The Great Migration Begins: Rice Cole

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

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RICE COLE

ORIGIN: Unknown

MIGRATION: 1630

FIRST RESIDENCE: Charlestown

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: “Ryce COLE” was admitted to Boston church as member #109, which would be sometime in 1631 [BChR 14]; on 14 October 1632 “Ryce COLES and Arrald his wife” were dismissed to Charlestown church [BChR 16]; “Rice [and] Arrold COLE” were admitted as founding members of Charlestown church, 2 November 1632 [ChChR 7].

FREEMAN: 1 April 1633 (as “Rise COLES”) [MBCR 1:367].

EDUCATION: Inventory included one Bible valued at 5s.

OFFICES: Charlestown committee to divide common, 11 July 1635 [ChTR 15].

ESTATE: Granted four acres planting ground in Charlestown, 10 January 1634/5 (but the grant was reversed) [ChTR 12]; relinquished five acres Mystic Side, 1635 [ChTR 14]; granted four acres planting ground, January 1635/6 [ChTR 15]; granted hay ground, Lot #43, 9 February 1635/6 [ChTR 19,20]; granted five acres Mystic Side, 6 March 1636/7 [ChTR 27]; allotted 3½ cow commons, 1637 [ChTR 32, 42]; granted Lot #33 Mystic Side, 23 April 1638 [ChTR 36].

In the Charlestown Book of Possessions Rice COLE is shown with nine parcels: dwelling house with garden plot; 2 acres arable in East Field; 2 acres swamp in East Field; 3 and a quarter milk cow commons; 4 acres arable in Line Field; 5 acres woodland in Mystic Field; 4 acres meadow in Mystic Marshes; 10 acres woodland in Mystic Field; and 50 acres in Water Field [ChBOP 59-60].

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In his will, dated May 1646 and probated 1 April 1662, Rice COLE bequeathed to “my wife … my house, ground (except that at [illegible]), cattle corn & household stuff for life”; to “my son Rob[e]rt my house dwelling, farm, garden & an acre of ground in the neck & 2 acres of meadow in the neck with two cow’s commons after my wife’s decease”; to “my son John at present the ground at Woburne & after my wife’s decease a cow and one & a half cow’s commons”; to “my son James all my ground on Mystic Side after my wife’s decease & the heifer lately bought at present”; to “my two daughters” £10 apiece after my wife’s decease”; “at a court held at Cambridge April 1, 1662, on division of the estate left by Arrald COLE the relict of the abovenamed Rice COLE the court ordered that this writing be accepted as his last will & testament” [MPR Misc 106-07].

On 25 March 1649 Ralph HALL “dwelling on Mistick Side belonging to Charlestown” assigned to “Arrall COLE executrix of Rice COLE deceased … nine acres of land … to satisfy the said Arrall for a verdict of court granted unto her against the said Ralph HALL” [MLR 2:235], and on 11 October 1649 “Arrald COLE widow of Charlestowne” sold this land to James BARRATT [MLR 2:256]. On 12 October 1649 “Arrald COLE widow and executrix of Rice COLE & James COLE the son of Rice COLE” sold to James BARRATT of Charlestown “the ten acre lot (on Misticke Side) which was granted unto the forenamed Rice COLE by the forenamed town of Charlestown” [MLR 2:256-57].

On 19 October 1649 “Arrald COLE widow & Robert COLE mariner,” both of Charlestown, sold to Richard LOWDEN of Charlestown “half of the two acres of meadow land belonging unto us, lying in the valley of the East Field”; Philip COLE consented to this deed [MLR 2:189-90]. On the same day Robert COLE “resigned … unto my mother Arrald COLE all my part” in the above two acres and in one cow common which the two held jointly; Philip COLE consented [MLR 2:190].

On 23 November 1655 “Arrald COOLE widow” of Charlestown sold to Richard LOWDEN of Charlestown, planter, a certain parcel of garden ground of mine … in Charlestown in the Great Street”; “Arrald COLLES & jno. COLLES my son, with Ursula COLES, Jno. COLE’s wife,” resign their title in this land; these three subscribed to the deed, along with Philip MORRIS [MLR 2:34].

On 27 December 1657 “Arrald COLE the relict of Rice COLE of Charlestown deceased” sold to Richard LOWDEN of Charlestown one acre of meadow in the East Field; “Jno. COLES my son” consented to this sale [MLR 2:171].

On 31 December 1660 “Philip MORRIS the relict of Robert COLES late of Charlestown in New England deceased and administrator unto the estate of the said Robert COLES,” noting that “whereas the said Robert COLES was in his lifetime legally possessed of one house or tenement … in Charles-

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town,” sold to “John COLLES” of Charlestown this house and the woodland on Mystic Side granted with the said house; Philip MORRIS was joined in this transaction by her husband William MORRIS [MLR 2: 172].

In her will, dated 20 December 1661 and probated 26 December 1661, “Aralds COLLES of Charlstowne … relict of Rice COLES deceased” asked that “my husband’s will may be fulfilled” and bequeathed to “my son John COLLES a Bible that was my husband’s”; “the rest of my estate to be divided between my son LOWDEN and my son PERCE and my son COLLES,” except “my daughter PERCE is to have the bed on which I lie, and my grandchild John COLLES an iron pot and his father is not to dispose of it from him [and] I give to my grandchild John LOWDEN a pair of sheets & to my grandchild Mary LOWDEN one box and one scarf & to my grandchild James LOWDEN a pint pot & more to my grandchild Mary COLLES a brass kettle” [MPR Case #4798].

The “inventory of the estate belonging to Rice COLLES late of Charlestowne deceased, remaining lately in the possession of Arrold COLLES, the late relict of the said Rice COLLES,” taken 1 January 1661[/2], totalled £92 11s. 8d., of which £56 l0s. was real estate: “part of one dwelling house, one barn & orchard,” £23; one acre of upland in the Home Field, £4; “4 acres of land on Mystic Side,” £8; “4 acres of meadow land on Mystic Side,” £12; “2 cow commons & ¼ of a cow common in Charlestowne’s first stinted common,” £9; “one wood lot in two divisions on Mystic Side,” l0s. [MPR Case #4798].

At a court held at Cambridge on 1 April 1662 Richard LOWDEN of Charlestown and Thomas PIERCE of Woburn petitioned that “whereas we … did several years since each of us marry one of the daughters of Rice COALE sometimes of Charlestowne deceased, he then engaging to each of us, in reference to our said matching with his daughters respectively, that when his estate should come to be divided each of us should have as good a part thereof as any one of his sons, except his eldest son; since which time and since the decease of our said father-in-law it have pleased the Lord by death to take away the eldest and the youngest sons of our said father who both deceased without heirs and intestate, and before the death of our said mother the estate being undivided and one son only surviving, and whereas our said mother-in-law Harald COALE the relict of Rice COALE our said father-in-law late deceased did in her last will confirm the former last will of our said father and her estate being appraised by inventory the said estate especially in several principal parts thereof being appraised at a very low value,” requested the court to consider the prejudice against them [MPR Misc 107]. The court ordered that the estate be divided according to the wills of”Harrald COALE” and “Rice COALE” [MPR Misc 107].

BIRTH: By about 1590 based on estimated date of marriage.

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DEATH: Charlestown 15 May 1646 [ChVR 1:10].

MARRIAGE: By about 1616 (assuming she was the mother of all his children) Arrald ______; she died at Charlestown between 20 December 1661 (date of will) and 26 December 1661 (date of probate).

CHILDREN:

i ROBERT, b. say 1616; m. by 1649 Philip ______; she m. (2) by 23 November 1655 William MORRIS [MLR 2:35].

ii ELIZABETH, b. say 1619; m. by 1639 Thomas PIERCE (eldest child of “Thomas PEIRCE and of Elizabeth his wife” bp. Charlestown 17 June 1639 [ChChR 48]).

iii MARY, b. say 1621; m. by 1641 Richard LOWDEN (eldest child of “Richard LOWDEN & Mary” b. Charlestown 10 May 1641 [ChVR 1:5]); d. Charlestown 7 October 1683 [ChVR 1:120].

iv JOHN, b. say 1623; m. by 1655 Ursula ______ [MLR 2:34]. (The peculiar claim is made that John “perhaps m. Boston, Nov. 10, 1659, Susanna, dau. Nicholas UPSHUR” [Snow-Estes 1:270]. This is a corrupted version of the marriage on that date of Joseph COCKE and Susanna UPSALL, daughter of NICHOLAS UPSALL [BVR 72].)

v JAMES, b. say 1625; m. by 28 August 1655 Ruth ______; she m. (2) by 16 December 1661 Henry MUDD of Stepney, England. (Apparently Arrald COLE in her widowhood wrote letters to her daughters and daughters-in-law living in London in the l650s; these documents, which are the source for the remarriage of Ruth (______) COLE to Henry MUDD. are said to be in Middlesex Court Files and “quoted by Wyman in his Abstracts” [Mary E.N. Backus, ed., The New England Ancestry of Dana Converse BACKUS (Salem 1949), p. 71; see also Snow-Estes 1:270].)

ASSOCIATIONS: When SAMUEL FULLER of Plymouth came to Massachusetts Bay in 1630 to provide medical assistance to the new arrivals, he made a great impression on the people who met him, and several of these families sent their children to live in FULLER’s household, some to be his servants. In his will of 30 July 1633 he related that “Eliz[abeth] COWLES was committed to my education by her father & mother still living at Charles Towne,” and he also made reference to his servant “Rob[ert] COWLES” [MD 1:24-29]. These would seem to be the two elder children of Rice COLE and his wife.

COMMENTS: Rice COLE was admitted an inhabitant of Charlestown in 1630 [ChTR 5], and was included in lists of inhabitants dated 9 January 1633/4 and January 1635/6 [ChTR 10, 15].

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