Leonard of Mendham, N.J.: Data and Queries

Source: Donald Lines Jacobus, “Leonard of Mendham, N.J.: Data and Queries,” American Genealogist

Benjamin3 Leonard (Isaac2, Solomon1) of Bridgewater, Mass., born about 1686-90, married first, at Bridgewater, 15 Aug. 1715, Hannah Phillips, born about 1698, died 1730, daughter of William and Hannah (Gilbert) Phillips [see Geoffrey Gilbert, Gilberts of New England (1959)]; married second, 13 June 1734, Mary Cudworth. Children by the first wife were: Jemima, b. 8 May 1717; Lydia, b. 17 Sept. 1718; Hannah, b. 26 Sept. 1720; Benjamin, b. 6 Sept. 1722; William, b. 17 Dec. 1724; and Caleb, b. 23 Sept. 1726. Manning Leonard, Leonard Genealogy (1896), states that “no further account of the family has been found.”

Benjamin Leonard moved about 1740 to Mendham, Morris County, New Jersey, and died by 1749; for the will of Joseph Thompson of Mendham, dated 4 July 1749, mentions 15 acres he had purchased of Benjamin Leonard, dec’d (New Jersey Archives, Wills 2:478). The widow Leonard whose death on 5 Nov. 1778 aged 75 was entered in the Morristown First Church records, was almost certainly Benjamin’s second wife, Mary (Cudworth) Leonard. Of the children by the first wife, some record has been found of three. Jemima married (1) in 1737 Henry Axtell, a blacksmith of Mendham, born at Berkley, Mass., 24 June 1715, died 1754-5; (2) Matthew Lum of Morristown, born about 1707, died 21 May 1777 aged 70; seven children by Axtell, two by Lum. Benjamin Leonard [Jr.] married 8 March 1750 Martha Hains, who died 15 May 1793 (g.s., Mendham).  Caleb married 27 Jan. 1748, Jemima Minthorne.

The following four Leonards who also married at the Morristown church may well have been children of Benjamin [Sr.] by Mary Cudworth. Ephraim married 2 Jan. 1753 Hannah Hinds, both of Mendham. Sarah married 22 Jan. 1755 John Pitney [the name Pitney occurs at Mendham]. Dorothea married 29 Feb. 1756 Israel Aber; they lived in Mendham and had 12 children; Israel died in 1801, his wife “Dorothy” surviving.  Hannah married 8 Jan. 1761 Jesse Muire.

I would welcome ancestry of Mary Cudworth, especially her parentage and brothers and sisters; also full record of the children of Benjamin Leonard by both wives. Benjamin’s grandmother’s grandfather was James Chilton of the Mayflower.

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