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The Great Migration Begins: Edmund Chandler

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

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ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland



REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Sayweaver, draper, pipemaker (in Leiden [Dexter 609]).

FREEMAN: In “1633” Plymouth list of freemen, ahead of those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4]; on list of Plymouth freemen of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52].  In Duxbury portions of lists of freemen of 1639 and 1658 [PCR *:174, 198].

EDUCATION: The inventory included “a parcel of books” valued at 10s.

OFFICES: Duxbury representative to committee on “the nearer uniting of Plymoth & those on Duxburrough side,” 11 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:41]; trial jury, 7 June 1636 [PCR 1:42]; Duxbury constable, 3 January 1636/7, 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:48, 54]; Duxbury representative to committee on dividing meadow, 2 October 1637 [PCR 1:67]; Duxbury deputy to Plymouth General Court, 4 June 1639, 29 August 1643, 5 March 1643/4 [PCR 1:126, 2:60, 68]; petit jury, 1 September 1640, 5 October 1640 [PCR 7:17, 18].

ESTATE: Land of Edmund CHANDLER mentioned on 1 July 1633 [PCR 1:14]; on 20 October 1634 sold to John ROGERS “a lot of ground adjoining to the lots of Robert HICKS, on Duxbury side, it being a lot which the

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said Edward bought of John BARNES” [PCR 1:31]; on 4 July 1635 Isaac ROBINSON sold to Joseph BIDLE “half a lot of ground lying above the island creek, which the said Isaake bought of Edmond CHANDLER, and he of John BARNES” [PCR 1:34]; granted forty acres “on the east side of Moyses SYMONSON, where MORRIS formerly began to clear for Mr. BOWMAN,” 2 January 1636/7 [PCR 1:47, 49]; granted sixty acres on uxbury side “on the northeast side of the lands granted to Moyses SYMONS,” 2 April 1638 [PCR 1:82]; granted fifty acres with some meadow at the North River, 2 November 1640 [PCR 1:165].

On 19 July 1639 Mr. Thomas BESBEECH of Duxbury sold to “Edmond CHAUNDLER of the same one acre of land lying to the north side of the lands of the said Thomas BESBEECH” [PCR 12:46].  On 8 June 1650 “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow” sold to John BROWNE of Duxbury, weaver, “an house situate in Duxburrow aforesaid and an acre of land on which the said house standeth next adjoining unto the house and land of Mr. John RENER above the path” [PCR 12:187].  On 7 June 1651 “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow” sold to Thomas BYRD of Scituate fifty acres at the North River, “with all the meadow land or marsh abutting upon the aforesaid fifty acres of upland” [PCR 12:207].

On 4 May 1653 James LENDAL of Duxbury, tailor, sold to “Edmond CHANDELER of the town aforesaid … planter … two acres of marsh meadow … which was sometimes the meadow of Peeter BROWN’s children” [MD 2:169, citing PCLR 2:1:51].  On 15 July 1653 “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow” exchanged land with Edward BUMPAS of Marshfield, CHANDLER relinquishing all his rights to any lands or meadows in “Duxburrow New Plantation commonly called and known by the Indian names of Satuckquett and Nunckatatesett and places adjacent” in return for the rights of BUMPAS as “one of the thirty-four purchasers who are to have their proportions of land at the places commonly called and known by the Indian names of Cushenett and Coaksett and places adjacent” [MD 2:245-46, citing PCLR 2:1:53].  On 30 March 1655 Edward BUMPAS of Marshfield (with the consent of Hannah his wife) sold to “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow … all his land lying at Ducke Hill lying between the lands of John ROUSE and the lands of the said Edmond CHANDELER” [MD 10:73, citing PCLR 2:1:169].  On 16 June 1659 Samuel EATON sold to “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow two acres of meadow lying between Mr. KEMPE’s land and John ROUSE’s” [MD 14:14, citing PCLR 2:2:27].

In his will, dated 3 May 1662 and proved 4 June 1662, “Edmond CHANDELER” bequeathed to “my son Samuell CHANDELER my whole share of land that is at … Akoaksett and Cushenah”; to “my son Benjamine CHANDELER … all that tract … of land lying in Duxburrow both upland and meadow with all the housing belonging thereunto”; to “my son Josepth [sic] CHANDELER … my whole share of land which now lieth by

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Taunton River”; to “my three daughters Sarah, Anna and Mary three thousand and five hundred of sugar which belongs to me at Barbadoes”; to “my three children viz: Benjamine, Josepth and Ruth CHANDELER” rent due from “my son Samuell CHANDELER”; the cattle which have been in the hands of “my son Samuel” to be equally divided between “my three children Benjamine, Josepth and Ruth” [MD 14:68, citing PCPR 2:2:75].

The inventory of the estate was taken 2 June 1662 and totalled £38 7s. 6d., with no real estate included [MD 14:69, citing PCPR 2:2:76].

BIRTH: By about 1587 based on estimated birthdate of eldest child.

DEATH: Duxbury between 3 May 1662 (date of will) and 2 June 1662 (date of inventory).

MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1612 _____ _____; not seen in any record.  (2) By about 1632 _____ _____; not seen in any record.


With first wife

i     SAMUEL, b. say 1612; m. at an undetermined date a woman whose name is not known, who inherited his small estate on 5 March 1683/4 [PCR 6:124; MD 14:69]; no known children; all records in Plymouth Colony for a Samuel CHANDLER prior to 1684 apply to this man (see discussion below); the Samuel CHANDLER who married three times in Dorchester, first in 1664, must be another man.

ii    (prob.) LYDIA, b. say 1614; m. Plymouth 11 December 1634 RICHARD HIGGINS [PCR 1:32].

iii   Child, bur. St. Peter’s, Leiden, 26 March 1619 [NS] [Dexter 609].

With second wife

iv    JOHN, b. say 1632, on 25 June 1653 John CHANDLER “being at sea bound for Barbados” left his entire estate to “Edmund CHANDLER, my father, living at New Plimouth in New England,” and if his father was dead then to his brothers and sisters [BarbPR 1:70].

v     SARAH, b. say 1638; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

vi    ANNA, b. say 1640; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

vii   MARY, b. say 1642; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

viii  BENJAMIN, b. say 1644; m. by 1672 Elizabeth BUCK (eldest child b. Scituate 16 February 1672[/3?]), daughter of John BUCK of Scituate [MD 14:128, citing PPR 1:276].

ix    JOSEPH, b. say 1646; m. by 1673 Mercy _____ [Small Gen 1050-51, citing PCLR 3:287].

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x     RUTH, b. say 1648; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably related to ROGER CHANDLER, as both were sayworkers in Leiden, both came to Plymouth about the same time, and both removed to Duxbury.

COMMENTS: Although we cannot place Edmund CHANDLER in Plymouth prior to 1632 based on New England records, he was probably one of the last group of Leiden church members who came to Plymouth in 1629 and 1630.

Edmund CHANDLER does not appear in the 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 Plymouth tax lists, even though his age, wealth and social status would lead one to expect that he should.

Records for a Samuel CHANDLER of Plymouth and then of Duxbury begin with appearances on the 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 Plymouth tax lists [PCR 1:11, 28], and continue through the 1683 estate records in Duxbury.  Attempts have been made to distribute these records between two Samuel CHANDLERs, the elder being possibly the son of Roger CHANDLER seen in Leiden records, who did not survive his father, and the younger being the Samuel CHANDLER named in the will of Edmund CHANDLER.  We will argue here that these records, spread over sixty years, pertain to only one Samuel CHANDLER, who was son of Edmund.

First, the Samuel CHANDLER taxed in 1633 must have been at least 21, and therefore born no later than 1612.  Edmund CHANDLER was made a citizen of LEIDEN in 1613, and was therefore born no later than 1592, and perhaps earlier; he could easily have been father of a Samuel born in 1612.

Second, the records for Samuel CHANDLER from 1633 to 1683 do not at any point imply two persons of that name at Duxbury during these years.  The designations “Sr.” and “Jr.” are never employed in the records.

Third, when Samuel CHANDLER was charged with slander against the Plymouth government in 1639, one of his bondsmen was Richard HIGGINS, who had married in 1634 at Plymouth Lydia CHANDLER.  If she married at the normal age, Lydia would have been born about 1614, and so could well have been a sister of Samuel.

Fourth, on 20 May 1637 John JENNEY sued Samuel CHANDLER for a debt of £20.  “Edmond CHAUNDLER became bail to the action, and to satisfy the debt,” and on 2 October 1637 “Edmond CHAUNDLER undertook to pay the plaintiff” the amount remaining due [PCR 7:6].

All of these arguments are consistent with the hypothesis that Edmund CHANDLER had three children by a first wife; Samuel, Lydia, and the child buried at Leiden in 1619.

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The will of Edmund CHANDLER names six other children, but we have little to help us in dating them.  Two of these six were sons, Benjamin and Joseph, with Benjamin always named first in the will.  Three of the daughters (Sarah, Anna and Mary) are grouped together, after which the other three children were grouped together (Benjamin, Joseph and Ruth).  Our arrangement of the children above assumes that these six were named in birth order, and were all by a second (or later) wife.

The argument has been made that Joseph must have been born by 1641, since he was named executor by his father in 1662; but since a testator might not be planning to die immediately, this is not necessarily true.  Benjamin married by about 1671, and Joseph probably sometime in the mid-1670s, and rough estimates of birthdates for these six chilren are assigned on this basis.

Nothing is known of the fate of the four daughters of Edmund CHANDLER.  The grouping together of Sarah, Anna and Mary may possibly indicate that they were married by 3 May 1662, the date of their father’s will.

The son John who died testate at Barbados, would be older by some years than all of these children by the second wife, if we assume that he was twenty-one when he made his will.

On 23 January 1638/9 “Edmond CHANDLER, of Duxburrow, yeom[an],” took John EDWARDS as an apprentice for five years [PCR 1:110].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The best sustained treatment of Edmund CHANDLER and his family is that of Lora A.W. Underhill [Small Gen 1027-60].  Additional useful material was published by George Ernest Bowman [M 14:65-70].

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