Governour & Councell for his Dangerous Contempt & Unlawful project & his wicked Prsisting in ye same; & being called again one by one & strictly

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Examined how & by whome ye sd unlawfull Assembly was projected & sett on foot; it appearing yt ye sd Mathew SWAN, Jno. BARNES, Jno. SHEPPARD and Wm. HANCOCK at ye house of ye sd Jno. BARNES did first resolve & conclude upon ye meeting & yt ye rest (with a great many more whome they intended to prsuade were only drawne on from ye beginning).”

The case of Matthew SWAN was finally brought before the Council and General Court of Virginia on the afternoon of April 6, 1674 and settled as follows:  “It is ordered that the order of Surry Court Against the mutinuss Psons he Confirmed and that Mathew SWAN the ringleader of them, who was bound over to the Court be Fined Two Thousand pounds of tobacco and Caske and that all fines of the Psons goe towards the ffort at James Citty And that they pay all Just Costs and Charges.”  (Minutes of Council and General Court, p. 367.)

This, however, did not end the matter, for there is always a court of public opinion to which even dictators sometimes bow.  This action caused so much resentment among the colonists that Governor BERKELEY found it advisable to remit the fines which he finally did on September 23, 1674.  (W.M. 23, p. 122.)

It is significant that these events occurred a full two years before the outbreak of the Rebellion, and the case indicates the discontent of the people and their sullen attitude toward their rulers.  Only Lawnes Creek Parish men were involved in the above.  When the actual rebellion broke out, most of those involved with BACON — in fact, a very large majority — were inhabitants of Southwark, the other parish in Surry.  Perhaps the spirit of the Lawnes Creek men had been broken by the condemnation of Matthew SWAN and his colleagues.

Matthew SWAN, the ringleader of this protest against high taxes, has many descendants in Virginia and the South.  In 1675 he married Mrs. Mary SPILTIMBER, widow of Anthony SPILTIMBER and daughter of Robert HARRIS.  His will was dated December 14, 1702 and probated Jan. 5, 1702/[3?].  He mentioned daughter, Elizabeth, wife of John DREW, daughter, Sarah; Elizabeth, daughter of John DREW; son-in-law John DREW; daughter, Mary, wife of William PHILLIPS; and grandson, John PHILLIPS.  Executors were John DREW and Sarah SWANN.  Witnesses were Arthur ALLEN, William CHAMBERS, John ALLEN, and Robert RUFFIN.

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I.   Elizabeth, m. (1) John DREW, d. 1703.  (See DREW.)  (2) John SUGARS.  (No children.)

II.  Mary, m. William PHILLIPS of Surry County, Va., who in his will dated Feb. 14, 1720/21, probated April 19, 1721, mentioned wife, Mary; sons, John, William, Swann, and Mathew PHILLIPS (the three last named under 16 years f age); and daughters, Anne, Mary, and Elizabeth PHILLIPS.  Executors were wife, Mary, and sons, William and Swann PHILLIPS.  Witnesses:  Joseph WATTELL, William NEWSUM, Carter CRAFFORD.

III. Sarah, m. Carter CRAFFORD (1682?-1743).  (See CRAFFORD.)

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Due to the disturbances of 1676, no list of tithables for Surry County is recorded for that year.  The list of 1675 (Book 2, pp. 92-4), however, gives us some idea of the state of the county at the time of the outbreak of the rebellion [...] Only 30 negro slaves appear among the tithables of 1675 in the whole county, although there may have been a few more, as Mr. Benjamin HARRISON’s list for part of Southwark Parish does not specify the character of the tithables, and the same is true for a few other households in other sections of the county.  As far as the list of 1675 shows, negroes were owned only by Col. Thomas SWANN, Major William BROWNE, John PULISTONE, Francis MASON and Nicholas MERIWETHER in Southwark Parish [...]

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[...] Judging from the tithables, as well as other records, the wealthiest men in Southwark Parish appear to have been Lieut.-Col. George JORDAN, Attorney-General of Virginia, with 7 tithable servants; Rev. William THOMPSON, the minister, with 6 white servants; Col. Thomas SWANN, Member of the Council, with 3 white servants and 2 negro slaves; and Francis MASON, with 6 white servants and 7 negroes in Southwark, and 2 negroes in Lawnes Creek [...] In Lawne’s Creek Parish [...] [o]thers fairly well-to-do were: [...] Capt. Samuel SWANN (son of Col. Thomas SWANN) [...]

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The real rulers of the county in 1676 were practically identical  with the wealthier men.  The two most prominent persons were Col. Thomas SWANN, Member of the Governor’s Council, and Lieutenant Colonel George JORDAN, Attorney-General of Virginia.  Both were elderly men, Col. SWANN being 60 years of age [...] The justices, in order of their appointment to the Commission, were as follows:  Lieutenant-Colonel George JORDAN, Capt. Lawrence BAKER, Major William BROWNE, Capt. Charles BARHAM, Mr. Robert CAUFIELD, Capt. Robert SPENCER, Mr. Benjamin HARRISON, Mr. Nicholas MERIWETHER, Capt. Samuel SWANN, Mr. Arthur ALLEN, and Mr. Francis MASON.  They and their families had long been powers in the county [...] Capt. Samuel SWANN was the son of Col. Thomas SWANN [...] It appears that during the critical last days of the Rebellion they all remained faithful to Governor BERKELEY (with the possible doubtful exception of the two SWANNs), as the Governor on March 31, 1677

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reappointed them all to office, naming on the Quorum Col. JORDAN, Capt. BAKER and Major BROWNE (who were apparently already on it), and adding to the Quorum Robert CAUFIELD in place of Capt. SWANN, and Arthur ALLEN, now called Captain ALLEN (Book 2, p. 120) [...] Capt. Samuel SWANN was High Sheriff in 1676, and John SOLWAY, owner of the Warren House, was Sub-Sheriff (O.B. 1671-90, p. 125).  Rev. William THOMPSON was minister of Southwark Parish, and probably also of Lawnes Creek [...]

We have mentioned that the deep-seated cause of the movement known as Bacon’s Rebellion was economic and political.  The immediate cause of its outbreak in 1676 was a series of Indian raids on outlying settlements in 1675.  Governor BERKELEY had himself taken the field against the Indians in the wars thirty years before, and the colonists appealed to him now for aid.  The Governor, however, had a profitable fur trade monopoly with the Indians which brought him a large income and which he did not wish to disturb.  He was appealed to early in 1676, but refused to declare war, postponing any action till the meeting of an Assembly which he called in March, 1675/6.  The Indian raids grew worse, and by March it is said that over 300 whites had been massacred by the savages, and indignation with the Governor ran high, particularly in the border counties of Stafford in the north, and Henrico and Charles City in the south and west.  When the Assembly met in March, it remained subservient to the Governor, and limited its action to levying 500 men from the counties for military service and ordering the construction of nine forts for the protection of the colonists.  They were to be erected on the Potomac in Stafford County, the Rappahannock in Gloucester County, the Mattapony in New Kent County, at Mahixon on the Pamunkey River in York County, on the James River in James City County, and Appomattox in Charles City County, the Black Water in Surry County, at Currawaugh probably in Nansemond County, and in Accomac County on the Eastern Shore.  Most of these

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forts appear to have been perfectly useless for the purpose in hand, as there seems to have been no danger from the Indians in many of the locations.  In this regard, the building of the Accomac fort seems especially ridiculous, and so were several of the others.  Even in the border counties, the people claimed that the forts gave them no real protection, and later on it was claimed that in many cases the contractors, who were BERKELEY’s favorites, embezzled the money and even failed to build the forts, or left them unfinished.  The people in the border counties needed a punitive expedition against the Indians to protect them, but BERKELEY and the Assembly forbade any such attack on the enemy without the Governor’s specific order, which he was not likely to give.  As a climax, two million pounds of tobacco were added to the people’s taxes for building these forts, which they felt to be useless.

Surry’s Burgesses in this Assembly were the old ones, George JORDAN and Lawrence BAKER.  For the fort in Surry County the order was for “fforty men in the county of Surry to be garrisoned at one ffort or defenceable place neare Richard ATKINS upon the black water in the same county of Surry, of which ffort captain Roger POTTER to be captain or chiefe commander” (Hening Statutes, II, p. 318).  180 pounds of powder and 440 pounds of shot were ordered to the Black Water fort (id., p. 329), and Col. Thomas SWAN and Lt.-Col. George JORDAN were ordered to make choice of the garrison and impress the men and provisions for the fort (id., p. 330).  One wonders as to the identity of these men, and whether any of them later followed BACON.  It is interesting to note that exactly forty men received the act of pardon in Surry County, February 6, 1676/7, and that they were nearly all from Southwark Parish, where the fort was located.  It is probable that this was one of the useless forts.  There were Indians to the far south in Surry, but we find no record that they were making trouble.  This is indicated, also, by the fact that the appropriation for ammunition for the Black Water fort was the smallest of all the nine with the single exception of that on Currawaugh Swamp in Isle of Wight or Nansemond County.  The trouble in Surry was not with the Indians, but was economic and political.

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[...] On August 3, 1676 he [Nathaniel BACON] assembled at the house of Major Otho THORPE in York County as many of the prominent men of the colony as he could gather, and after exerting some pressure on them, secured the signatures of sixty-nine of them to the following document (Eggleston Manuscripts, pp. 36-38, Calendar of Transcripts, Va. Dept. of Archives):

Declaration of the people of Virginia concerning the adherence with BACON.

“Whereas the country hath raised an Army against our common Enemies the Indians and putt the same under the Command of Nathaniel BACON Esqr Generall, being upon the point to march forth against the said common Enemy, hath been diverted, and necessitated to move, tot he suppressing of forces, by evill disposed psons raised agt the said Generll BACON, purposely to foment and stirr up civill warre amongst us, to the ruine of his Majties Country; and whereas it is notoriously manifest, that Sr Wm BERKELEY knt Governr of ye Country, assisted, councelled, and abetted by those evill disposed psons aforesaid, hath actually commanded, fomented and stirred up the people tot he said civill warre, and failing of success herein, hath with drawn himself to the great astonishment of the people, and unsettlement of the Country; and whereas the said Army raised by the Countrie for the causes aforesaid are drawn downe, and remain full of dissatisfaction in the middle of the Country, expecting attempts from the designes of the said Governour, and his evill Councillours aforesaid; and noe proper means found out for the settlement of the distractions within and preventing the horrible outrages, and murders daily committed in many pts of the Country by the barbarous Enemy.

It hath been thought fitt by the said Generall, to call unto him all such sober and discreete Gentlemen: as the short exigence of ye dis-

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tracted condition of the Country would admitt to the middle plantation, to consult and advice the settling of the peace of that Country, and the Gentleman of this 3d day of August 1676 accordingly have mett, and in order to the said settlement doe advice, resolve, and declare, and conclude, and for ourselves doe swear in manner following.

First that we will at all times joine wth the sd Nathaneel BACON his Army, against the Common Enemy in all points whatsoever.

Whereas certain psons have lately contrived and designed the raising of forces agt the said Generall, and the Army under his command, thereby to begett a civill warre.  We will endeavour the discovery and apprehending of all, & every those evill disposed psons, and then for to secure them, till farther order from the said Generall.

And whereas it is credibly reported, that the Governr hath informed the King’s Maty yt ye said Generall and the people of the Country in Armes under his command, their aiders and abettors are rebelling and removed from their Allegiance, and this and such information, hee the said Governr hath advised and petitioned the King, to send forces tor educe them; Wee doe farther declare beleive in our consciences, that it consists with the wellfare of his Maties Countree, and yt it is consistent wth our Allegiance to his most sacred Maty for us and every one of us the Inhabitants of Virginia to oppose, and suppresse all force whatsoever of that nature, untill such time as the king and his Councell be fully enformed of the States of the Case, by such pson or psons shall be sent from the said Nathaneel BACON Genll, in the behalf of the people; and the determination thereof to be remitted hither.  And we doe swear yt we will him the said Generall and the Army under his command, aid, and assist accordingly.”

The first two signatures affixed to the above declaration are those of Thomas SWAN and George JORDAN.  It is uncertain whether there were any other representatives of Surry County among these sixty-nine men, among whom were included Councillors and Burgesses, as well as BACON’s chief political advisers [...]

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Col. JORDAN and the other possible Surry representatives to this meeting seem to have gone home by the following day, August 4.  However, Col. SWANN remained and his is again the first signature to the following somewhat more extreme declaration signed by only twenty-nine gentlemen on that date (id., pp. 39-41):

“Whereas certain informations is now made, that the Ammunition at the fort of Tindalls point is commanded away and putt aboard a ketch, and yt ye great quantity of arms are removed & carried away out of Glocestr County, and from Mr. Secretaries house at Richneck, and that certain psons in contempt of the Authority of Nathaneel BACON Esqr Generll appointed over the forces for the Indian warre, are in open hostility in the County of Westmoreland and the fort on the head of Rappahanack River; not surrendred to the said Generlls Command, And whereas it is much doubted, that severall psons lately fled, and also such as they can stirr up and arms with the Ammunition aforesaid, will fall in amongst some of the Northern Counties, or other defensible places to the diverting the forces aforesaid, from the defence of the Country, and engaging the Country in a civill warre, which threatens the utter ruine of this Country, if the same be not timely prevented.  And whereas the said Generall hath demanded Concell, and advice of us the Subscribers, what is fitt in this Exigence to be done, to prevent the universall ruine impending the distracted Country.  Wee doe advise and request the said Generall, that as soon as may bee an Assembly may be summoned by some precepts or othr warrants or writts directed to the Counties from Some Gentlemen of ye Councell.  And that in the meantime the civill Administracon of Justice may remain constant, & run in the same course and Channell as formerly, and that the Subscriptions made yesterday by the Gentlemen then summoned and mett together, there at the middle plantation to consult ye settling of the present distractions of the Country, bee sent to all the Counties in the Country, and yt ye said Generall authorize fitting psons in those Counties, to take the said Subscriptions, and administer the said Oath.  and lastly that the Generall and forces under him efectually prosecute as well the Indian warre, as by all meanes and waies oppose, suppresse, and wth open hostility prosecute all manner of psons whatsoever, their Confederates, Councellors, aidors, and abettors, that doe or hereafter shall combine, conspire, or attempt agt ye sd Generall, or his the forces under his Command, or that shall

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disturb or raise tumults or otherwise impeach the domestick peace and Safety of the Country.”

“Given at the middle Plantation aforesaid, this 4th of August 1676.”

On August 11, 1676 Nathaniel BACON, with the four members of the Governor’s Council who had signed the “Declaration” of August 3, namely, Thomas SWANN, Thomas BEALE, Thomas BALLARD and James BRAY, sent a proclamation to the Sheriff of Westmoreland County, stating that since Governor BERKELEY had absented himself from the government, he was under their authority to proceed to call an election of two representatives from Westmoreland to sit in a new assembly of the House of Burgesses, to meet at James City on September 4th, 1676.  (Sainsbury Abstracts, Vol. XVI, p. 29.)

During the month of August, both the authorities and the common people of Surry County appear to have been thoroughly Baconian.  Due probably to the prestige of Cols. SWANN and JORDAN, the following entries appear in the Order Book (1671-90) on pages 131 and 132:

“  August 10, 1676

Present Lt. Coll. JORDAN
Mr. CAUFIELD } Mr. MASON } Coms.

At a meeting of ye Cort at Southwarke this day to Setle ye Com. in peace, according to ye Comand of ye Honoble Genll & having reced a Comand from him this day to pvide bread for our pporcion of three hundred men for a month, for ye Countrys service In pformance of ye sd Comand of ye Honble Nath. BACON Esqr Genll  It is Ordrd ytt every mr. of a family doe forthwith provide ffoure pds of good sound bisquett for every tithable in his ffamaley, and yt ye Mill do lay all private Grinding aside untill this be done, & yt all ye housekeeprs. in ye lower pish doe Carry in yr. pporcion of bread to ye House of Capt. Arthur LONG, & all those in ye uper Pish to Carry their pporcion to ye house of Mr Wm THOMPSON, they being desired to receive & serve ye same, & yt it be all brought in to ye sd places by Thursday next being ye 17th Instant & this ordr to be forthwth published through ye County.

Vera Recordtur              Test  W E Cl Cur.”

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It is noteworthy  that all the Justices were present on this occasion save only Capts. BAKER and SWANN.  Col. Thomas SWANN sat with a Commission composed of Lt.-Col. JORDAN, Major BROWNE, Capt. SWANN, Mr. CAUFIELD, and Capt. SPENCER, on August 24, 1676, to enact the following order (p. 132):

“In Order and Obedience to the Genll Ordr, It is Ordered that Every Master of a family in this county doe forthwith provide five pounds & a halfe of good sufficient Biskett for Every tithable pson in his ffamily, (also for Every tithable two pds & a halfe of dryed beefe or bacon if they have it, but if they have it not the said beefe or bacon, then they are to pay for theire pporcon to those psons that shall provide it) — the said Bread & meate being for our pporcon of two months provisions for our Souldrs undr the Comand of the sd Genll According to Act of Assembly, It is also ordered all the tithables below Ware Neck carry their pvissions to the Houses of Capt. Charles BARHAM & Mr. Francis MASON, & all above Ware Neck to the houses of Major Wm BROWNE & Doctor Nathll KNIGHT, who are requested to receive & serve the same.”

Surry County so far seems to have been united.  We now come to the turbulent days of mid-September, 1676, when BERKELEY’s and BACON’s forces clashed in open war, and Surry County, like many others was split between Berkeleians and Baconians.  Early in September, when BACON and his wearied troops returned from the expedition against the Pamunkey Indians in the swamps of what is now King and Queen County, he found that BERKELEY had by a ruse captured the small fleet sent against him, and himself embarking with troops on a number of ships, had reentered and seized Jamestown on September 7th or 8th.  BACON hastened to the capital city and laid seige to it.  Between September 15th and 18th (the exact chronology is difficult to follow), BERKELEY’s troops finally sallied out of town and attacked BACON’s forces, but were defeated and withdrew in confusion.  The Governor, finding he could not rely on his troops, became disheartened, and sending word to a number of the ruling class on both sides the river that all was lost, secretly embarked in the night, and with a large number of the wealthier people, took refuge a second time on the Eastern Shore.  On September 19th BACON entered Jamestown, and feeling that it was not defensible against ships, burned it to the ground, that it might not again become a stronghold of the Governor and his fleet.  At the same time

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his followers seized and occupied strategic buildings (usually the homes of wealthier planters) in the various counties, and took over the county governments.  Thus BACON and his men, now distinguished more prominently than ever as “the poor” in contradiction to “the rich”, became absolute masters of most of Virginia.

In Surry County we are told that “all the great ones” went away with BERKELEY on this second flight, leaving the county to BACON’s men, with the exception of Col. Thomas SWANN, who apparently remained calmly at his home at “Swann’s Point.”  It is probable, also, that Col. SWANN’s son, Capt. Thomas SWANN, remained in the county.  We have mentioned that Col. SWANN signed both “Declarations”  in favor of BACON early in August.  His son, Capt. SWANN, was the son-in-law of William DRUMMOND, a Scottish gentleman who lived at Jamestown, who had once been Governor of North Carolina, who was one of BACON’s most ardent supporters and best advisers, and who was finally executed in a brutal manner and his family terribly persecuted by Governor BERKELEY after his final victory.  Col. SWANN was certainly suspected by some of Baconian partisanship, as indicated by the following deposition of Alice MARRIOTT, wife of Matthias MARRIOTT and daughter of Thomas WARREN, builder of the “Warren House” and former Burgess from Surry (Book 2, p. 149):

“Deposition of Alice MARRIOTT, aged 32 years, or thereabouts, sworne saith:

“That about the middle of last Febry your deponent being at the house of William FOREMAN, in the company of William FOREMAN and his wife, Lawrence MEIZLE, Katherine WITHERINGTON made answers that the great ones went all away and left the poor ones and they were forced to do what they did.  No said Thomas HIGH, ‘the Great Toad tarried behind’, and one of the company asked Thomas HIGH who he meant by ‘the Great Toad’.  He replied he meant Coll. SWANN, the old rebel and traitor, your deponent knows not which.  Your deponent made answer she never heard Coll. SWANN did meddle or make in the late troubles.  ‘No’ said he, when Coll. SWANN sent a note to Mr. BISHOP by Christopher FOSTER to raise men and come down with them to stop the Governor’s men, the horses, saddles and bridles of ours would have been taken had it not been for Colonel SWANN.

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“Katherine WITHERINGTON made answer again that he might hold his tongue for his saddle was saved by her sister, and further your deponent did hear Thomas HIGH say that SWAN did send for a boate load of apples from Mr. MASONs, for that he thought Mr. MASON would never come again.  That Thomas HIGH said Coll. SWANN did sit in the Council of War for burning the town and when the Governor went away from town he sent for Coll SWANN but he would not come to him.  As soon as BACON came to towne he would take a boate and go over to him and he hoped Coll. SWANN would be plucked bare.

“Sworne Nov. 15, 1677.”

Much of the above is probably malicious slander by Thomas HIGH, who had formerly been one of BACON’s men.  It is true, however, that Col. SWANN did stay in the county, and that he did not allow himself to be thrown into a panic by BERKELEY.  The county might have been better off had more of the prominent men stayed at home.  As it is, we are not certain that literally all the Justices and officials left with BERKELEY.  The only ones of whom we are certain are Arthur ALLEN, Robert CAUFIELD, John SOLWAY, and Francis MASON, who later prosecuted a number of people for seizing their houses during the Rebellion and appropriating their property.  Probably others went, too.  Col. SWANN did not suffer for his conduct later on.  When the Royal Commissioners arrived in Virginia late in January 1676/7, to investigate the rebellion and make a report to the King, the Governor refused to entertain them at his home, “Green Spring”, in James City County (Jamestown being destroyed), and Col. SWANN offered them the hospitality of his home at Swann’s Point across the river, which they made their headquarters during their stay in the colony.  In the Minutes of the Council of Trade and Plantations, at a meeting held at Whitehall December 6, 1677 it was recommended that certain “rash and fiery men” be excluded from the Governor’s Council of Virginia, but that Col. SWANN be continued in office.  It was also mentioned that the Governor refused to receive His Majesty’s Commissioners into his home, and recommended that “Col. SWAN be recommended to Col. JEFFREYS (the new Governor) for some reward for his kindness and expense in doing so” (Calendar of Transcripts, Va. Dept. of Archives, Vol. XVII, Sainsbury Transcripts, pp. 99-100).  One rather admires Col. SWANN’s calmness and levelheadedness, which is also illustrated by the following testimony of

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Christopher FOSTER, Col. JORDAN’s nephew, given November 15, 1677 when he was twenty-seven years of age (Book 2, p. 149):

“That being at Coll SWANNs house about ye same day ye late Governor Sr Wm BERKELEY Sallied out of Towne, Coll. SWANN thinking ye County being in some danger of ye upland men did desire yr. depont. to goe up to Mr. BUSBY’s & to see whether there was any guard kept there or noe & withall to tell Mr. BUSBY he would speake with him, but when yr. depont. Came there he found noe body at Mr. BUSBY’s home but Mrs. BUSBY a woman or two more, & Wm PICKERALL a lame man, and further saith not.”

One wonders from the above deposition what had happened to Lieut. BUSBY and the guard at his house.

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By January 11, 1676/7 BERKELEY was once more in complete control of the colony.  On that date he began a series of court-martials, which resulted in the death of a large number of chief rebels and caused

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Charles II later on to exclaim that “the old fool had executed more men than he himself had caused to die for the death of his father, Charles I.”  One of the men executed during this period in a peculiarly brutal manner was William DRUMMOND, father-in-law of Capt. Samuel SWANN.  After the execution, DRUMMOND’s wife and children were driven from their home and almost perished in the swamps of James City County.

Categories: 006256. Thomas Swann

Southside Virginia Families

20 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: John Bennett Boddie, Southside Virginia Families, Volume 2 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991).

[page 382]


William and George WORSHAM patented 400 acres in Henrico Feb. 15, 1652, “200 acres lying at Olde Towne at Appomattox … and 200 acres being part of a patent granted to Wm. CLARKE, decd., May 6, 1638 and by CLARKE sold to Seth WARD who sold to William WORSHAM Nov. 2, 1640.” (C.P.-239, 556)  John WILSON patented 100 acres in Henrico June 6, 1666, bought of Seth WARD.  This land lay next to the above patent, and WILSON’s patent recites that the said 100 acres began at the river side … running along an old known fence” being the line parting said WILSON and the ORPHANTS OF GEORGE and WILLIAM WORSHAM.  (C.P. 556)  It seems that George WORSHAM, died before June 6, 1666, and had a son, George WORSHAM, Jr., for a jury was called in Henrico on May 15, 1678, to determine the dividing line between John WILSON and the land of “Mr. George WORSHAM”, evidently one of the orphans of 1666. (BK.2, p. 48)  George1 WORSHAM was Justice for Henrico in 1656 and his son, Captain George2 WORSHAM of Henrico, born in 1648 (deposition) married, Mary, daughter of John PIGOTT of that county, who may have come from Norfolk County, Va.  Captain George was a Justice in 1707.  (See 33 V 185 for descendants.)

William WORSHAM was deceased several years before May 15, 1678, for his widow married Colonel Francis EPES, who died in 1678, and had three children by him.

It is said that Mrs. Elizabeth WORSHAM EPES was a widow before she married Mr. WORSHAM.  She made two wills, one dated July 28, 1678, and the other one dated Sept. 23, 1678.  The WORSHAM children were, ELIZABETH KENNON to whom she gave a stone ring, her black gown, green silk petticoat, green satin bodice and ¼ of her money in the hands of Samuel CLAPHAMSON in London; to grandaughter Mary KENNON a stone ring “given me by my sister KING; to daughter MARY WORSHAM, ¼ of her money; to daughter Mary EPES” a new suite which came this year”; to sons JOHN and CHARLES WORSHAM each ¼ of her money.  In her second will she describes herself as the widow of Colonel Francis EPES.  What estate was given her by his verbal will she wishes divided between her EPES children, viz., William, Littlebury and Mary when they come of age.  Executors, Francis EPES, (step-son) and Richard KENNON, son-in-law. (33V-185)

Children of William and Elizabeth WORSHAM:

I.    John WORSHAM, m. Mary WYNNE.  (See later)

II.    Charles WORSHAM, d. 1719.

III. Mary WORSHAM, m. before Apr. 1, 1680, Richard LIGON, b. 1657; d. 1754; (LIGON Book-329)

IV.    Elizabeth WORSHAM, m. Richard KENNON of “Conjuror’s Neck”.

[page 383]

John2 WORSHAM was a Justice in Henrico in 1685 and later; also Sheriff for Henrico 1696-97.  He held 1104 acres in the Quit Rents of 1704 for Henrico.  He married Mary WYNNE, daughter of Major Joshua WYNNE, and his wife Mary JONES, daughter of Major Peter JONES, and Margaret WOOD, daughter of Major Gen. Abraham WOOD.  Margaret WOOD JONES married secondly Capt. Thomas COCKE.  (See S.V.F. Vol I, p. 221)(V.H.G. p. 180, “daughter,” Margaret JONES should read “granddaughter”)

Captain John WORSHAM died in 1729.  A copy of his will was not furnished, but according to pages 185-86, 33 Virginia Magazine, his children were as follows:


I.    John of Henrico; m. Agnes OSBORNE, widow; d. 1745.

II.    William of Henrico; married; d. 1748.

III.    Daniel of Henrico, married and died before 1729.

IV.    Elizabeth; m.(1) Thomas LIGON; (2) Alexander MARSHALL.  (See later)

V.    Mary, m.         ROBERTSON.

VI.    Martha, m.         WARD.

VII.    Anne; m.         OSBORNE.

VIII.            ; m.        POYTHRESS.

IX.    Elizabeth; m. William EPES.  (See Francis EPES Lineage, by Clarke, p. 224)

Elizabeth WORSHAM, daughter of Captain John WORSHAM, married Alexander MARSHALL of Henrico as her second husband.  She is mentioned as “my daughter, Elizabeth MARSHALL…” in Captain WORSHAM’s will.

Alexander MARSHALL was born in 1676 and died May 3, 1743 at the age of 67.  His wife Elizabeth was also born either 1676 or 1677 as she died in February 1743/44, aged 67 years.  On August 10, 1706, in a proceeding in the Orphans Court of Henrico, “Alexander MARSHALL, who lately married Mrs. Elizabeth LIGON”, was given the care and custody of Lodowick TANNER. (Vol.1694-1739, p. 48)  The inventory of the estate of Thomas LIGON was filed May 7, 1705 by John WORSHAM.

Alexander MARSHALL received large grants of land in Henrico.  On Jan. 7, 1725, he patented 2000 acres of land on the north side of Appomattox River, and the south side of Butterwood Creek.  The land fell in Goochland and on Sept. 28, 1730, he patented 3000 acres of land in Goochland, including the 1000 acres of his former patent and in the same locality.  Goochland was cut off Henrico in 1728.  Alexander, however, re-patented, on June 3, 1731, 2528 acres on Swift Creek in Henrico, adjacent to Wm. PRIDE, James ATKINS, Francis FLOURNOYS and John WOODBRIDGES; 628 acres heretofore granted June 2, 1721.  (PB11-71; 12-334; 14-152)  On July 31, 172[photocopy illegible] Henry WALTHALL and Phoebe, his wife, of Henrico, deeded land called “Powell’s Tract” which land they had from their father, Thomas LIGON, to Alexander MARSHALL. (BK 1-192).  James ANDERSON and Elizabeth, his wife of Prince George County, deeded Alexander MARSHALL lands called “Powells” which their deceased father Thomas LIGON held. (BK 1-192)  These two deeds to Alexander MARSHALL were from the surviving children of his wife Elizabeth, formerly the wife of Thomas LIGON.  Two other children were unmarried.

[page 384]

Alexander MARSHALL was a vestryman in Bristol Parish, 1723-24.

Mr. MARSHALL and his wife are buried on the left bank of the Appomattox River near its mouth, upon a highland which belonged to Mr. Richard EPPES.  A double head stone still stands there (1955) with the following inscriptions:

“Here lyeth th Body of Here lyeth the body of
Mr. Alexander MARSHALL Mrs. Elizabeth MARSHALL
who departed this life who departed this life
May 3rd. 1743, Feb.     1743/44
Aged 67 years. Aged 67 years.

The First Seventeen Years: Virginia, 1607-1624

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Charles E. Hatch, Jr., The First Seventeen Years: Virginia, 1607-1624 (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1970).

[page 36]

[...] Samuel ARGALL returned to Virginia, which he had served well in the 1609-14 days, as governor in 1617 [...] ARGALL [...] is identified with the creation of a distinct settlement in the area, one that, for a time, bore his name.  This was Argall’s Guift, more often mentioned as Argall’s Town.


Samuel ARGALL, it seems, was attracted to the area west of Jamestown and established his people here.  He and his associates had been assigned 2,400 acres for the transportation of 24 persons by Charter of March 30, 1617 issued just before he left England.  This was one of the first such grants.  There were settlers with him, too, to be employed on land set aside for the support of the Governor’s office.  Evidently his settlement, or plantation, got underway in 1617 and two years later was listed among the populated areas in the Colony.  It was one of the eleven communities which sent representatives to the First Assembly in 1619.  They were Thomas PAWLETT and Edward GOURGAING.

To advance the settlement, ARGALL had contracted for the clearing of some 300 acres of ground (600 pounds sterling it was to cost).  This was to be done by colonists assigned to Martin’s Hundred.  Other arrangements were made with Captain William POWELL to clear ground and to erect a house, this to cost £50.
This was the POWELL whom ARGALL made the Captain of the Governor’s Company and Guard, Lieutenant Governor and Commander of Jamestown, the blockhouses and the people.  Evidently ARGALL and POWELL intended to pass on this cost to the “Inhabitants of Paspaheigh, alias Argall’s towne” for these people sought “an absolute discharge from certaine bondes wherein they stood bound to Captain Samuell ARGALL for the payment of 600 lb

[page 37]

and to Captain William POWELL, at Captain ARGALL’s appointment, for the payment of 50 lb more.  To Captaine ARGALL for 15 skore acres of wooddy ground, called by the name of Argal’s towne or Paspaheigh; to Captain POWELL in respect of his paines in clearing the grounde and building the houses, for which Captaine ARGAL ought to have given him satisfaction.”

Seemingly the accomodations which resulted were good ones for when, in 1619, some newly arrived Martin’s Hundred people were seated here, there was good and convenient housing which enabled them to do the “best of all new-comers.”  They reaped better crops and the list of those who died was “not comparable to other places.”  Argall Town, however, was not destined to become a settled community.  It was on the Governor’s land and YEARDLEY proceeded after his arrival in 1619 to take a “petty rente” from the settlers here “to make them acknowledge … that Paspaheigho by expresse wordes in the greate commission did belonge to the Governor and that they had bene wrongfully seated by Capt. ARGALL upon that lande.”

[page 49]


This area, on the north side of the James below Henrico and across from Bermuda (Nether) Hundred, was one of the several hundreds annexed to, or included in, the corporation of Bermuda City.  Settlement seems to have begun in 1613 although little is known of events in the early years.  “Curls” evidently was a name suggested by the course of the river here.  The reported patent for 400 acres to Edward GURGANY in October, 1617 has been assumed to have been in this area.  In 1619 GURGANY’s widow bequeathed the tract to Capt. Thomas HARRIS.  Progress in the occupation and use of the ground was severely checked by the massacre.

Categories: 006210. Thomas Harris

The Family History of Laura E. Hess and William C. Deer

14 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Marya Deer Nill, The Family History of Laura E. Hess and William C. Deer (San Carlos, California: published by the author, 1997).

[page 232]

[gravestone photo]

Sarah and Coroden HESS  Gravestone  Cement City Cemetery  Jackson County, MI


Laura, Thurman, Seraph HESS

[page 233]



Born 28 Feb 1847 Place Liberty Twnsp, MI (Jackson)
Marr 21 Sep 1869 Place Cement City, MI (Jackson)
Died 21 Oct 1898 Place DeTour, MI (Chippewa)
Bur. Place Cement City Cemetery, Jackson Co. MI





Born 19 Jun 1851 Place Wheatland, MI (Hillsdale)
Died 14 Jun 1926 Place Huntington, IN (Huntington)
Bur. Place Cement City Cemetery, Jackson Co. MI




1 F BLANCHE (BIRD) HESS (ID=254) 26 Jun 1870 Cement City, MI (Jackson) 29 Aug 1926
Rev. Chas. BRODIE (NO ID)
2 M WILLIAM HUGH HESS (ID=255) 28 Jan 1872 Cement City, MI (Jackson) 29 Oct 1899 14 Jul 1939
3 M THURMAN CARL HESS (ID=256) 26 Jan 1875 Cement City, MI (Jackson) 09 Sep 1896 18 Feb 1977
4 M MURRAY EDGAR HESS (ID=257) 25 Jan 1877 Cement City, MI (Jackson) 08 Jan 1888
5 F LYDIA SERAPH HESS (ID=258) 16 Mar 1878 Cement City, MI (Jackson) 21 Jun 1902 07 Nov 1968
6 F LAURA ESTELLA HESS (ID=259) 10 Jul 1882 Columbia, MI (Jackson) 15 Jun 1909 30 Jun 1960
7 M LEW NATHAN HESS (ID=260) 25 Sep 1894 Cement City, MI (Jackson) 15 May 1919 30 Sep 1981


5-Frank ALLEN (NO ID)

[page 234]


Coroden, son of William Henry HESS and Lusetta BROWN, was born 28 Feb 1847 in Jackson County, Michigan.  He farmed near Brooklyn and Cement City.  He married Sarah Ellen CARPENTER 21 Sep 1869.  Seven children were born to them.  All lived to maturity except Murray who died at the age of eleven of scarlet fever.  Coroden died after emergency surgery while on a hunting trip to northern Michigan.  His death certificate lists the causes of death as strangulated hernia, asthma and emphysema.  He was a member of the Baptist church in Cement City.

Our line descends through Laura E. HESS, spouse of William C. DEER.


BIRTH-PARENTS: Bible records of HESS family, photocopy from Lew N. HESS, Monroe, WA 1975; Harold Chapman, Family History of Caroline Ada (CARPENTER) DOOLITTLE, MS (Eugene, OR: 1970); Hugh McBREEN, Mission City, BC, Canada, research 1972.  Copies of Chapman and McBreen material in possession of author.

MARRIAGE: “Michigan Marriages, 1867-1883,” LDS microfilm #941634, viewed at FHL, Menlo Park, CA.  McBreen and Chapman give wrong date (1868) for marriage.

CENSUS: 1850 U.S. census, Jackson Co. MI (Liberty township), p. 180, line 12; 1860 U.S. census, Jackson Co., MI (Liberty township), p. 139, line 4, from National Archives, San Bruno, CA., photocopies in possession of writer.

DEATH-BURIAL: Death certificate for Coroden HESS, 21 Oct 1898, DeTour, MI, MI Dept. of Vital Statistics.  Certified copy, Aug. 20, 1976, in possession of writer.  Headstone inscription: “Feb. 28, 1847-Oct. 23, 1898″ Cement City cemetery, Cement City, MI, sec. 32.  Visited by author 20 May 1978.

WILL-PROBATE: Probate of estate of Coroden M. HESS, Jackson Co., MI #5920/5/505, petition filed 1900, final accounting filed 1907, “Michigan Estate File Index,” LDS Film #961566, FHL, Salt Lake City, UT.

BIOGRAPHY: Portrait and Biographical Album of Jackson County, Michigan (Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1890), pp. 707-709.


Sarah was the youngest child of William S. CARPENTER and Lydia OLDER, b 19 Jun 1851.  After her husband died she lived on a farm willed to her by her father, near Cememt City, Michigan.  It is a short distance from the cemetery where she is buried.  In her old age she lived in a boarding home in Jackson, MI.  She died suddenly of a heart attack while visiting her daughter, Blanche (Bird) BRODIE in Huntington, Indiana.  Blanche died two months later after a fall downstairs while visiting friends.


BIRTH-PARENTS-MARRIAGE: Same as entry for Coroden M. HESS.

DEATH-BURIAL: Headstone inscription for Sarah HESS, Cemetery City cemetery, Cement City, MI, sec. 32, “June 19, 1851-June 14, 1926.”

OBITUARY: Obituary of Sarah E. CARPENTER HESS, Huntington Herald (Huntington, IN), June 15, 1926, photocopy from Huntington library, Jan 1992.

CHILDREN: Same as ID-252.

Sarah’s oldest son, William, was an engineer.  He died in a mine explosion in British Columbia.  Another son, Thurman Carl, a gunsmith, also lived in Canada.  He died at age 102.

[page 235]



Born 28 Mar 1816 Place Camillus, NY
Marr 20 May 1840 Place NY
Died 09 Mar 1909 Place Brooklyn, MI (Jackson)
Bur. Place Napoleon Cemetery Jackson Co. MI





Born 23 Feb 1821 Place Canandaigua, NY (Ontario)
Died 11 Mar 1913 Place Napoleon, MI (Jackson)
Bur. Place Napoleon Cemetery, Jackson Co. MI




1 M MURRAY WILLIAM HESS (ID=263) 03 Jun 1841 NY 27 Dec 1866 25 Sep 1933
Mary Elizabeth SWAIN (NO ID)
2 M MERRITT HESS (ID=264) 1843 NY 1932
Margaret COGKIN (NO ID)
3 M CHARLES HESS (ID=265) 1845 MI
Margaret BROWN (NO ID)
4 M CORODEN MILES HESS (ID=252) 28 Feb 1847 Liberty Twnshp, MI (Jackson) 21 Sep 1869 21 Oct 1898
5 M EDGAR J. HESS (ID=266) 24 Apr 1851 MI 19 Aug 1870 18 Jul 1880
Laura Jane HUNT (NO ID)
6 F CLARA HESS (ID=267) ca 1855 MI
7 M HUGH HENRY HESS (ID=268) 21 May 1859 Jackson Co. MI 1939


6-Nathan RODGERS (NO ID)

[page 236]


William Henry was born 28 Mar 1816 in Onondaga County, New York, son of Conrad HESS and Laura WOOD.  He grew up in Steuben County.  He married Lusetta BROWN in 1840.  Their first two children were born in New York.  He immigrated to Michigan in 1843.  His parents and at least two brothers also came about the same time.  He farmed near Brooklyn, Jackson County, Michigan.  He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.  His son, Murray, was in the Civil War, in the 5th Michigan Cavalry, and fought with General CUSTER at Gettysburg.  His grandaughter, Ella HESS HOWLAND, lived to be over 106 years old-see story on Mrs HOWLAND in book, Guilford H. Rothfuss, ‘Round the Square – a story of Brooklyn area in prose and pictures (Brooklyn, MI, Brooklyn Historical Society, The Exponent Press, 1981), p. 156.  Ella HESS HOWLAND describes him as a gentle and kind man.  He was a farmer.  He and his wife were married sixty-nine years.  His son, Hugh Henry, had a general store in Napoleon, Michigan, for many years, and later the post office.  An adopted son, Ray, and a daughter, Ann, are listed on the census-no further information found on them.

Our line descends through Coroden M. HESS, spouse of Sarah CARPENTER.


BIRTH-PARENTS: Hugh McBreen (Mission City, BC, Canada: 1983) research on the HESS family; pedigree charts from Linda Weatherwax, Brooklyn, MI, 1984, and Ned Chestnut, Hood River, OR, 1983; DAR record for Laura HESS DEER #292904 (Washington, DC, DAR Library, 1935); DAR record for Marya DEER NILL #694393 (Ibid., 1985).

MARRIAGE: Ibid.; census records.

CENSUS: 1840 U.S. census, Steuben Co. NY (Cohocton), p. 216, shows him living with wife near his parents; 1850 U.S. census, Jackson Co. MI (Liberty township); 1860 U.S. census, Jackson Co. MI (Liberty township); pp. 138-9, dwelling 1060; 1880 U.S. census, Jackson Co. MI (Norvell township); dwelling 150; 1900 U.S. census, Jackson Co. MI (Napoleon township), E.D. 23, sheet 3, line 96 at National Archives, San Bruno, CA.

DEATH-BURIAL: “Michigan Deaths, Jackson County,” LDS film #94162, p. 250.  “Index to Cementery Records,” LDS film #92560, p. 207, from Family History Library, SLC.  “Jackson County, MI Records of Deaths,” p. 239 C, Jackson County courthouse: headstone inscription for Wm. H. HESS, 1815-1909, Napoleon Cementery, Jackson Co. MI, picture taken by author 20 May 1978.


Lusetta was born in New York in 1821.  She was the daughter of William BROWN and Lucinda GODARD.  Nothing is known of her early life.  Her grandaughter, Ella HESS HOWLAND, described her as a spitfire.  She tells a story about her grandmother, as an old lady, climbing a ladder to pick cherries.  When asked why, she said she was picking them for Murray and Met (her sons) as it was too hot for them to pick and they were too old.


BIRTH-DEATH-BURIAL: Same as ID-261; “Jackson County, MI Records of Deaths,” p. 90 D, Jackson County courthouse; headstone inscription for Lusetta HESS, 1821-1913, Napoleon cemetery, Jackson Co. MI, on same stone as husband and mother, Lucinda HOLDEN.  Picture taken by author 20 May 1978.

CHILDREN: Same as ID-261; photocopy of school records for four older sons from Mrs. John HARBAUGH, Cement City, MI, 1984.

[page 237]



Born 05 Sep 1780 Place German Flats, NY (Montgy)
Marr 01 Jan 1809 Place Camillus, NY (Onon)
Died 14 Feb 1865 Place Liberty Twsp, MI (Jackson)
Bur. Place E. Liberty Twnsp. Cemetery, MI (Jackson)




Born 22 Jul 1792 Place Milton, NY (Saratoga)
Died 21 Jul 1881 Place Liberty, MI (Jackson)
Bur. Place E. Liberty Twnsp. Cemetery, MI (Jackson)



1 M WILLIAM HENRY HESS (ID=261) 28 Mar 1816 Camillus, NY (Onondaga) 20 May 1840 09 Mar 1909
2 M CHARLES T. HESS (ID=272) 1819 NY 31 Dec 1857
Permelia GATES (NO ID)
3 M NATHAN HESS (ID=273) ?/Nov 1820/1822 NY 22 Jun 1901
Desdemona (NO ID)


[page 238]


Conrad HESS was born 5 Sep 1780 in German Flats, New York, son of John HESS and Margaret FULMER.  He moved to Onondaga County with his father about 1799.  They were among the first settlers of that county.  He married Laura WOOD in Camillus, New York in 1809.  He was a farmer.  He lived in Cohocton, Steuben County, New York in 1825, moving from there in 1843 to Jackson County Michigan with his sons.  He is thought to have had eight or twelve children, but only four sons can be identified.  S. Whitney Phoenix, THE WHITNEY FAMILY lists another son, Lemira HESS, living in Washington, Iowa in 1877.  Conrad and Laura HESS were living with their son, Nathan, in the Michigan 1850 and 1860 census.  They were members of the Methodist Episcopal church in Liberty township, Jackson County.  Conrad was a soldier in the War of 1812, serving in the New York Militia in Captain Asa CHATFIELD’s company.  He received bounty land in Wisconsin.  His widow applied for a pension in 1879, but died before receiving it.

Our line descends through William Henry HESS, spouse of Lusetta BROWN.


BIRTH-PARENTS: “Baptism record for Conrath HESS,” born 5 Sep 1780, bapt. 27 Sep 1780, Royden Woodward Vosburgh, Records of Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of German Flats in Fort Herkimer, town of German Flats, Herkimer County, N.Y. trans. by NYGBS, Vol. 1 (New York City: May 1918), p. 6, lists parents as Johannes HESS and Margaretha, sponsors, Conrath VOLMER and Lena.  Copy of record at Montgomery County Dept. of History and Archives, Fonda, NY, seen by writer 26 June 1985, copy also at Family History Library, Salt Lake City; DAR records, Laura HESS DEER #292904, 1935; Marya DEER NILL #694393, 1985.

MARRIAGE: “Service Pension, War of 1812, Widow’s Brief,” #35077 of Laura WOOD gives date of marriage, 1 Jan 1809.  Photocopy from National Archives, San Bruno, CA, in possession of author.


LAND: NY deeds-Herkimer Co. 1799, Onondaga Co. 1822, Steuben Co. 1827, deed 20-98 15 May 1832 Pulteney Estate to Conradt HESS of Cohocton, land in Cohocton for $300, photocopies of original deeds in possession of author; Conradt HESS and Laura h/w to William C. CRITTENDEN, most of same land for $1650, 40-131, 23 Nov; Conradt HES and Laura h/w to Nathaniel R. CHASE, rest of land for $167, 40-417, 22 Mar 1843-letter from Jame HOPE, deputy historian, Dept. of History and Archives, Bath, Steuben Co., NY 25 May 1988.  War of 1812 bounty land in WI #25610, Mar 1856, sold to Eli RUDD, Sauk, WI.

CENSUS: 1810 U.S. census, Onondaga Co., NY, cal #050; 1820 U.S. census, Onondaga Co. NY (Camillus), #137, National Archives, San Bruno, CA; 1825 NY State census, Steuben Co., NY (Cohocton), photocopy from FHL, Salt Lake City, UT; 1830 U.S. census, Steuben Co., NY (Cohocton), Roll 107, p. 428; 1840 U.S. census, Steuben Co., NY (Cohocton), p. 216 (Conrad HEFS and Laura); 1850 and 1860 U.S. Census, Jackson Co. MI (Liberty townsp.), pp. 138-139, dwelling #1057, living with son, Nathan.  Photocopies in author’s possession.

DEATH-BURIAL: War of 1812, service pension application of Laura WOOD gives 14 Feb 1867 as death date.  “Jackson Co. MI Cemetery Records Index,” LDS film #925960 gives year as 1865; burial of Conrad HESS, Liberty Township cemetery, Jackson Co. MI, tombstone date 1865, 84 yrs. 6 mo.


Laura WOOD was born 22 Jul 1792 in Milton, Saratoga County, New York, daughter of Nathan WOOD and Zilpha SPRAGUE.  Her parents moved to Onondaga County in 1805, where she married Conrad HESS in 1809.  She moved to Michigan with her husband and sons in 1843.  Laura applied for a War of 1812 widow’s pension in 1879.  She died before it was approved.  She was ill and not competent to sign her name at that time.

[page 239]


BIRTH-PARENTS: DAR record of Carolyn WRIGHT, Albuquerque, NM, #693384 (Washington, D.C. DAR Library), Revolutionary War record of Nathan WOOD; S. Whitney Phoenix, The WHITNEY Family of Connecticut, 3 Vols. (New York, printed privately 1876), p. 1382; War of 1812 pension record gives age as 89 in 1879; land deed 20 Jan 1840 Onondaga Co. NY, lists her and Conrad HESS with her mother, Zilpha WOOD, and siblings on land sale after death of father, Nathan WOOD.  DAR records of Laura HESS DEER and Marya DEER NILL.

DEATH-BURIAL: “Jackson County, Michigan Cemetery Records,” LDS film #925960 gives year as 1881; Buried Liberty township cemetery, “Jackson County, Michigan Deaths,” Film #941628, #284, Laura HESS died 21 Jul 1881, age at death as 89 yrs., 11 mos., 29 days.

CHILDREN: Same as ID-270; Nathan HESS died in 1901, his wife in 1892, and their only child, Ida Emogen in 1865 at age 15.  Nathan was said to be a very kind and gentle man.


Murray HESS  Lusetta BROWN HESS  William Henry HESS

ca 1900


Grave Marker, Napoleon Cemetery, Jackson Co. MI


[page 240]



Born 22 Dec 1747 Place Warren, NY (Tryon)
Marr Place
Died 22 May 1805 Place Camillus, NY  (Onon)
Bur. Place Elbridge Cemetery, NY (Onon)





Born 16 Feb 1748 Place
Died 25 Jul 1821 Place Camillus, NY (Onon)
Bur. Place Elbridge Cemetery, NY (Onon)




1 M AUGUSTINUS HESS (ID=278) 02 Jan 1775 Warren, NY (Montgy) 02 Jul 1854
Catherine BOWEN (NO ID)
2 F ANNA MARIA HESS (ID=279) 01 Nov 1776 German Flats, NY (Montgy)
3 M CONRAD HESS (ID=270) 05 Sep 1780 German Flats, NY (Montgy) 01 Jan 1809 14 Feb 1865
4 M JOHN HESS (ID=280) bp 1784 German Flats, NY (Montgy)
Eva (NO ID)
5 M FREDERICK HESS (ID=281) 31 Mar 1785 German Flats, NY (Montgy)
Gerusha (NO ID)
6 F CATHERINE HESS (ID=282) 26 Oct 1787 German Flats, NY (Montgy)
7 M HEINRICH (HENRY) HESS (ID=283) 12 Mar 1790 German Flats, NY (Herkimer)
Prudence (NO ID)
8 M RUDOLPH (REUBEN) HESS (ID=284) 24 Jan 1792/3 German Flats, NY (Herkimer) 1868
9 F MARGARET HESS (ID=285) Stone Arabia, NY (Alby)

[page 241]


John HESS was born in Albany County, New York, 22 Dec 1747, son of Augustinus HESS and Anna Catherina KAST and grandson of the Palatine immigrant, Johannes HESS.  He was a blacksmith inheriting his grandfather’s blackmith tools.  He married Margaret FULMER about 1767.  They had nine children, seven of whom have their births and baptisms recorded in the Dutch Reform church of German Flats, New York.

John was a private in the Revolutionary War serving in Captain Michael ITTIG’s Company of Peter BELLINGER’s Regiment of New York Militia of the German Flats district in the county of Tryon.  During the Revolution the German farmers and tradesmen stayed home and tended their farms, serving as soldiers when needed.  John HESS served off and on from 1776 to 1780.  On 6 Aug 1777, he, his father and four brothers fought in the battle of Oriskany.  The militia, under the command of General Nicholas HERKIMER, was ambushed by Indians commanded by Colonel Barry ST. LEGER as they were going to the relief of the American soldiers under seige at Fort Stanwix, now Rome, New York.  This was said to be the bloddiest battle of the war.  It was also a turning point, as the English retreated to Canada which eventually helped prevent the division of the colonies by General BURGOYNE’s forces.  John HESS was wounded in the right arm and is reported to have received a pension of forty dollars, but the papers have been lost or burned.

He moved to Onondaga County, near Syracuse, New York about 1799, one of the first settlers in that wilderness area.  He died there and is buried in the Elbridge cemetery near Camillus, New York.  The Daughters of the American Revolution have marked his grave as a soldier of the Revolution.

Our line descends through Conrad HESS, spouse of Laura WOOD.


BIRTH-PARENTS: William V.H. Barker, Early Families of Herkimer County, New York (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1981), p. 132; Hubert W. HESS, “The HESS Family in the Mohawk Valley,” St. Johnsville Enterprise and News (St. Johnsville, New York, series of newspaper articles published 1928-30), p. 7, copy received from Montgomery Dept. of History and Archives, Fonda, NY, Mar 1984; Rev. W.M. Beauchamp, Revolutionary War Soldiers Dying or Buried in Onondaga County, New York (New York: Onondaga Historical Association, Syracuse, 1913), p. 42.  DAR record of Laura HESS DEER #292904, 1935; tombstone, Elbridge cemetery, Elbridge, NY.

MARRIAGE: Same as above.

LAND: Herkimer County lots inherited from father, see Hubert HESS, p. 7; transfer of land by his widow, p. 13.

CENSUS: 1790 U.S. census, Montgomery County, NY (German Flats), line #194; Barker, p. 344; U.S. 1800 census, Onondaga County.

MILITARY: Hubert HESS, p. 13; Lou D. MacWethy, The Book of Names (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1981), pp. 133, 167; war service and payment record, BELLINGER’s Regiment, N.Y. Militia, from National Archives.  Photocopy in possession of author.

DEATH-PROBATE: No will; administration was granted to Margaret HESS and Denis HESS 11 Jun 1805 (Letter of Administration, book 2, surrogate’s office, Onondaga County court house, Syracuse, NY).  Copy in possession of author.


Margaret was the daughter of Conrad FULMER and Helena (probably HILTS or FRANK).  Little is known about the family.  She is buried beside her husband in Elbridge cemetery.  Their grave markers were erected by their son, Reuben, in 1854.

[page 242]


BIRTH-MARRIAGE-DEATH: Same as ID-276; Erwin W. Fellows, “The FULMER Family of New York State,” The Palatine Immigrant, Vol. XV, No. 3 (Autumn 1990), pp. 123-133.

CHILDREN: Hubert HESS, p. 13; Ida Kast House and Mildred Kast Conrad, Mohawk Valley KASTs and Allied Families, edited and indexed by Hazel Patrick (Herkimer, New York: Herkimer Historical Society, 1985), p. 9.  Royden Woodward Vosburgh, Records of Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of German Flats in Fort Herkimer, town of German Flats, Herkimer County, NY, trans. by NYGBS, Vol. 1, (New York City: May 1918), pp. 5, 6.



John and Margaret HESS Graves  Elbridge Cemetery, NY

[page 243]



Born 21 Dec 1718 Place Schoharie, NY (Alby)
Marr Place
Died 15 Jul 1782 Place German Flats, NY (Herkimer)
Bur. Place





Born 1721 Place NY
Died 1754 Place NY
Bur. Place




1 F ELIZABETH HESS (ID=288) 01 Jul 1743 Palatine Bridge, NY (Montgy) 02 Oct 1764
2 F ANNA EVA HESS (ID=289) 05 Nov 1744 Palatine Bridge, NY (Montgy)
3 F CATHERINA HESS (ID=290) 27 Jul 1746 Palatine Bridge, NY (Montgy) 19 Apr 1768 15 Dec 1838
4 M JOHN HESS (ID=276) 22 Dec 1747 Warren, NY (Tryon) 22 May 1805
5 M FREDERICK HESS (ID=291) 11 Jul 1749 Montg Co, NY 30 Oct 1795
6 M GEORGE HESS (ID=292) 05 Mar 1751 Montg. Co, NY
7 M AUGUTINUS,JR HESS (ID=293) 10 Oct 1752 Montg. Co., NY 01 Jul 1774 31 Mar 1838
8 F ANNA HESS (ID=294) 24 Dec 1754 Montg. Co., NY
James NASH (NO ID)



[page 244]


Augustinus HESS was born 21 Dec 1718 in the colony of New York.  He was one of ten children and the oldest son of Johannes HESS and Anna Catherina CURRING.  His parents were Palatine emigrants from Germany who settled on the Hudson River in 1710.  The family moved to the Mohawk Valley in 1723 and were original patentees of the Burnetsfield patent.  Augustinus HESS is listed as owner of lot 10 on the north side of the river.  He eventually inherited his father’s lot 31 and part of his grandfather’s lot 29.  He moved to lot 31 after his father died.  He also owned land in the Harrison patent.  The German Flats area was a frontier outpost and suffered severe losses in the French and Indian Wars and in the Revolution.  Augustinus lost most of his property in an Indian raid of 12 Nov 1757, and again in the raid of BRANT and BUTLER on 17 Sep 1778.  After this raid the army allowed some rations for those who were destitute.  Augustinus and his wife were issued one pound of meat and bread each per day, his two minor children one half pound of each.

He married first Anna Catherina KAST and they had eight children.  After her death in 1754 he married Nancy SCHELL BENSON, a widow.  They had seven children.

Augustinus HESS led a long and useful life.  He was a farmer, miller and ferryman.  Records show that he was active in community, church and military affairs.  He was a member of the Tryon Committee of Safety which governed the county during the Revolution.  He was head of the church finance committee which raised funds for rebuilding their church after its destruction in a raid in 1767.

Augustinus served in the New York militia.  His name first appears in Conrad FRANK’s company in 1767 as a private,  He was on the payroll list of Peter BELLINGER’s company in 1779-1780.  He and five of his sons were in the battle of Oriskany on 6 Aug 1777.  (See John HESS, ID-276.)  Mr. HESS was killed 15 Jul 1782 in an Indian and Tory raid on Ft. Herkimer while attempting to reach the fort.  The fort was on the third farm above his home.  Tradition says he was buried inside the fort after nightfall.  Another account says that 600 Indians and Tories attacked on the south side of the Mohawk River.  Peter WOLEVER and Augustinus HESS and their families reached the fort but Mr. HESS was killed just as he entered the gate.  Mr. WOLEVER killed the man who shot Mr. HESS.

In spite of many property losses during the war, at his death Augustinus bequeathed over 1600 acres of land to his children as well as money and personal property.

Our line descends through John HESS, spouse of Margaret FULMER.


BIRTH-PARENT: William V.H. Barker, Early Families of Herkimer County, New York (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Company, 1981), p. 129; Hubert W. HESS, “The HESS Family in the Mohawk Valley,” St. Johnsville Enterprise and News (St. Johnsville, NY, series of newspaper articles published 1928-30), p. 7; same material condensed by Louise HESS from husband’s material, received from E.P. HESS, Fayetteville, NY, p. 1.  Hank Z. Jones, Jr., F.A.S.G., The Palatine Families of New York (Universal City, CA: published by the author, 1985), p. 100, born or baptized 21 Dec 1718, Stone Arabia church family List in church book.  Larry M. HESS, comp., Genealogy and History of the HESS Family (August 1954), donated to San Francisco Public Library by SF Chapt. of DAR, Jun

[page 245]

1966, p. 4; Ida Kast House and Mildred Kast Conrad, Mohawk Valley KASTs and Allied Families, edited and indexed by Hazel Patrick (Herkimer, NY: Herkimer Historical Society, 1985), pp. 2, 3 (not a good source).

MARRIAGE: Same as above; Barker, p. 125.

LAND: Hubert HESS, p. 7; Lou D. MacWethy, comp. and arranger, The Book of Names Especially Relating to the Early Palatines and the First Settlers in the Mohawk Valley (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co. Inc., 1981), p. 14; Nathaniel S. Benton, History of Herkimer County (Albany: J. Munsell, 78 State St, 1856).  Map of Burnetsfield patent showing owners of lot 10 on north side of Mohawk River, and lots 29 and 31 on south side of river, map in possession of author.

MILITARY: MacWethy, pp. 12, 116, 133, 167; letter from War Dept., Washington, DC, 12 May, 1924, to Mrs. M.M. Hatch, S. Columbia, NY, lists his service.

POLITICAL: Member of Committee of Safety, Tryon Co. representing German Flats and Kingsland area, 1775-see Marlyly Penrose, Mohawk Valley in the Revolution (Franklin, New York: Liberty Bell Associates, 1978), gives history and minutes of meetings; Hubert HESS, pp. 8, 9.

DEATH: Ibid., p. 9; J.H. French, editor, Gazeteer of the State of New York (Syracuse, New York: R. Pearsall Smith, 1860), ft., p. 244.

WILL-PROBATE: “Will of Augustinus HESS,” 29 May 1779, proved 25 Feb 1783, Collections of the New York Historical Society, Abstract of Wills, Vol. XII, p. 71; Jones, p. 1179; Hubert HESS, p. 7.


Anna Catherina was born about 1721 in New York.  She was the daughter of Johann George KAST and his wife, Gertrude.  She died in 1754 apparently after the birth of her eighth child.


BIRTH-DEATH: Same as ID-286.



Ft. Herkimer Church, Herkimer, NY

[page 246]



Born 21 Dec 1718 Place Schoharie, NY (Alby)
Marr Place NY
Died 15 Jul 1782 Place German Flats, NY (Herkimer)
Bur. Place





Born 27 Mar 1737 Place Tryon Co., NY
Died 19 May 1839 Place Herkimer Co., NY
Bur. Place




1 M CHRISTIAN HESS (ID=1918) 10 Mar 1756 Tryon Co., NY Apr 1776
Elizabeth KAST (NO ID)
2 M JOST HESS (ID=1919) 03 Nov 1758 Tryon Co., NY 12 May 1785 1844
Elisabeth EDICK (NO ID)
3 M JOHAN NICHOLAS HESS (ID=1920) 18 Jul 1760 Tryon Co., NY
4 M CONRAD HESS (ID=1921) 27 Mar 1762 Tryon Co., NY 01 Jan 1788 19 May 1839
Margaret FRANK (NO ID)
5 M HENRY HESS (ID=1922) 24 Apr 1764 Tryon Co., NY
6 M DANIEL HESS (ID=1923) 17 Apr 1766 Tryon Co., NY
7 F ANNA EVA HESS (ID=1924) 27 May 1768 Tryon Co., NY


[page 247]



Born 02 Apr 1687 Place Bleichenbach, Ger. (Hanau)
Marr 29 Aug 1711 Place West Camp, NY (Alby)
Died after 1749 Place Mohawk Valley, NY
Bur. Place





Born bp 10 Jun 1694 Place Hellstein, Ger. (Isenburg)
Died Place
Bur. Place




1 F FANNICHE HESS (ID=297) 20 May 1712 West Camp, NY (Alby)
2 F ANNA EVA HESS (ID=298) 24 Sep 1713 West Camp, NY (Alby)
3 F ANNA MARIA HESS (ID=299) 19 Apr 1715 West Camp, NY (Alby)
4 F CATHERINE HESS (ID=300) 25 Mar 1717 Schoharie, NY (Alby)
5 M AUGUSTINUS HESS (ID=286) 21 Dec 1718 Schoharie, NY (Alby) 15 Jul 1782
6 M JOHANNES JR. HESS (ID=301) 05 May 1721 09 Nov 1743 1760/1
Anna Margaretha YOUNG (NO ID)
7 M JOHN FREDERICK HESS (ID=302) 05 Sep 1722
8 F ANNA DOROTHEA HESS (ID=303) 25 Mar 1724 ca 1753
9 M HENRY HESS (ID=304) 02 Feb 1730 10 Feb 1810
Mary Eliz. GARLOCK (NO ID)
10 M DEDRICK HESS (ID=305) 1732

[page 248]


Johannes HESS, the Palatine emigrant from Germany, was born in the earldom of Hanau, Germany, in the village of Bleichenbach 2 Apr 1687, confirmed 1699.  His parents were Augustini HESS and Kunigunda EMMERICH.   He left Germany in company with his uncle, Johannes EMMERICH.  The Palatines left Germany for mainly economic reasons.  Wars had devastated the country and the extremely cold winter of 1708/9 took its toll of human lives, livestock and crops.  The Palatines sailed from Amsterdam to England where they camped or waited on ships for passage to America.  Queen Anne of England had arranged for them to settle in New York to secure naval stores for the British navy.  Johannes came with Pastor Joshua KOCKERTHAL’s group in 1710, landing at Nutter’s Island (now Governor’s Island).  He settled on the Hudson River at West Camp.  He married Anna Catherina CURRING 29 Aug 1711, who had come with her family in the same group.  They had nine or ten children.  He was naturalized 17 Jan 1715/6.

The naval stores project proved unprofitable.  In 1712 the British government abandoned the project and discontinued the support of the Palatines.  This was due to a change of government in England, poor management and the fact that the pine trees were the wrong kind for the tar and pitch needed.  The Palatines suffered greatly that winter.  Land had been promised them which had not been forthcoming.  Some of the group moved north to the Schoharie Valley and purchased land from the Indians.  Johannes HESS and his family were in this group.  He is listed in the village of Heessburg in 1716/7.  Many problems arose and England tried to expel them without success.  The group soon moved on to the Mohawk River area.  Johannes was one of the original patentees of the Burnetsfield patent, settling on lot 31 on the south side of the river.  His land, now in the town of Herkimer, was in the family for at least four generations.  His father-in-law, Ludolph CURRING, lived on lot 29.  Ft. Herkimer church and school were on lot 30, and Johannes HESS is listed as one of twelve purchasers of this lot for the church.  He also held land in the Harrison and Petrie patents.

Johannes was still alive in 1749 when his name appears as a sponsor for a grandchild.  His date of death is not known.  In 1734 Pastor BERKENMEYER noted in his journal, Albany Protocol, that he started for the Falls 30 Apr 1734 and arrived late in the evening at the home of Hannes HESS, who treated him kindly; later HESS and his wife were so gracious that he stayed longer than expected.

Our line descends through Augustinus HESS, spouse of Anna Catherina KAST.


BIRTH-PARENTS: Hank Jones, The Palatine Families of New York, p. 379; Barker, Early Families of Herkimer County, New York, p. 129; Hubert W. HESS, “The HESS Family in the Mohawk Valley,” p. 1; Larry M. HESS, Genealogy and History of the HESS Family, p. 1; Frederick A. Verkus, editor, The Compendium of American Genealogy (rpt.: Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1967), p. 616; Frederick A. Verkus, ed., First Families of America (Chicago: A.V. Marquis & Co., 1925), p. 67.

MARRIAGE: Pastor Joshua KOCHERTHAL records, p. 43 in Lou D. MacWethy, The Book of Names.

PASSENGER: Hubert HESS, p. 1; New York Palatine Subsistence Lists of Governor Robert HUNTER 1710-1712 (London: Public Records Office), #302, 30 Jun 1710; Jones, p. 380.

NATURALIZATION: Ibid., p. 380.

[page 249]

LAND: McWelty, Book of Names, patentee 30 Apr 1725 in Burnetsfield patent; land from Lewis MORRIS, Jr., in 1732 Albany county deeds, Vol. 6, p. 348; Jones, p. 380; Hubert HESS, p. 2, lot #31; Ulrich Simendinger, Simendingers Register (Reutlingen, Germany: ca 1717).

DEATH: Hubert HESS, p. 2; John Dern, ed., The Albany Protocol, Journal of Wilhelm Christoph BERKENMEYER of Lutheran Affairs, NY colony, 1731-50, translated from German by Simon Hart and Sibrandina Geertrud Hart-Runeman (Ann Arbor, MI: 1971), pp. 91, 94.


Anna Catherina was born in Hellstein in the earldom of Isenburg, daughter of Johann Ludolph CURRING and Ottilia FREUNDT, baptised 10 Jun 1694.  She came with her parents in the Palatine group who settled in New York on the Hudson River.  She was living in 1749 when she and her husband were sponsors for the baptism of a grandchild.


BIRTH-PARENTS: Jones, p. 131; Barker, p. 129.

MARRIAGE: Same as ID-295.

CHILDREN: Jones, p. 380; MacWethy, p. 43 (in Kocherthal records); Barker, p. 129; Hubert HESS, p. 2; Larry HESS lists a 10th child, Dedrick, p. 3.


Auf dieser Luftaufnahme sehen Sie Bleichenbach, inmitten von Wäldern und Wiesen, hier ist die Welt noch in Ordnung.

[page 250]



Born Place Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
Marr 20 Oct 1680 Place Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
Died 17 Apr 1731 Place Germany
Bur. Place





Born bp 5 Jun 1659 Place Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
Died 10 Mar 1725 Place Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
Bur. Place




1 M JOHAN HEINRICH HESS (ID=308) 24 Nov 1681 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau) 28 Mar 1682
2 F ANNA CATHERINA HESS (ID=309) ca 1684 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau) 04 Jul 1686
3 M JOHANNES HESS (ID=295) 02 Apr 1687 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau) 29 Aug 1711 after 1749
4 F ANNA EVA HESS (ID=310) 16 Aug 1689 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
5 M JOHAN HEINRICH HESS (ID=311) 17 Apr 1692 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
6 M AUGUSTINI HESS (ID=312) 22 Jan 1696 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
7 F ANNA MARIA HESS (ID=313) 31 Jan 1700 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)


[page 251]


Augustini (Augustinus) was born in Bleichenbach, Germany, in the earldom of Hanau, near Frankfort.  He was the son of Heinrich and Anna Maria HESS.  He was a blacksmith by trade.  He was married to Kunigunda EMMERICH in Selters, a town nearby.  They had seven known children, one of whom was Johannes HESS, the original emigrant.  Augustini died at age seventy-four and a half years.  He was buried 19 Apr 1731.

Our line descends through Johannes HESS, spouse of Anna Catherina CURRING.


PARENTS-MARRIAGE: Hank Jones, p. 378; Hank Z. Jones, Johannes HESS of Bleichenbach (prepublished material from author, April, 1983).

DEATH-BURIAL: Selters church book.


Kunigunda was born in Bleichenbach, daughter of Johannes and Barbara EMMERICH.  She died at age 65 years 9 months, and was buried 11 Mar 1725.

REFERENCES: Same as ID-306.



Selters, Hanau, Germany

[page 254]



Born 1701 Place Germany
Marr Place
Died after 11 Sep 1768 Place Herkimer Co. NY
Bur. Place





Born Place Germany
Died after 1778 Place Herkimer Co. NY
Bur. Place




2 M CONRAD KAST (ID=493) unk
3 F ANNA CATHERINA KAST (ID=287) 1721 NY 1754
4 F SARAH KAST (ID=494) bef 1724 Herkimer Co. NY
5 F DOROTHEA KAST (ID=495) bef 1724 Herkimer Co. NY
6 M FREDERICH KAST (ID=496) 8 Apr 1727 Herkimer Co. NY 12 Mar 1817
Elisabeth HELMER (NO ID)
7 F GERTRUDE KAST (ID=497) Herkimer Co. NY
Dieterick STEELE (NO ID)


[page 255]


Johann George, Jr. was born in Germany in 1701, son of Johann George KAST and Anna FECK.  He came with his parents to New York in 1710.  His wife’s name was Gertrude.  They had seven children.  George was a patentee in the Burnetsfield patent on lot 5 on the north side of the Mohawk River, 30 Apr 1725.  He died after 1768.

Our line descends through Anna Catherina KAST, spouse of Augustinus HESS.


BIRTH-MARRIAGE: Hank Jones, The Palatine Families of New York, p. 438; Barker, Early Families of Herkimer County, New York, p. 146; Ida Kast House and Mildred Kast Conrad, Mohawk Valley KASTs and Allied Families, edited and indexed by Hazel Patrick (Herkimer, NY: Herkimer County Historical Society, 1985), p. 1.

LAND:  Ibid., p. 1.

DEATH:  Ibid.


Gertrude was born in Germany, parents names unknown.  She died in Herkimer County, New York after 1778.




[page 256]



Born 1679 Place Leimen, Germany
Marr ca 1700 Place Germany
Died ca 1757 Place Herkimer Co. NY
Bur. Place





Born Place
Died Place
Bur. Place




1 M JOHANN GEORGE KAST (ID=490) 1701 Germany after 11 Sep 1768
2 F ANNA CATHERINA KAST (ID=499) bp 2 Sep 1703 Leimen, Germany
3 F ANNA ELIZABETHA KAST (ID=501) 1703/5 Leimen, Germany
Nicholaus MATTICE (NO ID)
4 F REGINA KAST (ID=502) bp 25 Sep 1707 Leimen, Germany
5 F MARGARETHA KAST (ID=503) 1707 Germany
John Wilhelm FUCHS (NO ID)
6 M LUDWIG KAST (ID=504) ca 1760
7 F SARAH KAST  (ID=505) 1713 09 Sep 1791
8 F ANNA DOROTHEA KAST (ID=506) 13 Nov 1715 Schoharie, NY
Heinrich HAGER (NO ID)
9 F ANNA MARIA KAST (ID=507) 1717 1769
10 F MARIA BARBARA KAST (ID=508) bef 1755
Frederich HELMER (NO ID)

[page 257]


Johann George, Sr. came from Germany with the Palatines in 1710.  His family originated in Leimen, Germany.  Leimen registers state he was a citizen of Rohrbach.  He was born in 1679, married Anna FECK in 1700.  They had ten children, four were born in Germany.  He is listed as a husbandman and vinedresser in the Palatine records.  The family appears on the Hunter’s Subsistence lists as #360.  Johann George was naturalized 11 Oct 1715.  He was a patentee on lot 22 in the Burnetsfield patent on the north side of the Mohawk River.  He received 1100 acres in Herkimer County in 1724.  His will dated 30 Apr 1755, was probated in 1757.

Our line descends through Johann George KAST, Jr., spouse of Gertrude.


BIRTH-MARRIAGE:  Hank Z. Jones, Jr., F.A.S.G., The Palatine Families of New York (Universal City, CA: published by the author, 1985), pp. 437-438; William H. Barker, Early Families of Herkimer County New York (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1986), p. 146; Ida Kast House and Mildred Kast Conrad, Mohawk Valley KASTs and Allied Families, edited and indexed by Hazel Patrick (Herkimer, NY: Herkimer County Historical Society, 1985), p. 1.


LAND:  Ibid, p. 437.

MILITARY:  Officer in Albany Co. Militia 1733, Ibid, p. 437.

DEATH-WILL:  Berthold Fernow, ed., Calender of Wills on File and Recorded in the Offices of the Court of Appeals, of the County Clerk at Albany, and of the Secretary of State 1626-1836 (New York: 1896), #971, p. 58.


No record of her parents or birth.


CHILDREN:  Same as ID-498; Sarah KAST MacGINNIS was a notable Tory, a friend of the Iroquois Indians and persuaded them to remain loyal to the British cause.  Much has been written about her exploits during the Revolutionary War.  She died in Canada; Kast, p. 2.

[page 258]



Born ca 1614 Place Germany
Marr Place
Died 23 Nov 1688 Place Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau)
Bur. Place





Born unk Place Germany
Died 20 Jan 1689 Place Germany
Bur. Place




1 M JOHANNES EMMERICH (ID=715) bp 1 Jan 1652 Germany bef 1733
Anna Margaretha DESCES (?) (NO ID)
2 M JOHAN CONRAD EMMERICH (ID=716) bp 30 Mar 1657 08 Mar 1665
3 F KUNIGUNDA EMMERICH (ID=307) bp 5 Jun 1659 Bleichenbach, Ger (Hanau) 20 Oct 1680 10 Mar 1725
4 F ANNA MARGARETHA EMMERICH (ID=717) bp 26 Jun 1662 Germany
5 M JOHANNES EMMERICH (ID=718) 13 Nov 1664 Germany 08 Mar 1665
6 M PETER EMMERICH (ID=719) unk Germany 08 Mar 1665


[page 259]


Johannes EMMERICH was born (circa 1614).  His ancestral home was in Bleichenbach, in the Hanau area of Germany.  He married Barbara, and they had six children.  He died at age 74 on 23 Nov 1688.

Our line descends through Kunigunda EMMERICH, spouse of Augustini HESS.


BIRTH-MARRIAGE:  Hank Z. Jones, Jr., F.A.S.G., The Palatine Families of New York, 2 Vols. (Universal City, CA: published by the author, 1985), p. 206.

DEATH:  Ibid., p. 206, record in Selters church book.


No birth date known for Barbara.  She died 16 Jan 1689 in Germany.



CHILDREN:  Ibid., pp. 206-207, son, Johannes EMMERICH, emigrated to America with his nephew, Johannes HESS.  Johannes EMMERICH died before 1733 and his widow married Heinrich BROUWER, causing much dissension among her children: see John Dern, ed., The Albany Protocol, Wilhelm Christoph Berkenmeyer’s Chronicle of Lutheran Affairs in New York Colony, 1731-1750, translated from German (Ann Arbor, MI, 1971), pp. 128-131.

[page 260]



Born ca 1660 Place Germany
Marr 21 Oct 1685 Place Germany
Died after 1735 Place NY (Mohawk Valley)
Bur. Place





Born 11 Mar 1666 Place Hellstein, Germany
Died after 1735 Place NY (Mohawk Valley)
Bur. Place




1 F ANNA APOLLONIA CURRING (ID=413) 05 Jun 1687 Hellstein, Ger 27 Mav [sic] 1688
2 F JOHANNA ELISABETHA CURRING (ID=414) bp 3 Mar 1689 Hellstein, Ger
Christoph FUCHS (NO ID)
3 M JOHANNES CURRING (ID=415) Nov 1692 Hellstein, Ger 29 Jun 1693
4 F ANNA CATHERINA CURRING (ID=296) bp 10 Jun 1694 Hellstein, Ger (Isenburg) 29 Aug 1711
5 F ANNA DOROTHEA CURRING (ID=416) Dec 1695 Hellstein, Ger
6 F ELISABETHA CHRISTINA CURRING (ID=417) bp 4 Dec 1698 Hellstein, Ger 11 Dec 1698
7 M JOHANN GEORG CURRING (ID=418) bp 22 Aug 1700 Hellstein, Ger
8 M JOHANNES CURRING (ID=419) bp 20 Apr 1702 Hellstein, Ger
9 M JOHANN CONRAD CURRING (ID=420) bp 9 Nov 1706 Hellstein, Ger
10 F ANNA MARGARETHA CURRING (ID=421) bp 23 Nov 1704 Hellstein, Ger 1731
Conrad KUHN (NO ID)
11 M JOHANN WILHELM CURRING (ID=422) bp 14 Oct 1707 Hellstein, Ger

[page 261]


Ludolph CURRING was born in Germany (circa 1660), son of Anton CURRING.  He married Ottilia FREUNDT 21 Oct 1685.  They had eleven children, baptized at the church in Hellstein (Spielberg) Duchy of Isenburg, Germany.  The family immigrated with the Palatines in 1709 to New York.  His name appears on Governor HUNTER’s subsistence lists in 1710/12.  He was naturalized 31 Jan 1715/6.  He is listed with only three children (Catherina, Anna Dorothea and Conrad) in the New York 1710 census.  At least three children are known to have died in Germany.

Ludolph and his wife were patentees on the south side of the Mohawk River, lots 13 and 29, in the Burnettsfield patent of 30 Apr 1725.  He is also named in the Petrie land deed as “Rudolph KORSING.”  He was one of the original twelve trustees of the Ft. Herkimer church in 1730.  He lived next door to the church.  Johannes HESS lived on the other side of the church.  The rebuilt church is still there today.

His date of death is uncertain.  He was alive in 1734 when Pastor BERKENMEYER visited him.  The pastor mentions in his journal that he visited old Lulof who had been married 50 years.

Our line descends through Anna Catherina CURRING, spouse of Johannes HESS.


BIRTH-PARENTS-MARRIAGE: Hank Z. Jones, Jr., F.A.S.G., The Palatine Families of New York (Universal City, CA: published by the author, 1985), pp. 130-131; Peter Bellinger, Genealogy of the Mohawk Valley BELLINGER and Allied Families (Herkimer County, New York Historical Society, 1976), viewed at Montgomery Dept. of History and Archives, Fonda, NY in 1985; LDS marriage entry of daughter, Anna Catherina CURRING to Johannes HESS, listing parents’ names, submitted by Lester LASSELL, Albany, NY; William V.H. Barker, Early Families of Herkimer County, New York (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1986), p. 160.

NATURALIZATION: At Albany, NY, 31 Jan 1715/6, record in Albany common council, Jones, p. 139.

LAND: Burnettsfield patent map, Lou D. MacWethy, The Book of Names (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1982), p. 192; Francis V. Grifone, ed., Yesteryears, Vol. 13, #39 (Fall 1969), p. 26; Bellinger, map, p. 116.

DEATH: After 1734, when Pastor BERKENMEYER visited him, John Dern, ed., The Albany Protocol, Wilhelm Christoph BERKENMEYER’s Chronicle of Lutheran Affairs in New York Colony, 1731-1750, translated from German, (Ann Arbor, MI, 1971), p. 94.



Ottilia was born 11 Mar 1666 at Hellstein and baptized at Spielberg, Germany.  She was the daughter of Johann FREUNDT and Anna APPELS.




CHILDREN: Jones, pp. 130-131.

[page 262]



Born unk Place Germany, of Erlinghausen/Lippe
Marr Place
Died bur 30 Aug 1703 Place Schachtelburg, Ger
Bur. Place





Born unk Place Germany
Died Place
Bur. Place




1 M JOHANN LUDOLPH CURRING (ID=411) ca 1660 Germany 21 Oct 1685 after 1735



Anton CURRING of Erlinghausen in Grasffschaft, Lippe, Germany, was the earliest known ancestor of Ludolph CURRING.  He died at Schachtelburg and was buried there 30 Aug 1703.  His wife’s name is not known.

Our line descends through his son, Ludolph, and his spouse, Ottilia FREUNDT.


RESIDENCE-DEATH: Jones, p. 130.


No information.

[page 263]



Born Place Germany, Hanau area
Marr 20 Apr 1665 Place Spielberg, Ger
Died 27 Jul 1682 Place Hellstein, Ger
Bur. Place





Born Place Udenhain (Spielberg) Ger
Died Place
Bur. Place




1 F OTTILIA FREUNDT (ID=412) 11 Mar 1666 Hellstein, Germany 21 Oct 1685 after 1735


[page 264]



Born unk Place Germany
Marr Place Germany
Died Feb 1675 Place Hellstein, Ger
Bur. Place





Born unk Place Germany
Died bef 25 Apr 1665 Place Hellstein, Ger
Bur. Place




1 M JOHANN FREUNDT (ID=424) Germany, Hanau area 20 Apr 1665 27 Jul 1682


[page 265]


Johann was born in the Hanau area of Germany, son of Velton FREUNDT and Margaretha.  He married Anna Appels GEDERN 20 Apr 1665 at Spielberg.  He died at Hellstein and was buried there 27 Jul 1682.

Our line descends through Ottilia FREUNDT, spouse of Ludolph CURRING.


BIRTH-PARENTS-MARRIAGE-DEATH: Hank Z. Jones, Jr., F.A.S.G., The Palatine Families of New York (Universal City, CA: published by the author, 1985), p. 130.


Anna was the daughter of Johann GEDERN of Udenhain (Spielberg) Germany.

REFERENCES: Same as ID-424.

CHILDREN: Ottilia only child known.


Velton and his wife, Margaretha, were born in Germany.  They were parents of one known child.  Velton died Feb 1675 in Spielberg and was buried there.  Our line descends through Johann FREUNDT, spouse of Anna Appels.




Margaretha died in Hellstein and was buried there 25 Apr 1665.

REFERENCES: Same as ID-711.

CHILDREN:  Only one known is Anton.

Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John 1630

1 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Burton W. Spear, Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John 1630, Volume 13 (Toledo, Ohio: Burton W. Spear, 1990).

[page 30]

Unanswered Questions on the English Ancestries and Birthplaces of the “Mary and John” Families of 1630.


According to NER Jan. 1984, p. 4-16, he was the son of Nicholas ROSSITER (d. 1 Apr. 1608) & Eliza _____ (bu. 28 Apr. 1608), of Comb St. Nicholas, Somerset, but no wills have been found.  His grandfather was Philip ROSSITER & (1) _____, of Combe St. Nicholas and his great-grandfather was Richard ROSSITER (1463-1529) & Elizabeth PERYE, dau. of William PERYE & _____, dau. of John FRYE.  No wills found.

Parish records of Combe St. Nicholas before 1678 are lost & Edward Rossiter left no will.

There is a Dr. CAMPBELL, a genealogist in Combe St. Nicholas who is claimed to have a great deal of information on the ROSSITERs, FRYEs & TORREY family, all of that village.  Ref: NER Jan. 1937, p. 145-151.  (See Vol. 3, p. 43)

[page 94]


William BLAKE – Bpt. 10 July 1594, Pitminster, Somerset.  He died, 25 Oct. 1663, Dorchester, Mass.  He married, Agnes BAND, 27 Sept. 1617, Pitminster, prob. widow of Richard BAND & dau. of Hugh THORN.  He was granted land in Dorchester on 14 May 1636 and he became a freeman and a member of the church on 14 Mar. 1639.  It is not known when he came to New England.  (Vol. 12, p. 79)

Children of William BLAKE & Agnes (THORN) BAND (Vol. 12, p. 79)

1. John BLAKE – Bpt. 30 Aug. 1618, Pitminster.  He died, 25 Jan. 1688/9, Boston.  He married, Mary (SOUTHER) SHAW, 16 Aug. 1654.  He was one of the executors of the will of Governor John WINTHROP in 1676.  No issue.

2. Anne BLAKE- Bpt. 30 Aug. 1618 (twin?), Pitminster.  She died, 12 July 1681, Boston.  She married, (1) Jacob LEAGER of Boston, who died, 24 Feb. 1662/3 & (2) _____ HALLOWELL.  Her tombstone is in the Boston Society.

Children of Anne BLAKE & Jacob LEAGER (Vol. 11, p. 79)

a. Bethia LEAGER- Bpt. 6 Oct. 1651, Dorchester, Mass.  She m. Fearnot SHAW, blacksmith, s. of Joseph SHAW of Weymouth, Mass.  She had two children: Jacob, b. 6 Nov. 1672.  (2) John, b. 30 Mar. 1678, who m. Mercy SMITH.

b. Hannah LEAGER- B. 14 Nov. 1655, Boston.  She d. 13 Oct. 1690.  She m. (1) John WALKER, brick burner, a. 1676, s. of Thomas & Ann WALKER of Boston.  The had one dau., Hannah WALKER, 25 Apr. 1677, who prob. never married.  Hannah LEAGER m. (2) Thomas PHILIPS of Boston, perhaps s. of Nicholas PHILIPS, by whom she had one child, Hannah PHILIPS, 7 Sept. 1690.

3. William BLAKE Jr.- Bpt. 6 Sept. 1620, Pitminster.  He died, 3 Sept. 1703, Milton, Mass.  He married, (10 [sic] Anna _____, whose name does not appear until 1665 & (2) Hannah TOLMAN, 22 Nov. 1693, Milton, who d. 4 Aug. 1729, dau. of Thomas TOLMAN (M&J passenger) & widow Sarah LYON.

Children of William BLAKE Jr. & (1) Anna (Vol. 12 p. 8)

a. Samuel BLAKE- B. 14 May 1650, Dorchester.  He d. 1719, Taunton.  He m. Sarah MACEY, dau. of George and Susanna MACEY of Taunton.  He had seven children: (1) Priscilla, who m. John SMITH, 1700, s. of Nathaniel SMITH.  (2) Samual Jr., b.a. 1680, who may have m. Sarah PITTS.  (3) Edward, b.a. 1689, m. Anna HANOVER.  (4) Susanna.  (5) Sarah, m. Joseph TOPLIFF.  (6) Hannah.  (7) Jerusha.

b. Anne BLAKE- Bpt. 7 Mar. 1651, Dorchester.  d.y.

c. Anne BLAKE- B. 6 Mar. 1652/3, Dorchester.  Died, 9 May 1722, Taunton.  She m. Thomas GILBERT, 18 Dec. 1676, Boston, s. of John & Jane GILBERT of Taunton.  Eight children: (1) Hannah, b. 28 Sept. 1677, m. William PHILLIPS.  (2) Sarah, b. 11 Aug. 1679, m. John WILLIS.  (3) Mary (twin), b. 11 Aug. 1679, m. Joseph WILLIAMS.  (4) Thomas, b. 11 July 1681. d.y.  (5) Nathaniel, b. 19 July 1683, m. Hannah BRADFORD.  (6) Mehitable, b. 5 May 1686.   (7) Susanna, b. 1687, m. William HODGES.  (8) Experience, b. 1689, m. John TOWNSEND.  (Ref: Gilberts of New England, pt. 1, p. 81)

d. Mary BLAKE- B. 20 Mar. 1654/5, Dorchester.  She m. (1) Joseph LEONARD, 1679 & (2) _____ WILLIS.  Seven children by first husband: (1) Mary, b. 2 Oct. 1680.  (2) Experience, b. 18 Mar. 1682.  (3) Joseph, b. 28 Jan. 1684.  (4) Mehitable, b. 22 Aug. 1685.  (5) Edward, b. 2 Nov. 1688.  (6) William, b. 26 Mar. 1690.  (7) Silence.  (Ref: Savage 3:80)

e. William BLAKE- B. 22 Feb. 1656/7, Dorchester.  Soldier in 1675 & 1690.  Died before 1699.

f. Nathaniel BLAKE- B. 4 July 1659, Dorchester.  Died, 5 Oct. 1720, Milton.  He m. Martha MORY, dau. of Walter MORY.  Seven children: (1) William, b. 21 July 1696, m. Hannah _____.  (2) Nathaniel Jr., b. 26 Feb. 1697/7, m. Elizabeth EVANS.  (3) Simon, b. 1 June 1700, m. Hannah BADCOCK.  (4) James, b. 18 Sept. 1702, m. Abigail TUCKER.  (5) Joseph, b. 27 July 1705.  (6) David, b. 12 July 1707.  (7) Jonathan, b. 12 July 1707.

[page 80]

g. Edward BLAKE- b. 13 Apr. 1662, Dorchester.  He died, 1737.  He m. Elizabeth MORY, 26 June 1696, sister of his brother’s (Nathaniel) wife.  Six children: (1) Anna, b. 7 Apr. 1697, m. _____ STEARNS.  (2) Edward Jr., b. 22 July 1697, m. Elizabeth FRENCH.  (3) Aaron, b. 23 Feb. 1699/1700.  (4) Mary, b. 13 Jan. 1701/2.  (5) Elizabeth, b. 5 Apr. 1704, m. _____ BELCHER.  (6) Moses, b. 6 Aug. 1706, m. Hannah HORTON.

h. Experience BLAKE- B. 17 June 1665, Dorchester.  He <sic> m. Eleazer CARVER, s. of John & Millicent CARVER.  Res: S. Bridgewater.

i. Agnes BLAKE- B. 29 Sept. 1667, Milton.

j. Susan BLAKE- B. 20 July 1670, Milton.  D. 4 May 1676.

k. Mehitable BLAKE- B. 2 Apr. 1673, Milton.  She m. William BRIGGS Jr., 16 June 1696, of Taunton.

4. James BLAKE- Bpt. 27 Apr. 1623, Pitminster.  Died, 28 June 1700, Dorchester.  He married (1) Elizabeth CLAPP, a. 1651, dau. of Dea. Edward CLAPP & Prudence CLAPP, who died, 16 Jan. 1693/4, age 61.  He m. (2) Elizabeth SMITH, 17 Sept. 1695, dau. of Henry 7 <sic> Judith SMITH & widow of Peter HUNT.
He built a house in 1650 in Dorchester that still stands today [...]

5. Edward BLAKE- His will: 31 Aug. 1692, inventory, 3 Nov. 1692.  He m. Patience POPE, dau. of John & Jane POPE of Dorchester [...]

[page 81]


BLAKE Family, A Genealogical History, William BLAKE of Dorchester, by Samuel BLAKE, 1857.

A Record Of The BLAKES Of Somerset, by Horatio G. SOMERBY.

Increase BLAKE Of Boston, His Ancestors & Descendants, With A Full Account of William BLAKE Of Dorchester, by Francis E. BLAKE, 1898.

[page 121]


The village and parish of Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset provided a number of families who came to New England between 1630 and 1640.  Edward ROSSITER came first, with his family on the “Mary & John” in 1630.  He was one of the Assistants of the Massachusetts Bay Company and one of the most prominent passengers on that ship.  He was followed in 1640 by the TORREYs and FRYs.  A great deal of credit for this article, and particularly the photos and map, is due Miss Patricia PEARCE, of Shepton Beauchamp, Somerset, who visited Combe St. Nicholas and searched the records in the Somerset Record Office, Taunton.


Edward ROSSITER may have come with his wife _____ COMBE, daughter of John COMBE and brother of Joesph [sic] COMBE, but she may have died in England because there is no record of her in New England.

Evidently, Rev. John WHITE of Dorchester, Dorset, loaned Edward ROSSITER considerable money to prepare for his journey to New England.  The total debt was 106 pounds, 9 shillings & 9 pence and it was partly paid by Edward’s son, Nicholas, before their departure.  But when Edward died on 23 Oct. 1630, there was still 15 pounds, 25 shillings due Rev. WHITE.  Among the charges was 47 pounds, 13 shillings & 4 pence, for the passage of 13 passengers (3 pounds, 13 shillings & 4 pence each).

Following is an attempt to identify these people.  The five unknown passengers may have included, Edward’s wife (if she was still living), grandchildren and servants.

1. Edward ROSSITER

2. Son, Nicholas ROSSITER, who later returned.

3. Wife of Nicholas ROSSITER, who later returned.

4. Edward ROSSITER, son of Nicholas, who later returned.

5. Son, Bray ROSSITER.

6. Wife of Bray ROSSITER.

7. Daughter, Jane ROSSITER.

8. Son, Hugh ROSSITER, who later returned.

Plus five unidentified passengers.

[page 124]


George FRY, came with his brother-in-law, William TORREY.  He was possibly the son of the George FRY who witnessed the will of Joseph COMBE of Combe St. Nicholas, 21 Mar. 1619/20.  The FRYs were also related to the ROSSITER & COMBE families.


Although no member of the COMBE family of Combe St. Nicholas has been found that came to New England, they married into the above families.


Edward ROSSITER’s great-grandfather, Richard ROSSITER, was the first proved land owner in Combe St. Nicholas.  When he died in 1529 he owned 4 messuages & 543 acres here.  At that time his son Philip (Edward’s grandfather) inherited 4 messuages, 31 acres of meadow, 312 acres of pasture & 200 acres of woodland.  In the 1583 Survey of the parish (SAS/SE86), “Philipus ROSSITER, gent. (farmer or husbandman) owned a dwelling and a new tucking mill.  He paid 17 pounds a year to the Lord of the Manor (Wells Deanery).  The other freemen of Combe were William BONNER, gent.- 15 pounds, William JEANES- 12 pounds, John BUETT- 2 pounds, John WALROD- 4 pounds, John DEWNELL- 20 pounds and _____ MALLETT- 12 pounds.


Wadeford House (16th) of Philip ROSSITER

[page 125]

Philip ROSSITER’s house was called Wadeford and the fulling mill (woolen mill), which has been carefully restored, still stand today in a hamlet about 3/4 miles SE of Combe St. Nicholas.  This is one of seven mills within a few miles of each other on the River Isle, the others all being grist mills for corn.


Fulling Mill At Wadeford, Once Owned By Philip ROSSITER

Court Roll – 27 July 1608 – To the court came Thomasin CLARKE, William ROSSITER (brother or cousin of Edward?) and John CLARKE and surrendered a tenement called a “ten acre tenement” in the tithing of XII sect. granted again to John and Jane MARDEN.  (The three named above were witnesses.  Ref: ADD/277.)

1641, Nicholas ROSSITER, gent., of Combe (son of Edward, after Nicholas returned to England), holds for 3 lives, his property on lease – Anne, Jane & Mary ROSSITER, all daughters of Nicholas.  Ref: ADD/302.


The FRY family held a lease in 1574 (and possibly earlier) on the Lower Clayhanger Farm, less than a mile NE of Wadeford, where Philip ROSSITER lived.


Entrance To Farmyard Of Lower Clayhanger House Of FRY Family

[page 126]

The Lower Clayhanger house, which is still standing today, is in the “Listed Buildings”, p. 1-2, ADD/281, dated, 1608.  In the 1583 Survey of Combe St. Nicholas, rents were paid in Clayhanger tithing by: Robertus WARRYE- 13 pounds, John COGAN- 14 pounds, Symond KNIGHT- 2 pounds, Matthew GILLETT- 13 pounds, Thomas KNIGHT- 12 pounds and John GILLETT- 3 pounds.

NOTE:     Savage says there was a Matthew GILLET who came on the Mary & John in 1634, first settled in Dorchester and then in Windsor in 1636.  Banks says he came on the Mary & John in 1634 but settled in Salem.  Stiles’ History of Windsor does not list him.

Today the house is a private residence, with Hamstone mullioned windows, a kitchen with a bread oven and a mullioned window in the rear wall.  The roof was renewed in the early 19th century.  The walls are two feet thick.  The original date of the house cannot be placed because of work in 1940 destroyed much of the dating evidence.

Court Roll, 9 Oct. 1593 – To this court came John FRY and Agnes, his wife, and Isabella, wife of Richard SCREVEN.  John FRY holds by right of his wife, Agnes, one tenement called a “ten acre tenement”, with the apprutenances in the tithing of Betham, to remain now of the said Isabella, by the names of Agnes COMBE and Isabella COMBE (daughters of John COMBE, deceased), John FRY and Agnes and Richard and Isabella SCREVEN, surrendered each and all into the hands of the Lord and all estates and interest in the said premises, with the intent that John FRY might be able to receive them again.  Whereupon at this same court, the said John FRY, came and took from the Lord at the Steward’s hands, the said apputtenances, to have and to hold, for the lives of John FRY, Joseph COMBE and William COMBE, sons of the late John COMBE.  Ref: ADD/257.

27 Sept. 1597- George FRY came to Court of Combe and leased land called “Wagges”, for the lives of George and his brother, John FRY of Ewell and John FRY, son of Lawrence of Stolfird.  Ref: ADD/265.

15 Oct. 1608- To this Court came Dorothea (RICHARDS) FRY, wife of John FRY, the younger, gent., of Chehanger (Clayhanger), and took the reversion of one cottage, with curtilage, one acre of same, under Old Auster (A Celtic site for the farm, developed by the Saxons and always treated with great respect because of its great age as a site.), all held by John FRY, the younger, for the term of his life.  To have and to hold for the lives of Dorothea, William FRY, son of William of Plymouth, Devon, yeoman, John RICHARDS, son of John of Churchstation, Devon.  Ref: ADD/281.

[page 127]


In 1599 Thomas COMBE at Ham Farm held 20 acres.  This about one and one half miles N of Combe St. Nicholas.  This was by “old Austet”, and ancient Celtic site.  This farm is now occupied by Mr. HUTCHINGS.


Mr. HUTCHINGS at Ham Farm with Shep & Sam

Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John 1630

1 May 2009 1 comment

Source: Burton W. Spear, Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John 1630, Volume 12 (Toledo, Ohio: Burton W. Spear, 1989). [WorldCat]

[page 72]


The following BLAKE ancestry was taken from a 4 ft. by 12 ft. chart, on file at the Wiltshire Record Office, in Trowbridge, Wilts., England.  It lists many lines not noted below to about 1800.  The line below supposedly traces to Humphrey BLAKE of Over Stowey, Somerset, ancestor of Elizabeth SAUNDERS, wife of Henry WOLCOTT.  Following is the introductory inscription on the chart:

“The genealogy of the ancient and worthy family of BLAGUE, BLAAKE or BLAKE, of great antiquity in the county of Wilts, where they had large possessions in Quemberford, Calne and Ililcot with a fair manor house called PINHILLS, now the seat of the family, a younger branch, from where they transplanted themselves into Hampshire and settling at East Town, were owners of that and divers other manor from whence the BLAKEs of Middlesex, etc. are immediately descended faithfully collected out of the several visitation books of the said counties remaining in the College of Arms and deducted to the issue of Daniel BLAKE of London, Anno 1690″.

1. RICHARD BLAGUE of Blake (Not found).  He married Ann, daughter of William (COLE?).

2. HENRY BLAGUE of Blake.  Heir.  He married Elizabeth, daughter & co-heir of Edward DURANT.

3. WILLIAM BLAGUE of Blake.  Heir.  He married Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. William POWER.

4. HENRY BLAGUE of Blake.  Heir.  He married Margaret, daughter & heir of William BILLETT.

[page 73]

5. ROBERT BLAGUE, Esq. of Quemford (hamlet, one half mile S of Calne, Wilts, 18 miles E of Bath).  He married Avice, daughter of John WALLOP, Esq. of Farley, Southampton.

6. JOHN BLAGUE, Gent.  Second son.  He married Margaret DYNCHAN, DINHAM of Dentham.

7. DAVID BLAGUE.  Heir.  He married Joane MALLETT.  He had a son, John BLAGUE, Abbott of Cirenester, Gloucestershire.

[page 74]

8. WILLIAM BLAGUE of Lacock, Wilts (8 miles W of Calne).  He married Margaret, daughter of William BROWNE of Wablyn.


a. Martin BLAGUE of Winchcomb, Gloucestershire.  He married Catherine, daughter of George VAUGHN of Herfordshire.

b. John BLAGUE- See below.

9. JOHN BLAGUE.    “From whom the BLAKEs of Somerset are descended of which family Major General Robert BLAKE the famous soldier and sea commander.”  No arms listed.  This line from generations 6 through 9 do not agree with the lines in SEARCH FOR THE PASSENGERS OF THE MARY & JOHN-1630, Volume 11, p. 62-66.


The following line from the Wiltshire chart connects to some William BLAKEs of Eastontown, Southampton, that fits the genealogy in the above mentioned, Volume 11:

6. ROBERT BLAKE of Calne, Wilts.  He was the son of Robert BLAGUE & Avice WALLOP (See #5 above).  He married Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas INGLEFIELD of Inglefield, Berkshire & Margery, daughter of Richard DANVERS, Esq. of Cadworth, Northamptonshire.

7. ROGER BLAAKE, Esq. of Caivne (Calne?), Wilts.  He died, 1556, age 57 (b. 1499).  He married Mary BAYNARD, daughter of Philip BAYNARD, Esq. of Lackham, Wilts.  Roger and his sister, married a brother and sister.


a. Thomas BLAAKE, Esq. of Tynnells, Wilts.  He married Edith, daughter of Thomas IVY, Esq. of Westkein (sp?), Wilts.

b. Sibil BLAAKE.  She married Henry BULL of Wilts.

c. John BLAAKE.  He married Jane CLARKE of Shaw (sp?), Wilts.

d. Joane BLAAKE.  She married Anthony GODDARD of Hartham, Wilts.

e. William BLAAKE- See below.

f. Mary BLAAKE.  She married edward LANGRIDGE of Langride, Southampton.

g. Robert BLAAKE of borough of Carone (sp?).  He married Alice, daughter of Robert SMYTH of Lackock, Wilts.

[page 75]

8. WILLIAM BLAKE of Eastontown als Essington, Southampton. Fourth son.  Deceased, 1582.  He married Avice, daughter of Sir Gervace RIPLEY, knight of Ripley, Southampton.  Their figures appeared in a stained glass window in the church of Enham (sp?), Southampton, in the parish of Eastontown in 1622, seat of the branch of the family in Scituate (not found).


Figures of William BLAKE, and his wife, Avice RIPLEY, in stained glass window, in Eastontown parish church in 1622.

9. WILLIAM BLAKE.  Second son.


a. William BLAKE.  See below.

b. Peter BLAKE.  Second son.

c. Nicholas BLAKE.  Third son.

10. WILLIAM BLAKE of Eastontown (estate of Eastontown, Southampton?).  He married Anne, daughter of Thomas TUFT (sp?) of Chilbolton, Southampton.   (Chilbolton now appears to be in county, Hants, 3 miles south of Andover.).  No issue listed.

[page 76]

The last three William BLAKEs, numbers 8, 9 & 10, appear to connect to the BLAKE Genealogy printed in the SEARCH FOR THE PASSENGERS OF THE MARY & JOHN-1630, Volume 11, p. 62-63.  The following is copied from this source:

VII.  WILLIAM BLAKE – He lived in White parish, Wilts and died in 1471.  After his death his widow and two sons moved to Hampshire and settled in Andover, on the estate called, “Eastontown”, formerly part of the estate of her husband’s mother, Avice WALLOP.


1. William BLAKE- See below.

2. Robert BLAKE- He lived in West Enham, Andover.  He married, _____ SNELL.

VIII.  WILLIAM BLAKE – He lived in Andover, White Parish, in Old Hall in Eastontown.  he also had lands in Knights Enham (occupied by his brother in 1504).  He married Mary, daughter of Humphrey COLES of Somerset.  His will probated, 20 June 1547.


1. Nicholas BLAKE- Of Old Hall.  His will, 1547, names wife, Margaret and children, William, Edmund, Alice and Elizabeth.

2. Humphrey BLAKE- No doubt named after his grandfather.  See below.

3. Alice BLAKE- She married, _____ CABULL.

IX.  HUMPHREY BLAKE – In Somerset in early 1500’s and settled in Over Stowey.

X.  JOHN BLAKE, THE ELDER – Born, 1521.  Buried, 10 Dec. 1576, Over Stowey.  He married Joan or Jane _____.

XI.  ANNE BLAKE – Born about 1549, Over Stowey.  She married Thomas SAUNDERS.  They lived in Lydeard St. Lawrence, Somerset and were the parents of Elizabeth SAUNDERS, wife of Henry WOLCOTT.


[page 77]


The following ancestry of the BLAKE family of Somerset, England was copied from a chart on exhibition in the Unitarian Chapel, crewkerne, Somerset, in June 1989.  It was prepared by Mrs. Eleanor DIXON, a BLAKE descendant, from Bridgewater, Somerset.

This ancestry contradicts the BLAKE ancestry in Volume 12, p. 62, which states the BLAKE line to Elizabeth SAUNDERS, wife of Henry WOLCOTT, comes through William BLAKE (d. 1471), son of Robert BLAKE & Avice WALLOP.  The ancestry below claims the correct line is through John BLAKE (d. 1504), son of Robert BLAKE & Avice WALLOP and brother of William BLAKE (d. 1471).

JOHN BLAKE of Nether Wallop, Hants.  Born, 1430.  Died, 1504.  He married, Margery _____.  His brother, Robert BLAKE of Calne, Wilts., was his heir and overseer of his will.


1. Humphrey BLAKE of Over Stowey, Somerset.  Buried, 28 Dec. 1588.  Will, 19 Nov. 1558, proved, 11 May 1559, Taunton.  He married, Anne _____.  He bought Tuxwell, near Spaxton, Somerset in 1556.


1.1 John BLAKE, the elder of Plainsfield (manor).  Born, 1521.  Buried, 10 Dec. 1576.  Will proved, 25 Jan. 1577.  He married, Joan _____.


1.1.1 Humphrey BLAKE, the elder of Over Stowey.  Buried, 1619 (in Over Stowey church).  Will, 1618.  Clothier.  He married, (1) Agnes JAMES, 1578 & (2) Ann _____.

Children Humphrey BLAKE, gent., of Plainsfield.  Bpt. 13 Nov. 1580.  He married, Elizabeth GILES of Wellington. John BLAKE of Over Stowey.  Bpt. 25 Apr. 1583. Richard BLAKE.  Bpt. 7 Sept. 1585. Jone BLAKE.  Bpt. 23 Sept. 1587. Robert BLAKE.  Bpt. 8 June 1589. Arthur BLAKE.  Bpt. 27 June 1592.  Died, 25 June 1592.

1.1.2 William BLAKE.  Buried, 1642.  He married, Ann _____.  He bought Cattridge, 1586.

1.1.3 Richard BLAKE of Stogumber, Somerset.  Born, 1562/3.  He married, (1) _____ & (2) Grace NAPCOTT, 29 May 1589, Over Stowey.

1.1.4 Robert BLAKE.  Born, 1566.  Died, 1626.  He married, Eleanor BROWNE of Taunton.

1.1.5 Alice BLAKE.  Born, 1569.  She married James RICHARDS.  From this couple descended emigrants, William BLAKE, Thomas RICHARDS and the TORREY brothers.  (See volume 11, p. 109-110.)

1.1.6 Ann BLAKE.  She married Thomas SAUNDERS (They were the parents of Elizabeth SAUNDERS, wife of Henry WOLCOTT).

1.1.7 Isobel BLAKE.  She married Thomas SELLECK.  (They lived in Gaulden Manor.)

1.1.8 Mary BLAKE- Born, 1558.  Died 1560.

1.2 John BLAKE, the younger of Plainsfield (manor).  Buried, 21 Aug. 1572.  He married Christian JUGG, 18 Aug. 1558.


1.2.1 Mary BLAKE.  Born, 1558.  Died, 1600.

1.2.2 Elizabeth BLAKE.  Born, 1561.

1.2.3 John BLAKE.  Died, 1563.

1.2.4 Anne BLAKE.  Born, 1567.

1.2.5 Richard BLAKE.  Born, 1570.

1.3 Agnes BLAKE.  She married, _____ MANNING.

1.4 Eleanor BLAKE.  She married, _____ LANGHAM.

[page 78]

1.5 Alice BLAKE.  She married, George SLOCOMBE.

1.6 Thomas BLAKE.  His will, 1580.  He married Isobel _____ of Wedmore.

1.7 Robert BLAKE of Bridgewater.  He died, Oct. 1592.  Will proved, 1592.  He married, Margaret SYMONDS of Taunton.  She buried, 1600.


1.7.1 Humphrey BLAKE of Bridgewater.  Born, 1573.  Died, 1625.  His will, 1625.  He married Sarah WMS. (WILLIAMS) of Pawlett, Somerset.

Children Humphrey BLAKE of St. Giles, Cripplesgate, London.  Born, 1600.  Died, 1679.  Will, 1679, at Somerset Record Office. Admiral Robert BLAKE.  Born, 1598.  Died, 1657.  Unmarried.  His will, 1653.

[page 79]


William BLAKE (1594-1663) of Dorchester, Mass. shares his BLAKE ancestry with Elizabeth SAUNDERS (1584-1655), wife of Henry WOLCOTT of Windsor, Conn.  They were grandchildren of John BLAKE (1521-1576) of Over Stowey, Somerset.  See Volume 11, p. 64-66.  The parents of Elizabeth SAUNDERS were Thomas SAUNDERS (d. 1609) of Lydread St. Lawrence, Somerset and Anne BLAKE (b.a. 1549) of Over Stowey.  The parents of William BLAKE were William BLAKE (d. 1642) of Pitminster, Somerset and Ann.  Anne BLAKE and William BLAKE (the elder) were brother and sister, so Elizabeth SAUNDERS and William BLAKE (the emigrants) were first cousins.

William BLAKE was born in Pitminster and he was related to another emigrant from that village, Thomas RICHARDS.  Thomas RICHARDS, was no doubt, a grandson of James RICHARDS, who died in Pitminster in 1608, and Alice BLAKE, daughter of John BLAKE of Over Stowey and sister of Anne BLAKE (mother of Elizabeth SAUNDERS.

It has been claimed that William BLAKE of Dorchester, brought his family on the “Mary & John” in 1630, but no prooof has been found.  There is no early record of him in Dorchester and he being a prominent person, age 36, it would have been unlikely for him not to be mentioned if he had come in 1630.  There is supposedly a Cleveland Genealogy that claims he sold a house in Aisholt, Somerset (3 miles south of Over Stowey), in January 1630 and went to America, but no proof is given.  He was granted land in Dorchester, Mass. on 14 May 1636 and he became a freeman and a member of the church on 14 March 1639.

William BLAKE was baptised, 10 July 1594 in Pitminster, Somerset and he died, 25 Oct. 1663, Dorchester, Mass.  He married Agnes BAND, 27 Sept. 1617, Pitminster.  She was probably baptised, 12 June 1594, Pitminster, daughter of Hugh THORN and the widow of Richard BAND, whose will was written in 1616 and probated, 8 Jan. 1621.  Agnes died, 22 July 1678, Dorchester, Mass.  William BLAKE remained in Pitminster until 1624 but his whereabouts between 1624 and 1636 are not known.  He possibly moved to Aisholt, Somerset.

On 14 May 1636, William BLAKE, with William PYNCHON and six others signed articles to form a plantation at Agawam (Springfield) on the Connecticut River.  He remained in Dorchester and died there in 1663.  He and his wife were probably buried in the Old North Burying Ground on Upham’s Corner, in Dorchester, but their tombstones have not been found.

Children of William BLAKE & Agnes THORNE (BLAKE-1898-2)

1. John BLAKE- Bpt. 30 Aug. 1618, Pitminster, Somerset.  Died, 25 Jan. 1688/9, Boston.  He m. Mary SOUTHER, 16 Aug. 1654, Boston, dau. of Nathaniel & Alice SOUTHER & widow of Joseph SHAW of Weymouth, who d. 13 Dec. 1653, 12 days after his marriage.  Mary d. 7 Jan. 1693/4, Boston.  John was a Boston merchant and a man of high social standing.  He was one of the executors of the will of Gov. John WINTHROP in 1676.  He evidently died without issue (Savage).

2. Anne BLAKE- Bpt. 30 Aug. 1618 (Prob. a twin), Pitminster.  Died, 12 July 1681, Boston.  She m. (1) Jacob LEAGER of Boston (as his second wife).  He d. 24 Feb. 1662/3, Boston.  He was a tailor.  She supposedly m. (2) _____ HALLOWELL, but was widowed again.  She was buried at the Third Church of Boston and her tombstone is now in the Bostonian Society.  She had two children: (1) Bethia LEAGER (b. 1651) who m. Fearnot SHAW, a blacksmith, and they had 3 children & (2) Hannah LEAGER (b. 1655) who m. John WALKER, a “brick burner”.  One dau. who prob. did not marry.

3. William BLAKE- Bpt. 6 Sept. 1620, Pitminster.  He d. 3 Sept. 1703, Milton, Mass.  He m. (1) Anna _____ & (2) Hannah TOLMAN, 22 Nov. 1693, Milton, dau. of Thomas TOLMAN (Mary & John passenger) and Sarah & widow of George LYON.  (See TOLMAN, volume 9, page 27).  Hannah d. 4 Aug. 1729.  He had 8

[page 80]

children by his first wife: (1) Samuel BLAKE (b. 1650) who m. Sarah MACEY and they had 7 children, (2) Anne BLAKE (Bpt. 1651). d.y., (3) Anne BLAKE, (b. 1652) who m. Thomas GILBERT and they had 6 children, (4) Mary BLAKE (b. 1654) who m. (1) Joseph LEONARD by who she had 6 chilren.  She m. (2) _____ WILLIS, (5) William BLAKE (1656), soldier who may not have married, (6) Nathaniel BLAKE (b. 1659).  He m. Martha MORY and had 7 children, (7) Edward BLAKE (b. 1662).  He m. Elizabeth MORY and had 6 children, (8) Experience BLAKE (b. 1665.  She m. Eleazer CARVER, (9) Agnes BLAKE (b. 1667), (10) Susan BLAKE (b. 1670) & (11) Mehitable BLAKE who m. William BRIGGS.

4. James BLAKE- Bpt. 27 Apr. 1624, Pitminster.  He d. 28 June 1700, Dorchester.  He m. (1) Elizabeth CLAPP (b.a. 1651) dau. of Dea. Edward CLAP & Prudence CLAP.  She d. 16 Jan. 1693/4, age 61.  He m. (2) Elizabeth SMITH, 17 Sept. 1695, dau. of Henry & Judith SMITH and widow of Peter HUNT.  He built a very substantial houe off Cottage Street in Dorchester about 1650 which remained in the BLAKE family until 1825.



In 1895, due to street widening, the Dorchester Historical Society moved this house to Richardson where it is now being maintained by the society.  James BLAKE had 6 children by his first wife: (1) James BLAKE (b. 1652).  He m. (1) Hannah MACEY & (2) Ruth BACHELLOR, (2) John BLAKE (b. 1656).  He m. Hannah _____ and had 7 children, (3) Elizabeth BLAKE (b. 1658).  She m. Jeremiah FULLER and had one son, (4) Jonathan BLAKE (b. 1660), d.y., (5) Sarah BLAKE (b. 1665), d.y., (6) Joseph BLAKE (b. 1667).  He m. Mehitable BIRD.  Eleven children.


NER Jan. 1891, p. 35-38.

NER Vol. 89, p. 285-187.

Lineal Ancestors of Rhoda (AXTELL) CORY, 1937, Vol. II Pt. 1, p. 121.

BLAKE Family, by Samuel BLAKE, 1857.

BLAKEs of Somersetshire, from notes of Horatio G. SOMERBY, 1881.

Increase BLAKE of Boston, by Francis E. BLAKE, 1898.


[page 101]


Over Stowey Somerset was the home of the BLAKE family in the 16th and 17th centuries.  Here are buried the ancestors of Elizabeth SAUNDERS, wife of Henry WOLCOTT: her maternal grandfather, John BLAKE, the elder (d. 1578), and her great-grandfather, Humphrey BLAKE (d. 1558).  It is believed John BLAKE was buried in the church but his stone was removed and it may be the illegible memorial in the bell room.  There is a large stone in the aisle of the church for Humphrey BLAKE (d. 1619), brother of Anne BLAKE, mother of Elizabeth SAUNDERS.

Humphrey BLAKE purchased large estates in this area and he became lord of Plainsfield Manor and was patron of the churches of Over Stowey & Aisholt.  The Plainfield Manor was owned, in large part, by the BLAKE family for over 200 years.  This manor house, one mile south of Over Stowey is now in Spaxton, and its name has been changed to the Courthouse Farm House.  It is occupied by Mr. & Mrs. Ron DALLEY & Mrs. Beatrice May PITTY.  Up to 1921 there was a fireplace in this house that bore the BLAKE coat-of-arms but it was removed that year and taken to Yeovil, Somerset.

[page 102]







[page 112]


The BLAKE family, from whom Anne BLAKE, mother of Elizabeth SAUNDERS, wife of Henry WOLCOTT descended, lived in Calne, Wiltshire for centuries.  They left the area in the 18th century.  The ancestral home of the BLAKE family was the manor house of Pinhills.  The BLAKEs acquired the manor of Pinhills in the 14th century.  They were not ennobled with exalted titles but they could boast of noble lineage, for their alliance with the families of FIENNES and DANVERS, they were descended from the worthy founder of New College, Oxford and Winchester College.  The BLAKE family became the most prominent in the borough and they sent members to Parliament as early as 1381.  By the begining of the 16th century the faily had spread into several distinct branches, but all living in the neighborhood of Pinhills.

The 12th century church of St. Mary The Virgin, in Calne, was built on the site of a previous Saxon church.  On 21 April 1628, the Norman tower collapsed and it was replaced by the present, magnificent 120 ft. tower.

The great-great-great grandparents of Anne BLAKE (b.a. 1549) were Robert BLAKE of Calne and Quenberford and his wife, Avice WALLOP (d. 1474) of Southampton, Hampshire.  Both are buried in the Calne church.  There used to be a stained glass window of the chancel, in which he appeared, with a surcoat charged with his Armorial bearings.  His wife appeared in a long robe with a scarf embroidered with arms of her family.  This window was destroyed when the steeple crashed to the ground in 1639.

In the British Museum (Harl. M.S. No. 1443, fol. 258) there is a drawing of two kneeling figures copied by John WITHIE, in the year 1616, from the chancel windows of Calne church.  The male is represented in a tabard, with arms of BLAKE, singly.  On the mantle worn by the female is Gules a bend argent with a cresent for difference.  A sketch of this window is included in this volume under the chapter titled, “BLAKE English Ancestry From Chart in Wiltshire.”

In the Civil War in the 1640’s the BLAKEs sided with the Parliamentary forces, against the Crown.  At the time, Henry BLAKE, and his wife, Abigail STRINGER, occupied the Pinhills manor house.  In 1643, he decided to fortify the house and he garrisoned it with musketeers.  He was aided by Colonel MASSEY, Governor of Gloucester, who surrounded it with a moat.  Then he constructed an additional outer ring of water, traces of which are still visible today.

[page 113]


Present Pinhills Manor House, Built About 1650

When the Royalists in nearby Devizes learned of these fortifications under construction, they sent a raiding party that surrounded the house.  Believing their situation was futile, the defenders surrendered.  A few weeks later the Royalists demolished the house and drained the moat.

The present house which stands at Pinhills, just beyond the moat, was built from the ruins of the old manor house.  It was supposedly built by Ambrose BLAKE, son of Henry, and he was there the year after the Civil War.  The last BLAKE of Pinhills left the ancestral home and died, 10 July 1731, in Bristol.  His daughter, Frances, erected an impressive memorial to her father in the Gaunt or Mayor’s Chapel at Bristol.  He is called, “Henricus BLAAKE de Pinnells”, and his name appears with the arms of the family.


Colonial Families of the United States of America

1 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: George Norbury Mackenzie, Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume 4 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995). [WorldCat]

[page 59]


EDWIN AYLSWORTH BURLINGAME, b. 28th June, 1871, at Williamsport, Pennsylvania; m. 17th October, 1899, at New York City, Florida Ten Broeck SCHNEIDER, b. 20th July, 1871, at Cranston, Rhode Island, dau. of the late William Tyler SCHNEIDER, b. 7th March, 1844, at Brusa, Turkey, d. 5th April, 1878, at Cranston, Rhode Island, who m. Kate DEPEW, b. 7th October, 1845, at New York City.


I. Katharine Depew, b. 25th July, 1900.

EDWIN AYLSWORTH BURLINGAME, Civil and Landscape Engineer; received his early education in Public Schools of Newark, New Jersey, New York City, and Providence, Rhode Island; studied his profession at Cornell University; was for several years employed as Engineer for Public Service Corporations; since 1904 has been Superintendent of Grounds of Brown University and has directed the erection of several important buildings, also employing a portion of his time on outside work, when as Landscape Engineer he has planned and developed important country estates.


ROGER BURLINGAME of Providence, Rhode Island; b. in England, circa 1620; d. 1st September, 1718; his will was proved 13th September, 1718; was located at Stonington, Connecticut, in 1654; at Warwick, Rhode Island, 1660, and before 1670 settled in the part of Providence now Cranston, in the western portion known as Meshanticut; was the first white settler in this district; elected Deputy to General Assembly in 1690, but on account of some question as to the legality of the election, not accepted; Member of the Town Council, 1698; m. circa 1663, Mary, surname unknown; d. 1718.


I. JOHN, b. 1st August, 1664.

II. Thomas, b. 6th February, 1667; d. 9th July, 1758; m. (1st) Martha LIPPIT, dau. of Moses and Mary (KNOWLES) LIPPIT; m. (2d) Hannah (GARDINER) WESTCOTT, d. 1756, dau. of George and Tabitha (TEFFT) GARDINER, and widow of Josiah WESTCOTT (no issue by this marriage).


1. Rev. Thomas, Jr., b. 29th May, 1688; d. 7th January, 1770; m. Eleanor RALPH.

2. Moses, b. 1690; d. 16th December, 1759; m. Temperance ─────.

3. Samuel, b. 1692; d. 20th March, 1740; m. MARY SMITH of North Kingstown.

4. Peter, b. 28th January, 1694; d. 17th February, 1791; m. (1st) Rose BRIGGS; m. (2d) Patience ─────.

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5. Joshua, m. Ann BRIGGS.

6. A daughter (name not given).

7. Mary, b. 1698; d. 30th January, 1728; m. 23d October, 1719, John WARNER, Jr.

8. Margaret, b. 1708; m. 29th September, 1727, Joseph REMINGTON.

9. Sarah, m. 3d January, 1743, John BRIGGS.

10. Freelove, m. GORTON or GREEN.

11. Persis, b. 8th January, 1703; m. 8th February, 1723, William BROWN.

12. Alice, m. John WESTCOTT.

13. Patience, b. 1710; m. 15 June, 1740, Thomas Olney WEAVER.

14. Stephen, b. 1711; d. 7th January, 1804; m. 27th June, 1736.

III. Mary, b. 2d November, 1669; d. 1760; m. 19th December, 1689, Amos STAFFORD, b. 8th November, 1665, d. 1760, son of Samuel and Mercy (WESTCOTT) STAFFORD.

IV. Jane, b. 21st November, 1668; d. 1711; m. (1st) John POTTER, son of John and Ruth (FISHER) POTTER; m. (2d) 1711, Edward POTTER, b. 25th November, 1678, brother of John.

V. Alice, b. May, 1673.

VI. Mercy, b. 1675; m. 1707, Othniel GORTON.

VII. Roger, b. May, 1678; m. Eleanor SWEET.


1. Josiah, d. May, 1766; m. 12th November, 1749, Sarah WILLIAMS.

2. Jonathan, m. Phebe ─────.

3. William, m. (1st) Susanna HOPKINS; m. (2d) Alice of Coventry.

4. Freelove, m. 12th December, 1745, James GREENE (of Josiah).

5. Eleanor, m. 3d December, 1740, James ARNOLD.

VIII. Peter, d. unmarried, 1712.

IX. Elizabeth, b. 9th January, 1684; d. 5th May, 1752; m. (1st) 5th December, 1706, Thomas ARNOLD, b. 24 March, 1675, d. 3d February, 1728, son of Richard and Mary (ANGELL) ARNOLD; m. (2d) 11th April, 1734, William SPENCER, b. 1st July, 1672, d. 1748, son of John and Susanna SPENCER.

X. Patience, b. 8th May, 1685; d. 8th August, 1746; m. 15th June, 1710, Thomas OLNEY, b. 18th May, 1686, d. 28th July, 1752, son of Epenetus and Mary (WHIPPLE) OLNEY.

JOHN BURLINGAME of Cranston, Rhode Island; b. 1st August, 1664, at Kingston, Rhode Island; d. 24th June, 1719, Cranston, Rhode Island; m. Mary Knowles LIPPITT, dau. of Moses Knowles LIPPITT, d. 3d January, 1703, Deputy from Warwick to the Council in the years 1681-84-90-98-99, son of John LIPPITT, one of the original settlers of Providence and one of those to whom was assigned a house and six acre lots in 1638; he signed the “Agreement for a Form of Government,”

[page 61]

27th July, 1640; he was chosen with nine others by the Town of Providence to meet with Commissioners from other three towns to form a government under the Charter, 16th May, 1647.


I. John, b. 1690; d. 12th February, 1755; m. Sarah BIGGS; d. 1st November, 1773.

II. ROGER III, b. 1692.

III. James, b. 1694; d. 1st January, 1768; m. Hannah BROWN, dau. of Judah BROWN.

IV. David, b. 5th December, 1706; d. 27th January, 1755; m. Mary BROWN, dau. of Chad and Mary BROWN of Hosanna.

V. Barlingstone, b. 25th June, 1698; d. 12th December, 1767; m. Charity COLVIN of Coventry.

VI. Benjamin, d. 12th May, 1742, at Surinam; m. Jerusha ─────.

VII. Elisha.

ROGER BURLINGAME, III, of Cranston, Rhode Island; b. 1692; d. 1st April, 1768; was Captain of 3d Company, 2d Regiment, 1725-26 of Rhode Island; m. 1712, Sarah, surname unknown; d. 1761.


I. Christopher.

II. JONATHAN, b. 1715.

III. Sarah.

IV. Mary, m. Stephen BURLINGAME.

JONATHAN BURLINGAME of Cranston, Rhode Island; b. 1715; d. 24th June, 1778; m. Phebe, surname unknown.


I. Elisha, m. 29th February, 1753, Naomi MERREWEATHER.

II. Christopher, m. 3d December, 1769, Anne POTTER, dau. of Samuel POTTER.

III. Charles, m. Amey PAINE.

IV. BENJAMIN, b. 26th June, 1751.

V. Jeremiah, b. 17th January, 1755; d. 25th January, 1811; served at Battle of Bunker Hill; m. 1st March, 1778, Ruth Grinnell PALMER.

VI. Hopkins, b. 10th March, 1759; d. 11th August, 1820; served at Battle of Bunker Hill; m. Margaret ─────.

VII. Patience, m. Thomas HOLDEN.

VIII. Mary, m. Thomas BIDDLECOMBE, soldier in the American Revolution.

IX. Sarah.

BENJAMIN BURLINGAME of Killingly, Connecticut; b. 26th June, 1751, in Cranston; d. 20th May, 1834, in Killingly, Connecticut, where he and his brothers settled in 1780; Ensign in 3d Company, Colonel RICHMOND’s Regiment, in 1776; fought at Bunker Hill with brothers Jeremiah and Hopkins; m. (1st) Sarah, surname unknown, b. 6th September, 1751, d. 9th March, 1788; m. (2d) 1790 Rachel, surname unknown, b. 1773, d. 1st March, 1825; m. (3d) 1828, Mrs. Content ALDRICH.

[page 62]


I. William, b. 12th January, 1771; d. 20th May, 1777.

II. Dorcas, b. 28th September, 1773; m. John BATES.

III. Charles, I, b. 24th May, 1776; d. 16th January, 1777.

IV. Charles, II, b. 18th May, 1778; d. 5th March, 1862; m. Susanna CHACE.


I. SAMUEL, b. 27th January, 1791.

II. Sarah or Leah, b. 10th August, 1794; m. Benjamin CHACE.

III. Phila, b. 1797, m. Sampson CHACE.

IV. Lurana, b. 3d June, 1800; m. 10th December, 1820, Stephen CHACE.

V. Eunice, b. 4th July, 1802; m. 15th September, 1822, William JOHNSON.

VI. Walter, b. 19th April, 1805; m. 25th September, 1825, Henrietta YOUNG.

SAMUEL BURLINGAME of Killingly, Connecticut; b. there 27th January, 1791; d. 26th April, 1862; m. 1811, Randilla PRESTON, b. 11th April, 1795, d. 4th March, 1867, dau. of Daniel and Mary (BAKER) PRESTON.


I. ERASTUS NELSON, b. 19th August, 1812.

II. Eratus, b. 7th July, 1816; m. 3d October, 1826, Polly WRIGHT.

III. Daniel Preston, b. 21st January, 1818; d. 19th October, 1905; m. Hannah BATEMAN.

IV. Lewis, b. 4th September, 1820; d. 19th January, 1890, m. Eliza ROBBINS.

V. Mary Melissa, b. 10th May, 1824; d. 27th July, 1853; m. 1852, Samuel CHACE.

VI. William Brayton, b. 10th November, 1825, m. (1st) Zilpha HAMMOND; m. (2d) Freedom EATON.

ERASTUS NELSON BURLINGAME of Cranston, Rhode Island; b. 19th August, 1812, at Killingly, Connecticut; d. 18th January, 1864; m. September, 1835, in Providence, Rhode Island, Lydia WOOD, b. 1807, in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, d. 30th March, 1880, dau. of John and Dorcas (HALL) WOOD.


I. EDWIN HARRIS, b. 13th August, 1836.

EDWIN HARRIS BURLINGAME of Providence, Rhode Island; b. 13th August, 1836, at Warwick, Rhode Island; d. 4th August, 1912, at Ossipee, New Hampshire; m. (1st) 2d September, 1859, Mary RUSS, d. 17th June, 1862; m. (2d) 6th June, 1865, Eliza AYLSWORTH, b. 6th June, 1836, at Foster, Rhode Island, d. 22d November, 1908.


I. Frank Russ, b. 2d November, 1861; d. 2d August, 1865.

[page 63]


I. EDWIN AYLSWORTH, b. 28th June, 1871; the subject of this memoir.

II. Mary Rothwell, b. 30th June, 1873, at Williamsport, Pennsylvania; m. 6th June, 1894, Frederick Stanhope PECK, b. in Providence, Rhode Island, 16th December, 1868, son of Leander R. and Sarah G. (CANNON) PECK, of Barrington, Rhode Island.


1. Helen PECK, b. 22d December, 1895, in Providence, Rhode Island.

Residence. — 359 Brook Street, Providence, Rhode Island.

Clubs. — Providence Art, Bristol Yacht, Edgewood Yacht, Cornell Club of New England.

Societies. — Colonial Wars, Sons of American Revolution, Military Order of Loyal Legion, National Geographic Society, Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence Athenaeum, Rhode Island School of Design.

A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records, Hartford District, 1635-1700

28 April 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Charles William Manwaring, A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records, Volume 1, Hartford District, 1635-1700 (Hartford: R.S. Peck and Company, 1904).

[page 1]


(Volume I.)



Roger LUDLOWE, Esqr.,    Mr. WESTWOOD,

Mr. STEELE,        Mr. WARDE.


Constables sworne, for Dorchester, Newtowne & Watertowne, for this next yeere and vntill newe be chosen, are Henry WALCOTT for Dorchester, Samuel WAKEMAN for Newtowne & Daniell FINCH for Watertowne.

21 Febr. 1636.

Mr. LUDLOWE,        Mr. PHELPS,



Whereas, it was ordered yt Samuel WAKEMAN, Geo: HUBBERT, & Anncient STOUGHTON were to consider of the boundes of Dorchester towarde the Falls & of Watertowne towards the mouth of the River; The saide Samuel WAKEMAN & [Geo:] HUBBERD thinkes meete yt the plantacon of Dorchester shall extend towards the Falls, on the same side the Plantacon standes, to a Brooke called Kittle Brooke, & soe over the greate River vppon the same line that Newe Towne & Dorchester doth betweene them.  And soe it is ordered by the Corte.

It is ordered that the plantacon nowe called Newtowne shall be called & named by the name of Harteford Towne, likewise the plantacon now called Watertowne shalbe called & named Wythersfeild …

[page 2]


Page 5.

Guilford, June 16: 1665

This is to certify unto all whom it may concerne, that vpon his certaine knowledge, by the advice of the Court, Wethersfeild men gaue so mush unto Sowheag as was to his sattisfaction for all their plantations lyeing on both sides the great Riuer, wth the Islands, viz. six miles in bredth on both sides the Riuer, & six miles deep from the River westward, and three miles deep from the Riuer eastward.  Thus testifyeth George HUBBARD.


Taken upon oath Before me, Wilm LEETE;

This is a true coppy of the originell, being examined & compared therewith this 18 of May, 1667, pr me

John ALLYN: Secretry.

[page 38]


Page 451.

WARD, Joyce, Wethersfield.  Invt. £52-15-06.  Taken 24th February, 1640-1, by Geroge HUBBARD & Leonard CHESTER.  Will dated 15th November, 1640:

I, Joyce WARD, of Wethersfield, being sicke in body but whole in mynd, doe make my last will & Testament this 15th day of November, in this prsent yeare of the Lord Christ 1640, in manner and forme as followeth:

Imprs.  I give to foure of my sonnes, that is to say, Anthony WARD, to Willie WARD, Robert WARD, & John WARD, ech of the a pare of sheets, and to my eldest sonne Edward, I give unto him twelve pence of mony; furthermore, I make my sonne in law John FLECHER my whole and sole Executor, to pay and discharge all those debts, legaces wch I am bownd to prforme, and for to see my body brought to the ground in a decent manner.  Memorand: that I, Joyce WARD, have left my sonne Roberts portion wch his father gave him, wch is (£20) twenty pound, in England, in the hands of my sonne Edward WARD; I have made Mr. WOLLERSLOUE, of Clipsum, in England, in the County of Rutland, my Atturny, for to receave yt for my vse; if he have gott yt there, my son Robert shall have the whole twenty pound; but if yt be not gotten, then the six pound wch I paid for the putting out of the saide Robert WARD to Apprentice, shall be prte of that twenty pound.

JOYCE WARD    her mark

Witness: Nathaniel DICKINSON

[page 39]

An Inventory of all and singular the goods, Chattells, cattle, belonging to Joyce WARD, wydow, late of Wethersfield, made, taken and found the 24th of February, by George HUBBARD and Leonard CHESTER:

£  s  d
Imprs 7 yards of Hemppen cloath at 2s pr yard, 0-14-00
It. four prrs of Hemppen Sheets, 2-00-00
It. one prre of flaxen sheets, 1-00-00
It. her apparell, vist, 2 gowns, one hatt, one pre of bodyes, wth other, 5-00-00
It. one bedd, two boulsters, two pillows, two Coverings, two Curtains, 10-00-00
It. one boxe, wth a little hand Trunke. 0-03-06
one brasse pott, 16s; one brasse panne, £1, 1-16-00
one iron potte, one chamber pott, 2s, 0-04-00
one brasse coal dish, 0-02-00
one sowe wth three piggs, 1-00-00
two table cloathes, wth 4 napkins, 0-16-00
one Bond or Specialty 30-00-00

Pr Leonard CHESTER,

[page 325]

Page 227a-227b.

HUBBARD, George, Middletown.  He died 16 March, 1684-5.  Invt. £243-10-00.  Taken 13 May, 1685, by Giles HAMLIN, Nathaniel WHITE, William WARDE.  Legatees: the Widow, son Joseph age 42 years, Daniel 41, Samuel 37, Nathaniel 33, Richard 30, Mary (the wife of Thomas RANNY) 44, Elizabeth (the wife of Thomas WETMORE) 25 years of age.  Will dated 2 May, 1681.

I George HUBBARD of Middletown, being about 80 years of age, yet in comfortable health of bodie and having the use of my understanding as formerly, do make this my last Will & Testament:

Imprimis: I give to my Eldest son Joseph HUBBARD, besids what I have formerly given him, one Acre of my meadow At a place called pasen chauge on the East sid the Great River, to ly on the North sid the Cricke which Runs through my Land.  It. I give to my son Danill HUBARD, besids what I gave him formaly, two Acres of Swompe at the west end of my Long meadow swompe Next the bogie meadow.  It. I give to my son Samuel, besides what I formerly gave him, the on halfe of my halfe mile Lott on the East sid the great River, divided by the List in 1673.  It. I give to my son Nathaniel HUBARD my peice of bogie meadow, being about on acre & quarter, Lying Next Mr. Giles HAMLINs meadow; more over I give to my sayd son Nathaniel all that my meadow on the South sid of the Crick at pason chag on the East sid the Great River; more over I give to my sayd son the one halfe of my Leaven acre Lott at the South End of the towne; I give allso to my sayd son the on Halfe of my Great Lott at the Long Swamp, as allso the on halfe of my great Lott in the westermost Rang of Lotts.  It. I give to my daughter Elizabeth HUBARD All the Rest of my Land on the East sid the Great River, besides what is formerly Deposed of, both which is Layd out & which is Lotted for by the List of Estate in the yeare 1673, only my half mille Lott excepted; It. I give to my Daughter Mary RANY fourty shillings out of my Estate, but on further consideration instead of that fourty shillings I give my sayd daughter the on halfe of my halfe Mille Lott on the East sid the Great River, devided by the List in 1673.  It. I give to my son Richard HUBARD my hous I now Dwell in & my barne and all other buildings, with my home Lott they stand on; as also my Long meadow Land & the Rest of my Long meadow swampe besids that I have given to my son Danill, hee allowing my son Daniel a Lamas highway to goe to the Swampe I give him if need Require; more over I give to my sayd son the other halfe of my Leaven Acre Lott at the south end of the towne, as allso the other halfe of my Great Lott at the Long Swampe, & Likewise the other halfe of my great Lott in the Westermost Rang of Lotts.  Moreover it is my meaning herein, and my will is, that my sayd son Richard shall be my solle Executor, Injoyning him to provid Comfortably for his mother During her widow hood, And to pay all my Just Debts for my Desent Buriall; more over I give to my Loving wife Elizabeth HUBARD all my housould Goods During her Natural Life, and after her Deseas my will is that my houshould Goods be equally Devided between Nathaniel And Richard & Elizabeth, Except the Great

[page 326]

Kettle, which I will to my son Richard.  And farther it is my will that my Loving wife shall have the South end of my hous To Dwell in by her self if shee see caus, & rome in the seler for her nesesary use During her widow hood.  More over on farther Consideration my will is that my wife Shall have halfe my hom Lott & halfe my orchard during her widow hud, as also on Cowe, And soe to provid for her selfe, & that my son Richard shall pay her three pownds pr year of Corent pay of the Country During her natural Life.


Upon farther Consideration I see cause to give the whole eleven acres of Land over the two Sticks brooke by the fulling mill to my Son Nathaniel.


Signed in presents of us:

Sar. Samuel X WARD. I Request my Loving brethren
John HALL senior, Robert WARNER & Deacon John HALL
Ebenezer HUBBARD. to be the over seers to the per-
formance of my will.  27 February, 1683-4.

Court Record, Page 112–3d September, 1685: Will Proven.


Page 248.

HUBBARD, Joseph, Middletown.  Invt. £139-11-00.  Taken December, 1686, by Nathaniel WHITE, Robert WARNER.  The children: Joseph age 15 years, Robert 13, George 11, John 8, Elizabeth 3 years of age.

There is also a Legacy by Capt. WATTS his Will to Joseph HUBBARD.

Court Record, Page 127–3d March, 1686-7: Adms. to the Widow.  Order to Dist. the Estate and appoint Lieut. Nathaniel WHITE, Robert PORTER (now Dec) & Robert WARNER Overseers to assist the Widow in the management of the Estate.

Page 139–4 March, 1696-7: It appears that two of the Distributors above named Deceased.  The Court appoint at the desire of Robert HUBBARD, one of the Children, Ensign John HALL and Sergt. Thomas WARDE, with Capt. WHITE, to distribute the Estate according to the former Order of the Court.

Page 102–(Vol. VII) 2 February, 1704-5: Robert, George & Elizabeth HUBBARD of Middletown, children of Joseph HUBBARD, being all of lawful age, Exhibited in this Court an Agreement in writing under their hands & seals, made for the division & settlement of the Estate of the sd. Joseph HUBBARD, and all acknowledged the same before this Court to be their free act and deed.  This agreement on File, made with the consent and approbation of their Mother: Robert HUBBARD is to have the whole Homestade and Twenty acres of Land out of the East side of that Lott upon which his brother George hath built and upon which he doth now dwell.  George HUBBARD is to have the remainder of the Lott upon which he now lives, being about 75 acres.  And John HUBBARD is to have about

[page 327]

17-1/2 acres where he now lives, and the meadow Lott at wongonk, and the one acre of Land at passon chauge.  And Elizabeth HUBBARD, their sister, having already received £6-10-00 in pay, is to have £13-10-00 more in Country pay, to be paid betwixt George and John HUBBARD within three years after the date hereof.  And the above Robert doth by this Instrument take the care of their mother, and doth bind him, his heirs, Executors and administrators, to provide for her and give unto her a comfortable subsistance of food and rayment during her natural life, and other necessaries that she shall want.  In witness whereof the said Robert, George, John and Elizabeth HUBBARD, And Mary, their Mother, have unto this Agreement set their hands and seals this 3d day of June, 1704.

Witnesses present: GORG HUBARD LS.

acknowledged 3 December, 1707, before me, John HAMLIN, Assistant.

Further Observations on the Ancestry of Colonel Thomas Ligon of Henrico County

27 April 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Neil D. Thompson, “Further Observations on the Ancestry of Colonel Thomas Ligon of Henrico County,” Virginia Genealogist 38[1994].

[page 48]

Fifteen years ago there was published in this journal a useful correction to what had previously been published concerning the descent of the immigrant Thomas LIGON from the family of LYGON of Madresfield, co. Gloucester,1 and thus from the Lords BERKELEY and other notable medieval English families.  The authors apparently did not notice that John SMYTH of Nibley had covered the ground before them2 and omitted a number of important documents in their account.  Having been requested to review the proposed line by a descendant,3 and since the promised further account which had been planned never appeared, it seemed appropriate to review the line of descent from William LYGON of Madresfield to the immigrant with the additional information.

William LYGON of Madresfield, born in or about 1512,4 died at Madresfield 8 Sept. 1567 and was buried at Great Malvern “in the high chancel” 2 Oct. 1567.5 His will, dated 22 Aug. 1567 and proved 12 Aug. 1568,6 named his eldest son Richard as executor and entailed upon him the lion’s share of the family lands.  His second son Thomas was named in the remainder after Richard’s heirs male.  He did not mention his three younger sons, his three elder daughters (all married by then) or his wife, though she


1 Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas LYGONs (LIGONs): An Abstract of New Findings,” The Virginia Genealogist, v. 22 (1978), pp. 353-55.  These notes do not concern themselves with the career and family of (Col.) Thomas LIGON in Virginia.

2 John Smyth, of Nibley, The Lives of the BERKELEYs … (3 v.; Gloucester, 1883-85), v. 2, p. 178, 183-84.

3 Brice M. Clagett, Esq., of Washington, D.C., who has kindly granted permission to publish the findings separately in advance of the appearance of his book on the ancestry of his children, to be published next year.

4 Inquisition post mortem of (Sir) Richard LYGON, Public Record Office, Chancery Ser. 2, 109:74 (Gloucester), 110:172 (Worcester), which shows William LYGON age 44 in 1556.

5 Great Malvern, Worcestershire, Parish register, unpaged.

6 Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 15 Babington (1568).

[page 49]

did survive him.

As early as 1529 he contracted to marry Eleanor DENNIS,7 daughter of (Sir) William DENNIS of Dirham, co. Gloucester, by his wife Anne, daughter of Maurice, Lord BERKELEY.8 She was dead by 2 March 1585/6 when the administration of her intestate estate was granted to her three younger sons, Thomas, Hugh and Francis LYGON; the probate documents are lost but the act book preserves the date.9 She was probably residing on the LYGON dower lands in co. Gloucester.

As Richard LYGON, eldest son and heir, was age thirty years and more when his father’s inquisition post mortem was taken,10 thus born in or before 1537, and if three of Richard’s four sisters were married by 1567, so born by 1547, we pay [sic] place the birth of Thomas LYGON, second son, in about 1545.  He was buried at Elkstone, co. Gloucester, as “Thomas LIGON, Gent.,” on 14 Aug. 1603.11 No probate record appears to exist for him but there seems to be no reason to doubt the list of his seven children given by Smyth, who would have known his eldest son Thomas, receiver for his cousin Henry, Lord BERKELEY, personally.12

Thomas LYGON married his cousin Frances DENNIS, daughter of Hugh and Katharine (TRYE) DENNIS of Puchlechurch, co. Gloucester.13 She survived her husband and died at Caludon, co. Warwick, and was buried 30 Jan. 1634/5 at Walsgrave-on-Sowe in the same county;14 her will, dated 17 Oct. 622 [sic] and proved 1 June 1625,15 mentions only two children, her sons Thomas, named executor, and Richard.


7 William D. LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (2 v.; Hartford, Conn., 1947-57), v. 1, p. 45, dates the marriage contract to Autumn 1529, probably from the original in the Madresfield archives.

8 Smyth, op. cit., v. 2, p. 178.  For a family pedigree see also (Sir) John Maclean and W.C. Heane, ed., The Visitation of the County of Gloucester … (Harleian Society, Publications, Visitation ser., v. 21; London, 1885), pp. 50-51.

9 Consistory Court of Gloucester, Act Book, 1585.

10 Inquisition post mortem of William LYGON, Public Record Office, Chancery ser. 2, 148:1 (Worcester), 149:128 (Gloucester).

11 Elkstone, Gloucestershire, Parish register.

12 Smyth, op. cit., v. 2, p. 184.

13 Maclean and Heane, op. cit., p. 51.

14 Walsgrave-on-Sowe, Warwickshire, Parish register, unpaged.

15 Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 70 Clarke (1625), in which it is said that she is residing at Merson, co. Wilts.

[page 50]

The son Thomas LYGON, born in or about 1577 (aged 44 “or thereabouts” in 1621),16 was buried at Walsgrave-on-Sowe as “Mr. Thomas LIGON from Stoke” on 20 Dec. 1626.17 He married there 18 Aug. 162318 Elizabeth PRATT (“Mr. Thomas LIGGINS and Elizabeth PRATT from Caludon”), baptized at Stoke-Biggin, co. Warwick, 10 Oct. 1602,19 buried at Walsgrave-on-Sowe as “Elizabeth LIGON” 19 Aug. 1631,20 daughter of Dennis or Dionis PRATT and his wife.  The nuncupative will of Denis PRATT, undated but proved 21 July 1614,21 left everything to his wife Ann “to bring up the children”; the estate was a small one and it appears that Elizabeth PRATT was well below the social level of her husband, for she is not called “Mrs.” at marriage, at burial or in her estate proceedings.  John Smyth does not mention any prior wife for Thomas LYGON and, given the short period of time between marriage and the birth of the son Thomas (less than five months) it is likely that Elizabeth PRATT had been a housekeeper or maidservant for Thomas LYGON and was impregnated by him.

Administration of the estate of Thomas LYGON “of Stoke in the County [sic] of the City of Coventry” was granted to his widow Elizabeth 16 Feb. 1626/7.22 Stoke and Walsgrave-on-Sowe are suburban parishes to the City of Coventry while Caludon was part of the ancient parish of St. Michael’s, Coventry; since the early registers of St. Michael’s are destroyed, it is good that the LYGONs seem to have had their baptisms, marriages and burials at Walsgrave-on-Sowe (sometimes “Sowe,” a short form, is found).

Administration of the estate of Elizabeth PRATT alias LIGGON of Aldridge, co. Warwick [Aldridge is in fact in co. Stafford] was granted 30 Aug. 1631 to Richard LIGGON, paternal uncle of Thomas and Joan LIGGON, children of the said Elizabeth.23 Thomas had been baptized 11 Jan. 1623/4 and Joan 3 April 1625 at Walsgrave-on-Sowe as “of Caludon.”24 While John Smyth


16 Chancery Depositions, Elizabeth I-Charles I, Group 3, Bundle E 20, Suit 23, one of several valuable discoveries made by Mr. Michael Wood for the previous summary.

17 Walsgrave-on-Sowe Parish register.

18 Ibid.

19 Stoke Parish register, unpaged.

20 Walsgrave-on-Sowe Parish register, unpaged.

21 Consistory Court of Lichfield, Original wills, 1614.  The register entries for 1614 in the Stoke Parish register are virtually illegible.

22 Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Admon. Act. Book 1625-27, p. 133.

23 Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Admon. Act Book 1631-33, p. 48.

24 Walsgrave-on-Sowe Parish register, unpaged.

[page 51]

satisfies himself with saying that Thomas and Elizabeth “hath issue” and does not name or pursue the two orphans,25 the fact that the young Thomas LIGON was a cousin both to the Lord BERKELEY and to Governor (Sir) William BERKELEY [Margery (LYGON) BERKELEY, the Governor's paternal grandmother, was the eldest daughter of William and Eleanor (DENNIS) LYGON]26 would go far to explain the patronage which brought him to Virginia, and, given the lack of any other qualifying Thomas LIGON/LYGON of the proper age in England, and the names that the immigrant (Col.) Thomas LIGON gave to his children and the positions of responsibility and authority held by the latter at an early age in Virginia,27 gives no reason to doubt the identification made by Messrs. Wood and Roberts as the correct parentage for the immigrant.


25 Smyth, op. cit., v. 2, p. 184.

26 Ibid., v. 1, p. 261; v. 2, p. 184.

27 The best summary of the life and career of (Col.) Thomas LIGON in Virginia is in John Frederick Dorman, ed., Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5 (3rd ed.; Richmond, 1987), pp. 356-57.

Four Thomas Lygons (Ligons)

27 April 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas Lygons (Ligons): An Abstract of New Findings,” Virginia Genealogist 22[1978].

[page 253]

The following abstract of new findings concerning the immigrant Col. Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., his father, grandfather and son, is a preliminary report on a major re-examination in both England and Virginia of the immigrant’s immediate family, of all traceable contemporary English LYGONs, and of the family’s numerous colonial connections and notable American progeny.  A much longer article is planned, but the following will add much to, and correct various mistakes in, the major treatments of this family in print — William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (2 v.; Hartford, Conn., 1947-57), and articles by John Bennett Boddie in William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 2nd series, v. 16 (1936), pp. 289-315, and Virginia Historical Genealogies (Redwood City, Calif., 1954), pp. 343-44.  Mr. LIGON confused his immigrant ancestor with the latter’s almost certain father, and both Mr. LIGON and Mr. Boddie confused Col. Thomas and his son.  Both authors too used the unusually rich muniments at Madresfield, the LYGON ancestral seat in Worcestershire, but apparently did not examine the various parish registers, chancery depositions, or even Prerogative Court of Canterbury administrations, covering the immigrant’s immediate family.  Thus the death in England of the Calouden farmer, his approximate age (badly guessed by Mr. LIGON), the given names of his wife and children, and the very existence, then, of a younger Thomas LYGON, hypothesized by Boddie, who is almost certainly the immigrant — all these facts are now being reported for the first time.  Recently published Virginia materials, the originals of which Mr. LIGON and Mr. Boddie variously misinterpreted, allow us rather easily to unravel the confusion between the immigrant and his son.  Col. Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., his almost certain father and grandfather, and his son, are thus as follows:

1. Thomas LYGON, second son of William LYGON and Eleanor DENNIS of Madresfield, Worcestershire, lived in Elkstone, Gloucestershire (not Elston, Wiltshire), married Frances DENNIS, a cousin, daughter of Hugh DENNIS and Katherine TRYE of Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire.  As “Francisca LIGON ux’ Thomas LIGON nuper de Elkeston,

[page 254]

gen.” she was fined 20 shillings for recusancy in 1592.1 Frances, then a widow, was of Merson, Wiltshire, when she made her will on 17 Oct. 1622, but later lived with her son Thomas at Calouden and was buried in the adjacent parish of Sowe 30 Jan. 1624/5.  Her will was proved by him 1 June 1625.2 Through a line that Mr. Roberts cannot confirm, and of one link of which he is dubious, John TRYE (1513-1579) of Hardwick, Gloucestershire, an uncle of Frances DENNIS, is charted by Gerald PAGET as an ancestor of H.M. Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.3

2. Thomas LYGON, farmer, of Stoke-by-Coventry and Calouden, Warwickshire, born ca.1577,4 married (perhaps a second wife) 18 Aug. 1623 Elizabeth PRATT at Sowe.  She was baptized at nearby Stoke-Biggin 10  Oct. 1602, daughter of Dennis PRATT.  Thomas LYGON was buried at Sowe 20 Dec. 1626.  Administration on his estate was granted his relict Elizabeth 16 Feb. 1626/7.5 Elizabeth was buried at Sowe 19 Aug. 1631.

3. Thomas LYGON, baptized at Sowe, Warwickshire, 11 Jan. 1623/4, is almost certainly the immigrant Col. Thomas LIGON of Virginia, surveyor and burgess of Henrico County.6 He made his will 10 Jan. 1675 and administration was granted his widow and executrix, Mary, 16 March 1675/6.7 He married ca.1650 Mary HARRIS, born ca.1625,8 daughter of Thomas HARRIS (born 1587) and Adria, perhaps


1  Catholic Record Society, Publications, v. 18 (n.p., 1916), p. 125.

2  William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections, v. 1 (Hartford, Conn., 1947), pp. 103-04.

3  Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Baltimore Edinburgh & London, 1977), v. 2, pp. 274 et seq.

4  Chancery Depositions, Elizabeth I-Charles I, Group 3, Bundle E 20, Suit 23, which shows him as “aged 44 or thereabouts” in 1621.

5  J.H. Morrison, ed., Prerogative Court of Canterbury Letters of Administration, 1620-1630 … (London, 1935), p. 70.

6  For his career as burgess see H.R. McIlwaine, ed., Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1619-1658/59 (Richmond, 1915), pp. xxii, 95, and for his various land patents see Nell M. Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, v. 1 (Richmond, 1934), pp. 440, 516; v. 2 (Richmond, 1977), pp. 49, 51-52, 92, 116, 124 (he is referred to progressively in these grants as major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, and “Mr., Sr.”).

7  Henrico Co., Va., Deeds & Wills 1677-92, p. 35; Order Book 1678-93, p. 167.

Ibid., Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 107.

[page 255]

GURGANEY.9 Col. LIGON surveyed an area called “Mawburne” or Malvern Hills in Henrico County (in England Malvern Hills are very near Madresfield) and at least once acted as an agent for Sir William BERKELEY, governor of Virginia, his almost certain second cousin.10 His children were Thomas Jr., William, Joan, Richard, Mathew, Hugh and Mary, named undoubtedly after himself (Thomas Jr.), his wife (Mary), his sister (Joan), two of his father’s brothers (William and Richard11), and his father’s maternal grandfather, Hugh DENNIS of Pucklechurch.  Nothing can be found to document a later English career for Thomas LYGON, born 1623/4, and no other Thomas is unaccounted for and of the right age to be the immigrant.

4. Thomas LIGON, Jr., born ca.1651,12 who was dead by 20 Aug. 1678.13 The immigrant’s eldest son, he left no issue and probably died unmarried.14 A fifth Thomas LIGON (died 1705) was the eldest son of Thomas, Jr.’s, next brother, William LIGON and the heir-at-law of his immigrant grandfather.15


9  Martha Woodroof Hiden and Annie Lash Jester, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1625 (2nd ed.; n.p., 1964), pp. 202-05; Boddie, Virginia Historical Genealogies, pp. 198-200; Boddie, Southside Virginia Families, v. 2 (Redwood City, Calif., 1956), pp. 128-32; Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 4 (Redwood City, Calif., 1960), pp. 190-92, v. 8 (Kailua, Hawaii, 1964), pp. 10-11.

10  LIGON, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 307-08, 100.

11  William LYGON of Calouden, gent., buried at Sowe 16 Aug. 1616 (although possibly the immigrant named his second son after Sir William BERKELEY, a likely sponsor or protector, as well) and Richard LYGON, also called “LIGON” in various English depositions, almost certainly the historian of Barbadoes.

12  Nugent, op. cit., v. 2, pp. 116, 124.  His father is called “Sr.” 18 March 1672/3, but “Col.” 28 Sept. 1672.

13  Pauline P. Warner, ed., Orphans Court Book, 1677-1739, of Henrico County, Virginia (Tappahannock, Va., 1963), pp. 11-12, a transliteration of p. 3 of the original.

14  Waverly K. Winfree, comp., The Laws of Virginia, Being a Supplement to Hening’s The Statutes at Large, 1700-1750 (Richmond, 1971), pp. 344-47.

15  LIGON, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 360-63.

Sergeant John Harris of Charles City County, Virginia

27 April 2009 3 comments

Source: Claiborne T. Smith, Jr., “Sergeant John Harris of Charles City County, Virginia: A Reappraisal,” Virginia Genealogist 37[1993].

[Note: Edward S. Robson has brought to my attention that the "Ebbett Harris" referred to in this article was actually "Ebbett Farris", or, in the original source, the Charles City County, Virginia, Order Book 1676-79, page 407, "Ebbett ffarris".  I appreciate the correction.  The error was in the original article by Claiborne T. Smith, and I therefore leave the article in its original form. - Gregg Mattocks]

[page 18]

John HARRIS, who died ca.1638, was among the very early settlers of Charles City.  In 1957, the late John Bennett Boddie, a well known genealogist, proposed that this John HARRIS was the father of one Thomas HARRIS who died testate in Isle of Wight Co., Va., in 1672.1 Mr. Boddie’s theory was based on assumptions made on a superficial similarity of names and has no foundation in proof whatsoever.  Unfortunately, his thesis proved popular, was published several times, and the lineage used by persons joining genealogical societies.  His findings were first questioned in a lengthy footnote to the sketch on John HARRIS that appeared in the third edition of Adventurers of Purse and Person in 1987.2 The purpose of this paper is to expand this refutation of Boddie’s claim and to propose that John HARRIS may indeed have had a son named Thomas HARRIS who died testate in Charles City in 1677,3 leaving issue.

John HARRIS, often referred to as Sergeant John HARRIS, his wife Dorothy, and two infants were living at West and Shirley Hundred 16 Feb. 1623/4.4 He was a member of the Virginia Company, the stock venture which originally settled Virginia.5 He and his family were not listed in the Muster of 1624/5 because they were on a visit to England.  On 1 May 1624, John, the son of John HARRIS, Gent., and Dorothy his wife, was born at the house


1 John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 1 (Redwood City, Calif., 1957), pp. 293 et seq.

2 John Frederick Dorman, ed., Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5 (3rd ed.; Richmond, 1987), p. 354.

3 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1676-1679, p. 164.

4 John Camden Hotten, The Original Lists of Persons of Quality … (New York, 1874), p. 170.

5 Susan Myra Kingsbury, ed., The Records of the Virginia Company of London, v. 3 (Washington, 1933), pp. 84, 326.

[page 19]

of Edward LYMBREY of Lyme House, Mariner, and baptized the same day.  The baptism was recorded in the parish register of St. Dunstan’s-in-the-East, Stepney, in the city of London.6 HARRIS was back in Virginia the following year as on 7 April 1625 he was one of the Virginia planters who signed a petition to the King regarding the low price of tobacco.7 In 1626 he had 200 acres planted in the corporation of Charles City.8 In the same year John HARRIS represented the Shirley Hundred in the General Assembly and in the assemblies of 1629 and 1630 he represented Shirley Hundred Maine.9 John was dead by 1638.  In a bill of sale, registered as a land patent, one Francis DERRICK conveyed to Richard JOHNSON 30 acres DERRICK had bought from John BAKER and Dorothy his wife, daughter of the late Sergeant John HARRIS, by order of Henrico Court 27 Aug. 1638.10 The grant went on to say that Dorothy had inherited the land by will from George CAWCOTT.  He had been an early settler in Shirley Hundred and had 100 acres planted there in 1626.11

In 1642 Daniel LLEWELLYN obtained his first grant in the Shirley Hundred area.12 In 1645 the grant was enlarged to include 100 acres adjoining Robert BOURNE and John HARRIS.13 In 1653 LLEWELLYN acquired 200 acres, late in the possession of Edward GARDINER, deceased, bounded on the south by land lately belonging to Sergeant John HARRIS.14 In the language of the time, lately probably meant formerly.

The only certain issue of John and Dorothy HARRIS was their daughter Dorothy who married John BAKER.  She was the subject of a court suit in 1627 when her age was given as seven;15 hence, she was born in 1620 and was one of the two infants listed with her parents in Feb. 1623/4.  Dorothy was John BAKER’s third wife.  He had married first, Priscilla, born in 1615,


6 New England Historical and Genealogical Register, v. 46, p. 163.

7 Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia, ed. by H.R. McIlwaine, (2nd ed.; Richmond, 1979), p. 449.

8 Hotten, op. cit., p. 208.

9 Cynthia Miller Leonard, comp., The General Assembly of Virginia, July 30, 1619 – January 11, 1978, A Bicentennial Register (Richmond, 1978), pp. 7-9.

10 Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, v. 1 (Richmond, 1934), p. 113.

11 Hotten, op. cit., p. 267.

12 Nugent, op. cit., v. 1, p. 138.

13 Ibid., p. 167.

14 Ibid., p. 240.

15 Minutes of the Council and General Court, p. 149.

[page 20]

who had come to Virginia in 1621 with her mother Joan and step-father Thomas PALMER.  At the time of the 1624/5 muster the PALMER family were living at Jordan’s Journey in Charles City.16 John BAKER received a grant on City Creek in Charles City in 1637 for transporting himself and his three wives.17 Nothing more is known of Dorothy of John BAKER and there is no record of descendants.  On 10 March 1655/6 Daniel LLEWELLYN obtained a re-grant of his Shirley Hundred holdings to include several newly acquired parcels, among them 63 acres purchased of Dorothy BAKER, relict of John BAKER.18 On 20 Aug. 1656 Daniel LLEWELLYN of Essex in Charles City sold to Col. Edward HILL 60 acres lately purchased of Dorothy BAKER, on which I lately lived.”19 This appears to be the land covered in the 1655 patent.  Daniel LLEWELLYN returned to his native Chelmsford, Essex, England, where he died in 1663.20 In 1666 his son and heir Daniel obtained a re-grant of his father’s holdings, identical to the 1655 grant except for the 60 acres sold to HILL.21

John Bennett Boddie’s 1957 article was reprinted in 1959 in Volume 4 of the same series22 and for a third time in 1964 in Volume 8.23 Boddie was convinced that Thomas HARRIS, founder of a prolific HARRIS family in Isle of Wight County, was the son of Sergeant John HARRIS of Charles City.  Thomas HARRIS of Isle of Wight left a will in 1672 in which he named among others his oldest son John.24 This Thomas HARRIS was of a plausible age to have been a son of John and Dorothy HARRIS.  The name Dorothy, however, does not appear in any of the descendants of Thomas HARRIS of Isle of Wight.  Boddie based his argument on a Capt. John BOND, an early resident of Isle of Wight with a wife named Dorothy.  He made his will there in 1668.25 The will of Dorothy BOND was probated in 1684.26 Making several false assumptions, Boddie argued that Thomas HARRIS and Dorothy BOND were


16 Dorman, op. cit., p. 17.

17 Nugent, op. cit., v. 1, p. 75.

18 Ibid., p. 317.

19 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1655-65, p. 64.

20 Dorman, op. cit., p. 496.

21 Nugent, op. cit., p. 561.

22 Boddie, op. cit., v. 4 (Redwood City, Calif., 1959), pp. 190 et seq.

23 Ibid., vol. 8 (Kailus, Hawaii, 1964), pp. 10 et seq.

24 Isle of Wight Co., Va., Will & Deed Bk. 2, p. 111.

25 Isle of Wight Co., Va., Wills & Administrations Bk. A, p. 63.

26 Ibid., p. 239.

[page 21]

probably brother and sister.  He noted that a grant to Thomas COLE in Charles City, dated 18 April 1653, on Ward’s Creek, bounded on Capt. BOND’s land.27 He assumed from this that Capt. John BOND had first lived in Charles City and later moved to Isle of Wight, and while living in Charles City had married Dorothy, the widow of John BAKER and daughter of Sergeant John HARRIS.  There was indeed a Capt. BOND who owned land on Ward’s Creek in Charles City, but it was Richard BOND, not John BOND.  Richard received a grant there of 950 acres near the head of Ward’s Creek on 10 Jan. 1650/1.28 There is no evidence whatsoever that Capt. John BOND or Thomas HARRIS of Isle of Wight (died 1672) ever lived in Charles City or had and connection with the Sergeant John HARRIS family there.

At the time of the muster of 1623/4 a Thomas HARRIS was living not far from John HARRIS at the neck of land in the corporation of Charles City.  He later moved a few miles away into Henrico County where he settled a plantation named Longfield, later called Curles.29 Many researchers have thought he and John were brothers but there is no proof.  Many have also placed them as the sons of Sir William HARRIS of Crixe, Essex, England, and his wife Alice, sister of Sir Thomas SMITH.  SMITH was the first treasurer of the Virginia Company of London and one of the most active promoters of the settlement of Virginia.30 Almost all of  Thomas SMITH’s family connection were members of the Company, including Sir William HARRIS and his oldest son Arthur.31 Sir William in his 1616 will mentioned among others his sons Thomas and John.32 They were about the right age to have been the men in Virginia in question and it may be significant that both Thomas HARRIS of Henrico and Sergeant John HARRIS of Charles City were members of the Virginia Company.33 Proof, however, that they were members of the Essex


27 Nugent, op. cit., v. 1, p. 422.

28 Ibid., p. 209.

29 Dorman, op. cit., p. 354 et seq., sketch of Thomas HARRIS.

30 Boddie, op. cit., v. 4, p. 191.

31 Dorothy SMITH, sister of Sir Thomas, married Robert KEMP of Gissing, Co. Norfolk, England.  They were the probable parents of Richard KEMP, Secretary of State for Virginia 1634-1649, and acting Governor of the colony, and probably grandparents of Edmund KEMP who died in Lancaster Co., Va., ca.1660 leaving issue.  See Claiborne T. Smith, “KEMP of Gissing, Norfolk, England, and Lancaster, Middlesex and Gloucester Counties, Virginia,” in Boddie, op. cit., v. 10 (Honolulu, Hawaii, 1966), p. 164 et seq.

32 Boddie, op. cit., v. 4, p. 191.

33 Ibid., pp. 192-93.

[page 22]

family is lacking.  Alexander Brown34 thought that Thomas HARRIS was probably the son of Sir William.

The 1947 LIGON genealogy by William LIGON contains a chapter on the Thomas HARRIS family of Henrico.35 The author, without documentation, placed both Thomas HARRIS and Sergeant John HARRIS as the sons of Sir William HARRIS.  Boddie, when he wrote his HARRIS chapter in 1957, knew of this work and the information in his article on John HARRIS is taken bodily from it.36 Mr. Boddie spent the spring of 1959 in London searching the English records in an attempt to prove that the Thomas and John HARRIS mentioned in the will of Sir William HARRIS were the two men who settled in Virginia.  In this he was unsuccessful.  The surviving parish registers at Crixe, which might have shed light on the problem, do not begin until 1725.  However, as Boddie did not find any evidence that Thomas and John had died in England, he therefore presumed that they were indeed the sons of Sir William HARRIS.  When his HARRIS chapter was reprinted in 196037 he included a full page genealogical chart showing Thomas HARRIS and John HARRIS of Virginia to be the sons of Sir William HARRIS and his wife Alice SMITH and Sgt. John HARRIS to be the father of Thomas HARRIS of Isle of Wight Co., Va., and of Dorothy HARRIS BAKER, who Boddie presumed to have married second Capt. John BOND of that county.

As mentioned earlier, Dorothy HARRIS BAKER is the only certain issue of Sergeant John HARRIS.  There is some evidence there may have been another daughter who married Michael TURPIN of Shirley Hundred and of whom nothing further is known.38 There may also have been sons John and Thomas.  On 25 July 1664 in Charles City court, John HARRIS, aged 37, and Thomas HARRIS, aged 28, gave depositions regarding a survey done by Maj.


34 Alexander Brown, The Genesis of the United States (Boston and New York, 1890), v. 2, p. 217.

35 William D. LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections, v. 1 (Hartford, 1947), p. 837 et seq.

36 Boddie, op. cit., v. 1, p. 293.

37 Boddie, op. cit., v. 4, p. 190.  Boddie had earlier published a HARRIS chart in his Woodlief chapter in Virginia Historical Genealogies (Redwood City, Calif., 1954), p. 200, which concentrated on the descent of Sir William HARRIS from certain noble English families.  At that time he did not think that Thomas HARRIS of Henrico was brother to Sergeant John HARRIS.

38 Dorman, op. cit., p. 354.

[page 23]

William HARRIS for Capt. John STITH.39 The two HARRIS men may have been claim bearers.  William HARRIS was the son of Thomas HARRIS of Henrico who may have been the brother of Sergeant John HARRIS.40 According to these depositions, John HARRIS was born in 1627 and Thomas HARRIS in 1636.  Many genealogists, including the late Dr. Malcolm HARRIS of West Point, Va., have felt that these two men who lived near Sergeant John HARRIS’ original settlement at Shirley Hundred, were brothers and sons of John HARRIS.41 It has been argued that the John HARRIS, Jr., born in England in 1624, had died and that John HARRIS, born 1627, was the second of the name.  As the child born in 1624 had been baptized the same day, it may be inferred that he was not expected to survive.  It is possible that the John and Thomas HARRIS in question were the sons of John HARRIS, but with the destruction of so many of the Charles City records, it is impossible to prove.  If true, Thomas HARRIS (born 1636) would have been born shortly before his father’s death.  Before and after the 1664 depositions there are only a few references to both men.  In 1658 John HARRIS received payment from the estate of Joseph PARSONS42 and he was involved in a suit in 1660.43 In 1661 the court allowed Thomas HARRIS three days’ pay for taking letters to the governor.44 Both men were on a jury late in 1664.45 As will be discussed later, Thomas HARRIS is probably the one who died intestate in Charles City in 1677.  There is no further mention of John HARRIS (born 1627).

Boddie, in his article referred to, noted the 1664 deposition of John HARRIS but ignored that of Thomas HARRIS on the same page of the court minutes, probably because to do so would have compromised his Isle of Wight Thomas HARRIS claim.  Boddie assumed the John HARRIS of the 1664 deposition was the one who had been born in London in 1624 and stated he had returned to Charles City to live.46 He erroneously placed him as the father of George HARRIS, of whom later, and his brother Thomas, the London


39 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1655-65, pp. 487-88.

40 Dorman, op. cit., p. 357.

41 Letter from Dr. B.B. Weisiger III of Richmond, Va., to author, 15 Nov. 1984.

42 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1655-65, p. 148.

43 Ibid., p. 333.

44 Ibid., p. 511.

45 Ibid., p. 519.

46 Boddie, op. cit., v. 1, p. 296.

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merchant.47 Further on in his article Boddie noted the 1677 estate record of Thomas HARRIS in Charles City but made no attempt to identify him.48

Contemporary with John and Thomas HARRIS in Charles City were Peter and George HARRIS.  Peter made a deposition in 165849 and was involved in a suit in 1663.50 He later resided in Henrico where his will, dated 20 Sept. 1687 and recorded 1 June 1689, mentions wife Michall, daughter Anne BASS and sons Peter and John.51 In 1677 Peter HARRIS made a Henrico deposition giving his age as 60;52 thus he was born in 1617.  He would not appear to be a candidate for the issue of Sergeant John HARRIS, not a sibling of the supposed brothers John and Thomas HARRIS.

George HARRIS first appears in the Charles City records in 1660.53 He was a merchant.  As noted above, Boddie arbitrarily placed him as the son of John HARRIS, son of Sergeant John HARRIS.  Although he lived in the Shirley Hundred area, he would appear to have been of an entirely different family.  George HARRIS was the major heir of Walter ASTON, Jr., of Westover, who willed him his plantation known as Causeys Care.54 George HARRIS was dead by 4 Oct. 1663 when his widow Sarah, as administratrix, gave Thomas GRENDON power of attorney to collect debts.55 There were no children.  His nuncupative will, as George HARRIS of Westover, Charles City County in Virginia in parts beyond the seas, was recorded in London 24 March 1672.  Mentioned are his wife, his sister who is not named, and his brother Thomas.56 Thomas HARRIS was a merchant in London.  In 1674, as brother and heir to George HARRIS, Thomas sold 1200 acres known as Causey’s Care in Charles City Co., Va., to Thomas GRENDON, Jr., who at that time was the third husband of his sister-in-law Sarah, widow of George HARRIS.57 Among the boounds of the property mentioned were Daniel LLEWELLYN, Shirley


47 Ibid.

48 Ibid., p. 298.

49 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1655-65, p. 136.

50 Ibid., p. 437.

51 Henrico Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 3, 1688-97, p. 65.

52 Henrico Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 40.

53 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1655-65, p. 168.

54 Lothrop Withington, Virginia Gleanings in England (Baltimore, 1980), p. 392.

55 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1655-65, p. 549.

56 Withington, op. cit., p. 106.

57 The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, v. 48, pp. 31, 52.

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Hundred, and lands late HARDAWAY.58

One Anne HARRIS is mentioned for the first time in the Charles City records in 1679.59 She was a widow and cannot be placed.  In 1694 she made a deed of gift to the children of her son William HUNT and to her TYLER grandchildren.60

The Thomas HARRIS of the 1664 deposition, born in 1636, may be the person of that name who died in Charles City in 1677.61 His widow, with the unusual name of Yuet, was granted administration of his estate.  At a court held 13 Sept. 1677 administration of the estate of Thomas HARRIS, deceased, was granted to John ECHOLS and John HARDAWAY jointly, both of Westover Parish, with Samuel PHILLIPS security.62 It seems probable that Frances, the wife of John HARDAWAY, and the wife of John ECHOLS whose given name is not known, were daughters of the deceased Thomas HARRIS.  At a court held at Westover 17 Feb. 1678/9 John HARDAWAY and John ECHOLS on behalf of the orphans of Thomas HARRIS, deceased, brought suit against John BLAND for 700 pounds of tobacco owed for an ox, which debt Mrs. Sarah BLAND confessed to Maj. John STITH, guardian.63 On 15 Oct. 1679 administration was granted John HARDAWAY on the estate of Ebbett HARRIS, deceased.64 It is not known if this refers to an orphan of Thomas HARRIS or if Ebbett is a misspelling of Yuet, the widow.  On 3 March 1690/1, on the petition of Thomas HARRIS, it was ordered that John ECHOLS be summoned to the next court.65 The indication is that Thomas HARRIS, son of Thomas HARRIS who died in 1677, had come of age and had a claim against the surviving executor of his father’s estate.  John HARDAWAY had died prior to 4 Dec. 1689, at which time his widow Frances was married to James BATTY.66


58 Ibid., v. 50, p. 260.

59 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1676-79, p. 385.

60 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 493.  On 1 Sept. 1744 John MACON and Gideon MACON of Edgecombe Co., N.C., deeded to William PARKER of Surry Co., Va., 200 acres that William HUNT of Charles City Co., Va., by will dated 14 May 1714 gave to his daughter Ann, who married John MACON and had Gideon MACON (Surry Co., Va., Deed Bk. 4, 1741-46, p. 241).

61 Charles City Co., Va. Order Bk. 1676-79, p. 164.

62 Ibid., pp. 185, 189.

63 Ibid., p. 353.

64 Ibid., p. 407.

65 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 338.

66 Ibid., p. 441.

[page 26]

From the above, it would appear that Thomas HARRIS (died 1677) had at least three children, a son Thomas, a daughter whose given name is unknown who married John ECHOLS, and a daughter Frances who married first John HARDAWAY and then James BATTY.  It is possible his wife Yuet who survived him was a second wife and was not the mother of his children.  This unusual name does not appear among the descendants of Thomas HARRIS, Jr., or of Frances.  It may be significant that the name Edith does.

John ECHOLS, whose surname appears in the several different spellings, is probably the same who received land granted in New Kent County in 1685 and 1688.67 He disappears from the Charles City records after 169468 and at the time of the 1704 quit rent roll for Virginia he was residing in King and Queen County.69 His descendants are untraced.

Thomas HARRIS, son of Thomas (died 1677), moved to Henrico where he gave his age as 20 in a 1689 deposition.70 This man would tally with the Thomas HARRIS who summoned the surviving administrator of his father to court in Charles City in 1690, probably having just turned 21.  Thomas died testate in Henrico, his will dated 5 Oct. 1729 and recorded 6 July 1730.  Among his numerous children were a son John and a daughter Edith.71

The issue of Frances HARRIS by her two husbands, John HARDAWAY and James BATTY, can be inferred from the will of her daughter Edith HARDAWAY who married after 1710, as his third wife, Henry TYLER of York County.72 On his death in 1729 she married Mathew PIERCE of York County who died in 1737.73 There were no children by either marriage.  Her 1739 will, probated in York, devised £25 to be divided among her brother Thomas HARDAWAY, Dorothy HATCHER, Elizabeth LETT and Mary PARSONS.74 Frances HARRIS and John HARDAWAY also had a daughter Sarah and a son John who do not appear in Edith’s will and may have been dead in 1739.  In 1689 James


67 Nugent, op. cit., v. 2 (Richmond, 1977), pp. 287, 320.

68 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 499.

69 Annie Laurie Wright Smith, The Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704 (Baltimore, 1973), p. 29.

70 Henrico Co., Va., Order Bk. 1688-97, p. 44.

71 Henrico Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 272.

72 Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, v. 6, p. 210.

73 York Co., Va., Deeds, Orders, Wills &c 18, 1732-40, pp. 409-10, dated 4 Sept. 1737 and proved 20 March 1737[/8].

74 Ibid., p. 578.  Edith PIERCE’s will, dated 4 March 1739[/40] and proved 17 March 1739[/40], also mentioned Mildred PIERCE, daughter of her late husband Mathew, and Henry TYLER, son of her first husband, who was named executor.

[page 27]

BATTY acknowledged a mare given to his wife’s daughter Sarah HARDAWAY by one Susan HARDAWAY, whose identity is unknown.75 Sarah probably died young.  In 1693 John HARDAWAY, as one of the orphans of John HARDAWAY, being 15, chose his brother-in-law Henry HATCHER of Henrico County as his guardian.76

Elizabeth HARDAWAY LETT is placed as the wife of John LETT, the only contemporary of the name in the Charles City records.  There are many references to him in the court orders 1687-95.  On 4 Dec. 1694 James BATTY, his presumed father-in-law, was his surety in a suit.77 A John LETT was a headright for Richard FLEWELLIN in a 1714 Charles City grant.78 John and Elizabeth LETT left descendants in Brunswick and Mecklenburg counties.  A John LETT died testate in Brunswick in 1787.79

John HARDAWAY, born 1678 and not in the PIERCE will, seems to have died relatively young and very little is known about him.  According to Laurence GARDINER of Memphis, Tenn., the leading authority on the HARDAWAY family, John had at least one son, Thomas.80 Dinwiddie County land records refer to him as Thomas HARDAWAY of Motar Branch to distinguish him from the family of Thomas and Jane HARDAWAY.81 Descendants moved to Georgia.82

Thomas HARDAWAY, born ca.1680 and mentioned in the will of Edith PIERCE, married ca.1700 Jane, presumed to have been the daughter of Drury STITH of Charles City and his wife Susanna BATHURST, although this cannot be substantiated by any existing record.83 However, the names of Jane’s children suggest such a connection.  Thomas HARDAWAY and his wife Jane were the parents of ten children, the births of the six youngest appearing in


75 Charles City Co., Va., Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 207.

76 Ibid., p. 450.

77 Ibid., p. 546.

78 Nugent, op. cit., v. 3 (Richmond, 1979), p. 146.

79 Brunswick Co., Va., Will Bk. 5, pp. 191-92, dated 25 Sept. 1786 and proved 22 Jan. 1787, naming wife Jean, son-in-law Edward WINFIELD, daughter-in-law Mary JORDAN and sister Frankie LETT.

80 Personal communication of Laurence B. Gardiner to author.

81 Thomas P. Hughes and Jewel B. Standefer, Land Records, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, 1752-1820 (Memphis, 1973), p. 90.

82 Personal communication, Laurence B. Gardiner to author.

83 William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 1st ser., v. 20, p. 266.  See also Claiborne T. Smith, “BATHURST of Gloucester, England, and New Kent, Virginia,” in Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 8, p. 135 et seq.

[page 28]

the Bristol Parish Register.84 Included in that number was a son Drury born in 1733.  The names of the four older children, John, Susanna, Thomas and Stith, have been determined from other sources.85

Mary PARSONS, named in the PIERCE will, was actually half-sister to the testator and the only issue of Frances HARRIS HARDAWAY by her second husband James BATTY.  Mary married first Samuel MARKHAM and had by him James MARKHAM who died without issue and Frances who married her first cousin John HARDAWAY, son of Thomas and Jane above.  Mary BATTY MARKHAM married second William PARSONS of Prince George County.  These relationships are set forth in a 1738 chancery suit in Prince George County in which the children of Mary BATTY and William PARSONS, all listed by name, brought suit against Frances and John HARDAWAY for their share in the estate of their half-brother James MARKHAM.86

Boddie in his 1957 HARRIS article said that John HARDAWAY, died 1689, may have married into the Charles City family as the given names were similar to those in the HARRIS family.87 He theorized that Frances, wife of John HARDAWAY, was the daughter of Dorothy HARRIS and John BAKER or of Thomas HARRIS who died in 1677.  As noted earlier, there is no evidence Dorothy BAKER left descendants.  Boddie published the list of John HARDAWAY’s children as given above and failed to mention Mary BATTY MARKHAM PARSONS, child of Frances HARRIS by her second marriage.88


84 Churchill Gibson Chamberlayne, The Vestry Book and Register of Bristol Parish, Virginia, 1720-1789 (Richmond, 1898), passim.

85 The Southside Virginian, v. 8, p. 135 et seq. From depositions in a court suit in Brunswick Co., Va., in 1792 made by members of the HARDAWAY family, there is now proof for the first time that Thomas HARDAWAY, born ca.1680, was the father of sons Thomas and John.  From this source Thomas, Jr., was born in 1713.  A Susanna SIMMONS also made a deposition in 1792 but did not give her relationship; she is probably Susanna, the daughter of Thomas (born ca.1680), who married 1st Henry HATCH and 2nd _____ SIMMONS.  Jane MORRIS, aged 71, stated she was the daughter of Thomas; this date correlates with her birth date in the Bristol Parish Register.  She married 1st Baxter DAVIS and 2nd Hercules MORRIS.  There is still only circumstantial evidence for Stith, son of Thomas and Jane.  On 16 Oct. 1747 Thomas HARDAWAY of Bath Parish, Prince George County, deeded 576 acres for a financial consideration to Stith HARDAWAY of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, no relationship given (Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 2, p. 539).  Stith HARDAWAY died testate in Amelia, 1765 (Amelia Co., Va., Will Bk. 2X, 1761-71, p. 211).

86 Prince George Co., Va., Minute Bk. 1737-40, p. 219.

87 Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 1, p. 298.

88 Ibid.

Categories: 006210. Thomas Harris

The Great Migration Begins: Roger Chandler

27 January 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 330]


ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland



REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Sayworker (in Leiden).

FREEMAN: In “1633” Plymouth list of freemen, in a section which includes men admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4].  Also in list of [perhaps 7, photocopy illegible] March 1636/7, in Duxbury section of 1639 list, and possibly the man of this name in Duxbury section of list compiled about 1658 [PCR 1:55, 8:174, 198].

ESTATE: Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and [perhaps 27, photocopy illegible] March 1634 [PCR 1:10, 27].

[page 331]

On 2 November 1640 granted twenty-five acres “northwards from Duxburrow Mill, towards Greens Harbour” [PCR 1:165].  On “the last of February 1644 Roger CHAUNDLER of Duxborrow” sold to Francis GODFREY of Duxbury twenty-five acres “on the northern side of the freshet that runneth into Greene’s Harbour where the way to Sittuate crosseth the same being on the upper side the said path” [PCR 12:109].

On 3 October 1665 “one hundred and fifty acres are granted by the Court unto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased, viz, to each of them fifty acres, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John BUNDY” [PCR 4:110].

BIRTH: By about 1590 based on date of marriage, perhaps at Colchester, Essex.

DEATH: Between 5 May 1646 (dispute with Kenelm WINSLOW) and 3 October 1665 (grant of land to his daughters in his right), and probably closer to the earlier date.

MARRIAGE: Leiden, Holland, 21 July 1615 [NS] Isabel CHILTON [MD 11:129], daughter of JAMES CHILTON.


i     SAMUEL, b. before 15 October 1622; not seen after Leiden census of 1622.  (See discussion of Samuel CHANDLER, son of EDMUND CHANDLER.)

ii    SARAH, b. before 15 October 1622; m. about 1640 Solomon LEONARD(SON).

iii   MARTHA, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1649 John BUNDY.

iv    MARY, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1653 Edmund BRUFF.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably related to EDMUND CHANDLER, as both were sayworkers in Leiden, both came to Plymouth about the same time, and both removed to Duxbury.  There may also have been some connection with the Nathaniel CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury portion of the 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms, and as a soldier from Duxbury in 1645 for an expedition against the Naragansetts [PCR 2:90, 8:190].

COMMENTS: The marital history of the three daughters has been set forth in two splendid articles, one by Frederick Warner and one by Florence Barclay [TAG 27:1-6, 37:212-17].  These articles provide lengthy abstracts of deeds and other documents proving these marriages; the most important evidence derives from the sale and transfer of the one-hundred-fifty acre parcel granted to the three [unnamed] daughters of Roger CHANDLER in 1665.  Further treatment of these three daughters and their descendants may be found in the Mayflower Society’s Five Generations Project volume which includes JAMES CHILTON [MF 2:10-12 et seq.].

[page 332]

On 5 May 1646 “Upon hearing of the cause betwixt Roger CHAUNDLER and Kenelme WINSLOW, for his daughter’s clothes, which the said Kenelme detaineth, upon pretense of some further service which he required of her, whereunto the said Roger utterly refused to consent, it is ordered by the Court, that the said Kenelme WINSLOW shal deliver the maid her clothes without any further delay” [PCR 2:90].  Given the date of this dispute, the daughter in question must have been one of the two younger daughters, Mary or Martha.

The record immediately above is the last that can with certainty be assigned to the immigrant Roger CHANDLER.  The Roger CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury section of the 1658 list of freemen could be the Roger CHANDLER who later resided in Concord, consistent with the information given in the next paragraph.

Claims have been made that Roger CHANDLER of Concord was a son of this ROGER CHANDLER, mainly on the basis of the identity of names and on the statement by SHATTUCK that “Roger CHANDLER, and twenty others of Plymouth Colony, had a grant of four hundred acres of land in Concord in 1658″ [Shattuck 367].  The specificity of the grant of land to “the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased,” in 1665 would seem to rule out the possibility that the immigrant was survived by any sons, but the Concord connection remains a tantalizing clue, as a number of other Plymouth residents removed to Concord about this time as well.  (See Charles H. Chandler, The Descendants of Roger CHANDLER of Concord, Mass., 1658 [Provo UT 1949].)


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