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Book Reviews: Family Books

8 June 2009 Leave a comment

Source: “Book Reviews: Family Books,” Southern Genealogist’s Exchange Quarterly (Winter 1962), page 3.

[page 3]

GOVERNOR GARRARD OF KENTUCKY by Anna Russell des Cognets.  (reprint)

A POSTSCRIPT ABOUT THE GARRARD FAMILY by Louis des Cognets, Jr.  (new 1962)

Anna Russell des Cognets, far ahead of her times in the pursuit of genealogy, published Governor GARRARD of Kentucky in the year 1898, after searching in Virginia and England, sparing no expense and having carried on the usual voluminous correspondence.  Out of print for more than 60 years, her book remained in demand.  The original text is preserved in the new printing and nearly 30 pages of index were added; 11 pages of pictures which include 41 portrait reproductions precede the index.  In addition to Governor James GARRARD’s descendants, following sections on GARRARD Emigrants: Robert (no information given on his descendants), N.C.; John GARRARD, S.C., father of Jacob of Putnam Co., Ga., etc.; several pages.  Jacob GARRARD, S.C., emigrant to Stafford Co., Va., descendants in N.C. and Ga., several pages.  A few pages are devoted to Untraced GARRARDS, a section often sought by this editor in a family book of this type for the treasures it may contain.

Louis, grandson to Anna, carries forward with her work adding some additional 100 pages which includes information unknown for the past sixty years.  He traces Dr. Thomas GERARD (see various spellings), of Md. & Va. to the end of the male line.  Chapter II deals with Col. William GARRARD, father of Governor GARRARD, and contains corrections to this lineage.  Col. GARRARD’s wife was Mary NAUGHTY, whom he married in Westmoreland 1748.  Chapter 3, The GARRARDs in England and Early Virginia; Chapter IV, GARRARD Ties with Early Virginia; Chapter V, the MOUNTJOY Family, (note that more success was enjoyed in the tracing of the MOUNTJOY lineage, having connected the family in Wiltshire, England); Chapter VI, Governor James GARRARD of Ky.; Chapter VII, The Origin of the GARRARD Family (in brief as little can be added).  Beginning on Page 260 is a section on References for all the materials in the six chapters, 8 and ½ pages.  This is a well-documented book, and should be used by any GARRARD descendant before going into his own search on a GARRARD lineage.

The author has pointed out that relationship to four presidential families has been accomplished: WASHINGTON, MADISON, MONROE and LINCOLN (the latter through his wife, Mary TODD).  A family letter written in 1843 carries the account of a famous duel concerning the abolition of slavery between Hon. Cassius M. CLAY and Capt. BROWN (see pages 254-5).

Price: $8.00, postpaid.    Louis des Cognets, Jr., P.O. Box 163, Princeton, N.J.

Genealogies of Kentucky Families from the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society

26 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: James C. Klotter, editor, Genealogies of Kentucky Families from the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Volume O-Y (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1981).

[page 689]

GARRARD

(Copied from GARRARD Family Bible owned by Mrs. William Talbot Lindsey, Frankfort, Kentucky, 1928.)

MARRIAGES

  • James GARRARD & Elizabeth MOUNTJOY was married Dec. 20, 1769.
  • James GARRARD, Junior, and Nancy LEWIS was married Dec. 10th, 1793.
  • John EDWARD, Senr., and Mary GARRARD was married July 6th, 1794.
  • Isham TALBOT and Peggy GARRARD was married January 24th, 1804.
  • John GARRARD and Sarah SHIPP was married May 25th, 1805.
  • Daniel GARRARD and Lucy TOULMIN was married February 20th, 1808.
  • Thomas W. HAWKINS and Ann Ellinor GARRARD was married March 20, 1808.
  • James A. BROOKS and Elizabeth Mountjoy GARRARD was married May 9, 1810.
  • Peter DUDLEY and Maria GARRARD was married November 15th, 1815.
  • William GARRARD and Susannah PEARS was married January 20, 1818.

[page 690]

BIRTHS

  • James GARRARD, son of William GARRARD and Mary, his wife, was born January 14th, 1749.
  • Elizabeth GARRARD, daughter of William MOUNTJOY and Phyllis, his wife, was born May 2nd, 1751.
  • William GARRARD, son of James and Elizabeth, his wife, born April 20th, 1771.
  • James GARRARD, son of James and Elizabeth, his wife was born January 31, 1773.
  • John GARRARD, son of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born September 28th, 1774, and departed this life July 28th, 1776.
  • Mary GARRARD, daughter of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born September 17th, 1776.
  • John GARRARD, son of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born November 26th 1778.
  • Daniel GARRARD, son of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born November 10th, 1780.
  • Elizabeth Mountjoy GARRARD, daughter of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born March 6th, 1783.
  • Nancy GARRARD, daughter of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born January 14th, 1785, and departed this life September 9th, 1785.
  • Ann Ellinor GARRARD, daughter of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born July 3rd, 1786.
  • Peggy GARRARD, daughter of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born July 31, 1788.
  • Maria GARRARD, daughter of James and Elizabeth, his wife, was born December 22, 1790.
  • Sarah GARRARD was born February 22, 1793, and departed this life August 18th, 1793.
  • Eliza Garard TALBOT, grand-daughter of James and Elizabeth GARRARD, was born August 27th, 1806.

(Copied from GARRARD Bible by Mrs. Jouett Taylor Cannon, Susannah Hart Shelby Chapter, Frankfort, Ky., and Miss Genevieve Lindsey, Frankfort, Ky., March, 1928.)

The Development of Stafford County, Virginia, from 1600 until 1865

10 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Jerrilynn Eby, They Called Stafford Home: The Development of Stafford County, Virginia, from 1600 until 1865 (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1997).

[page 114]

Upon the redrawing of the Stafford boundaries in 1779, which divided King George and Stafford from Rappahannock and Potomac Counties, the magistrates moved from the old court house on Potomac Creek to the home of William GARRARD, a place more convenient to most of the county’s inhabitants.  At the last meeting of the court in August 1778, only nine of the thirty justices had been able to attend as the court house was not centrally located.  GARRARD lived just north of today’s court house complex, probably about where the old Stafford Middle School now stands.  The justices then ordered a commission of the peace to find the center of the county, proposing to build a new court house at that location.  The committee found that the center was in a deep valley with no access to water or level ground for general musters.  The magistrates then chose a place between the ordinaries of William GARRARD and Moses PHILLIPS, “a high and dry situation of equal distance from Potomack and Rappahannock rivers.”  Bailey WASHINGTON stated that he believed the new location was between four and five miles from the center of the county.  The magistrates recommended, however, that due to the current high taxes the building of a new court house and jail be postponed until better times.  When Travers DANIEL surveyed the proposed site, it could not be determined if the land belonged to William GARRARD or William FITZHUGH.  Both were willing to

[page 115]

convey and both signed the deed in March 1780.  The land was sold for £5, “two acres of land for the use of building a Court House.”  The new court house, jail, and clerk’s office were built in 1783.

[drawing]
1783 Court House

[drawing]
1783 Jail

[page 117]

In 1787 an advertisement appeared in The Virginia Independent Chronicle of Richmond announcing the sale of property in Stafford.  “William GARRARD, executor, advertises for sale 620 acre in Stafford County [described as] belonging to the estate of William GARRARD, deceased.  On it tands the court house of the county with a tavern (which rents for £50) where the stages regularly stop once every day.”

[page 130]

Garrard’s Ordinary — on the site of the old Stafford Middle School, corner of U.S. Route 1 and State Route 687.  Owned by Colonel William GARRARD, who served in the Revolution and was much involved in Stafford politics, including serving as justice in 1781 and helping to choose the site for the 1783 court house.  He was listed in the 1768-1776 Quit Rent Rolls as owner of 200 acres.  In 1785 he was taxed on 23 slaves, 7 horses, and 28 cattle.

[page 348]

Hartwood Baptist Meeting House

Long ago destroyed by Federal troops, Hartwood Baptist Meeting House dated from 1776, when members of the Old School Order of the Baptist Church established themselves in Hartwood.  Followers of the Old School adhered to a rigid code of behavior and worship, disciplined errant members, and interpreted the Bible literally. […]

[page 349]

Hartwood remained in continuous use until its destruction by Federal troops during the infamous “Mud March” of 1863 (see “The Civil War in Stafford” in Chapter 10).  The precise location of the church is unknown.  Cursory searches on both sides of Shackleford’s Well Road (State Route 754) have failed to find so much as a foundation stone.  Two maps from 1827 and the Civil War both show the building on the northwest side of Route 754, which was then known as Courthouse Road.  The cemetery is on the southeast side of Route 754, directly behind Hartwood Elementary School.

In this church arose James GARRARD (1749-1822), the son of William GARRARD, who was an official tobacco inspector, county lieutenant, and proprietor of Garrard’s Ordinary (site of the old Stafford Middle School on U.S. Route 1 just north of the court house).  In 1769 James married Elizabeth MOUNTJOY, daughter of

[page 350]

Captain William MOUNTJOY (see “Locust Hill” in Chapter 9).  In 1781 James held the rank of colonel in the Virginia militia.  How much fighting he actually saw during the Revolution is open to speculation; his military career was interrupted by a year in the House of Delegates in 1779, when he represented Stafford County.

In 1783, accompanied by his wife and seven children, he removed to Kentucky.  There he settled on Stoner Creek in present-day Bourbon County (then Fayette) which was still part of Virginia, Kentucky not yet being a state.  Upon his arrival in Kentucky, he began preaching where, according to SEMPLE, he “was thought to possess talents for the pulpit.”  For many years after his removal to Kentucky, his interests vacillated between religion and politics and, in 1787, he helped organize Cooper’s Run Church near his home.  Here he preached for the next sixteen years.  In 1785 he was elected to represent Fayette County, a position which he used to work for Kentucky statehood.

In 1796 James was elected governor of Kentucky, an office he held until 1804.  During his tenure as governor, he continued to preach at Cooper’s Run but was very much influenced by his secretary, Harry TOULMIN who, according to SEMPLE, “was said to be a transatlantic Socinian preacher, but a man of talent.”  TOULMIN was actually a Unitarian who interpreted the Bible as a collection of human experience and who disavowed the traditional Christian belief in the Trinity and the divinity of Jesus.  GARRARD espoused TOULMIN’s Unitarian views, totally contrary to the Baptist teachings, and succeeded in spreading those ideas in his own congregation at Cooper’s Run.  The resulting church schism caused James’ removal a pastor of Cooper’s Run and he was dropped from the Baptist Association, thus ending his ministry in 1803.

James never preached again and, after his term as governor expired in 1804, he never again ran for public office.  However, his popularity with the population as a whole and with the legislature was attested to by the fact that his name was given to a newly created county in Kentucky.

Genealogical Abstracts from 18th-Century Virginia Newspapers

12 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Robert K. Headley, Jr., Genealogical Abstracts from 18th-Century Virginia Newspapers (Baltimore:
Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987).

[page 71]

COLLEY, Capt. William, married Miss Polly WILLOUGHBY, Thurs. eve last. (Virginia Chronicle and General      Advertiser, 2 Jun 1794.)

[page 132]

GARRARD, William, desires to move to KY, will sell Stafford Co. acreage.  1 Mar 1796.

[page 208]

LIGON, Anne, has eloped from her husband William LIGON of Amelia Co.  (VGR 1 Nov 1770.)

[page 355]

WARD, Seth, of Chesterfield Co. married Miss Patsey NORVELL of Hanover Co. on Thurs. eve last.  6 Feb 1796.

Book Reviews: Governor Garrard of Kentucky, His Descendants and Relatives

12 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: “Book Reviews,” Virginia Genealogist 6[1962]:136-37.

Governor Garrard of Kentucky, His Descendants and Relatives by Anna Russell des Cognets … and A Postscript About the Garrard Family, by Louis des Cognets Jr.  [Princetown, N.J.] 1962.  279 pp. illus.

James Garrard (1749-1822) was twice governor of Kentucky.  Mrs. des Cognets in 1898 traced his descendants in considerable detail but was able to present little information, other than that his parents were Col. William and Mary Garrard of Stafford Co., Va., about the earlier generations of the family.

Her grandson has now assembled much additional data concerning the Virginia and Maryland Garrards (and the variant spellings of Gerrard, Garrett, etc.) as well as about the family in England.  Although a number of probable relatives of Col. William Garrard are named by Mr. des Cognets, he believes the evidence is insufficient to warrant definite conclusions.  We trust he or others will continue the study of the Garrard genealogy.

The Virginia ancestry of Elizabeth Mountjoy, wife of James Garrard, was discussed some years ago by George H.S. King in Tyler’s Quarterly, v. 26, pp. 94-104.  Mr. des Cognets’ through [sic] investigations in the records of the city of Bristol and of Biddestone, Wiltshire, has identified the English ancestry of this family.

Seperate indexes have been prepared for the two sections of the volume.

Copies can be secured from Louis des Cognets, Jr., Box 163, Princeton, N.J.

Will of Andrew Edwards: Stafford County, Virginia

12 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: George Harrison Sanford King, “Will of Andrew Edwards: Stafford County, Virginia,” Virginia Genealogist 16[1972]:307-310.

… I Andrew Edwards of Stafford County being sick & Weak of body but sound in sence & memory considering the uncertainty of life … to my said Wife [Elizabeth] the use of three negroes Vizt. Nan, a house wench, Phillis & Daniel until my young son comes to the age of twenty one years … my said son Andrew Neale Monkister … this lot, Stafford Old Court house … not to effect the right of my younger son … Land I now live upon purchased of Mr. George Dent, one hundred and seventy acres more or less … I give also for her support fifteen hundred pounds of Well fatted pork & the fat of said Hogs & three hundred weight of fatted beef, with the use of all my milch cows … two bushells of Allum Salt & one bushell of Country or Liverpool Salt & thirty barrels of Indian Corn that be sound & fit for use, ten bushells of wheat one hundred Gallons of Choice Cyder ten gallons of Good Brandy to be delivered to her in s[t]rong tight Casks, four pounds of the best tea, forty pounds of Loaf sugar, thirty pounds of Coffee, sixty pounds of the best brown Sugar, one thousand pounds of Crop Tobacco on Fallmouth inspection, not more than two months old twenty pounds of well washed wool … fire wood in plenty & in convenient season her Lott and Garden kept well inclosed with good fenceing & every repair made about the dwelling & out Houses to render them comfortable & convenient … the Looms, slays, Geers, &c all the feathered fowles, the feathers in my house now out of Beds … I give unto my daughter Margaret the money settled on her by deed, but in Case Robert Lowery Gives up the said money, I give unto my daughter Margaret his wife the negro Esther … my daughter Mountjoy shall have five pounds current money, then the residue of my estate to be divided between my two Children Travers & Sarah Vizt. Traverse to have two thirds … & Sarah the one third … I appoint my two friends Col: Thos. Mountjoy & Mr. Daniel Mason together with my wife Elizabeth my Exors. to this my last Will & Testament this eleventh day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty six.

) Andw. Edwards

Signed Sealed & acknowledged in the presence of us

  • William Berry, John Curtis
  • Thomas Kenna

The words which we were called upon by the late Andrew Edwards on his death to witness were the following that his daughter Anna he gave a Negro Girl by the name of Milley. Given under our hands this 4th of July 1788.

Signed in the presence of

  • Suckey X Ryon
  • Thomas Ludwell Lee
  • George Lee Waugh
  • John Payne

[At] a Court held for Stafford County the 14th day of July 1788.

The aforegoing Will of Andrew Edwards was then presented by Thos. Mountjoy Gent. an exor. therein named who [made?] oath and gave bond with Daniel Mason & Mason [?]cher as securities for his due exon. thereof which [is] ordered to be certified. Elizabeth relict of the [tes]tator & said Daniel Mason refusing to act as such and the said Will being proved by one of the Witnesses thereto it was ordered to be certifyed … And at a Court held for said County the 11th day of August next following being further proved by William Berry & John Curtis Evidences thereto and Ordered to be recorded.

Atteste

R. Tyler C.S.C.

A copy Teste V. Peyton C.S.C.

Also filed …

… I Andrew Edwards, of the County of Stafford … my Daughters Mary the wife of Alvin Mountjoy of the County … aforesaid, and Peggy Edwards … 12 [?] day of August 1778.

It is hereby agreed that the sum … intended for my Dauter Peggy shall be paid to, and received by Majr. Tho. Mountjoy in trust …

A. Edwards

Test.

  • William Garrard
  • James Garrard
  • John Pollard sr.
  • John Fristoe

Stafford to wit August Court 1778

Andrew Edwards produced in Court & acknowledged the above Deed, wch. was ordered to be recorded.

Attest

Thos. G. S. Tyler C.S.C.

British Mercantile Claims: 1775-1803

12 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: “British Mercantile Claims: 1775-1803,” Virginia Genealogist 15[1971].

[page 59]

[from reports of Robert Hening, May 1801 – May 1802]

Debts of Wm. Garrard.  Wm. Garrard, exec. of Wm. Garrard, now resides in Paris, Bourbon Co., KY, where he moved 7 or 8 years ago … Wm. Garrard died very much in debt.

Debts of James Garrard.  Moved from Stafford Co. about 16 years ago and remained in KY.

[page 119]

[from reports of Robert Hening, May 1801 – May 1802]

Debt due John Glasswell: Thomas Thatcher and Andrew Edwards.  Thatcher died 22, 23, or 24 years ago leaving widow and children.  Widow married Henry Ward of Culpepper Co.  Edwards died many years ago.  Edwards’ estate administered by Thomas Mountjoy of Stafford, exec.  Thatcher’s children may leave state.

[page 120]

[from reports of Robert Hening, May 1801 – May 1802]

[Thomas] Thatcher’s children bring suit against Henry Ward (in Stafford Co.) for division of Thatcher’s estate.

C. Edwards mentioned.