Archive for the ‘001560. William Mayo’ Category

Genealogies of Barbados Families

25 August 2009 Leave a comment

James C. Brandow, Genealogies of Barbados Families from Caribbeana and The Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983). [LINK]

Categories: 001560. William Mayo

A la Carte: Selected Papers on Maps and Atlases

11 June 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Walter W. Ristow, A la Carte: Selected Papers on Maps and Atlases (Washington: Library of Congress, 1972), page 127.

[page 127]

[A chapter on the cartography of Washington, D.C.]

[…] “Anacostien Ile” (later Mason’s, now Roosevelt Island) […]

[…] “And what was ‘Goose Creek’ once is ‘Tiber’ now.” […]

Another era in cartography began about 1736, with surveys by John WARNER and William MAYO of Lord FAIRFAX’s princely estate on the Northern Neck of Virginia.  Their manuscripts crossed the ocean and eventually reached the Public Record Office, whence photostats made the return trip to the Library of Congress.  WARNER indicates Four Mile Creek, Alexander’s Island, the Eastern Branch, Goose Creek, and Rock Creek.  MAYO adds Mason’s Island, the Little Falls, “Watson’s” place on the Potomac in the present city, and McGEE’s ferry west of Rock Creek.  This accurate work was lost upon some cartographers, including the drafter of the New Map of Virginia (published in Sir William Keith’s History of the British Plantations in America, London, 1738), who located the Great Falls and “Anticostin” Island below the Eastern Branch!

Categories: 001560. William Mayo

Decorative Printed Maps of the 15th to 18th Centuries

6 June 2009 Leave a comment

Source: H.L. Humphreys, Decorative Printed Maps of the 15th to 18th Centuries (London: Staples Press Limited, 1952).

[page 72]

After the Hanoverian settlement English cartography developed on independent lines, and economic conditions in the map-trade no longer checked, but encouraged, original work.  The growth of country estates and changes in methods of cultivation and land tenure created security of employment for the surveyor.  His principal masters were still the landed gentry whose houses and parks, with their owner’s names and coats of arms, were laid down on the county maps of the 18th century.  Nor, in a period of commercial expansion and politcal rivalry, was there any want of official patrons for both marine and land surveyors at home and oversea.  The Army and Navy, government offices like the Board of Trade and Plantations, colonial Governors and chartered Proprietors, all had need of accurate maps.  Able English surveyors, such as William MAYO, sought their opportunities in the American colonies, and their work (Pl. 83, 84) was engraved and published by London mapsellers like SENEX and JEFFERYS, whose output thus acquired a semi-official character recognised by the appointment of Geographer to the King.

[page 76]

Plate 84    Detail from William MAYO’s map of Barbados.  Engraved by John SENEX, 1722.  Reduced to about half-size.  The title cartouche is enriched with exuberant and gaily coloured naturalistic detail.  In the vignette is seen the colonial surveyor using plane-table and chain, while one of his negro assistants holds a ‘wheel dimensurator’.  On the map, parishes are distinguished by contrasting colours and the names of landowners are given.  Houses, mills and other buildings are in profile, as on OGILBY’s map (Pl. 69).

[Plate 84:  The map reads: “A New & Exact MAP OF THE ISLAND OF BARBADOES IN AMERICA According to an Actual & Accurate Survey Made by William MAYO; Approved by the ROYAL SOCIETY & Authorized BY HIS MAJESTY’S ROYAL LICENCE”]

Categories: 001560. William Mayo

Early Virginia Families Along the James River

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Louise Pledge Heath Foley, Early Virginia Families Along the James River: Their Deep Roots and Tangled Branches: Henrico County – Goochland County, Virginia (Richmond: published by the author, 1974), page 81.

[page 81]

[“Abstracts of Land Patents of Henrico and Goochland County … 1624-1732”]

[Patent Book No. 14]

WILLIAM MAYO, 9350 acs. (O.& N.L.) Goochland Co., on S. side of James Riv., from upper Manacan Cr. to Deep Cr.; 28 Sept. 1730, p. 138.  Beg. on N. side of sd. Creek, adj. lands of Thomas JEFFERSON, Gent., & Company, DANIEL THOMAS, WILLIAM ALLEN, MATHEW LYGON, WILLIAM RANDOLPH, Esqr., ABRAHAM MICHEAUX, JOHN SAUNDERS, WILLIAM LAX, JOHN WOODSON, Gent., BARTHOLOMEW STOVAL, on MATHEW’s Licking Br., DANIEL STONER, Gent., on N. side of Fine Cr.  1000 acs. part granted THOMAS RANDOLPH, Gent.; 2 June 1722; 400 acs. granted MATHEW COX; 18 Feb. 1722; 7950 acs. being waste land adj.  39 Lbs., 15 Shill.

Goochland County, Virginia: Wills 1742-1749

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Benjamin B. Weiseger, Goochland County, Virginia: Wills 1742-1749 (Richmond: published by the author, 1984).

[page 9]

p.448  Will of William MAYO of Goochland Co.

To daughter Mary, wife of Edmund GRAY, 200 acres in Amelia Co. adjoining lands of ADKINS and TOWNS, with 3 female slaves: Cloe, Silvia, and Lucy daughter of Cloe.  If she has no issue, then to George CARRINGTON and Joseph SCOTT.  Also to Edmund and Mary GRAY, 1000 acres on both sides of Angola Creek, adjoining John PLEASANTS.

To Joseph SCOTT and Sarah his wife, 200 acres adjoining my own land.

[page 10]

Will of William MAYO (continued)

To son John, all my lands in North Carolina, also 1000 acres on Deep Creek in Goochland Co., adjoining John PERRATT, with mill and plantation, also the rest of land adjoining Edmund and Mary GRAY on both sides of Angola Creek across Great Guinea Creek among branches of Willis River in Goochland, also 3 slaves: Hercules, Flora and Will.

To son Joseph, all my lands adjacent to Fluvanna River above Buffalo Island in Goochland reversion of 2400 acres with houses in Goochland Co. on Fine Creek, after death of my wife; also 3 slaves: Scipio, Phebe and Jolar.

To my daughter Rebeckah MAYO, 1850 acres, being south part of my land at Petervil Chapel in Goochland next to Joel CHANDLER.  Also to her 3 slaves: Hannah, Venus and Matt.

To wife Ann, for life, my house and lots at the Capitol landing and my 2400 acres at Fine Creek in Goochland, and uses of slaves: Mamoe, Fatima, Jenny, Turpin, Congo, Awhey, Jollof, Cudgeo, Maddy, Harry, Rose, Pompey, Brissey, Shaty, Philip, Robert Little Inan, Kate, Annie, Dick and Ned.  Also to her my mill called Bide Mill of Petervill Chapel Br., with 400 acres, also all my household goods, tools and store goods.  Some slaves to be divided among my sons Daniel, John and Joseph after my wife’s death and some as decided by her.

To my son Joseph, Tarlton FLEMING, and Stephen HUGHES, my land on and above Soak Arse Run and Crooms Quarter branch, equally, when Joseph is 21.  My executors can sell this land with Hutchens BURTON having 400 acres if he pays £ 6, Samuel ALLEN’s debt for the land and £ 40.

To my son in law George CARRINGTON, £ 10.

Rest of estate to my son Daniel.  Wife Ann to be Executrix

Dated 10 Feb. 1743

Wit: Wm ALLEN, Mary ALLEN, Hutchens BURTON

Signed: Wm MAYO

Recorded 20 Nov. 1744

Goochland County, Virginia: Wills and Deeds 1728-1736

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Benjamin B. Weiseger, Goochland County, Virginia: Wills and Deeds 1728-1736 (Richmond: published by the author, 1990).

[page 3]

p.23  Deed 20 Oct. 1727  Daniel STONER, Planter, of Henrico Co., and Mary his wife, for £ 50, to William MAYO of same, Planter, 1 negro man Tom, 1 negro man Bristoll, 1 negro woman Nanne, and 4 children: Lewe, Pero, John and Bellah.

Wit: John COCKE, Thomas TURPIN, Obedience TURPIN

Recorded 16 July 1728

p.24  Deed 27 Oct. 1727  Daniel STONER of Henrico Co., Planter, and Mary his wife, to William MAYO of same, Planter, for £ 10, negro boy Quash.

Wit: George COX, Katherine COX, John COX

Recorded 16 July 1728

p.25  Deed 13 Nov. 1727  William MAYO of Henrico Co., Planter, to Daniel STONER of same, Planter, for 5 shillings, negro man Tom, negro man Bristoll, negro woman Manno, 4 children Lewe, Pero, Johno and Billah; also negro boy Quash


Recorded 16 July 1728

[page 18]

p. 183  23 Mar 1729  William MAY of Goochland Co., planter, to William CHAMBERLAYNE of New Kent Co., merchant, for 400 acres of land on Henson’s Creek in Hanover Co, joining to land of said CHAMBERLAYNE and William WEATHERFORD, 400 acres on [photocopy illegible]ver Dam Creek, granted to said MAY 17 Aug. 1725.


Recorded 19 May 1729

Anne, wife of William MAY, relinquished her dower right

[page 37]

p.357  Deed 26 June 1732  William MAYO of Goochland Co. to Anne MAYO his daughter, for love and affection, 6 negroes at his plantation on Willis River, named: Wiltshire, Cudgeo, Primus, Dido, Belinda, and Dianna, with all horses, cattle utensils, etc. belonging to said plantation.

Wit: James MARYE, John SINCOCK

Signed: Wm MAYO

Recorded 19 Sept. 1732

p.359  Deed 26 June 1732  William MAYO of Goochland Co., to George CARRINGTON and Anne MAYO (daughter of said William) 2850 acres on Willis River, bounded as by patent to said MAYO 25 Aug. 1731, with all houses, etc.

Wit: James MARYE, John SINCOCK, Thomas (X) LOW

Recorded 19 Sept. 1732

Anne, wife of William, relinquished her dower right

[page 72]

p.159  Deed 17 Jan. 1735  William MAYO of St. James Parish, Goochland Co., Gent., to John PIRRALL of Island of Barbadoes, merchant, for £ 110, 2000 acres on south side of James River, being part of 3000 acres granted to said MAYO by patent 21 Aug. 1734, bounded by John MADDOX, Stephen HUGHES, Nicholas COX, George STOVALL, Deep Creek and John STOVALL.

Wit: Joseph HOOPER, John MULLINS

Signed: William MAYO

Recorded 20 Jan. 1735

Anne, wife of William, relinquished her dower right.

The Prose Works of William Byrd of Westover

16 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: William Byrd, The Prose Works of William Byrd of Westover: Narratives of a Colonial Virginian, edited by Louis B. Wright (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1966), page 41.

[page 41]

[The Secret History of the Line]

The Governor and Council of Virginia in the year 1727 received an express order from His Majesty to appoint commissioners who, in conjunction with others to be named by the government of North Carolina, should run the line betwixt the two colonies.  The rule these gentlemen were directed to go by was a paper of proposals formerly agreed on between the two governors, at that time SPOTSWOOD and EDEN.1 It would be a hard thing to say of so wise a man as Mr. SPOTSWOOD thought himself that he was overreached, but it has appeared upon trial that Mr. EDEN was much better informed how the land lay than he.  However, since the King was pleased to agree to these unequal proposals, the government of Virginia was too dutiful to dispute them.  They therefore appointed Steddy2 and Merryman3 commissioners on the part of Virginia to execute that order and Astrolabe4 and Capricorn5 to be the surveyors […]

1 See the Appendix, pp. 322-336.

2 William BYRD.

3 Boyd (William BYRD’s Histories of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina, edited by William K. Boyd [Raleigh, N.C., 1929]): “Nathaniel HARRISON (1677-1727) of Wakefield, Surry County, member of the House of Burgesses (1699-1706) and of the Council (1713-1727), County Lieutenant of Surry and Prince George in 1715 and after, and Auditor of Virginia in 1724.”

4 William MAYO.  Boyd: MAYO was “a native of Wiltshire, England, who arrived in Virginia about 1723 from the Barbadoes, whither he had migrated prior to 1712.  During 1717-1721 he made a survey of the Barbadoes and also a map, preserved in the library of King’s College.  He was one of the justices of Goochland County and was very active as a surveyor in that county and the colony at large, laying off for BYRD the City of Richmond and aiding in establishing the boundaries of the Northern Neck.  He died in 1744.  Mayo’s River is named for him.  See Brown’s The CABELLs and Their Kin.”

5 John ALLEN.  Boyd: “See ‘Virginia Council Journals,’ Sept. 12, 1727.  (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. XXXII, p. 242.)  He was probably that John ALLEN of Surry County who married Elizabeth BASSETT, daughter of William BASSETT of the Virginia Council, and sometime a student of William and Mary.  His will was proved in 1741.  See ‘ALLEN Family of Surry County’ in William and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. VIII, p. 110.”

[page 382]

[from A Journey to the Land of Eden Anno 1733]

12.  […] Here ,at Major MUMFORD’s home, Major MAYO met us, well equipped for a march into the woods, bringing a surveyor’s tent that would shelter a small troop.

[page 388]

19.  […] When we got home, we laid the foundation of two large cities: one at Shacco’s, to be called Richmond, and the other at the point of Appomattox River, to be named Petersburg.  These Major MAYO offered to lay out into lots without fee or reward.  The truth of it is, these two places, being the uppermost landing of James and Appomattox rivers, are naturally intended for marts where the traffic of the outer inhabitants must center.  Thus we did not build castles only, but also cities in the air.

20.  Everything being ready for a march, we left Bluestone Castle about ten.  My company consisted of four gentlemen (namely, Major MAYO, Major MUMFORD, Mr. BANISTER, and Mr. JONES) and five woodsmen, Thomas WILSON, Henry MORRIS, Joseph COLSON, Robert BOLLING, and Thomas HOOPER, four Negroes and three Tuscarora Indians.

[page 392]

24.  […] At the distance of four miles we forded both branches of Forked Creek, which lay within one thousand paces from each other.  My horse fell twice under me but, thank God, without any damage either to himself or his rider; and Major MAYO’s baggage horse rolled down a steep hill and ground all his biscuit to rockahominy.

[page 398]

1.  […]  [We] came upon the Dan, which thereabouts makes but narrow low grounds.  We forded it about a mile and a half to the westward of the place where the Irwin runs into it.  When we were over, we determined to ride down the river on that side and for three miles found the high land come close down to it, pretty barren and uneven.

But then on a sudden the scene changed, and we were surprised with an opening of large extent where the Sauro Indians once lived, who had been a considerable nation […] The river is about eighty yards wide, always confined within its lofty banks and rolling down its waters, as sweet as milk and as clear as crystal.  There runs a charming level of more than a mile square that will bring forth like the lands of Egypt, without being overflowed once a year.  There is scarce a shrub in view to intercept your prospect but grass as high as a man on horseback.  Toward the woods there is a gentle ascent till your sight is intercepted by an eminence that overlooks the whole landscape.  This sweet place is bounded to the east by a fine stream called Sauro Creek, which, running out of the Dan and tending westerly, makes the whole a peninsula.

I could not quit this pleasant situation without regret but often faced about to take a parting look at it as far as I could see, and so indeed did all the rest of the company.  But at last we left it quite out of sight and continued our course down the river till where it intersects my back line, which was about five miles below Sauro Town […]

2.  We awaked early from these innocent dreams and took our way

[page 399]

along my back line till we came to the corner of it.  From thence we slanted to the country line and kept down that as far as the next fording place of the river, making in the whole eighteen miles […]

On every rising ground we faced about to take our leave of the mountains, which still showed their towering heads.  The ground was uneven, rising into hills and sinking into valleys great part of the way, but the soil was good, abounding in most places with a greasy black mold.  We took up our quarters on the western bank of the river where we had forded it at our coming up […]

3.  The fine season continuing, we made the most of it by leaving our quarters as soon as possible.  We began to measure and mark the bounds of Major MAYO’s land on the south of the country line.  In order to do this, we marched round the bent of the river, but, he being obliged to make a traverse, we could reach no farther than four miles.

[page 400]

In the distance of about a mile from where we lay, we crossed Cliff Creek, which confined its stream within such high banks that it was difficult to find a passage over.  We kept close to the river, and two miles farther came to Hix’s Creek, where abundance of canes lay dry and prostrate on the ground, having suffered in the late septennial slaughter of that vegetable.

A mile after that we forded another stream, which we called Hatcher Creek, from two Indian traders of that name who used formerly to carry goods to the Sauro Indians […]

The Major took in a pretty deal of rich low ground into his survey, but unhappily left a greater quantity out, which proves the weakness of making entries by guess.

We found the Dan fordable hereabouts in most places […]

4.  I caused the men to use double diligence to assist Major MAYO in fixing the bounds of his land, because he had taken a great deal of pains about mine.  We therefore mounted our horses as soon as we had swallowed our breakfast.  Till that is duly performed, a woodsman makes a conscience of exposing himself to any fatigue.  We proceeded

[page 401]

then in this survey and made an end before night, though most of the company were of opinion the land was hardly worth the trouble.  It seemed most of it before below the character the discoverers had given him of it.

We fixed his eastern corner on Cockade Creek and then continued our march over the hills and far away along the country line two miles farther.  Nor had we stopped there unless a likelihood of rain had obliged us to encamp on an eminence where we were in no danger of being overflowed.

Peter JONES had a smart fit of an ague which shook him severely, though he bore it like a man; but the small Major9 had a small fever and bore it like a child.

9 Probably Major MUMFORD; see the comment on Major MAYO’s disposition on p. 410 […]

[page 404]

8.  After fortifying ourself with a bear breakfast, Major MAYO took what help he thought necessary and began to survey the land with which the commissioners of Carolina had presented him upon this creek.  After running the bounds, the Major was a little disappointed in the goodness of the land, but as it had cost him nothing it could be no bad pennyworth, as his upper tract really was […]

[page 405]

9.  Major MAYO’s survey being no more than half done, we were obliged to amuse ourselves another day in this place.

[page 410]

15.  After our bounteous landlady [Mrs. EMBRY] had cherished us with roast beef and chicken pie, we thankfully took leave.  At the same time we separated from our good friend and fellow traveler, Major MAYO, who steered directly home.  He is certainly a very useful, as well as an agreeable, companion in the woods, being ever cheerful and good-humored under all the little crosses, disasters, and disappointments of that rambling life.

[page 413]


My Plat of 20,000 Acres in N. Carolina.
Survey’d in September 1733, by Mr. MAYO, being
15 Miles long, 3 Broad at the W. End, & one at the Est

William BYRD’s Map of his “Land of Eden,” from the Westover Manuscripts

Categories: 001560. William Mayo