Archive for the ‘001552. Richard Ligon’ Category

Social Life of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century

25 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Philip Alexander Bruce, Social Life of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century (New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Company, 1964).

[page 190]

[…] The subject of the wager was sometimes even more abstruse.  For example, about 1690, Thomas EAST and Richard LIGON, of Henrico county, made a bet as to how much “one thousand square solid” contained.  If the two should differ as to what was the correct amount, it was agreed that the matter should be referred to Colonel William BYRD and Mr. John PLEASANTS, the latter the most prominent Quaker in the Colony, whose decision was to be accepted as final.8


8 Henrico County Records, Vol. 1688-79, p. 261, Va. St. Libr.

[page 204]

Henrico county was hardly second to Westmoreland in the lively favor in which its inhabitants held the pastime of horse racing.  One of the most popular racetracks in this county was situated at Bermuda Hundred, among the oldest settlements in the valley of the lower James River.  Here in July, 1678, a race was run between horses belonging to Mr. Abram WOMACK and Mr. Richard LIGON.  In this instance the owners did not ride their horses.  One was ridden by Thomas COCKE, the other by Joseph TANNER, a servant of Mr. Thomas CHAMBERLAINE, both of whom were still mere boys.  CHAMBERLAINE was selected to call out when the horses were ready to run, whilst Mr. Abram CHILDERS was to act as starter.  As no judges appear to have been named, it is probable that the horses were to career over a circular course with the goal situated at the point from which the race began.  The persons there would thus be easily able to decide as to which horse won.  The horses made a rush, but the one ridden by COCKE, after running four or five lengths, shied from the track.  COCKE quickly reining him in, cried out: “This is not a fair start.”  CHAMBERLAINE shouted to his servant, who was riding the other horse, to stop, but the young man, when he returned, boldly declared that the race was fairly begun, and in this contention was sustained by Mr. CHILDERS.16

Both LIGON and WOMACK seem to have been deeply interested in horse racing.  In 1683 a number of persons who had assembled at WOMACK’s house on some


16 Henrico County Minute Book, 1682-1701, p. 38, Va. St. Libr.

[page 205]

convivial occasion17 got into an animated discourse on the subject, and soon there was a challenge from one of the company, Edward HATCHER, to run his horse against the horse of Edward MARTIN, who was also present.  All exclaimed loudly: “Done, done,” with the exception of Richard LIGON, who started up eagerly.  “Mr. Edward HATCHER,” called out LIGON, “my horse shall not run any more to-day or to-night.”  HATCHER, uttering a great oath, shouted back that it was his horse, not LIGON’s, and at once led the animal off to a pasture near by, where the races took place, followed by Andrew MARTIN.  LIGON now came up, and seizing HATCHER as he was about to mount, said again: “Edward HATCHER, this is my horse, and he shall not run.”  HATCHER, seeing LIGON’s determination, turned to the persons who were to act as judges, and exclaimed: “I can’t help it,” meaning that he was prevented from carrying out his agreement, and, therefore, should not be held as liable for the wager as if his horse had lost the race.  But the judges refused to listen to him, and directed MARTIN to run over the track alone.  When he reached the end of the course, he stopped, dismounted, and fixed his knife in the ground; then, returning to the starting point, claimed the horse which LIGON had asserted to be his own.  This was probably the stake.  LIGON, however, still refused to give it up, and the dispute finally found its way into the county court.18 The account of this race which appears in the records is of interest as showing how rigid the judges in a horse race at this period were in upholding the terms of an


17 The company, it would appear from LIGON’s words regarding his horse, had been engaged in running races.

18 Henrico County Records, Vol. 1677-92, orig., p. 254.

[page 206]

agreement even under circumstances when, it would seem, the agreement should properly have been considered no longer in force.  HATCHER was held strictly to his verbal contract, though the action of LIGON had made it impossible for him to perform his part of it.


There are numerous proofs that many […] important races occurred on the course at Varina towards the close of the seventeenth century.  Here, about 1687, a great race took place between the horses of Hugh LIGON and Stephen COCKE, in which Christo-

[page 207]

pher BRANCH was the stakeholder;20 […]


20 See Henrico County Minute Book, 1682-1701, pp. 170, 174, Va. St. Libr.; Vol. 1677-92, orig., p. 466.  The records take notice only of the races in which there were disputes requiring settlement in court.

[page 209]

[Thomas] CHAMBERLAINE, about the same date [1698], was a party to a race which was run on the course at Conecock.  His opponent was Richard LIGON, and the wager agreed upon amounted to forty shillings.  A gallon of rum was on this occasion provided for the enjoyment of the spectators.26

There was a fifth race track in Henrico county situated at Malvern Hill.


26 Va. Maga. of Hist. and Biog., Vol. II., p. 297.

Categories: 001552. Richard Ligon

Southside Virginia Families

20 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: John Bennett Boddie, Southside Virginia Families, Volume 2 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991).

[page 382]


William and George WORSHAM patented 400 acres in Henrico Feb. 15, 1652, “200 acres lying at Olde Towne at Appomattox … and 200 acres being part of a patent granted to Wm. CLARKE, decd., May 6, 1638 and by CLARKE sold to Seth WARD who sold to William WORSHAM Nov. 2, 1640.” (C.P.-239, 556)  John WILSON patented 100 acres in Henrico June 6, 1666, bought of Seth WARD.  This land lay next to the above patent, and WILSON’s patent recites that the said 100 acres began at the river side … running along an old known fence” being the line parting said WILSON and the ORPHANTS OF GEORGE and WILLIAM WORSHAM.  (C.P. 556)  It seems that George WORSHAM, died before June 6, 1666, and had a son, George WORSHAM, Jr., for a jury was called in Henrico on May 15, 1678, to determine the dividing line between John WILSON and the land of “Mr. George WORSHAM”, evidently one of the orphans of 1666. (BK.2, p. 48)  George1 WORSHAM was Justice for Henrico in 1656 and his son, Captain George2 WORSHAM of Henrico, born in 1648 (deposition) married, Mary, daughter of John PIGOTT of that county, who may have come from Norfolk County, Va.  Captain George was a Justice in 1707.  (See 33 V 185 for descendants.)

William WORSHAM was deceased several years before May 15, 1678, for his widow married Colonel Francis EPES, who died in 1678, and had three children by him.

It is said that Mrs. Elizabeth WORSHAM EPES was a widow before she married Mr. WORSHAM.  She made two wills, one dated July 28, 1678, and the other one dated Sept. 23, 1678.  The WORSHAM children were, ELIZABETH KENNON to whom she gave a stone ring, her black gown, green silk petticoat, green satin bodice and ¼ of her money in the hands of Samuel CLAPHAMSON in London; to grandaughter Mary KENNON a stone ring “given me by my sister KING; to daughter MARY WORSHAM, ¼ of her money; to daughter Mary EPES” a new suite which came this year”; to sons JOHN and CHARLES WORSHAM each ¼ of her money.  In her second will she describes herself as the widow of Colonel Francis EPES.  What estate was given her by his verbal will she wishes divided between her EPES children, viz., William, Littlebury and Mary when they come of age.  Executors, Francis EPES, (step-son) and Richard KENNON, son-in-law. (33V-185)

Children of William and Elizabeth WORSHAM:

I.    John WORSHAM, m. Mary WYNNE.  (See later)

II.    Charles WORSHAM, d. 1719.

III. Mary WORSHAM, m. before Apr. 1, 1680, Richard LIGON, b. 1657; d. 1754; (LIGON Book-329)

IV.    Elizabeth WORSHAM, m. Richard KENNON of “Conjuror’s Neck”.

[page 383]

John2 WORSHAM was a Justice in Henrico in 1685 and later; also Sheriff for Henrico 1696-97.  He held 1104 acres in the Quit Rents of 1704 for Henrico.  He married Mary WYNNE, daughter of Major Joshua WYNNE, and his wife Mary JONES, daughter of Major Peter JONES, and Margaret WOOD, daughter of Major Gen. Abraham WOOD.  Margaret WOOD JONES married secondly Capt. Thomas COCKE.  (See S.V.F. Vol I, p. 221)(V.H.G. p. 180, “daughter,” Margaret JONES should read “granddaughter”)

Captain John WORSHAM died in 1729.  A copy of his will was not furnished, but according to pages 185-86, 33 Virginia Magazine, his children were as follows:


I.    John of Henrico; m. Agnes OSBORNE, widow; d. 1745.

II.    William of Henrico; married; d. 1748.

III.    Daniel of Henrico, married and died before 1729.

IV.    Elizabeth; m.(1) Thomas LIGON; (2) Alexander MARSHALL.  (See later)

V.    Mary, m.         ROBERTSON.

VI.    Martha, m.         WARD.

VII.    Anne; m.         OSBORNE.

VIII.            ; m.        POYTHRESS.

IX.    Elizabeth; m. William EPES.  (See Francis EPES Lineage, by Clarke, p. 224)

Elizabeth WORSHAM, daughter of Captain John WORSHAM, married Alexander MARSHALL of Henrico as her second husband.  She is mentioned as “my daughter, Elizabeth MARSHALL…” in Captain WORSHAM’s will.

Alexander MARSHALL was born in 1676 and died May 3, 1743 at the age of 67.  His wife Elizabeth was also born either 1676 or 1677 as she died in February 1743/44, aged 67 years.  On August 10, 1706, in a proceeding in the Orphans Court of Henrico, “Alexander MARSHALL, who lately married Mrs. Elizabeth LIGON”, was given the care and custody of Lodowick TANNER. (Vol.1694-1739, p. 48)  The inventory of the estate of Thomas LIGON was filed May 7, 1705 by John WORSHAM.

Alexander MARSHALL received large grants of land in Henrico.  On Jan. 7, 1725, he patented 2000 acres of land on the north side of Appomattox River, and the south side of Butterwood Creek.  The land fell in Goochland and on Sept. 28, 1730, he patented 3000 acres of land in Goochland, including the 1000 acres of his former patent and in the same locality.  Goochland was cut off Henrico in 1728.  Alexander, however, re-patented, on June 3, 1731, 2528 acres on Swift Creek in Henrico, adjacent to Wm. PRIDE, James ATKINS, Francis FLOURNOYS and John WOODBRIDGES; 628 acres heretofore granted June 2, 1721.  (PB11-71; 12-334; 14-152)  On July 31, 172[photocopy illegible] Henry WALTHALL and Phoebe, his wife, of Henrico, deeded land called “Powell’s Tract” which land they had from their father, Thomas LIGON, to Alexander MARSHALL. (BK 1-192).  James ANDERSON and Elizabeth, his wife of Prince George County, deeded Alexander MARSHALL lands called “Powells” which their deceased father Thomas LIGON held. (BK 1-192)  These two deeds to Alexander MARSHALL were from the surviving children of his wife Elizabeth, formerly the wife of Thomas LIGON.  Two other children were unmarried.

[page 384]

Alexander MARSHALL was a vestryman in Bristol Parish, 1723-24.

Mr. MARSHALL and his wife are buried on the left bank of the Appomattox River near its mouth, upon a highland which belonged to Mr. Richard EPPES.  A double head stone still stands there (1955) with the following inscriptions:

“Here lyeth th Body of Here lyeth the body of
Mr. Alexander MARSHALL Mrs. Elizabeth MARSHALL
who departed this life who departed this life
May 3rd. 1743, Feb.     1743/44
Aged 67 years. Aged 67 years.

Virginia Will Records

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Judith McGhan, Virginia Will Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1993).

[page 527]

[“Notes from Barton’s Colonial Decisions from Tyler’s Quarterly, I (1919), 60-67, 115-126”]

Page 150.  ANDERSON & ux vs LIGAN:

Thomas LIGAN (LIGON) had 4 sons William, the eldest, Richard his second, and two others.  His will was dated January 10, 1675.  William died in 1689, and names in his will Thomas, eldest son, and William.  After his death his widow occupied the whole land till his sons attained 21, but made no division.  Thomas died in 1705 and left a son, who died an infant in 1706, and 3 daughters, Phebe, who married one WELTHALL (WALTHALL?), Mary, who is dead without issue, and Elizabeth one of the lessors, who was born in 1701 and married the other lessor.  The defendt is William, the son of William, and is 59 years old.

[page 536]

[“Berkeley County, West Virginia, [Wills and Other Records], from Tyler’s Quarterly, III (1921), 44-53”]

By an act of the Virginia Legislature, February, 1772, the counties of Berkeley and Dunmore were separated from Frederick County, and given a separate organization.  In 1777 Dunmore County received the name of Shenandoah.

Berkeley County bordered on the Potomac River in the most beautiful part of the Valley of Virginia.

The first court was held May 19, 1772, at the house of Edward BEESON, and the justices commissioned by his excellency Lord DUNMORE, were Ralph WORMELEY, Jacob HITE, Van SWEARINGEN, Thomas RUTHERFORD, Adam STEPHEN, John NEAVILL, Thomas SWEARINGEN, Samuel WASHINGTON, James NOURSE, William LITTLE, Robert STEPHEN, John BRISCOE, Hugh LYLE, James STRODE, William MORGAN, Robert STOGDEN, James SEATON, Robert Carter WILLIS and Thomas ROBINSON.

Ralph WORMELEY, John NEVILL, Samuel WASHINGTON, James NOURSE, William LITTLE, John BRISCOE, James STRODE, James SEATON, Robert Carter WILLIS, and perhaps Thomas ROBINSON, came from the country east of the Blue Ridge mountains, and if they are to be taken as an index they show the presence in the Valley of a large emigration from the eastward.

In 1801 the County of Jefferson was formed from Berkeley.

[page 544]

Thomas SWEARINGEN, jr., dated 18 Feb. 1780, proved 21 March, 1780.  Names wife Hanah, and Sarah BENNETT, my sisters daughter.  Exors., Col. Van SWEARINGEN, Capt. Josiah SWEARINGEN, Hezekiah SWEARINGEN, and Thomas RUTHERFORD.  Witnessed by Thomas RUTHERFORD, Robert RUTHERFORD, Jr., Benjamin RUTHERFORD, and James SUTHERLIN.

Four Thomas Lygons (Ligons)

27 April 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas Lygons (Ligons): An Abstract of New Findings,” Virginia Genealogist 22[1978].

[page 253]

The following abstract of new findings concerning the immigrant Col. Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., his father, grandfather and son, is a preliminary report on a major re-examination in both England and Virginia of the immigrant’s immediate family, of all traceable contemporary English LYGONs, and of the family’s numerous colonial connections and notable American progeny.  A much longer article is planned, but the following will add much to, and correct various mistakes in, the major treatments of this family in print — William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (2 v.; Hartford, Conn., 1947-57), and articles by John Bennett Boddie in William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 2nd series, v. 16 (1936), pp. 289-315, and Virginia Historical Genealogies (Redwood City, Calif., 1954), pp. 343-44.  Mr. LIGON confused his immigrant ancestor with the latter’s almost certain father, and both Mr. LIGON and Mr. Boddie confused Col. Thomas and his son.  Both authors too used the unusually rich muniments at Madresfield, the LYGON ancestral seat in Worcestershire, but apparently did not examine the various parish registers, chancery depositions, or even Prerogative Court of Canterbury administrations, covering the immigrant’s immediate family.  Thus the death in England of the Calouden farmer, his approximate age (badly guessed by Mr. LIGON), the given names of his wife and children, and the very existence, then, of a younger Thomas LYGON, hypothesized by Boddie, who is almost certainly the immigrant — all these facts are now being reported for the first time.  Recently published Virginia materials, the originals of which Mr. LIGON and Mr. Boddie variously misinterpreted, allow us rather easily to unravel the confusion between the immigrant and his son.  Col. Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., his almost certain father and grandfather, and his son, are thus as follows:

1. Thomas LYGON, second son of William LYGON and Eleanor DENNIS of Madresfield, Worcestershire, lived in Elkstone, Gloucestershire (not Elston, Wiltshire), married Frances DENNIS, a cousin, daughter of Hugh DENNIS and Katherine TRYE of Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire.  As “Francisca LIGON ux’ Thomas LIGON nuper de Elkeston,

[page 254]

gen.” she was fined 20 shillings for recusancy in 1592.1 Frances, then a widow, was of Merson, Wiltshire, when she made her will on 17 Oct. 1622, but later lived with her son Thomas at Calouden and was buried in the adjacent parish of Sowe 30 Jan. 1624/5.  Her will was proved by him 1 June 1625.2 Through a line that Mr. Roberts cannot confirm, and of one link of which he is dubious, John TRYE (1513-1579) of Hardwick, Gloucestershire, an uncle of Frances DENNIS, is charted by Gerald PAGET as an ancestor of H.M. Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.3

2. Thomas LYGON, farmer, of Stoke-by-Coventry and Calouden, Warwickshire, born ca.1577,4 married (perhaps a second wife) 18 Aug. 1623 Elizabeth PRATT at Sowe.  She was baptized at nearby Stoke-Biggin 10  Oct. 1602, daughter of Dennis PRATT.  Thomas LYGON was buried at Sowe 20 Dec. 1626.  Administration on his estate was granted his relict Elizabeth 16 Feb. 1626/7.5 Elizabeth was buried at Sowe 19 Aug. 1631.

3. Thomas LYGON, baptized at Sowe, Warwickshire, 11 Jan. 1623/4, is almost certainly the immigrant Col. Thomas LIGON of Virginia, surveyor and burgess of Henrico County.6 He made his will 10 Jan. 1675 and administration was granted his widow and executrix, Mary, 16 March 1675/6.7 He married ca.1650 Mary HARRIS, born ca.1625,8 daughter of Thomas HARRIS (born 1587) and Adria, perhaps


1  Catholic Record Society, Publications, v. 18 (n.p., 1916), p. 125.

2  William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections, v. 1 (Hartford, Conn., 1947), pp. 103-04.

3  Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Baltimore Edinburgh & London, 1977), v. 2, pp. 274 et seq.

4  Chancery Depositions, Elizabeth I-Charles I, Group 3, Bundle E 20, Suit 23, which shows him as “aged 44 or thereabouts” in 1621.

5  J.H. Morrison, ed., Prerogative Court of Canterbury Letters of Administration, 1620-1630 … (London, 1935), p. 70.

6  For his career as burgess see H.R. McIlwaine, ed., Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1619-1658/59 (Richmond, 1915), pp. xxii, 95, and for his various land patents see Nell M. Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, v. 1 (Richmond, 1934), pp. 440, 516; v. 2 (Richmond, 1977), pp. 49, 51-52, 92, 116, 124 (he is referred to progressively in these grants as major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, and “Mr., Sr.”).

7  Henrico Co., Va., Deeds & Wills 1677-92, p. 35; Order Book 1678-93, p. 167.

Ibid., Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 107.

[page 255]

GURGANEY.9 Col. LIGON surveyed an area called “Mawburne” or Malvern Hills in Henrico County (in England Malvern Hills are very near Madresfield) and at least once acted as an agent for Sir William BERKELEY, governor of Virginia, his almost certain second cousin.10 His children were Thomas Jr., William, Joan, Richard, Mathew, Hugh and Mary, named undoubtedly after himself (Thomas Jr.), his wife (Mary), his sister (Joan), two of his father’s brothers (William and Richard11), and his father’s maternal grandfather, Hugh DENNIS of Pucklechurch.  Nothing can be found to document a later English career for Thomas LYGON, born 1623/4, and no other Thomas is unaccounted for and of the right age to be the immigrant.

4. Thomas LIGON, Jr., born ca.1651,12 who was dead by 20 Aug. 1678.13 The immigrant’s eldest son, he left no issue and probably died unmarried.14 A fifth Thomas LIGON (died 1705) was the eldest son of Thomas, Jr.’s, next brother, William LIGON and the heir-at-law of his immigrant grandfather.15


9  Martha Woodroof Hiden and Annie Lash Jester, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1625 (2nd ed.; n.p., 1964), pp. 202-05; Boddie, Virginia Historical Genealogies, pp. 198-200; Boddie, Southside Virginia Families, v. 2 (Redwood City, Calif., 1956), pp. 128-32; Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 4 (Redwood City, Calif., 1960), pp. 190-92, v. 8 (Kailua, Hawaii, 1964), pp. 10-11.

10  LIGON, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 307-08, 100.

11  William LYGON of Calouden, gent., buried at Sowe 16 Aug. 1616 (although possibly the immigrant named his second son after Sir William BERKELEY, a likely sponsor or protector, as well) and Richard LYGON, also called “LIGON” in various English depositions, almost certainly the historian of Barbadoes.

12  Nugent, op. cit., v. 2, pp. 116, 124.  His father is called “Sr.” 18 March 1672/3, but “Col.” 28 Sept. 1672.

13  Pauline P. Warner, ed., Orphans Court Book, 1677-1739, of Henrico County, Virginia (Tappahannock, Va., 1963), pp. 11-12, a transliteration of p. 3 of the original.

14  Waverly K. Winfree, comp., The Laws of Virginia, Being a Supplement to Hening’s The Statutes at Large, 1700-1750 (Richmond, 1971), pp. 344-47.

15  LIGON, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 360-63.

Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia

19 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman, editors, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5, 3rd edition (Richmond: Dietz Press, 1987).

[page 9]

[MUSTERS of the Inhabitants of Virginia 1624/5.]

[4] Neck-of-land Charles City


THOMAS HARRIS aged 38 yeares in the Prosperous in May

ADRIA his wife aged 23 yeares in the Marmaduke in November 1621

ANN WOODLASE theire kinswoman age 7 yeares

[page 10]


ELIZABETH        aged 15 yeares in the Margaret & John 1620

PROVISIONS: Corne, 7½ bushells; Pease, 1 bushell.  ARMES & MUNITION: Powder, 11 lb.; Lead, 2; Peeces fixt, 3; Armour, 1; Coat of Male, 1; Sword, 1.  CATTELL & POULTRIE: Cattell young and old, 11; Poultrie, 30.HOUSES AND BOATS: Houses, 2; Boats, 1.

[page 354]

HARRIS (Thomas)1

+*1. THOMAS1 HARRIS, Gent., subscriber to the Second Charter issued 23 May 1609,2 came to Virginia before 1616 and is believed to have arrived, 1611, aboard the Prosperous “in May.” Listed as an Ancient Planter, he was settled, 1623/4, with his wife at Neck of Land, Charles City.3 His muster there, 1624/5, listed him as aged 38, his first wife *Adria, aged 23, who came in the Marmaduke, Nov. 1621, and Ann WOODLASE, “their kinswoman aged 7.”

1 William Glover Stanard, Chart of Some of the Descendants of Captain Thomas HARRIS of Henrico County who Came to Virginia in 1611 (Richmond, 1893); William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (n.p., 1947), pp. ix, 306-83, 844; V IV. pp. 248-49; V VII, p. 204; Malcolm Hart Harris, “Three William HARRISes in Hanover County,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 187-93; William R. Taylor, “Evidence of the Descent of William4 HARRIS of Goochland Co., Va., and his Father William3 HARRIS of Henrico, New Kent, Hanover and Louisa Cos., Va., from Maj. William2 HARRIS son of Capt. Thomas1 HARRIS of Jamestown,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 261-70.

2 Br. Gen. p. 913.

3 Hotten, p. 170; CP I, p. xxxiv.

[page 355]

Land originally assigned HARRIS within Diggs Hundred (later Bermuda Hundred), of record 11 Nov. 1635 for 750 acres, lay “southward upon the land of Edward VIRGANY [GURGANEY] and thence extending Northward upon the land of Joane his [second] wife…,” 100 acres due him as being an Ancient Planter on order of the late Treasurer and Company, 18 Nov. 1618, and 650 acres due for transportation of 13 persons.4

Thomas1 HARRIS came into possession of the GURGANEY land by 2 May 16365 and repatented the 700 acres included in this tract in Henrico, 12 July 1637, “called by the name of Longfield, with swamp and marshes … southeast towards Bremoes devident … 400 acres granted unto Edward GURGANEY by order of the Court, 1 October 1617 … and bequeathed by Ann GURGANEY, widdowe of the said Edward, to Thomas HARRIS as by her last will dated 11 February 1619 [1619/20].”6 In a second renewal of the patent for “Longfield,” 25 Feb. 1638/9, HARRIS claimed 100 acres in the name of his “first wife Adry HARRIS, being an Ancient Planter.”7 These facts suggest that Adria perhaps was the daughter of Edward and Ann GURGANEY and that her passage, 1621, on the Marmaduke,8 was a return trip to Virginia rather than an initial voyage. Adria had died by 11 Sept. 1626 when Rebecca GRAYE testified in court that Goodwife WRIGHT, a suspected witch, had told Thomas HARRIS he “should burie his first wiefe being then betrothed unto him (which cam so to pass).”9

HARRIS served as Burgess for the Neck of Land, 1624, for Henrico, 1640, 1647-48,10 was appointed, Aug. 1626, as one of the “Commissioners for the Upper Parts,” which included Henrico, and in Dec. 1640 was Commander of Henrico County.11 His will, now lost, was made about 1649.12

He married (1) Adria, perhaps GURGANEY, and (2), after 1625, Joane —-.13

Issue: (by 1) 2. MARY2; (by 2) 3. WILLIAM2.

4 Patent Bk. 1, p. 304.

5 Ibid., p. 337.

6 Ibid., p. 438.

7 Ibid., p. 615.

8 The Marmaduke brought over, 1621, a number of “maids for wives,” but Adria was not listed among them.

9 MCGC, p. 111.

10 Leonard, pp. 5, 18, 26.

11 MCGC, pp. 106, 476.

12 Waverly K. Winfree, The Laws of Virginia (Richmond, 1971), pp. 344-47. This Act of Assembly passed at the session of 21 May-9 July 1730 to break the entail on part of the land “formerly called Longfield but lately called and known by the Name of Curles,” states that Thomas1 HARRIS left an only daughter, Mary, wife of Thomas LIGON, and an only son, William HARRIS, and details the LIGON descendants.

13 LIGON, op. cit., p. 843, without citing proof, states that she was Joane OSBORNE.

[page 356]

2. MARY2 HARRIS (Thomas1) deposed 2 Dec. 1684 that she was aged about 64.14 She married, by 1649,15 Thomas LIGON, who was baptized 11 Jan. 1623/4 at Sowe, Warwickshire, the eldest son of Thomas LYGON (about 1577-1626) and his (2) wife Elizabeth PRATT (1602-1631).16 He came to Virginia in the 1640s, was Burgess for Henrico, 165617 and was lieutenant colonel of militia and surveyor of Henrico County until his death.18 Thomas LIGON left a will, now lost, 10 Jan. 1675/6-16 March 1675/6.19 Mary made an agreement with her brother Maj. William2 HARRIS that he should have the “whole profits of the surveyor’s place” until her eldest son should come of age and half of the profits thereafter. Testimony as to this agreement was recorded 1 Nov. 1679.20 By deed of gift, 29 April 1691, Mary2 (HARRIS) LIGON conveyed to her “loving sons, Richard LIGON and Hugh LIGON,” 200 acres lying in Curles, Henrico County, “being part of a greater divident granted unto Captain Thomas HARRIS deceased and given by will of said Thomas HARRIS to his daughter Mary LIGON,” to be equally divided between them.21 Mary LYGON, Senr., left a will 18 April 1703/3-1 Feb. 1703/4.22

Issue: [LIGON]23 4. Thomas3, born about 1651, died before 20 Aug. 1678, unmarried;24 5. WILLIAM3; 6. JOHAN3; 7. RICHARD3; 8. Matthew3, born about 1659, died before 1 May 1689, without issue:25 9. Hugh3, born about 1661, held 150 acres in Henrico County, 1704, married (1), 1688-89, Elizabeth WALTHALL, orphan daughter of William WALTHALL,26 and (2), between June 1711

14 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 107. Since she was not named in the muster, 1624/5, she was probably closer to age 60.

15 Winfree, op. cit., p. 345.

16 Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas LYGONs,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 253, 255.

17 Leonard, p. 33.

18 Ligon, op. cit., pp. ix, 306-18.

19 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, p. 167; Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 35.

20 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 109.

21 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, pp. 231-32. The title to this land was finally settled, 1 Nov. 1706, by equal division between Matthew4 LIGON, son of Richard, and William4 LIGON, as heir of his brother Thomas4, son and heir of William3 LIGON (Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, pp. 4-7).

22 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 366.

23 The mother’s will names sons Richard and Hugh, deceased son William, daughters Johan, wife of Robert HANCOCK, and Mrs. Thomas FARRAR and some grandchildren. Children Richard, Matthew, Hugh and Mary are mentioned 20 Aug. 1678 (Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 3). Sons Thomas, William, Richard and Hugh are mentioned, 1730 (Winfree, op. cit., p. 345).

24 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 3.

25 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, p. 369.

26 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, pp. 97, 158; Malcolm Elmore WALTHALL, “The WALTHALL Family” (typewritten; Richmond, 1963), p. 7.

[page 357]

and Dec. 1713,27 Jane (PEW) PRICE, widow of 6. John3 PRICE (see PRICE), but had no known issue; 10. MARY3.

3. WILLIAM2 HARRIS (Thomas1), born about 1629, was heir to “Longfield,” later known as “Curles.” His inheritance of the plantation is established through a suit, John BROADNAX against William SOANE, 1 Oct. 1700, to clear title to the land and establish boundaries.28 He served as a justice of Henrico, Burgess for Henrico, 1652, 1653, 1656, 1658,29 and major of militia of Henrico and Charles City. On 3 Oct. 1670 he was ordered paid £25 “for his Srvice in the Westerne discovery.”30 He left will 20 April 1678-1 Feb. 1678/9,31 but was dead by 7 Oct. 1678 when the inventory of his estate was ordered made.32

He married (1) —– and (2) Alice —–, whose (2) husband, George ALVES (died 173433), of New Kent County, in a suit, April 1683, concerning her son’s indenture, is named as having married the “relict of Major William HARRIS deceased.”34 Alice took her sons to New Kent County.

Issue: (by 1) 11. Thomas3, unmarried, left will 10 Feb. 1678/9-2 June 1679;35 (by 2) 12. WILLIAM3; 13. EDWARD3; 14. Love3.

5. WILLIAM3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), born about 1653, was a major of militia. On 2 April 1682 he “set up his name at the Court Door and thereby published his intentions for England.”36 He married Mary TANNER, daughter of Joseph TANNER and his wife Mary (who later married Gilbert PLATT). On 1 April 1679 Mrs. PLATT made a deed of gift to her daughter Mary, wife of Mr. William LYGON.37 Mary PLATT’s will, dated 10 March 1699/1700,38 named daughter Mary LIGGON and grandchildren Thomas, Joseph, Phebe and Lucretia LIGGON.

27 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1710-14, pp. 189-90, will of John3 PRICE; ibid., p. 115, deed from Hugh and Jane LIGON to John4 PRICE.

28 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1694-1701, p. 286.

29 Leonard, pp. 30-31, 33-34.

30 JHB 1658/9-1693, p. 55. Lt. LIGGON, not identified by given name, was ordered paid £10.

31 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 68.

32 Ibid., p. 107.

33 Hanover Co. Record Bk. 1733-35, p. 203, reference, 4 March 1734/5, to George ALVES, “lately deceased.”

34 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, pp. 137, 139.

35 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, pp. 90-91. The will was witnessed by Alice HARRIS, his step-mother, and by Richard3 LIGON and his wife Mary, and named “cozen Richard LIGON” a legatee. The HARRIS land “at the Ware [Weir]”, left to Thomas3 by his father, was devised to “my sister-in-law [half-sister] Love HARRIS.” This was part of a patent for 1202 acres, 7 Sept. 1671, to Maj. William2 HARRIS (Patent Bk. 6, p. 496).

36 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 241.

37 Ibid., p. 87.

38 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 202.

[page 358]

William3 LIGON left will 21 Jan. 1688-1 Aug. 1689.39 His widow Mary and daughter-in-law Elizabeth (as widow of the heir at law) were jointly charged with 1341 acres on the 1704 quit rent roll of Henrico County. Mary (TANNER) LIGON married (2), 1707, as his (2) wife 5. William2 FARRAR (see FARRAR).

Issue: [LIGON] 15. Thomas4, died before 2 April 1705 when administration of his estate was granted to his wife,40 married, 2 Feb. 1697/8,41 Elizabeth WORSHAM who married (2), by 20 Aug. 1706,42 Alexander MARSHALL; 16. William4, aged 59 in Oct. 1741,43 of Prince Edward and Amelia Counties, left will 22 Oct. 1759-27 Sept. 1764,44 married Elizabeth BATTE;45 17. John4, married —–; 18. Joseph4; 19. Sarah4, married 32. Henry4 LIGON; 20. Mary4, married (1), 15 July 1698,36 William ANDERSON, and (2), by 1 Jan. 1716/7,47 Peter ROWLETT of Bristol Parish who left will 5 Jan. 1749/50-4 May 1750;48 21. Phebe4; 22. Lucretia4, posthumous.

6. JOHAN3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1) deposed 1 Oct. 1683 as wife of Robert HANCOCK that she was about 30 years old.49 HANCOCK received a deed of gift from his mother-in-law Mrs. Mary LIGON, 2 Feb. 1684/5,50 and held 860 acres in Henrico County, 1704. He left a will, 18 Oct. 1708-1 March 1708/9,51 and Johan HANCOCK left a will, 22 Sept. 1726-7 Nov. 1726.52

Issue: [HANCOCK] 23. William4; 24. Robert4, living 1729,53 married, by 2 Feb. 1712/3. Margaret —–;54 25. Sarah4, married, 1688-89,55 Arthur MOSELEY, Jr., born 1655, who held 450 acres in Henrico County, 1704, married (2) 16. Elizabeth (COX) JAMESTON (see COXE) and left will 22 Feb. 1728/9-6 July 1730;56 26. Mary4, married, by 1 June 1708 when her father deeded them 100 acres,57 John HATCHER who held 215 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and

39 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 75.

40 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1697-1705, p. 450.

41 Henrico Co. Deeds &c 1697-99, p. 96.

42 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 49.

43 R.T. Barton, Virginia Colonial Decisions (Boston, 1909), II, p. B150.

44 Amelia Co. Will Bk. 2X, p. 75.

45 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, pp. 471, 485.

46 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1705, p. 124.

47 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1714-18, p. 137.

48 Chesterfield Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 45; Order Bk. 1, p. 44.

49 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 254.

50 Ibid., p. 296.

51 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 152.

52 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 70.

53 Ibid., p. 234.

54 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1710-14, pp. 186, 189.

55 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 97.

56 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 272.

57 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 94.

[page 359]

was living on Pamlico River, Edgecombe Co., N.C., 25 June 1736, when he sold land deeded to him by his father Edward HATCHER;58 27. Johan4, given 200 acres by her father, 1 June 1708,59 married, 5 April 1700,60 Samuel HANCOCK, carpenter, who held 100 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and left will 1 Sept. 1760-6 Feb. 1761;61 28. Phoebe4, married (1) Thomas BAILEY of Varina Parish who held 251 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and left will dated 21 Dec. 1723,62 and (2) Nicholas GILES;63 29. Elizabeth4, married 23. John Sutton4 FARRAR (see FARRAR).

7. RICHARD3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), deposed 1 Dec. 1693 he was aged 26 or 27.64 Upon coming of age he assumed his father’s place as surveyor of Henrico County, according to the agreement made with his uncle. On 8 May 1704 he petitioned the Assembly requesting that he be restored to the place of surveyor, from which he had been suspended, 26 Aug. 1703, and again, 19 April 1705, he petitioned the Assembly for an allowance for surveying the land (5,040 acres) appropriated for the use of the French refugees at Manakintown who had come to Virginia, 1700.65 He held 1028 acres in Henrico County, 1704. His will, now lost, was presented by his executor, Mathew LIGON, 2 March 1723/4.66

He married, between 20 Aug. 1678 and 1 April 1681, Mary WORSHAM, daughter of William and Elizabeth (?LITTLEBURY) WORSHAM.67

Issue: [LIGON] 30. Matthew4, of Cumberland County, left will 1 April 1764-14 Sept. 1764,68 married Elizabeth ANDERSON;69 31. Richard, Jr., to whom with Matthew4 LIGON a patent for 290 acres in Henrico County was signed in the General Court, Oct. 1706, under survey of 15 March 1705/6;70 32. Henry4, of Prince Edward

58 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 664.

59 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 94.

60 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 220.

61 Chesterfield Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 377; Order Bk. 3, p. 112.

62 Henrico Co. Miscellaneous Court Records 1650-1807, II, p. 576.

63 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1737-46, p. 330, sale, 6 Dec. 1747, of Phoebe’s dower in the land of Thomas BAILEY, her late husband.

64 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, transcript, p. 450.

65 JHB, 1702-1712, pp. 78, 89.

66 Henrico Co. Minute Bk. 1719-24, p. 318.

67 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 2; Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 164; V XXXV, p. 48.

68 Cumberland Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 299.

69 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, p. 232, will of Mathew ANDERSON, Jr., 25 Feb. 1717/8-10 June 1718.

70 Louis des Cognets, English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records (n.p., 1958), pp. 82, 85. The patent now of record is dated 22 Jan. 1718/9, however (Patent Bk. 10, p. 409).

[page 360]

County, left will 10 Nov. 1759-14 Dec. 1769,71 married his cousin 19. Sarah4 LIGON, who left will 2 July 1784-Jan. 1785;72 33. Sarah4, married, by 1 June 1708,73 Richard GRILLS, who moved to North Carolina and left will 1 Feb. 1719/20-4 April 1720;74 34. Mary4, married Capt. John COLEMAN who, Dec. 1688, chose his brother Robert as his guardian,75 owned 200 acres in Prince George County, 1704, which he and his wife Mary sold 8 May 1725,76 purchasing, 13 May 1725, 185 acres on Whipponock Creek,77 which fell into Dinwiddie County, 1752.

10. MARY3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), born about 1663, married 6. Thomas3 FARRAR and died before 1686 when he remarried.

Issue: see FARRAR….

71 Prince Edward Co. Will Bk. 1, pp. 52-53.

72 Ibid., pp. 351-53.

73 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1707-09, p. 46.

74 J. Bryan Grimes, Abstracts of North Carolina Wills (Raleigh, 1910), p. 144.

75 Charles City Co. Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 180.

76 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, p. 834.

77 Ibid., p. 798.

[page 594]


William SWANN who, 5 Nov. 1635, patented 1200 acres in James City County on the south side of James River, west from Smith’s Mount to the half way Necke,1 naming among the headrights Jon. SWAN and Edwd. SWAN, and died 28 Feb. 1637/8 in his 52nd year,2 has been stated to be identical with a Mr. William SWAYNE who was listed, 23 June 1620, along with Messrs. Arthur, Thomas and William SWAYNE, as allowed each a share of stock in the Virginia Company which had been transferred to them by Sir Thomas GATES.3 In 1621 Mr. Arthur SWAYNE and associates were arranging to transport and settle 100 persons in Virginia and, 20 Dec. 1624, the arrival in Virginia of the Flyinge Harte of Flushing, sent out by Mr. Arthur SWAYNE, William CONSTABLE and others, was announced.4

Although the name of Arthur SWAYNE is once written in the records of the Virginia Company as SWANN, no evidence is known to establish that William SWANN who patented land in Virginia in 1635 is identical with a William SWAYNE who held a share in the Virginia Company.  Since there is a difference of five years between the age at death of William SWANN as stated in the family register and the baptismal record of William SWAYNE who was a member of the Virginia Company, identity with that man seems unlikely.  If there were two William SWAYNEs who were members of the Virginia Company, the possibility that the other man was the Virginia settler exists, but no connection between the SWAYNEs, who were London merchants, and the SWANN family of Southfleet and Denton, Kent, has been established.  The son and grandson of William SWANN of Virginia used the arms of this Kentish family.

William Glover Stanard in listing members of the Virginia Council5 stated that Thomas SWANN of “Swann’s Point,” Surry County, was born in Virginia.  No evidence has been found to confirm this statement, and thus to establish that William SWANN was in Virginia

1 Patent Bk. 1, p. 293.  This patent was renewed, 10 March 1638/9, by Thomas SWANN as due in right of “his late father William SWAN” (ibid., p. 625).

2 Family record, compiled by Samuel SWANN (1653-1707), owned in 1919 by a descendant in North Carolina, V XXVIII, pp. 30-32.  He was buried at “Swann’s Point,” Surry County, beside his (1) wife.

3 R, Va. Co. I, p. 372; III, p. 61.  Whether the two William SWAYNEs were the same or different persons is not indicated.  The last three apparently were the William, baptized 11 Feb. 1581/2, Thomas, baptized 1 Jan. 1587/8, and Arthur SWAYNE, baptized 21 Nov. 1591, sons of Edward SWAYNE, whose marriage to Elizabeth METHWOLD occurred 3 April 1581 (A.W. Hughes Clarke, ed., The Register of St. Lawrence Jewry, London, 1538-1676, pt. 1 [London, 1940], pp. 18-19, 21, 23).

4 R, Va. Co. I, pp. 534, 561; IV, p. 567.

5 William Glover Stanard, Virginia Colonial Register (Albany, N.Y., 1902), p. 38.

[page 595]

at the time of the birth of his son Thomas in May 1616.  Additional evidence is needed to prove William SWANN’s residence in Virginia before 1625.

Early Virginia Families Along the James River

12 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: [Louise Pledge Heath Foley], Early Virginia Families Along the James River, from the notes of Carol Lee Mattocks.

Rent Roll of VA 1704-1705

LIGON, Richard 1028
LIGON, Hugh 150
LIGON, Eliz (widdow) } 1341
LIGON, Mary }

Henrico County, Virginia: Grand Jury Presentments

11 May 2008 1 comment

Source: Alexander M. Walker, “Henrico County, Virginia: Grand Jury Presentments: 1690, 1692,” Virginia

[pages 77-78]

2 June 1690

Presentments of Hen. Hatcher (for swearing):

[among others] … Richd. Ward … Seth Ward …

16 May 1692

Presentments for swearing:

[among others] Simon Ligon (3)

Presentments for swearing by God:

Richd. Ligon