Home > 002050. Richard Fairbanks > Warning Out in New England, 1656-1817

Warning Out in New England, 1656-1817

Source: Josiah Henry Benton, Warning Out in New England, 1656-1817 (Boston: W.B. Clarke Company, 1911).

[page 18]

At first the New England towns exercised the right to exclude new-comers from inhabitancy by providing that no person should be received as an inhabitant without a vote of the town or of the “townsmen” or selectmen, and also by providing that no inhabitant should receive or entertain persons who were not admitted as inhabitants, or, as they were termed, strangers.  This right of exclusion from inhabitancy was still further exercised by orders providing that inhabitants should not sell or let their land or houses to strangers without the consent of the town.

[…]

[page 19]

In Boston in November, 1634, it was ordered at a general meeting that Mr. WINTHROP, then also governor, and six other persons, should have the power to divide and dispose of all lands belonging to the town, not then in the lawful possession of any particular persons, to the inhabitants of the town according to the orders of the Court, leaving such portions in common for the use of new-comers and the further benefit of the town as in their discretion they should see fit.  These persons were subsequently termed “Allotters.”

In November, 1635, this order was passed at general town meeting:–

It is agreed that noe further allotments shalbe graunted unto any new comers, but such as may be likely to be received members of the Congregation:

That none shall sell their houses or allotments to any new comers, but with the consent and allowance of those that are appointed Allotters.

This order against selling land to strangers was enforced.  June 6, 1636, an order was made by the selectmen as follows:–

Wee finde that Richard FAIREBANKE hath sold unto twoe

[page 20]

straingers the twoe houses in Sudbury end that were William BALSTONEs, contrary to a former order, and therefore the sayle to bee voyd, and the said Richard FAIRBANCKE to forfeite for his breaking thereof, xls.

[…]

On August 7, 1637, the selectmen granted leave to Richard FAIRBANK “to sell his shopp to ––– SAUNDERS, a booke-bynder.”

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