The Great Migration Begins: Roger Chandler

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 330]


ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland



REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Sayworker (in Leiden).

FREEMAN: In “1633” Plymouth list of freemen, in a section which includes men admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4].  Also in list of [perhaps 7, photocopy illegible] March 1636/7, in Duxbury section of 1639 list, and possibly the man of this name in Duxbury section of list compiled about 1658 [PCR 1:55, 8:174, 198].

ESTATE: Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and [perhaps 27, photocopy illegible] March 1634 [PCR 1:10, 27].

[page 331]

On 2 November 1640 granted twenty-five acres “northwards from Duxburrow Mill, towards Greens Harbour” [PCR 1:165].  On “the last of February 1644 Roger CHAUNDLER of Duxborrow” sold to Francis GODFREY of Duxbury twenty-five acres “on the northern side of the freshet that runneth into Greene’s Harbour where the way to Sittuate crosseth the same being on the upper side the said path” [PCR 12:109].

On 3 October 1665 “one hundred and fifty acres are granted by the Court unto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased, viz, to each of them fifty acres, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John BUNDY” [PCR 4:110].

BIRTH: By about 1590 based on date of marriage, perhaps at Colchester, Essex.

DEATH: Between 5 May 1646 (dispute with Kenelm WINSLOW) and 3 October 1665 (grant of land to his daughters in his right), and probably closer to the earlier date.

MARRIAGE: Leiden, Holland, 21 July 1615 [NS] Isabel CHILTON [MD 11:129], daughter of JAMES CHILTON.


i     SAMUEL, b. before 15 October 1622; not seen after Leiden census of 1622.  (See discussion of Samuel CHANDLER, son of EDMUND CHANDLER.)

ii    SARAH, b. before 15 October 1622; m. about 1640 Solomon LEONARD(SON).

iii   MARTHA, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1649 John BUNDY.

iv    MARY, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1653 Edmund BRUFF.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably related to EDMUND CHANDLER, as both were sayworkers in Leiden, both came to Plymouth about the same time, and both removed to Duxbury.  There may also have been some connection with the Nathaniel CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury portion of the 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms, and as a soldier from Duxbury in 1645 for an expedition against the Naragansetts [PCR 2:90, 8:190].

COMMENTS: The marital history of the three daughters has been set forth in two splendid articles, one by Frederick Warner and one by Florence Barclay [TAG 27:1-6, 37:212-17].  These articles provide lengthy abstracts of deeds and other documents proving these marriages; the most important evidence derives from the sale and transfer of the one-hundred-fifty acre parcel granted to the three [unnamed] daughters of Roger CHANDLER in 1665.  Further treatment of these three daughters and their descendants may be found in the Mayflower Society’s Five Generations Project volume which includes JAMES CHILTON [MF 2:10-12 et seq.].

[page 332]

On 5 May 1646 “Upon hearing of the cause betwixt Roger CHAUNDLER and Kenelme WINSLOW, for his daughter’s clothes, which the said Kenelme detaineth, upon pretense of some further service which he required of her, whereunto the said Roger utterly refused to consent, it is ordered by the Court, that the said Kenelme WINSLOW shal deliver the maid her clothes without any further delay” [PCR 2:90].  Given the date of this dispute, the daughter in question must have been one of the two younger daughters, Mary or Martha.

The record immediately above is the last that can with certainty be assigned to the immigrant Roger CHANDLER.  The Roger CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury section of the 1658 list of freemen could be the Roger CHANDLER who later resided in Concord, consistent with the information given in the next paragraph.

Claims have been made that Roger CHANDLER of Concord was a son of this ROGER CHANDLER, mainly on the basis of the identity of names and on the statement by SHATTUCK that “Roger CHANDLER, and twenty others of Plymouth Colony, had a grant of four hundred acres of land in Concord in 1658” [Shattuck 367].  The specificity of the grant of land to “the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased,” in 1665 would seem to rule out the possibility that the immigrant was survived by any sons, but the Concord connection remains a tantalizing clue, as a number of other Plymouth residents removed to Concord about this time as well.  (See Charles H. Chandler, The Descendants of Roger CHANDLER of Concord, Mass., 1658 [Provo UT 1949].)

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