Archive for the ‘000776. Matthew Ligon’ Category

Chesterfield Tithables, 1756

4 August 2009 Leave a comment

Source: J.C. Kolbe, “Chesterfield Tithables, 1756,” Southside Virginian (October 1983).

[page 22]

List of Tithables taken by Richd. ROYALL June 10th 1756.


Matthew LIGON, Jack, Mingo, Abbey, Hannah__5


Joseph LIGON Patroller

Peter, Judy__2


A List of Tithables taken by John ARCHER June the 10th by Order of Chesterfield County Court for the year 1756


[page 23]

James LIGON, York, Tom, Swift, Venus__5

Categories: 000776. Matthew Ligon

Early Virginia Families Along the James River

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Louise Pledge Heath Foley, Early Virginia Families Along the James River: Their Deep Roots and Tangled Branches: Henrico County – Goochland County, Virginia (Richmond: published by the author, 1974), page 81.

[page 81]

[“Abstracts of Land Patents of Henrico and Goochland County … 1624-1732”]

[Patent Book No. 14]

WILLIAM MAYO, 9350 acs. (O.& N.L.) Goochland Co., on S. side of James Riv., from upper Manacan Cr. to Deep Cr.; 28 Sept. 1730, p. 138.  Beg. on N. side of sd. Creek, adj. lands of Thomas JEFFERSON, Gent., & Company, DANIEL THOMAS, WILLIAM ALLEN, MATHEW LYGON, WILLIAM RANDOLPH, Esqr., ABRAHAM MICHEAUX, JOHN SAUNDERS, WILLIAM LAX, JOHN WOODSON, Gent., BARTHOLOMEW STOVAL, on MATHEW’s Licking Br., DANIEL STONER, Gent., on N. side of Fine Cr.  1000 acs. part granted THOMAS RANDOLPH, Gent.; 2 June 1722; 400 acs. granted MATHEW COX; 18 Feb. 1722; 7950 acs. being waste land adj.  39 Lbs., 15 Shill.

Which James Anderson Married Elizabeth Ligon?

27 April 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Michael R. Darnel, “Which James Anderson Married Elizabeth Ligon?” Virginia Genealogist 39[1995].

[page 163]

William Black in his article, “STOKES-ANDERSON of Lunenburg County,”1 traced his ancestry back to a Charles ANDERSON and wife Lucy STOKES, who moved around 1798 from Nottoway Co., Va., to Mason Co., Ky.  Black then showed that Charles was the son of the James ANDERSON of Nottoway Parish of Amelia County whose will was probated in 1773,2 and that Lucy STOKES was the daughter of Young and Elizabeth STOKES of Lunenburg Co., Va.  Black then also stated that James ANDERSON came from Prince George Co., Va., and that Charles’ mother was Elizabeth LIGON.3 Unlike other articles in the Historical Southern Families series, Black’s gives excellent documentation in primary sources; however, he gives no documentation to substantiate the statements that James ANDERSON came to Amelia County from Prince George County and that his wife Elizabeth was Elizabeth LIGON.  Since the LIGON family is of proven royal descent,4 this last statement is of considerable interest.

In this article we will show that there is some difficulty with the identification of Elizabeth LIGON with the wife of James ANDERSON and also that this difficulty is based on a statistically unlikely series of events.  We begin by reviewing what is known of Elizabeth LIGON, and then study what is known about the family of James ANDERSON, focusing particularly on two of his children: Frances (ANDERSON) GRIGGS and Charles ANDERSON.  At the end we also examine a few other James ANDERSONs who might possibly be other candidates for the husband of Elizabeth LIGON.

Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., married Elizabeth WORSHAM in Henrico


1 John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 2 (Redwood City, Calif., 1958), pp. 217-25.

2 Amelia Co., Va., Will Bk. 3, p. 37.

3 Boddie, op. cit., v. 2, p. 218.

4 Michael J. Wood and Gary B. Roberts, “Four Thomas LYGONs (LIGONs): An Abstract of New Findings,” The Virginia Genealogist, v. 23, pp. 253-54.

[page 164]

County on 2 Feb. 1697.5 He then died early in 1705, as his widow was granted adminitration of his estate on 2 April6 and the inventory of his estate was recorded in Henrico County court on 1 June 1705.7 In addition to his widow, he was survived by four children: a son Thomas, who died as an infant in 1706, and three daughters, Elizabeth, Phebe and Mary.  Of these daughters, Mary died without issue before 1741 and Phebe married Henry WALTHALL, Jr., of Henrico/Chesterfield County.

A lawsuit, ANDERSON and uxor vs. LIGAN,8 held in 1741 gives further information about this family.  Elizabeth LIGON, the first daughter, was born in 1701 and married James ANDERSON in 1718.  The suit goes on to say that Phebe and her husband conveyed their interest of 82 acres in the “Powells” plantation to Alexander MARSHALL on 6 May 1720, as did Elizabeth and her husband on 1-2 Jan. 1723.  MARSHALL, who had married their mother, Elizabeth (WORSHAM) LIGON, in 1706, conveyed title back to the sisters and their husbands on 6 March 1737.

Deeds from Henrico and Chesterfield cos., Va., give still more information.  On 1 March 1729 James ANDERSON and wife Elizabeth sold their third interest in 200 acres located on Swift Creek to Phebe and Henry WALTHALL9; witnesses were Alexander MARSHALL, Sr., and Alexander MARSHALL, Jr.  On 1 Oct. 1733 James and Elizabeth sold their interest in 100 acres to Alexander MARSHALL.10 In 1740, James and Elizabeth deeded land in Henrico County to Henry WALTHALL.11 The deed of 1729 and the deed from Chesterfield County state that James and Elizabeth lived in Prince George County, while the 1733 deed from Henrico County states that they lived in Bristol Parish, with the county name being obliterated.  So we can conclude that the couple lived in Bristol Parish of Prince George County.  The surviving registers of Bristol Parish record the birth of only one child: John ANDERSON, born 4 May 1734, baptized 4 Aug. 1734.12 Thereafter, with the exception of the deed of 1740 and the lawsuit of 1741


5 Henrico Co., Va., Deeds 1697-1699, p. 96.

6 Henrico Co., Va., Deeds 1697-1705, p. 450.

7 Ibid., p. 446.

8 R.T. Barton, Virginia Colonial Decisions (Boston, 1909), v. 2, p. B151.

9 Benjamin B. Weisiger, Henrico County, Virginia, Deeds, 1706-1737 (Richmond, 1985), p. 106.

10 Henrico Co., Va., Deeds 1725-1737, p. 417; Benjamin B. Weisiger, Chesterfield County, Virginia, Deeds, 1749-1756 (Richmond, 1986), p. 18.

11 Henrico Co., Va., Order Bk. 1737-44, p. 121.

12 C.G. Chamberlayne, The Vestry Book and Register of Bristol Parish, Virginia, 1720-1789 (Richmond, 1898), p. 277.

[page 165]

(neither of which state where the home of James and Elizabeth was), records of the area show no one that can be conclusively identified as being of this couple.  In part, this is because so many records of the area were destroyed in either TARLETON’s raid of 1781 or during the Civil War.

We now examine the James ANDERSON whose will was probated in 1773 in Amelia County.  This James ANDERSON on 5 Jan. 1736 patented 537 acres on Woody Creek of Deep Creek in Amelia (now Nottoway) County13 and 404 acres on Mallory’s Creek in the same county on 20 March 174514; an additional 350 acres on Mallory’s Creek had been patented earlier in 1744.  James ANDERSON died in 1773 leaving a will in which he mentioned his wife Elizabeth, daughters Elizabeth BAGLEY, Mason KNIGHT and Mary MARTIN, deceased daughter Frances GRIGGS, and sons John, James, Henry and Charles.  Daughter Elizabeth was the wife of George BAGLEY, who patented land on Snail Creek in Amelia (now Prince Edward) County in 1737.15 Mary was the wife of George MARTIN, and they participated in various exchanges of land among the heirs of James ANDERSON, and also witnessed deeds and wills of members of this family.  Whether Mary and George had children, or where they died, is not known.  Even less is known of the daughter Mason.

Son John ANDERSON married Martha _____; the first mention of him in Amelia County records is when he was sold land by his father in 175616; deeds involved in the transfer show that John had already been sold/given land.  Assuming that he had been given lands upon reaching the age of 21 or thereafter, this son of James ANDERSON could indeed by the John ANDERSON whose birth was recorded in Bristol Parish in 1734.  John died in Nottoway County between 1790 and 1794, leaving a will witnessed by his brother Charles, Charles’ wife Lucy, Elizabeth ANDERSON (widow of his brother James), and George ROBERTSON.17

Son James ANDERSON is the next to appear in Amelia County records.  On 3 March 1756 he witnessed the transfer of land from his father to his brother John and on 21 May 1760 he was given 100 acres on Woody Creek, part of the 537 acres patented by his father.18 From the sale of this land on 18 Oct. 1766, we


13 Virginia Patent Bk. 17, p. 91.

14 Virginia Patent Bk. 25, p. 37.

15 H.T. Owen, “Early Settlers in Prince Edward County,” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, v. 22, pp. 94-96.

16 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 5, pp. 445, 447.

17 Nottoway Co., Va., Will Bk. 1, pp. 127-28.

18 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 7, p. 202.

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learn that his wife was also named Elizabeth _____.19 She can definitely be distinguished from Elizabeth LIGON through the facts that their oldest child, Worsham ANDERSON, was born on 22 Nov. 1760,20 and that they then had seven more children before James’ death in 1782.21

Son Henry ANDERSON first appears in Amelia County deed records on 23 April 1761.22 He presumably is the Henry ANDERSON who died in Nottoway County in 1796, leaving a will naming Reinard ANDERSON (son of John and Martha ANDERSON23) as “friend” and executor.24

Daughter Frances ANDERSON married James GRIGGS,25 son of William and Susanna GRIGGS of Prince George County.26 Frances and James had children William, Elizabeth, James, Peter and Josiah GRIGGS.27 Of these, the Bristol Parish register records that Elizabeth was born on 24 April 1726, James was born on 7 Jan. 1729/30 (and baptized on 24 January), and Peter was born on 6 March 1731/2, with baptism on 5 Nov. 1732.28 This evidence is the strongest to link the James ANDERSON of Mallory Creek in Amelia County to Bristol Parish of Prince George County.  Frances and James then moved to Cellar Creek in what was to be Nottoway County, where James had patented 275 acres.29 James died in 1764; Frances survived him but died by 1773.

Son Charles ANDERSON first appears in Amelia County records in 1765 when he and his wife Lucy STOKES witnessed the sale of part of the 537-acre patent by his brother John.30 He had land of his own before 1769 when he is recorded purchasing 5 acres adjacent to his land.31 In 1768 Charles, Lucy and his brother James were among a group of Amelia County Baptists who petitioned the Amelia County court for permission to worship.32 Charles and Lucy moved to


19 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 9, p. 71.

20 Kentucky Ancestors, v. 7, p. 8.

21 Amelia Co., Va., Will Bk. 3, pp. 92-93.

22 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 7, p. 471.

23 Nottoway Co., Va., Will Bk. 1, pp. 127-28.

24 Ibid., pp. 156-57.

25 Amelia Co., Va., Will Bk. 3, p. 37; Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 5, pp. 518-19.

26 Prince George Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1713-1728, p. 924.

27 Amelia Co., Va., Will Bk. 2X, p. 68.

28 Chamberlayne, op. cit., pp. 307-08.

29 Virginia Patent Bk. 8, p. 521.

30 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 8, p. 521.

31 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 9, p. 285.

32 The Virginia Genealogist, v. 6, p. 74.

[page 167]

Mason Co., Ky., around 1798,33 where Charles died in 1823.34

The question whether this James ANDERSON could be the one who married Elizabeth LIGON thus comes down to the question whether his oldest and youngest children, presumably Frances and Charles, had the same mother.  Frances was provably a mother herself in 1726, when her daughter Elizabeth was born; since Amelia County records suggest, by the order in which children were named in deeds and wills, that her son William was older than Elizabeth, Frances was probably a mother by 1724 at the latest.  If we assume the unlikely minimum of sixteen years between generations, we have that Frances herself could have been born at the latest by 1708, and that her mother (obviously not Elizabeth LIGON) could have been born at the latest by 1692.  Charles, on the other hand, would seem from the evidence to have been born between 1740 and 1744.  Thus if we assume that Charles and Frances did not have the same mother, that Charles was born in 1740 and that Frances’ mother was born in 1692, we would have that Frances’ mother was 48 years old when Charles was born, an event that is biologically unlikely but possible.

If, on the other hand, we assume the more likely average of twenty years between generations on the female side, we push the birth of Frances’ mother back to 1684 and have that she would have to have been the extremely unlikely age of 56 at the time of Charles’ birth around 1740.  It is thus very probable that Frances and Charles did have different mothers, although the alternative possibility cannot be discarded entirely.  If Charles and Frances did have different mothers, the evidence would then seem to suggest that Charles’ mother was indeed Elizabeth LIGON, although no known primary evidence exists at this time to prove the fact.

Particularly troubling to this is the evidence of names.  In the LIGON family of Henrico County, the names Thomas, William and Richard recur with great frequency; none of these names is that of a known son of James ANDERSON of Amelia County (though we know nothing as to whether or not there were other sons who died before coming of age.  On the female side, the LIGON family preferred Mary and Elizabeth, which do occur in the ANDERSON family.  However, the enormous popularity of these names for women at that time makes this information virtually useless.  We do not, however, see the names of Phebe and Johanna in the ANDERSON family, while they do appear in the LIGON family.  On the other hand, among the WORSHAM family of Elizabeth WORSHAM we do


33 Nottoway Co., Va., Deed Bk. 2, p. 61.

34 Mason Co., Ky., Will Bk. E, p. 275.

[page 168]

find the male names of John, William and Charles, which also appear in the ANDERSON family, and the only explanation known to this author thus far of “Worsham ANDERSON” would be through the family of Elizabeth LIGON’s mother.

We now examine the other James ANDERSONs living in the general area of Amelia and Prince George counties in the period from 1720 to 1780 and discuss whether they could be the husband of Elizabeth LIGON.  Such an examination is presumptive in restricting the search only to these areas, since any cursory examination shows that persons in colonial Virginia were far more mobile than commonly thought.

A James ANDERSON was mentioned at the Nov. 1739 session of the Charles City County court as declining to serve as executor of the estate of Frances ANDERSON, widow of the Reverend Charles ANDERSON of Westover Parish, Charles City Co., Va.35; the relationship of this James ANDERSON to the family of the Reverend Charles ANDERSON has yet to be identified, and there is no indication from Charles City County records as to where he was living in 1739.

A better candidate is the James ANDERSON who patented and settled land along Little Guinea Creek in Powhatan Co., Va.36 This James died in 1782, leaving a will in which he mentioned his wife named Betty, sons named Thomas and William, and daughters Mary, Sarah, Elizabeth and Agnes.37 A fifth daughter, Susannah, was named in the division of the estate.38 However, it is certain that the widow Betty of this James ANDERSON cannot be Elizabeth LIGON, as Agnes was under age in 1782.  She was thus born no earlier than 1761, when Elizabeth LIGON would have been 60 years old.

A James ANDERSON occurs in Albemarle Parish of Sussex Co., Va., in 1778.  He wrote his will on 7 March 1778, leaving his estate to his mother, Jane ANDERSON, and after her death, to his unnamed brothers and sisters.39 His brother David ANDERSON was to be executor.  He is thus identified as being the son of William and Jane ANDERSON of Bristol Parish in Prince George County, where parish records mention that David was born on 29 Nov. 1750 and James on 21 Jan. 1753.40 This family then seems to have moved into Albemarle Parish of


35 Benjamin B. Weisiger, Charles City County, Virginia, Records, 1737-1774, With Several 17th Century Fragments (Richmond, 1986), p. 81.

36 Virginia Patent Bk. 24, pp. 36, 116.

37 Powhatan Co., Va., Will Bk. 1, p. 304.

38 Ibid., p. 432.

39 Sussex Co., Va., Will Bk. C, p. 300.

40 Chamberlayne, op. cit., p. 278.

[page 169]

Sussex County, where a daughter, Susanna, was born on 12 April 1769 and christened on 16 July 1769.  William died there in 1773.41

Another James ANDERSON with definite ties to Prince George and Amelia counties was the son of Thomas ANDERSON of Martins Brandon Parish of Prince George County.42 Around 1710 this James ANDERSON married Mary JORDAN, daughter of George and Mary JORDAN of Surry Co., Va.,43 and he afterwards settled in that county.  Mary died by 1743 and James then married Rebecca COOK.44 He patented 150 acres on the Little Nottoway River in what is now Nottoway County on 18 Aug. 173545 and acquired other lands along Winningham and Jordan’s Little Run in Amelia/Nottoway County.  Of this land, he sold two parcels of 200 acres each to his sons Thomas and Jordan, and sold the 150 acre patent to his son James ANDERSON.46 The younger James then sold the 150 acres on 26 Nov. 175547; the deed identifies his wife as being named Mary.  Clearly, neither the father nor the son was the James ANDERSON who married Elizabeth LIGON.

Finally, there is the James ANDERSON of Bristol Parish, Prince George County, who was the brother of a Matthew ANDERSON of that parish and county.  Matthew died in 1718 leaving a will naming brothers James and William, and a sister Elizabeth LIGGON,48 who is thought to have been the wife of Matthew LIGON of Henrico and Powhatan cos., Va.49 From Prince George County deeds from 1710-11, it is clear that Matthew was the son of yet another James ANDERSON who had died by 1711,50 and hence father of James, William and Elizabeth.  This James ANDERSON is most likely to have been the husband of Elizabeth LIGON; further evidence toward this identification is that a James THWEATT was a witness to the 1733 deed from James ANDERSON and Elizabeth LIGON to Alexander MARSHALL, and also appears as witness to the will of Matthew ANDERSON and several Prince George County deeds involving the brothers


41 Albemarle Parish Register, Sussex County.

42 Prince George Co., Va., Wills & Deeds, 1710-1713, p. 36.

43 Surry Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1715-1730, p. 141.

44 Surry Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1738-1754, pp. 772-73.

45 Virginia Patent Bk. 16, pp. 151-52.

46 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 2, pp. 34-41.

47 Amelia Co., Va., Deed Bk. 5, p. 448.

48 Prince George Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1713-1728, p. 232.

49 William D. LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections, v. 1 (n.p., 1947), p. 373.

50 Prince George Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1710-1713, p. 46.

[page 170]

Matthew, James and William.51 There is also nothing to rule out that Matthew’s brother James was the James ANDERSON who settled in Amelia County; it may be significant that the 537-acre patent of the James ANDERSON of Amelia County was adjacent to land owned by a Henry THWEATT [THOVEAT].


51 Ibid., p. 136; Prince George Co., Va., Wills & Deeds 1713-1728, p. 105.

Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia

19 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman, editors, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5, 3rd edition (Richmond: Dietz Press, 1987).

[page 9]

[MUSTERS of the Inhabitants of Virginia 1624/5.]

[4] Neck-of-land Charles City


THOMAS HARRIS aged 38 yeares in the Prosperous in May

ADRIA his wife aged 23 yeares in the Marmaduke in November 1621

ANN WOODLASE theire kinswoman age 7 yeares

[page 10]


ELIZABETH        aged 15 yeares in the Margaret & John 1620

PROVISIONS: Corne, 7½ bushells; Pease, 1 bushell.  ARMES & MUNITION: Powder, 11 lb.; Lead, 2; Peeces fixt, 3; Armour, 1; Coat of Male, 1; Sword, 1.  CATTELL & POULTRIE: Cattell young and old, 11; Poultrie, 30.HOUSES AND BOATS: Houses, 2; Boats, 1.

[page 354]

HARRIS (Thomas)1

+*1. THOMAS1 HARRIS, Gent., subscriber to the Second Charter issued 23 May 1609,2 came to Virginia before 1616 and is believed to have arrived, 1611, aboard the Prosperous “in May.” Listed as an Ancient Planter, he was settled, 1623/4, with his wife at Neck of Land, Charles City.3 His muster there, 1624/5, listed him as aged 38, his first wife *Adria, aged 23, who came in the Marmaduke, Nov. 1621, and Ann WOODLASE, “their kinswoman aged 7.”

1 William Glover Stanard, Chart of Some of the Descendants of Captain Thomas HARRIS of Henrico County who Came to Virginia in 1611 (Richmond, 1893); William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (n.p., 1947), pp. ix, 306-83, 844; V IV. pp. 248-49; V VII, p. 204; Malcolm Hart Harris, “Three William HARRISes in Hanover County,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 187-93; William R. Taylor, “Evidence of the Descent of William4 HARRIS of Goochland Co., Va., and his Father William3 HARRIS of Henrico, New Kent, Hanover and Louisa Cos., Va., from Maj. William2 HARRIS son of Capt. Thomas1 HARRIS of Jamestown,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 261-70.

2 Br. Gen. p. 913.

3 Hotten, p. 170; CP I, p. xxxiv.

[page 355]

Land originally assigned HARRIS within Diggs Hundred (later Bermuda Hundred), of record 11 Nov. 1635 for 750 acres, lay “southward upon the land of Edward VIRGANY [GURGANEY] and thence extending Northward upon the land of Joane his [second] wife…,” 100 acres due him as being an Ancient Planter on order of the late Treasurer and Company, 18 Nov. 1618, and 650 acres due for transportation of 13 persons.4

Thomas1 HARRIS came into possession of the GURGANEY land by 2 May 16365 and repatented the 700 acres included in this tract in Henrico, 12 July 1637, “called by the name of Longfield, with swamp and marshes … southeast towards Bremoes devident … 400 acres granted unto Edward GURGANEY by order of the Court, 1 October 1617 … and bequeathed by Ann GURGANEY, widdowe of the said Edward, to Thomas HARRIS as by her last will dated 11 February 1619 [1619/20].”6 In a second renewal of the patent for “Longfield,” 25 Feb. 1638/9, HARRIS claimed 100 acres in the name of his “first wife Adry HARRIS, being an Ancient Planter.”7 These facts suggest that Adria perhaps was the daughter of Edward and Ann GURGANEY and that her passage, 1621, on the Marmaduke,8 was a return trip to Virginia rather than an initial voyage. Adria had died by 11 Sept. 1626 when Rebecca GRAYE testified in court that Goodwife WRIGHT, a suspected witch, had told Thomas HARRIS he “should burie his first wiefe being then betrothed unto him (which cam so to pass).”9

HARRIS served as Burgess for the Neck of Land, 1624, for Henrico, 1640, 1647-48,10 was appointed, Aug. 1626, as one of the “Commissioners for the Upper Parts,” which included Henrico, and in Dec. 1640 was Commander of Henrico County.11 His will, now lost, was made about 1649.12

He married (1) Adria, perhaps GURGANEY, and (2), after 1625, Joane —-.13

Issue: (by 1) 2. MARY2; (by 2) 3. WILLIAM2.

4 Patent Bk. 1, p. 304.

5 Ibid., p. 337.

6 Ibid., p. 438.

7 Ibid., p. 615.

8 The Marmaduke brought over, 1621, a number of “maids for wives,” but Adria was not listed among them.

9 MCGC, p. 111.

10 Leonard, pp. 5, 18, 26.

11 MCGC, pp. 106, 476.

12 Waverly K. Winfree, The Laws of Virginia (Richmond, 1971), pp. 344-47. This Act of Assembly passed at the session of 21 May-9 July 1730 to break the entail on part of the land “formerly called Longfield but lately called and known by the Name of Curles,” states that Thomas1 HARRIS left an only daughter, Mary, wife of Thomas LIGON, and an only son, William HARRIS, and details the LIGON descendants.

13 LIGON, op. cit., p. 843, without citing proof, states that she was Joane OSBORNE.

[page 356]

2. MARY2 HARRIS (Thomas1) deposed 2 Dec. 1684 that she was aged about 64.14 She married, by 1649,15 Thomas LIGON, who was baptized 11 Jan. 1623/4 at Sowe, Warwickshire, the eldest son of Thomas LYGON (about 1577-1626) and his (2) wife Elizabeth PRATT (1602-1631).16 He came to Virginia in the 1640s, was Burgess for Henrico, 165617 and was lieutenant colonel of militia and surveyor of Henrico County until his death.18 Thomas LIGON left a will, now lost, 10 Jan. 1675/6-16 March 1675/6.19 Mary made an agreement with her brother Maj. William2 HARRIS that he should have the “whole profits of the surveyor’s place” until her eldest son should come of age and half of the profits thereafter. Testimony as to this agreement was recorded 1 Nov. 1679.20 By deed of gift, 29 April 1691, Mary2 (HARRIS) LIGON conveyed to her “loving sons, Richard LIGON and Hugh LIGON,” 200 acres lying in Curles, Henrico County, “being part of a greater divident granted unto Captain Thomas HARRIS deceased and given by will of said Thomas HARRIS to his daughter Mary LIGON,” to be equally divided between them.21 Mary LYGON, Senr., left a will 18 April 1703/3-1 Feb. 1703/4.22

Issue: [LIGON]23 4. Thomas3, born about 1651, died before 20 Aug. 1678, unmarried;24 5. WILLIAM3; 6. JOHAN3; 7. RICHARD3; 8. Matthew3, born about 1659, died before 1 May 1689, without issue:25 9. Hugh3, born about 1661, held 150 acres in Henrico County, 1704, married (1), 1688-89, Elizabeth WALTHALL, orphan daughter of William WALTHALL,26 and (2), between June 1711

14 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 107. Since she was not named in the muster, 1624/5, she was probably closer to age 60.

15 Winfree, op. cit., p. 345.

16 Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas LYGONs,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 253, 255.

17 Leonard, p. 33.

18 Ligon, op. cit., pp. ix, 306-18.

19 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, p. 167; Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 35.

20 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 109.

21 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, pp. 231-32. The title to this land was finally settled, 1 Nov. 1706, by equal division between Matthew4 LIGON, son of Richard, and William4 LIGON, as heir of his brother Thomas4, son and heir of William3 LIGON (Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, pp. 4-7).

22 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 366.

23 The mother’s will names sons Richard and Hugh, deceased son William, daughters Johan, wife of Robert HANCOCK, and Mrs. Thomas FARRAR and some grandchildren. Children Richard, Matthew, Hugh and Mary are mentioned 20 Aug. 1678 (Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 3). Sons Thomas, William, Richard and Hugh are mentioned, 1730 (Winfree, op. cit., p. 345).

24 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 3.

25 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, p. 369.

26 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, pp. 97, 158; Malcolm Elmore WALTHALL, “The WALTHALL Family” (typewritten; Richmond, 1963), p. 7.

[page 357]

and Dec. 1713,27 Jane (PEW) PRICE, widow of 6. John3 PRICE (see PRICE), but had no known issue; 10. MARY3.

3. WILLIAM2 HARRIS (Thomas1), born about 1629, was heir to “Longfield,” later known as “Curles.” His inheritance of the plantation is established through a suit, John BROADNAX against William SOANE, 1 Oct. 1700, to clear title to the land and establish boundaries.28 He served as a justice of Henrico, Burgess for Henrico, 1652, 1653, 1656, 1658,29 and major of militia of Henrico and Charles City. On 3 Oct. 1670 he was ordered paid £25 “for his Srvice in the Westerne discovery.”30 He left will 20 April 1678-1 Feb. 1678/9,31 but was dead by 7 Oct. 1678 when the inventory of his estate was ordered made.32

He married (1) —– and (2) Alice —–, whose (2) husband, George ALVES (died 173433), of New Kent County, in a suit, April 1683, concerning her son’s indenture, is named as having married the “relict of Major William HARRIS deceased.”34 Alice took her sons to New Kent County.

Issue: (by 1) 11. Thomas3, unmarried, left will 10 Feb. 1678/9-2 June 1679;35 (by 2) 12. WILLIAM3; 13. EDWARD3; 14. Love3.

5. WILLIAM3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), born about 1653, was a major of militia. On 2 April 1682 he “set up his name at the Court Door and thereby published his intentions for England.”36 He married Mary TANNER, daughter of Joseph TANNER and his wife Mary (who later married Gilbert PLATT). On 1 April 1679 Mrs. PLATT made a deed of gift to her daughter Mary, wife of Mr. William LYGON.37 Mary PLATT’s will, dated 10 March 1699/1700,38 named daughter Mary LIGGON and grandchildren Thomas, Joseph, Phebe and Lucretia LIGGON.

27 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1710-14, pp. 189-90, will of John3 PRICE; ibid., p. 115, deed from Hugh and Jane LIGON to John4 PRICE.

28 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1694-1701, p. 286.

29 Leonard, pp. 30-31, 33-34.

30 JHB 1658/9-1693, p. 55. Lt. LIGGON, not identified by given name, was ordered paid £10.

31 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 68.

32 Ibid., p. 107.

33 Hanover Co. Record Bk. 1733-35, p. 203, reference, 4 March 1734/5, to George ALVES, “lately deceased.”

34 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, pp. 137, 139.

35 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, pp. 90-91. The will was witnessed by Alice HARRIS, his step-mother, and by Richard3 LIGON and his wife Mary, and named “cozen Richard LIGON” a legatee. The HARRIS land “at the Ware [Weir]”, left to Thomas3 by his father, was devised to “my sister-in-law [half-sister] Love HARRIS.” This was part of a patent for 1202 acres, 7 Sept. 1671, to Maj. William2 HARRIS (Patent Bk. 6, p. 496).

36 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 241.

37 Ibid., p. 87.

38 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 202.

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William3 LIGON left will 21 Jan. 1688-1 Aug. 1689.39 His widow Mary and daughter-in-law Elizabeth (as widow of the heir at law) were jointly charged with 1341 acres on the 1704 quit rent roll of Henrico County. Mary (TANNER) LIGON married (2), 1707, as his (2) wife 5. William2 FARRAR (see FARRAR).

Issue: [LIGON] 15. Thomas4, died before 2 April 1705 when administration of his estate was granted to his wife,40 married, 2 Feb. 1697/8,41 Elizabeth WORSHAM who married (2), by 20 Aug. 1706,42 Alexander MARSHALL; 16. William4, aged 59 in Oct. 1741,43 of Prince Edward and Amelia Counties, left will 22 Oct. 1759-27 Sept. 1764,44 married Elizabeth BATTE;45 17. John4, married —–; 18. Joseph4; 19. Sarah4, married 32. Henry4 LIGON; 20. Mary4, married (1), 15 July 1698,36 William ANDERSON, and (2), by 1 Jan. 1716/7,47 Peter ROWLETT of Bristol Parish who left will 5 Jan. 1749/50-4 May 1750;48 21. Phebe4; 22. Lucretia4, posthumous.

6. JOHAN3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1) deposed 1 Oct. 1683 as wife of Robert HANCOCK that she was about 30 years old.49 HANCOCK received a deed of gift from his mother-in-law Mrs. Mary LIGON, 2 Feb. 1684/5,50 and held 860 acres in Henrico County, 1704. He left a will, 18 Oct. 1708-1 March 1708/9,51 and Johan HANCOCK left a will, 22 Sept. 1726-7 Nov. 1726.52

Issue: [HANCOCK] 23. William4; 24. Robert4, living 1729,53 married, by 2 Feb. 1712/3. Margaret —–;54 25. Sarah4, married, 1688-89,55 Arthur MOSELEY, Jr., born 1655, who held 450 acres in Henrico County, 1704, married (2) 16. Elizabeth (COX) JAMESTON (see COXE) and left will 22 Feb. 1728/9-6 July 1730;56 26. Mary4, married, by 1 June 1708 when her father deeded them 100 acres,57 John HATCHER who held 215 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and

39 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 75.

40 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1697-1705, p. 450.

41 Henrico Co. Deeds &c 1697-99, p. 96.

42 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 49.

43 R.T. Barton, Virginia Colonial Decisions (Boston, 1909), II, p. B150.

44 Amelia Co. Will Bk. 2X, p. 75.

45 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, pp. 471, 485.

46 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1705, p. 124.

47 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1714-18, p. 137.

48 Chesterfield Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 45; Order Bk. 1, p. 44.

49 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 254.

50 Ibid., p. 296.

51 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 152.

52 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 70.

53 Ibid., p. 234.

54 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1710-14, pp. 186, 189.

55 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 97.

56 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 272.

57 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 94.

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was living on Pamlico River, Edgecombe Co., N.C., 25 June 1736, when he sold land deeded to him by his father Edward HATCHER;58 27. Johan4, given 200 acres by her father, 1 June 1708,59 married, 5 April 1700,60 Samuel HANCOCK, carpenter, who held 100 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and left will 1 Sept. 1760-6 Feb. 1761;61 28. Phoebe4, married (1) Thomas BAILEY of Varina Parish who held 251 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and left will dated 21 Dec. 1723,62 and (2) Nicholas GILES;63 29. Elizabeth4, married 23. John Sutton4 FARRAR (see FARRAR).

7. RICHARD3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), deposed 1 Dec. 1693 he was aged 26 or 27.64 Upon coming of age he assumed his father’s place as surveyor of Henrico County, according to the agreement made with his uncle. On 8 May 1704 he petitioned the Assembly requesting that he be restored to the place of surveyor, from which he had been suspended, 26 Aug. 1703, and again, 19 April 1705, he petitioned the Assembly for an allowance for surveying the land (5,040 acres) appropriated for the use of the French refugees at Manakintown who had come to Virginia, 1700.65 He held 1028 acres in Henrico County, 1704. His will, now lost, was presented by his executor, Mathew LIGON, 2 March 1723/4.66

He married, between 20 Aug. 1678 and 1 April 1681, Mary WORSHAM, daughter of William and Elizabeth (?LITTLEBURY) WORSHAM.67

Issue: [LIGON] 30. Matthew4, of Cumberland County, left will 1 April 1764-14 Sept. 1764,68 married Elizabeth ANDERSON;69 31. Richard, Jr., to whom with Matthew4 LIGON a patent for 290 acres in Henrico County was signed in the General Court, Oct. 1706, under survey of 15 March 1705/6;70 32. Henry4, of Prince Edward

58 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 664.

59 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 94.

60 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 220.

61 Chesterfield Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 377; Order Bk. 3, p. 112.

62 Henrico Co. Miscellaneous Court Records 1650-1807, II, p. 576.

63 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1737-46, p. 330, sale, 6 Dec. 1747, of Phoebe’s dower in the land of Thomas BAILEY, her late husband.

64 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, transcript, p. 450.

65 JHB, 1702-1712, pp. 78, 89.

66 Henrico Co. Minute Bk. 1719-24, p. 318.

67 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 2; Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 164; V XXXV, p. 48.

68 Cumberland Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 299.

69 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, p. 232, will of Mathew ANDERSON, Jr., 25 Feb. 1717/8-10 June 1718.

70 Louis des Cognets, English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records (n.p., 1958), pp. 82, 85. The patent now of record is dated 22 Jan. 1718/9, however (Patent Bk. 10, p. 409).

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County, left will 10 Nov. 1759-14 Dec. 1769,71 married his cousin 19. Sarah4 LIGON, who left will 2 July 1784-Jan. 1785;72 33. Sarah4, married, by 1 June 1708,73 Richard GRILLS, who moved to North Carolina and left will 1 Feb. 1719/20-4 April 1720;74 34. Mary4, married Capt. John COLEMAN who, Dec. 1688, chose his brother Robert as his guardian,75 owned 200 acres in Prince George County, 1704, which he and his wife Mary sold 8 May 1725,76 purchasing, 13 May 1725, 185 acres on Whipponock Creek,77 which fell into Dinwiddie County, 1752.

10. MARY3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), born about 1663, married 6. Thomas3 FARRAR and died before 1686 when he remarried.

Issue: see FARRAR….

71 Prince Edward Co. Will Bk. 1, pp. 52-53.

72 Ibid., pp. 351-53.

73 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1707-09, p. 46.

74 J. Bryan Grimes, Abstracts of North Carolina Wills (Raleigh, 1910), p. 144.

75 Charles City Co. Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 180.

76 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, p. 834.

77 Ibid., p. 798.

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William SWANN who, 5 Nov. 1635, patented 1200 acres in James City County on the south side of James River, west from Smith’s Mount to the half way Necke,1 naming among the headrights Jon. SWAN and Edwd. SWAN, and died 28 Feb. 1637/8 in his 52nd year,2 has been stated to be identical with a Mr. William SWAYNE who was listed, 23 June 1620, along with Messrs. Arthur, Thomas and William SWAYNE, as allowed each a share of stock in the Virginia Company which had been transferred to them by Sir Thomas GATES.3 In 1621 Mr. Arthur SWAYNE and associates were arranging to transport and settle 100 persons in Virginia and, 20 Dec. 1624, the arrival in Virginia of the Flyinge Harte of Flushing, sent out by Mr. Arthur SWAYNE, William CONSTABLE and others, was announced.4

Although the name of Arthur SWAYNE is once written in the records of the Virginia Company as SWANN, no evidence is known to establish that William SWANN who patented land in Virginia in 1635 is identical with a William SWAYNE who held a share in the Virginia Company.  Since there is a difference of five years between the age at death of William SWANN as stated in the family register and the baptismal record of William SWAYNE who was a member of the Virginia Company, identity with that man seems unlikely.  If there were two William SWAYNEs who were members of the Virginia Company, the possibility that the other man was the Virginia settler exists, but no connection between the SWAYNEs, who were London merchants, and the SWANN family of Southfleet and Denton, Kent, has been established.  The son and grandson of William SWANN of Virginia used the arms of this Kentish family.

William Glover Stanard in listing members of the Virginia Council5 stated that Thomas SWANN of “Swann’s Point,” Surry County, was born in Virginia.  No evidence has been found to confirm this statement, and thus to establish that William SWANN was in Virginia

1 Patent Bk. 1, p. 293.  This patent was renewed, 10 March 1638/9, by Thomas SWANN as due in right of “his late father William SWAN” (ibid., p. 625).

2 Family record, compiled by Samuel SWANN (1653-1707), owned in 1919 by a descendant in North Carolina, V XXVIII, pp. 30-32.  He was buried at “Swann’s Point,” Surry County, beside his (1) wife.

3 R, Va. Co. I, p. 372; III, p. 61.  Whether the two William SWAYNEs were the same or different persons is not indicated.  The last three apparently were the William, baptized 11 Feb. 1581/2, Thomas, baptized 1 Jan. 1587/8, and Arthur SWAYNE, baptized 21 Nov. 1591, sons of Edward SWAYNE, whose marriage to Elizabeth METHWOLD occurred 3 April 1581 (A.W. Hughes Clarke, ed., The Register of St. Lawrence Jewry, London, 1538-1676, pt. 1 [London, 1940], pp. 18-19, 21, 23).

4 R, Va. Co. I, pp. 534, 561; IV, p. 567.

5 William Glover Stanard, Virginia Colonial Register (Albany, N.Y., 1902), p. 38.

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at the time of the birth of his son Thomas in May 1616.  Additional evidence is needed to prove William SWANN’s residence in Virginia before 1625.