Archive for the ‘006211. Audrey Hoare’ Category

Notes on American History

7 June 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Rev. Edward D. Neill, “Notes on American History,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 30[1876].

[page 410]

No. IX.


Among the most important measures, inaugurated after Sir Edwin SANDYS became the presiding officer of the London Company, was the transportation of virtuous young women to Virginia.

On the 3d of November, O.S., 1619, SANDYS at the usual weekly meeting of the Company suggested “that a fit hundred might be sent of women, maids young and uncorrupt to make wives to the inhabitants.”

At the regular quarterly meeting held on Wednesday the 17th of the same month he again alluded to the subject.  “He understood that the people thither transported, though seated there in their persons for some four years, are not settled in their minds to make it their place of rest and continuance; but having gotten some wealth to return again to England.  For the remedying of that mischief and of the establishing a perpetuity of the plantation he advised to send them over one hundred young maids to become wives, that wives, children and families might make them less movable, and settle them together with their posterity in that soil.”

First Shipment of Maids.

The first shipment to the number of ninety was made by the “Jonathan” and “London Merchant,” vessels which arrived in May, 1620, at Jamestown.

In a circular of the London Company dated July 18, 1620, they declare their intention to send more young women like “the ninety which have been lately sent.”

Shipment per “Marmaduke.”

In August, 1621, the Marmaduke left the Thames for Virginia with a letter to the Governor, from which we extract the following:

“We send you in this ship one widow and eleven maids for wives for the people in Virginia.”

A choice Lot.

“There hath been especial care had in the choice of them for there hath not any one of them been received but upon good commendations, as by a note herewith sent you may perceive.”

[page 411]

To be cared for.

“We pray you all therefore in general to take them into your care, and most especially we recommend them to you Mr. POUNTES, that at their first landing they may be housed, lodged, and provided for of diet till they be married, for such was the haste of sending them away, we had no means to put provisions aboard, which defect shall be supplied by the Magazine ship.  In case they cannot be presently married, we desire they may be put to several householders that have wives, till they can be provided of husbands.”

More to come.

“There are near fifty more which are shortly to come, sent by the Earl of Southampton, and certain worthy gentlemen, who taking into their consideration, that the Plantation can never flourish till families be planted, and the respect of wives and children fix the people in the soil, therefore have given this fair beginning.”

Price of a Wife.

“For the reimbursing of whose charges, it is ordered that every man who marries one of them gives 120lb weight of best leaf tobacco, and in case any of them die, that proportion must be advanced to make it up, upon those who survive.”

Marriage to be Free.

“We pray you to be fathers to them in this business, not enforcing them to marry against their wills; neither send we them to be servants but in case of extremities, for we would have their condition as much better as multitudes may be allured thereby to come unto you.  And you may assure such men as marry these women, that the first servants sent over by the Company shall be consigned to them, it being our intent to preserve families and proper married men, before single persons.”

The Marmaduke Maids Married.

With the help of an old Virginia muster roll, we have found out that four of the twelve that came in the Marmaduke were married, and alive in 1624.

Maiden. Husband. His arrival.
Adria married Tho’s HARRIS Ship Prosperous, May, 1610
Anna Tho’s DOUGHTY ”    Marigold, 1619
Katharine Rob’t FISHER ”    Elizabeth, 1611
Ann Nich. BAYLY ”    Jonathan, 1620

Consignment by the “Warwick” and “Tiger.”

On Sept. 11, 1621, the London Company again write:

“By this ship [Warwick] and pinnace called the Tiger we also send as many maids and young women as will make up the number of fifty, with those twelve formerly sent in the Marmaduke, which we hope shall be received with the same Christian piety and charity as they were sent from hence.”

[page 412]

Price of a Wife raised.

“The providing for them at their first landing and disposing of them in marriage we leave to your care and wisdom to take that order as may most conduce to their good and the satisfaction of the Adventurers for the charges disbursed in setting them forth, which coming to £12 and upwards, they require 150lbs of the best leaf tobacco for each of them.  This increase of thirty pounds weight since those sent in the Marmaduke they have resolved to make, finding the great shrinkage and other losses upon the tobacco from Virginia will not bear less.”

Extraordinary Care in Selection.

“We have used extraordinary care and diligence in the choice of them, and have received none of whom we have not had good testimony of their honest life and carriage, which together with their names, we send enclosed for the satisfaction of such as shall marry them.” […]

At a quarterly meeting of the London Company on Nov. 21, 1621, it was mentioned that care had been taken to provide the planters in Virginia with “young, handsome and honestly educated maids,” whereof sixty were already sent. […]

[page 413]


Sir George BOWLES or BOLLES, the Lord Mayor of London, and the Aldermen thereof in 1617, “fearing lest the overflowing multitude of inhabitants should, like too much blood, infect the whole city with plague and poverty,” devised as a remedy, the transportation to Virginia of their overflowing multitude, and in 1618-19 one hundred children were sent to Virginia.

The next year, 1619, the Mayor Sir William COCKAINE resolved to ease the city of many that were ready to starve, and conferred with the Virginia Company.  The following memorial from the Company was presented to the Mayor and Aldermen.

[page 414]

“The Treasurer and Company of Virginia assembled in their great and general Court, the 17th of November, 1619, have taken into consideration, the continual great forwardness of this honourable City, in advancing the plantation of Virginia, and particularly in furnishing one hundred children this last year, which by the goodness of God have safely arrived (save such as died on the way) and are well pleased we doubt not, for this benefit, for which your bountiful assistance we in the name of the whole Plantation, do yield unto you deserved thanks.

“And forasmuch as we have resolved to send this next spring very large supplies for the strength and increasing of the Colony styled by the name of the London Colony, and find that the sending of these children to be apprenticed hath been very grateful to the people, we pray your Lordship and the rest, to renew the like favours and furnish us again with one hundred more for the next spring.

“Our desire is, that we may have them of twelve years old and upward, with allowance of £3 apiece for their transportation, and 40s. apiece for their apparel as was formerly granted.  They shall be apprenticed, the boys till they come to 21 years of age; the girls till like age, or till they be married. * * * And so we leave this motion to your honourable and grave consideration.”

The City co-operated in procuring the second company of children, but some were unwilling to leave London, as the following letter of Sir Edwin SANDYS, the presiding officer of the Company, written in January, 1620, N.S., to Sir Robert NAUNTON, one of the King’s Secretaries, indicates.

“The City of London have appointed one hundred children from the superfluous multitude to be transported to Virginia, there to be bound apprentices upon very beneficial conditions.  They have also granted £500 for their passage and outfit.  Some of the ill-disposed, who under severe masters in Virginia may be brought to goodness, and of whom the City is especially desirous to be disburdened, declare their unwillingness to go.  The City wanting authority to deliver, and the Virginia Company to transport these children against their will, desire higher authority to get over the difficulty.”

The necessary authority was granted, and the second company of children duly shipped.

In April, 1622, it was proposed to send a third company, but no data can be found to show that they sailed.

No. XII.


It must always be regretted that the London Company did not keep a proper ship and passenger register.  The good Nicholas

[page 415]

FERRAR, Dep. Gov. of the Company, on Oct. 23, 1622, alluded to the errors of management in the transportation of persons and goods.  He alluded to ships now going from London and other parts, and that “there was no note or register kept of the names of persons transported whereby himself and other officers were not able to give any satisfaction to the persons that did daily and hourly enquire after their friends gone to Virginia.”

The following list of vessels, made up from various sources, although not complete, approaches to accuracy, and is submitted for correction.

Ships which arrived at Jamestown.


1607 April Susan Constant1 100 Tons Capt.     Chris. NEWPORT, 71 passengers
God Speed 40    “ ” Bart. GOSNOLD, 52        “
Discovery 20    “ ” John RATCLIFFE, 20        “
1607-8 Jan’y John and Francis2 ” NEWPORT, 50 colonists
1608 April Phoenix3 ” NELSON, 70       “
Oct. Mary Margaret ” NEWPORT, 60       “
1609 July Discovery4 ” Robt TINDAL, Factor Sam. ARGALL
Aug. Diamond ” RATCLIFFE, GATES & SOMERS Fleet
Falcon ” MARTIN, NELSON Master
Blessing ” ARCHER, ADAMS
Swallow5 ” MOORE
Virginia6 ” DAVIES, Built in 1607 at Sagadahoc
1610 May Deliverance 70 tons7 } Built at Bermudas, and brought GATES
Patience 30 } and SOMERS with 100 colonists
June Delaware Lord DELAWARE’s fleet
Blessing ”              “
Hercules ”              “
Oct. Dainty Brought 12 men, 1 woman, 2 or 3 horses
1611 April Hercules ”       30 colonists
May Elizabeth DALE’s fleet
Mary and James
Aug. Star8 GATES
Three Carvills

1 The Susan Constant, Capt. NEWPORT, left Jamestown for England with mineral and forest specimens on 22 June, 1607, and arrived in the Thames in less than five weeks.

2 Loaded with iron ore, sassafras, cedar posts, and walnut wood, sailed from Jamestown 10th of April, and on 20th of May reached England.  The iron ore seems to have been smelted, and 17 tons sold to East India Co. at £4 per ton.

3 Capt. NELSON returned to England in July, 1608.

4 Discovery brought no passengers nor supplies, but was intended for private trade.

5 Twenty-eight or thirty were sent in ship Swallow to trade for corn with the Indians.  They stole away with what was the best ship, and some became pirates.  Others returned to England and told the tragical story of a man at Jamestown so pinched with hunger as to eat his dead wife. – See Purchas, vol. iv, p. 1757.

6 This vessel was built at Sagadahoc by the Popham colonists in 1607.  Disheartened by POPHAM’s death they set sail for England in a ship from Exeter, “and in the new pynnace the Virginia.”– Hakluyt Pub., vol. vi, p. 180.

7 The Deliverance was built by Richard FROBISHER. – See New-Eng. Hist. And Gen. Reg., vol. xxviii, p. 317, for a sketch of this shipwright.

8 In the autumn of 1611 the Star, of 300 tons, sailed from Jamestown for England with forty fair and large pines for masts.–Hakluyt Pub., vol. vi, p. 130.


East Goes West: History of the Craft-Hill-Harris and Deshazer-Faubian-Douglass-Howlett Families

5 June 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Alta DeShazer Craft and George W. Craft, East Goes West: History of the Craft-Hill-Harris and Deshazer-Faubian-Douglass-Howlett Families (Wailuku, Hawaii: Skipper Printing and Graphics, 1984).

[page 177]



According to family legend related to the oldest known descendant living in 1981, the first HARRIS ancestor came to Virginia in 1611 as part of the Virginia Colony headed by Captain John SMITH.  It was thought his first name was Robert, but whether he came with those arriving in 1611 or was a descendant of the ancestor arriving at that time was not known.

The family Bible of the first proven ancestor, Samuel HARRIS, which contained family statistics, was inadvertantly left on a high shelf in the Portland, Oregon, home of a descendant when the family moved to Seattle, Washington.  When the loss was discovered, the missing Bible could not be found.

The above mentioned descendant, now deceased, also was emphatic in stating Samuel HARRIS, her great grandfather, was the son of a brother of the father of Governor Isham HARRIS (1818-1897) of Tennessee.  Governor Isham HARRIS line of descent has been determined to be:

1.    William HARRIS of Prittlewell, Essex Co., England m. Anna JERNEGAN, daughter of John JERNEGAN of Hertford, England

2.    Arthur HARRIS of Prittlewell, Essex Co., England, m. Joan/Johan PERCY, daughter of Sir Thomas PERCY (executed 1537) and Elianor HARBOTTELL of Beamish

3.    William HARRIS of Sudmeset, Southminister, Essex, England, d. 1556, m. second Johan COOKE of Bocking – also written Johanna COOKSEY

4.    Arthur HARRIS of Woodham Mortimer, Essex, England, d. 1597 m. Dorothy WALDEGRAVE, daughter of Sir William WALDEGRAVE and Juliana RAINSFORD/RYNSFORD of Smallbridge

5.    Sir William HARRIS b. ca 1550 Woodham Ferrers, Crixse, Essex, England, d. Nov. 1616, m. ca 1582 Alice SMYTHE/SMITH, daughter of Sir Thomas SMYTHE and Alice JUDDE of Ostenhanger/Westernhanger, Kent, England

6.    John HARRIS b. 1588/9 Woodham Ferrers, Essex, England, d. before 14 Oct. 1638, m. Dorothy LYMBREY, daughter of Edward LYMBREY, a mariner

7.    Thomas HARRIS b. ca 1614 London, England, d. 30 Mar. 1672, Isle of Wight Co., VA, m. ca 1634 Alice WEST, Isle of Wight Co., VA

[page 178]

8.    Thomas HARRIS b. 1638, Isle of Wight Co., VA, d. 1689 Isle of Wight, m. ca 1661 Ann MARTIN, Isle of Wight, VA

9.    Edward HARRIS b. ca 1663 Isle of Wight Co., d. 20 Apr. 1773, Isle of Wight, m. ca 1685, Isle of Wight, VA, Mary TURNER, daughter of John TURNER and Mary TOMLIN

10.    West HARRIS, b. 13 Aug. 1716, Isle of Wight Co., VA, d. 14 May 1795, Montgomery Co., N.C., m. 1740, Isle of Wight Co., Mary TURNER

11.    Isham HARRIS, b. 1741 Bute (now Warren) Co., N.C., d. before Aug. 1824, Granville Co., N.C., m. ca 1760 Martha Mable GREEN b. 1745 & d. after 1815 & before 1824

12.    Isham HARRIS b. 1762 Montgomery Co., N.C., m. Lucy DAVIDSON, daughter of Colonel George DAVIDSON & Barzilla ATKINS

13.    Isham Green HARRIS (Governor of Tenn. 1857-1862) b. 10 Feb. 1818, d. 8 July 1897, Washington, D.C. m. 6 July 1843, Paris, Henry Co., Tenn., Martha Maria TRAVIS who d. 19 Jan. 1897.  She was the daughter of Major Edward TRAVIS & Margaret Blanton HARRIS


[page 179]

This leaves the unsolved question as to where the name ROBERT enters the line of descent.  A possible answer is to change the line of descent listed for Governor Isham HARRIS (1818-1897) by substituting for No. 6, the brother of the John HARRIS listed.  This would make Governor Isham HARRIS a very distant cousin and, so far, have not located the complete line of descent of Samuel HARRIS.  The substitution on the line of descent would be:

6.    Thomas HARRIS, Gent., b. ca 1586/7, England, came to Virginia colony on the ship Prosperous in 1611, settled in Jamestown, now Henrico or Isle of Wight County, VA.  his will was proved 2 June 1679.  He m. first, Adria OSBORNE, daughter of Thomas OSBORNE who came to VA on the ship Marmaduke ca 1621.  Thomas m. second Joane GURGANY, daughter of Edward GURGANY.

7.    Robert HARRIS (1630/5-1701) came to VA between 1650-60 from Glamorgan, Wales and settled on the James River, Virginia (“Early HARRIS Record – HARRIS Genealogy” by Rev. James A. Harris).  He married 1660-70 Mary (CLAIBORNE) RICE, daughter of William CLAIBORNE, first secretary in the Virginia Colony appointed by the king, and Jane BUTLER.  Mary RICE was widow of Edward RICE.

The book Musters of the Inhabitants of Virginia, Neck of Land, Charles Cittie lists: “The Muster of Thomas HARRIS aged 38 in the Prosperous in May.  Adria, his wife, 23 years, in the Marmaduke November 1621.  Kinswoman, aged 7 years, Ann WOODLASE and servant Elizabeth 15 years.”  This verifies some of the information which some researchers were doubting in connection with Thomas HARRIS and his wife’s name.

There is another theory, which would more closely fit the family legend that Robert HARRIS, ancestor of Samuel, was sent to America by his family because he was spending too much money in high living.  It is stated in Passengers to America in section on “Passengers to Virginia,” pages 80-81, “A register of the names of all ye passingers which passed from ye porte of London on whole yeare endinge at Xmas 1635” Robert HARRIS, 19 years, went to St. Domingo and was under written to be transported to Virginia, along with others on the list.

Also, from John C. Hotten’s Original Lists of Persons Who Came from Great Britain to American Plantations 1600-1700, page 36, listed Robert

[page 180]

HARRIS, 19 years among passengers from Port of London 2 January 1634 in “Mercht Bonsbrnyutr.”  Then on pages 114-116, 27 July 1635, lists Robert HARRIS, 20 years “to Virginia imbarque in the Primrose Capt. DOUGLASS Mr.”  This was apparently quoting from records; so it rather proves a Robert HARRIS born 1615 came to America in 1635.  Was this entry on the Primrose the same person as the 19-year-old Robert listed among the passengers to St. Domingo “to be transported to Virginia” before “Xmas 1635?”

A HARRIS lineage compiled by J. McFarland Williams, Jr., Washington, D.C. in 1959 listed the descent of Robert HARRIS who married Mary (CLAIBORNE) RICE as follows:

1.    William HARRIS of Crixes born 1556 married first Joan SMITH, dtr. of John SMITH of Norton and had two sons: William HARRIS who married Catherine and Richard HARRIS.  William HARRIS (b. 1556) married second Joanna COOK and had four more children.

2.    William HARRIS married Catherine and had two children: Jane HARRIS who married 31 January 1562 John HARRIS, son of John HARRIS of Cornwall.  (Is this the John HARRIS who married Dorothy LYMBREY and the brother of Captain Thomas HARRIS?)

3.    Jane HARRIS married 31 January 1562 John HARRIS, son of John HARRIS of Cornwall.  They had a son John HARRIS who married Joane HARTE and had eight children.

4.    John HARRIS married Joane HARTE and had eight children, one of whom was

5.    Robert HARRIS born about 1615 died about 1663/4 and married Judith.  They had three children: Robert HARRIS who married Mary CLAIBORNE RICE, Mary HARRIS who married first Anthony SPILTIMBER and Martha HARRIS who married John JENNINGS.

There was a notation, made on the source Mr. Williams used, stating Robert, the son of John HARRIS who married Joane HARTE, was supposed to have been an immigrant to Virginia about 1634/5 and was a second cousin, once removed, of the Captain Thomas HARRIS who came to Virginia in 1611 and whose first wife was Adria.  This seems to indicate the question raised above regarding William2 HARRIS’s son John is undoubtedly correct.

The above line of descent appears more logical than the one showing Robert HARRIS who married Mary (CLAIBORNE) RICE was the son of Captain Thomas HARRIS which would have made Captain Thomas HARRIS forty-five years old when Robert HARRIS was born in 1615.  Even if this line of descent is correct, it doesn’t solve the question as to the name of the father of Samuel HARRIS (1772-1859).


[page 181]

If, at a later date, it can be proved Samuel HARRIS is descended from Arthur HARRIS, of Prittlewell, Essex, England, who married Joan PERCY, it is interesting to note from the chart on the next page (pg. 182) the line of descent goes back to Henry III, King of England (copied from Part II, Records of Rev. J.A. HARRIS F-860-465).

Since there is a strong possibility the settling of the Virginia Colony is involved in this family history (and that of the HILL family), information from Cavalier and Pioneers by Nell Marion Nugent, Virginia Land Office, Richmond, Virginia, for the period 1623-1666, is of interest.

The first charter group arrived in Jamestown on 13 May 1607 on the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery with 100 settlers.  The second charter group was a reorganized first charter two years later on 23 May 1609.  The terms used by those settling the Virginia Colony is confusing to some people.  “Planters” were those who went in person to settle.  “Adventurers” were those who “adventured” their money but did not go in person.

By 1649, about 15,000 English people had emigrated to Virginia.  a system of “headrights” was established whereby each person paying his

[page 182]

way to Virginia was assigned fifty acres of land, and if he paid someone else’s way to Virginia, he got fifty acres for each person whose fare he paid.  Some of the immigrants were from good families, some were people who made trips to England and returned to America.  The person paying the passage for these trips received fifty acres of land.

The “Ancient Planters” were those known to migrate and live in Virginia before 1616.  Captain Thomas HARRIS mentioned in this introduction, aged 38, was identified as “an Ancient Planter and Adventurer in the time of Sir Thomas DALE his Government.”  He was a Burgess for Henrico County several different terms. […]

Colonial Records of Virginia

27 May 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Virginia General Assembly, Joint Committee on the State Library, Colonial Records of Virginia (Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 1989).

[page 37]

Volume 3, No. 2
Feb. 16th, 1623.

[page 38]

Att the Neak of Land.*

Luke BOYS,
Mrs. BOYS,
Robert HALAM,
Joƒeph ROYALL,
John DODS,
Mrs. DODS,
Elizabeth PERKINSON,
William VINCENT,
Allexander BRADWAYE,
his wife BRADWAYE,
his wife PRICE,
Robert TURNER,
Nathaniell REEVE,
Serjeant William SHARP,
Richard RAWSE,
Thomas SHEPPY,
William CLEMENS,
Thomas HARRIS,
his wife HARRIS,
Margaret BERMAN,
Thomas FARMER,
Richard TAYLOR,
uxor TAYLOR,
Joƒhua CHARD,
Chriƒtopher BROWNE,
Thomas OAGE,
uxor OAGE,
infant OAGE,
uxor PRICE,
infant PRICE,
Robert GREENE,
uxor GREENE,
infant GREENE.


Neak of Land. — “There is another diviƒion of the country into necks of land, which are the boundaries of the Eƒcheators, viz.: the Northern Neck, between the Patowmeck and Rappahannock rivers.

“The neck between Rappahannock and York rivers, within which Pamunkey Neck is included.

“The neck between York and James rivers,” &c., &c. — Beverly, Book IV, chap. ii.

This list being made up at James city this neck might be the one nearest to that place, and therefore the last one named by Beverly would be the one referred to; but inasmuch as in this MS. list it follows immediately after the College land, and in the list of Burgesses for 1629, occupies the same position, it is not improbable that it refers to the peninsula opposite Henrico, known on all the maps of the State as Farrar’s island, and which has been made an island in reality by the completion of a canal begun by the United States army during the late civil war and afterwards finished by the engineer department of the same, under the direction of Col. W.P. CRAIGHILL.  Hening reports Serit SHARPE a Burgess for this place in 1629, and Serjeant William SHARP is named in the text as living there in 1626.

Four Thomas Lygons (Ligons)

27 April 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas Lygons (Ligons): An Abstract of New Findings,” Virginia Genealogist 22[1978].

[page 253]

The following abstract of new findings concerning the immigrant Col. Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., his father, grandfather and son, is a preliminary report on a major re-examination in both England and Virginia of the immigrant’s immediate family, of all traceable contemporary English LYGONs, and of the family’s numerous colonial connections and notable American progeny.  A much longer article is planned, but the following will add much to, and correct various mistakes in, the major treatments of this family in print — William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (2 v.; Hartford, Conn., 1947-57), and articles by John Bennett Boddie in William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 2nd series, v. 16 (1936), pp. 289-315, and Virginia Historical Genealogies (Redwood City, Calif., 1954), pp. 343-44.  Mr. LIGON confused his immigrant ancestor with the latter’s almost certain father, and both Mr. LIGON and Mr. Boddie confused Col. Thomas and his son.  Both authors too used the unusually rich muniments at Madresfield, the LYGON ancestral seat in Worcestershire, but apparently did not examine the various parish registers, chancery depositions, or even Prerogative Court of Canterbury administrations, covering the immigrant’s immediate family.  Thus the death in England of the Calouden farmer, his approximate age (badly guessed by Mr. LIGON), the given names of his wife and children, and the very existence, then, of a younger Thomas LYGON, hypothesized by Boddie, who is almost certainly the immigrant — all these facts are now being reported for the first time.  Recently published Virginia materials, the originals of which Mr. LIGON and Mr. Boddie variously misinterpreted, allow us rather easily to unravel the confusion between the immigrant and his son.  Col. Thomas LIGON of Henrico Co., Va., his almost certain father and grandfather, and his son, are thus as follows:

1. Thomas LYGON, second son of William LYGON and Eleanor DENNIS of Madresfield, Worcestershire, lived in Elkstone, Gloucestershire (not Elston, Wiltshire), married Frances DENNIS, a cousin, daughter of Hugh DENNIS and Katherine TRYE of Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire.  As “Francisca LIGON ux’ Thomas LIGON nuper de Elkeston,

[page 254]

gen.” she was fined 20 shillings for recusancy in 1592.1 Frances, then a widow, was of Merson, Wiltshire, when she made her will on 17 Oct. 1622, but later lived with her son Thomas at Calouden and was buried in the adjacent parish of Sowe 30 Jan. 1624/5.  Her will was proved by him 1 June 1625.2 Through a line that Mr. Roberts cannot confirm, and of one link of which he is dubious, John TRYE (1513-1579) of Hardwick, Gloucestershire, an uncle of Frances DENNIS, is charted by Gerald PAGET as an ancestor of H.M. Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.3

2. Thomas LYGON, farmer, of Stoke-by-Coventry and Calouden, Warwickshire, born ca.1577,4 married (perhaps a second wife) 18 Aug. 1623 Elizabeth PRATT at Sowe.  She was baptized at nearby Stoke-Biggin 10  Oct. 1602, daughter of Dennis PRATT.  Thomas LYGON was buried at Sowe 20 Dec. 1626.  Administration on his estate was granted his relict Elizabeth 16 Feb. 1626/7.5 Elizabeth was buried at Sowe 19 Aug. 1631.

3. Thomas LYGON, baptized at Sowe, Warwickshire, 11 Jan. 1623/4, is almost certainly the immigrant Col. Thomas LIGON of Virginia, surveyor and burgess of Henrico County.6 He made his will 10 Jan. 1675 and administration was granted his widow and executrix, Mary, 16 March 1675/6.7 He married ca.1650 Mary HARRIS, born ca.1625,8 daughter of Thomas HARRIS (born 1587) and Adria, perhaps


1  Catholic Record Society, Publications, v. 18 (n.p., 1916), p. 125.

2  William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections, v. 1 (Hartford, Conn., 1947), pp. 103-04.

3  Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Baltimore Edinburgh & London, 1977), v. 2, pp. 274 et seq.

4  Chancery Depositions, Elizabeth I-Charles I, Group 3, Bundle E 20, Suit 23, which shows him as “aged 44 or thereabouts” in 1621.

5  J.H. Morrison, ed., Prerogative Court of Canterbury Letters of Administration, 1620-1630 … (London, 1935), p. 70.

6  For his career as burgess see H.R. McIlwaine, ed., Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1619-1658/59 (Richmond, 1915), pp. xxii, 95, and for his various land patents see Nell M. Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, v. 1 (Richmond, 1934), pp. 440, 516; v. 2 (Richmond, 1977), pp. 49, 51-52, 92, 116, 124 (he is referred to progressively in these grants as major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, and “Mr., Sr.”).

7  Henrico Co., Va., Deeds & Wills 1677-92, p. 35; Order Book 1678-93, p. 167.

Ibid., Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 107.

[page 255]

GURGANEY.9 Col. LIGON surveyed an area called “Mawburne” or Malvern Hills in Henrico County (in England Malvern Hills are very near Madresfield) and at least once acted as an agent for Sir William BERKELEY, governor of Virginia, his almost certain second cousin.10 His children were Thomas Jr., William, Joan, Richard, Mathew, Hugh and Mary, named undoubtedly after himself (Thomas Jr.), his wife (Mary), his sister (Joan), two of his father’s brothers (William and Richard11), and his father’s maternal grandfather, Hugh DENNIS of Pucklechurch.  Nothing can be found to document a later English career for Thomas LYGON, born 1623/4, and no other Thomas is unaccounted for and of the right age to be the immigrant.

4. Thomas LIGON, Jr., born ca.1651,12 who was dead by 20 Aug. 1678.13 The immigrant’s eldest son, he left no issue and probably died unmarried.14 A fifth Thomas LIGON (died 1705) was the eldest son of Thomas, Jr.’s, next brother, William LIGON and the heir-at-law of his immigrant grandfather.15


9  Martha Woodroof Hiden and Annie Lash Jester, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1625 (2nd ed.; n.p., 1964), pp. 202-05; Boddie, Virginia Historical Genealogies, pp. 198-200; Boddie, Southside Virginia Families, v. 2 (Redwood City, Calif., 1956), pp. 128-32; Boddie, Historical Southern Families, v. 4 (Redwood City, Calif., 1960), pp. 190-92, v. 8 (Kailua, Hawaii, 1964), pp. 10-11.

10  LIGON, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 307-08, 100.

11  William LYGON of Calouden, gent., buried at Sowe 16 Aug. 1616 (although possibly the immigrant named his second son after Sir William BERKELEY, a likely sponsor or protector, as well) and Richard LYGON, also called “LIGON” in various English depositions, almost certainly the historian of Barbadoes.

12  Nugent, op. cit., v. 2, pp. 116, 124.  His father is called “Sr.” 18 March 1672/3, but “Col.” 28 Sept. 1672.

13  Pauline P. Warner, ed., Orphans Court Book, 1677-1739, of Henrico County, Virginia (Tappahannock, Va., 1963), pp. 11-12, a transliteration of p. 3 of the original.

14  Waverly K. Winfree, comp., The Laws of Virginia, Being a Supplement to Hening’s The Statutes at Large, 1700-1750 (Richmond, 1971), pp. 344-47.

15  LIGON, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 360-63.

Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia

19 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman, editors, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5, 3rd edition (Richmond: Dietz Press, 1987).

[page 9]

[MUSTERS of the Inhabitants of Virginia 1624/5.]

[4] Neck-of-land Charles City


THOMAS HARRIS aged 38 yeares in the Prosperous in May

ADRIA his wife aged 23 yeares in the Marmaduke in November 1621

ANN WOODLASE theire kinswoman age 7 yeares

[page 10]


ELIZABETH        aged 15 yeares in the Margaret & John 1620

PROVISIONS: Corne, 7½ bushells; Pease, 1 bushell.  ARMES & MUNITION: Powder, 11 lb.; Lead, 2; Peeces fixt, 3; Armour, 1; Coat of Male, 1; Sword, 1.  CATTELL & POULTRIE: Cattell young and old, 11; Poultrie, 30.HOUSES AND BOATS: Houses, 2; Boats, 1.

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HARRIS (Thomas)1

+*1. THOMAS1 HARRIS, Gent., subscriber to the Second Charter issued 23 May 1609,2 came to Virginia before 1616 and is believed to have arrived, 1611, aboard the Prosperous “in May.” Listed as an Ancient Planter, he was settled, 1623/4, with his wife at Neck of Land, Charles City.3 His muster there, 1624/5, listed him as aged 38, his first wife *Adria, aged 23, who came in the Marmaduke, Nov. 1621, and Ann WOODLASE, “their kinswoman aged 7.”

1 William Glover Stanard, Chart of Some of the Descendants of Captain Thomas HARRIS of Henrico County who Came to Virginia in 1611 (Richmond, 1893); William Daniel LIGON, The LIGON Family and Connections (n.p., 1947), pp. ix, 306-83, 844; V IV. pp. 248-49; V VII, p. 204; Malcolm Hart Harris, “Three William HARRISes in Hanover County,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 187-93; William R. Taylor, “Evidence of the Descent of William4 HARRIS of Goochland Co., Va., and his Father William3 HARRIS of Henrico, New Kent, Hanover and Louisa Cos., Va., from Maj. William2 HARRIS son of Capt. Thomas1 HARRIS of Jamestown,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 261-70.

2 Br. Gen. p. 913.

3 Hotten, p. 170; CP I, p. xxxiv.

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Land originally assigned HARRIS within Diggs Hundred (later Bermuda Hundred), of record 11 Nov. 1635 for 750 acres, lay “southward upon the land of Edward VIRGANY [GURGANEY] and thence extending Northward upon the land of Joane his [second] wife…,” 100 acres due him as being an Ancient Planter on order of the late Treasurer and Company, 18 Nov. 1618, and 650 acres due for transportation of 13 persons.4

Thomas1 HARRIS came into possession of the GURGANEY land by 2 May 16365 and repatented the 700 acres included in this tract in Henrico, 12 July 1637, “called by the name of Longfield, with swamp and marshes … southeast towards Bremoes devident … 400 acres granted unto Edward GURGANEY by order of the Court, 1 October 1617 … and bequeathed by Ann GURGANEY, widdowe of the said Edward, to Thomas HARRIS as by her last will dated 11 February 1619 [1619/20].”6 In a second renewal of the patent for “Longfield,” 25 Feb. 1638/9, HARRIS claimed 100 acres in the name of his “first wife Adry HARRIS, being an Ancient Planter.”7 These facts suggest that Adria perhaps was the daughter of Edward and Ann GURGANEY and that her passage, 1621, on the Marmaduke,8 was a return trip to Virginia rather than an initial voyage. Adria had died by 11 Sept. 1626 when Rebecca GRAYE testified in court that Goodwife WRIGHT, a suspected witch, had told Thomas HARRIS he “should burie his first wiefe being then betrothed unto him (which cam so to pass).”9

HARRIS served as Burgess for the Neck of Land, 1624, for Henrico, 1640, 1647-48,10 was appointed, Aug. 1626, as one of the “Commissioners for the Upper Parts,” which included Henrico, and in Dec. 1640 was Commander of Henrico County.11 His will, now lost, was made about 1649.12

He married (1) Adria, perhaps GURGANEY, and (2), after 1625, Joane —-.13

Issue: (by 1) 2. MARY2; (by 2) 3. WILLIAM2.

4 Patent Bk. 1, p. 304.

5 Ibid., p. 337.

6 Ibid., p. 438.

7 Ibid., p. 615.

8 The Marmaduke brought over, 1621, a number of “maids for wives,” but Adria was not listed among them.

9 MCGC, p. 111.

10 Leonard, pp. 5, 18, 26.

11 MCGC, pp. 106, 476.

12 Waverly K. Winfree, The Laws of Virginia (Richmond, 1971), pp. 344-47. This Act of Assembly passed at the session of 21 May-9 July 1730 to break the entail on part of the land “formerly called Longfield but lately called and known by the Name of Curles,” states that Thomas1 HARRIS left an only daughter, Mary, wife of Thomas LIGON, and an only son, William HARRIS, and details the LIGON descendants.

13 LIGON, op. cit., p. 843, without citing proof, states that she was Joane OSBORNE.

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2. MARY2 HARRIS (Thomas1) deposed 2 Dec. 1684 that she was aged about 64.14 She married, by 1649,15 Thomas LIGON, who was baptized 11 Jan. 1623/4 at Sowe, Warwickshire, the eldest son of Thomas LYGON (about 1577-1626) and his (2) wife Elizabeth PRATT (1602-1631).16 He came to Virginia in the 1640s, was Burgess for Henrico, 165617 and was lieutenant colonel of militia and surveyor of Henrico County until his death.18 Thomas LIGON left a will, now lost, 10 Jan. 1675/6-16 March 1675/6.19 Mary made an agreement with her brother Maj. William2 HARRIS that he should have the “whole profits of the surveyor’s place” until her eldest son should come of age and half of the profits thereafter. Testimony as to this agreement was recorded 1 Nov. 1679.20 By deed of gift, 29 April 1691, Mary2 (HARRIS) LIGON conveyed to her “loving sons, Richard LIGON and Hugh LIGON,” 200 acres lying in Curles, Henrico County, “being part of a greater divident granted unto Captain Thomas HARRIS deceased and given by will of said Thomas HARRIS to his daughter Mary LIGON,” to be equally divided between them.21 Mary LYGON, Senr., left a will 18 April 1703/3-1 Feb. 1703/4.22

Issue: [LIGON]23 4. Thomas3, born about 1651, died before 20 Aug. 1678, unmarried;24 5. WILLIAM3; 6. JOHAN3; 7. RICHARD3; 8. Matthew3, born about 1659, died before 1 May 1689, without issue:25 9. Hugh3, born about 1661, held 150 acres in Henrico County, 1704, married (1), 1688-89, Elizabeth WALTHALL, orphan daughter of William WALTHALL,26 and (2), between June 1711

14 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 107. Since she was not named in the muster, 1624/5, she was probably closer to age 60.

15 Winfree, op. cit., p. 345.

16 Michael J. Wood and Gary Boyd Roberts, “Four Thomas LYGONs,” The Virginia Genealogist, XXII, pp. 253, 255.

17 Leonard, p. 33.

18 Ligon, op. cit., pp. ix, 306-18.

19 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, p. 167; Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 35.

20 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 109.

21 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, pp. 231-32. The title to this land was finally settled, 1 Nov. 1706, by equal division between Matthew4 LIGON, son of Richard, and William4 LIGON, as heir of his brother Thomas4, son and heir of William3 LIGON (Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, pp. 4-7).

22 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 366.

23 The mother’s will names sons Richard and Hugh, deceased son William, daughters Johan, wife of Robert HANCOCK, and Mrs. Thomas FARRAR and some grandchildren. Children Richard, Matthew, Hugh and Mary are mentioned 20 Aug. 1678 (Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 3). Sons Thomas, William, Richard and Hugh are mentioned, 1730 (Winfree, op. cit., p. 345).

24 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 3.

25 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, p. 369.

26 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, pp. 97, 158; Malcolm Elmore WALTHALL, “The WALTHALL Family” (typewritten; Richmond, 1963), p. 7.

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and Dec. 1713,27 Jane (PEW) PRICE, widow of 6. John3 PRICE (see PRICE), but had no known issue; 10. MARY3.

3. WILLIAM2 HARRIS (Thomas1), born about 1629, was heir to “Longfield,” later known as “Curles.” His inheritance of the plantation is established through a suit, John BROADNAX against William SOANE, 1 Oct. 1700, to clear title to the land and establish boundaries.28 He served as a justice of Henrico, Burgess for Henrico, 1652, 1653, 1656, 1658,29 and major of militia of Henrico and Charles City. On 3 Oct. 1670 he was ordered paid £25 “for his Srvice in the Westerne discovery.”30 He left will 20 April 1678-1 Feb. 1678/9,31 but was dead by 7 Oct. 1678 when the inventory of his estate was ordered made.32

He married (1) —– and (2) Alice —–, whose (2) husband, George ALVES (died 173433), of New Kent County, in a suit, April 1683, concerning her son’s indenture, is named as having married the “relict of Major William HARRIS deceased.”34 Alice took her sons to New Kent County.

Issue: (by 1) 11. Thomas3, unmarried, left will 10 Feb. 1678/9-2 June 1679;35 (by 2) 12. WILLIAM3; 13. EDWARD3; 14. Love3.

5. WILLIAM3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), born about 1653, was a major of militia. On 2 April 1682 he “set up his name at the Court Door and thereby published his intentions for England.”36 He married Mary TANNER, daughter of Joseph TANNER and his wife Mary (who later married Gilbert PLATT). On 1 April 1679 Mrs. PLATT made a deed of gift to her daughter Mary, wife of Mr. William LYGON.37 Mary PLATT’s will, dated 10 March 1699/1700,38 named daughter Mary LIGGON and grandchildren Thomas, Joseph, Phebe and Lucretia LIGGON.

27 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1710-14, pp. 189-90, will of John3 PRICE; ibid., p. 115, deed from Hugh and Jane LIGON to John4 PRICE.

28 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1694-1701, p. 286.

29 Leonard, pp. 30-31, 33-34.

30 JHB 1658/9-1693, p. 55. Lt. LIGGON, not identified by given name, was ordered paid £10.

31 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 68.

32 Ibid., p. 107.

33 Hanover Co. Record Bk. 1733-35, p. 203, reference, 4 March 1734/5, to George ALVES, “lately deceased.”

34 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1678-93, pp. 137, 139.

35 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, pp. 90-91. The will was witnessed by Alice HARRIS, his step-mother, and by Richard3 LIGON and his wife Mary, and named “cozen Richard LIGON” a legatee. The HARRIS land “at the Ware [Weir]”, left to Thomas3 by his father, was devised to “my sister-in-law [half-sister] Love HARRIS.” This was part of a patent for 1202 acres, 7 Sept. 1671, to Maj. William2 HARRIS (Patent Bk. 6, p. 496).

36 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 241.

37 Ibid., p. 87.

38 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 202.

[page 358]

William3 LIGON left will 21 Jan. 1688-1 Aug. 1689.39 His widow Mary and daughter-in-law Elizabeth (as widow of the heir at law) were jointly charged with 1341 acres on the 1704 quit rent roll of Henrico County. Mary (TANNER) LIGON married (2), 1707, as his (2) wife 5. William2 FARRAR (see FARRAR).

Issue: [LIGON] 15. Thomas4, died before 2 April 1705 when administration of his estate was granted to his wife,40 married, 2 Feb. 1697/8,41 Elizabeth WORSHAM who married (2), by 20 Aug. 1706,42 Alexander MARSHALL; 16. William4, aged 59 in Oct. 1741,43 of Prince Edward and Amelia Counties, left will 22 Oct. 1759-27 Sept. 1764,44 married Elizabeth BATTE;45 17. John4, married —–; 18. Joseph4; 19. Sarah4, married 32. Henry4 LIGON; 20. Mary4, married (1), 15 July 1698,36 William ANDERSON, and (2), by 1 Jan. 1716/7,47 Peter ROWLETT of Bristol Parish who left will 5 Jan. 1749/50-4 May 1750;48 21. Phebe4; 22. Lucretia4, posthumous.

6. JOHAN3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1) deposed 1 Oct. 1683 as wife of Robert HANCOCK that she was about 30 years old.49 HANCOCK received a deed of gift from his mother-in-law Mrs. Mary LIGON, 2 Feb. 1684/5,50 and held 860 acres in Henrico County, 1704. He left a will, 18 Oct. 1708-1 March 1708/9,51 and Johan HANCOCK left a will, 22 Sept. 1726-7 Nov. 1726.52

Issue: [HANCOCK] 23. William4; 24. Robert4, living 1729,53 married, by 2 Feb. 1712/3. Margaret —–;54 25. Sarah4, married, 1688-89,55 Arthur MOSELEY, Jr., born 1655, who held 450 acres in Henrico County, 1704, married (2) 16. Elizabeth (COX) JAMESTON (see COXE) and left will 22 Feb. 1728/9-6 July 1730;56 26. Mary4, married, by 1 June 1708 when her father deeded them 100 acres,57 John HATCHER who held 215 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and

39 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 75.

40 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1697-1705, p. 450.

41 Henrico Co. Deeds &c 1697-99, p. 96.

42 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 49.

43 R.T. Barton, Virginia Colonial Decisions (Boston, 1909), II, p. B150.

44 Amelia Co. Will Bk. 2X, p. 75.

45 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, pp. 471, 485.

46 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1705, p. 124.

47 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1714-18, p. 137.

48 Chesterfield Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 45; Order Bk. 1, p. 44.

49 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 254.

50 Ibid., p. 296.

51 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 152.

52 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 70.

53 Ibid., p. 234.

54 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1710-14, pp. 186, 189.

55 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, p. 97.

56 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 272.

57 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 94.

[page 359]

was living on Pamlico River, Edgecombe Co., N.C., 25 June 1736, when he sold land deeded to him by his father Edward HATCHER;58 27. Johan4, given 200 acres by her father, 1 June 1708,59 married, 5 April 1700,60 Samuel HANCOCK, carpenter, who held 100 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and left will 1 Sept. 1760-6 Feb. 1761;61 28. Phoebe4, married (1) Thomas BAILEY of Varina Parish who held 251 acres in Henrico County, 1704, and left will dated 21 Dec. 1723,62 and (2) Nicholas GILES;63 29. Elizabeth4, married 23. John Sutton4 FARRAR (see FARRAR).

7. RICHARD3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), deposed 1 Dec. 1693 he was aged 26 or 27.64 Upon coming of age he assumed his father’s place as surveyor of Henrico County, according to the agreement made with his uncle. On 8 May 1704 he petitioned the Assembly requesting that he be restored to the place of surveyor, from which he had been suspended, 26 Aug. 1703, and again, 19 April 1705, he petitioned the Assembly for an allowance for surveying the land (5,040 acres) appropriated for the use of the French refugees at Manakintown who had come to Virginia, 1700.65 He held 1028 acres in Henrico County, 1704. His will, now lost, was presented by his executor, Mathew LIGON, 2 March 1723/4.66

He married, between 20 Aug. 1678 and 1 April 1681, Mary WORSHAM, daughter of William and Elizabeth (?LITTLEBURY) WORSHAM.67

Issue: [LIGON] 30. Matthew4, of Cumberland County, left will 1 April 1764-14 Sept. 1764,68 married Elizabeth ANDERSON;69 31. Richard, Jr., to whom with Matthew4 LIGON a patent for 290 acres in Henrico County was signed in the General Court, Oct. 1706, under survey of 15 March 1705/6;70 32. Henry4, of Prince Edward

58 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1725-37, p. 664.

59 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1706-09, p. 94.

60 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1697-1704, p. 220.

61 Chesterfield Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 377; Order Bk. 3, p. 112.

62 Henrico Co. Miscellaneous Court Records 1650-1807, II, p. 576.

63 Henrico Co. Wills & Deeds 1737-46, p. 330, sale, 6 Dec. 1747, of Phoebe’s dower in the land of Thomas BAILEY, her late husband.

64 Henrico Co. Deeds & Wills 1688-97, transcript, p. 450.

65 JHB, 1702-1712, pp. 78, 89.

66 Henrico Co. Minute Bk. 1719-24, p. 318.

67 Henrico Co. Orphans Court Bk. 1677-1739, p. 2; Wills & Deeds 1677-92, p. 164; V XXXV, p. 48.

68 Cumberland Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 299.

69 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, p. 232, will of Mathew ANDERSON, Jr., 25 Feb. 1717/8-10 June 1718.

70 Louis des Cognets, English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records (n.p., 1958), pp. 82, 85. The patent now of record is dated 22 Jan. 1718/9, however (Patent Bk. 10, p. 409).

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County, left will 10 Nov. 1759-14 Dec. 1769,71 married his cousin 19. Sarah4 LIGON, who left will 2 July 1784-Jan. 1785;72 33. Sarah4, married, by 1 June 1708,73 Richard GRILLS, who moved to North Carolina and left will 1 Feb. 1719/20-4 April 1720;74 34. Mary4, married Capt. John COLEMAN who, Dec. 1688, chose his brother Robert as his guardian,75 owned 200 acres in Prince George County, 1704, which he and his wife Mary sold 8 May 1725,76 purchasing, 13 May 1725, 185 acres on Whipponock Creek,77 which fell into Dinwiddie County, 1752.

10. MARY3 LIGON (Mary2 HARRIS, Thomas1), born about 1663, married 6. Thomas3 FARRAR and died before 1686 when he remarried.

Issue: see FARRAR….

71 Prince Edward Co. Will Bk. 1, pp. 52-53.

72 Ibid., pp. 351-53.

73 Henrico Co. Order Bk. 1707-09, p. 46.

74 J. Bryan Grimes, Abstracts of North Carolina Wills (Raleigh, 1910), p. 144.

75 Charles City Co. Order Bk. 1687-95, p. 180.

76 Prince George Co. Wills & Deeds 1713-28, p. 834.

77 Ibid., p. 798.

[page 594]


William SWANN who, 5 Nov. 1635, patented 1200 acres in James City County on the south side of James River, west from Smith’s Mount to the half way Necke,1 naming among the headrights Jon. SWAN and Edwd. SWAN, and died 28 Feb. 1637/8 in his 52nd year,2 has been stated to be identical with a Mr. William SWAYNE who was listed, 23 June 1620, along with Messrs. Arthur, Thomas and William SWAYNE, as allowed each a share of stock in the Virginia Company which had been transferred to them by Sir Thomas GATES.3 In 1621 Mr. Arthur SWAYNE and associates were arranging to transport and settle 100 persons in Virginia and, 20 Dec. 1624, the arrival in Virginia of the Flyinge Harte of Flushing, sent out by Mr. Arthur SWAYNE, William CONSTABLE and others, was announced.4

Although the name of Arthur SWAYNE is once written in the records of the Virginia Company as SWANN, no evidence is known to establish that William SWANN who patented land in Virginia in 1635 is identical with a William SWAYNE who held a share in the Virginia Company.  Since there is a difference of five years between the age at death of William SWANN as stated in the family register and the baptismal record of William SWAYNE who was a member of the Virginia Company, identity with that man seems unlikely.  If there were two William SWAYNEs who were members of the Virginia Company, the possibility that the other man was the Virginia settler exists, but no connection between the SWAYNEs, who were London merchants, and the SWANN family of Southfleet and Denton, Kent, has been established.  The son and grandson of William SWANN of Virginia used the arms of this Kentish family.

William Glover Stanard in listing members of the Virginia Council5 stated that Thomas SWANN of “Swann’s Point,” Surry County, was born in Virginia.  No evidence has been found to confirm this statement, and thus to establish that William SWANN was in Virginia

1 Patent Bk. 1, p. 293.  This patent was renewed, 10 March 1638/9, by Thomas SWANN as due in right of “his late father William SWAN” (ibid., p. 625).

2 Family record, compiled by Samuel SWANN (1653-1707), owned in 1919 by a descendant in North Carolina, V XXVIII, pp. 30-32.  He was buried at “Swann’s Point,” Surry County, beside his (1) wife.

3 R, Va. Co. I, p. 372; III, p. 61.  Whether the two William SWAYNEs were the same or different persons is not indicated.  The last three apparently were the William, baptized 11 Feb. 1581/2, Thomas, baptized 1 Jan. 1587/8, and Arthur SWAYNE, baptized 21 Nov. 1591, sons of Edward SWAYNE, whose marriage to Elizabeth METHWOLD occurred 3 April 1581 (A.W. Hughes Clarke, ed., The Register of St. Lawrence Jewry, London, 1538-1676, pt. 1 [London, 1940], pp. 18-19, 21, 23).

4 R, Va. Co. I, pp. 534, 561; IV, p. 567.

5 William Glover Stanard, Virginia Colonial Register (Albany, N.Y., 1902), p. 38.

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at the time of the birth of his son Thomas in May 1616.  Additional evidence is needed to prove William SWANN’s residence in Virginia before 1625.