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The Given Name Macuth

14 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Mary Ann Long Skinner, “The Given Name Macuth,” American Genealogist 58[1993].

[page 31]

Now that Frederick J. NICHOLSON has brought an end, in “The English Origin of Macuth1 PRATT and Edward1 BATES” (TAG 65[1991]:33-43, 89-96), to the century-long spurious existence of “Matthew” PRATT of Weymouth, Massachusetts, an investigation of the unusual first name Macuth is in order. Macuth is not a Biblical name, nor is it listed in E.G. Withycombe, The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 3d ed. (Oxford, 1977). I had not thought that it might be a saint’s name until I noticed St. Machute on the church calender in the front of The Holy Bible, 1611 Edition, King James Version: A Word-for-Word Reprint of the First Edition of the Authorized Version (Nashville, Tenn., 1990). St. Machute’s day is given as 15 November.

St. Machute is identified in David Hugh Farmer’s Oxford Dictionary of Saints (2nd ed. [Oxford, 1987], 279-80). St. Machute, also called St. Malo, was born possibly in Wales about the sixth or seventh century and was an

[page 32]

“apostle of Brittany,” which means that he established Christianity there. Colorful stories about his life were known, and he had many admirers in pre-Reformation England. His feast was widely celebrated and several churches claimed to have some of his relics.

The name Machute is clearly the same name as Macuth, which is the form that Macuth1 PRATT of Weymouth used. This is demonstrated by the eight entries for this Macuth PRATT in the parish register of Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire (TAG 65[1990]:38). The variant spellings are: Maccuth (four times), and Macut, Macute, Machuth, and Machute (one each).

Thus, when Macuth1 PRATT was born around 1595, his parents gave him the name of St. Machute, who had long been popular in England and who was still on the Anglican calendar. However, Macuth PRATT’s parents probably did not make an independent selection of the name. As NICHOLSON suggests, he was probably named after the Machute PRATT who was buried in the same parish on 9 January 1606/7 (TAG 65[1990]:89).

The last issue I want to address is whether it was reasonable for a person baptized in the Church of England in 1595 to carry the name of a non-scriptural saint. Withycombe (xxxvi) says that during the Reformation all the saints who were not mentioned in the Bible fell into disgrace, were taken off the church calendar, and no longer had children named after them. George [photocopy illegible] Stewart turned this into a major theological issue in American Given Names ([New York, 1979], 9ff.), and cited the popularity of Agnes, Katherine, and Margaret as evidence of Catholic influence in post-Reformation England.

Actually, these three saints were recognized by the Church of England. Fifty-three non-scriptural saints were shown on the 1611 calendar, along with twenty Biblical saints. According to Farmer (xvi), the selection of this short list out of nearly a thousand candidates was “in some ways anomalous,” and I have not tried to analyze it in any detail. The names include early Christian martyrs (e.g., Laurence, Cyprian, Lucy, Faith), English saints (e.g., Edward, Edmond, Richard, Etheldreda), and various others (e.g., Jerome, Anne, Martin, Giles). Many of these names were popular among the English after the Reformation, so there seems to be no reason why Macuth1 PRATT wasn’t named for St. Machute, either directly or indirectly.

Mrs. Skinner is an aerospace engineer. She lives at 2617 Lemon Tree Lane, Vienna VA 22181-5416.

Mary (Pratt) White of Weymouth, Massachusetts: Further Considerations

14 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Janet Ireland Delorey and Dean Crawford Smith, “Mary2 (Pratt) White of Weymouth, Massachusetts: Further Considerations,” American Genealogist 68[1993].

[page 29]

In his discussion of the PRATT family of Weymouth, Massachusetts (TAG 65[1990]:33-43, 89-96), Frederick J. NICHOLSON touched upon the identity of “daughter WHITE,” named in the will of Macuth1 PRATT of Weymouth, dated 25 March 1672. Earlier writers had concluded that she was Mary, wife of Thomas2 WHITE of Weymouth; Thomas2 WHITE was born about 1644 and had children born in the 1670s. NICHOLSON’s discovery that Macuth PRATT had a daughter Mary baptized in Aston Clinton, county Buckingham, England, on 22 October 1620 led him to conclude that “daughter WHITE” was instead the wife of Thomas1 WHITE whose children were evidently born in the late 1630s and 1640s (TAG 65[1990]:36-37). NICHOLSON did, however, acknowledge the possibility that the older Mary had died and that Macuth had a much younger unrecorded daughter of the same name who married Thomas2 WHITE.

The Mary PRATT baptized in 1620 could not have been the wife of Thomas2 WHITE. We disagree, however, with NICHOLSON’s implication that she was the mother of all the children of Thomas2 WHITE.

The evidence to support our conclusion is the list of land grants at Weymouth in 1636, which gave each “complete person” six acres and, to the head of the household, three additional acres for every person under twelve years (George W. Chamberlain, History of Weymouth, Massachusetts, 4 vols. [Boston, 1923], hereafter Chamberlain’s Weymouth, 1:199). Thomas1 WHITE received twenty-one acres of land — a number not divisible by six — thus implying that at least three of those acres were awarded on the basis of a child under the age of twelve within his household. Thus, we conclude that Thomas1 WHITE was already married with at least one child in 1636. The family of Macuth1 PRATT had yet to arrive at Weymouth when the grants of 1636 were awarded.

Unless Mary2 PRATT had married Thomas1 WHITE before he emigrated — and when she was probably fourteen or younger — she could not have been the mother of a child in his household in 1636.

If we assume that she was a subsequent wife of Thomas1 WHITE, the question is at what point in time the marriage occurred. Ebenezer, Thomas1 WHITE’s last child, was born around 1649 (his gravestone states that he died on 24 July 1703 in his 55th year [Weymouth VR, 2:365]). In 1649, Mary PRATT

[page 30]

was about twenty-nine years old, and, if Ebenezer2 WHITE was her child, she would have ceased bearing children at an unusually young age. It appears more likely that, if Mary PRATT was the wife of Thomas1 WHITE, the marriage was a second marriage for both, made in their later years, and that she was not the mother of any of his children.

The second possibility, mentioned by NICHOLSON, was that the Mary PRATT baptized in 1620 died and that an unrecorded daughter of the same name was born much later and became the wife of Thomas2 WHITE. We believe that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that this is, in fact, what happened.

The major concern has been that there is neither a death or burial record for the 1620 Mary PRATT nor a birth or baptismal record for the assumed second Mary. Records, however, are also lacking for other such events in Weymouth. William2 PRATT, for example, obviously predeceased his father since he is not named in his father’s will, but no death record has been found for him. We also know that at least two of the children of Thomas1 WHITE were born at Weymouth — namely Samuel and Ebenezer — but no birth or baptismal records have been found for either of them. We are obviously faced here with the uncertainties of record keeping and record survival.

The will of Macuth PRATT named his sons in birth order. If he was consistent, he would have named his daughters in order of age and, thus, “daughter CHARD” (Elizabeth, baptized in 1631) was the elder daughter since she was named before “daughter WHITE.” The legacies left by Macuth PRATT to his daughters also suggest that “daughter WHITE” was more recently married. Daughter CHARD was to receive £7 sterling upon the death of her mother, but daughter WHITE was to receive land upon the death of her mother and two ewes at the death of her father. The implication is that Mary WHITE had not yet received her “portion”but that Elizabeth CHARD had — which is unlikely if Mary were older than Elizabeth and had been married for over thirty years.

If there was a later Mary2 PRATT, she was born probably no earlier than 1641 and no later than 1647, based on the birth of the last recorded PRATT child, Joseph, in 1639 and the 1600 birth year of Macuth PRATT’s wife. We have no birth records of the children of Thomas2 WHITE. However, through gravestone inscriptions and the will of Thomas2, it can be assumed that he named his sons in birth order and that Thomas3 WHITE, presumably his eldest son, was born about 1674 (Weymouth VR, 2:368). Thomas2 WHITE’s daughter Mary was a widow in 1699 (Chamberlain’s Weymouth, 3:268) and had evidently been married before since her husband, John HOLBROOK, left a bequest to “her daughter LORING” (Suffolk Probates 14:3). This would mean that Mary should have been married by 1690 to have had a child, been a widow, and then remarried. So if she married around 1690, she was probably born around 1670 or 1672 and her parents married around 1669 or 1671. This, of

[page 31]

course, does not allow for children who may have predeceased their father. But there can be no argument that, if there was a later Mary PRATT born around 1645, she could certainly have married around 1669.

At this time, the evidence seems to favor the conclusion that Macuth PRATT’s “daughter WHITE” was
the wife of Thomas2 WHITE, not Thomas1 WHITE.1

Mrs. Delorey is a retired office manager of an insurance brokerage firm. She lives at 496 Main St., Shrewsbury MA 01545.

Mr. Smith is the Treasurer of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. His address is 80 Currier Cove, Portsmouth NH 03801.

————————-

1Thomas2 WHITE was a guardian for Abigail PRATT, daughter of Thomas2 PRATT. Like NICHOLSON, we have not been able to find the source for the quotation embedded in Lora Altine Woddbury Underhill’s statement in her Descendants of Edward SMALL of New England, (rev. ed., 3 vols., [Boston, 1934], 2:904) that “‘Brother John PRATT and brother-in-law WHITE’ were appointed guardians” in 1676 for the underage children of Thomas2 PRATT. If the quotation “brother-in-law WHITE” is from a contemporary document, it proves, with the other evidence we have presented, that Macuth PRATT’s “daughter WHITE” was the wife of Thomas2 WHITE. Melinde Sanborn has discovered the guardianship bonds for Thomas2 PRATT’s children in the published Records of the Suffolk County Court (Col. Soc. Mass. Pubs., 29-30 [Boston, 1933], 30:716), but they are not the source of the quotation.

New England Marriages Prior to 1700

10 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing
Company, 1987). [WorldCat]

[pages xiv-xv]

For each of the 37,000 couples herein covered, the husband’s full name (roughly alphabetical, with variant spellings grouped under the most common) is followed sometimes by a superscript to indicate generation (usually first or second), then by birth and death years, if known, in parenthese. “(1654-)” indicates a birth in 1654 and an unknown death year; “(-1700)” indicates an unknown birth year and a death in 1700. “Ca” for “circa” means “about” and “ae 35 in 1674” indicates aged 35 in 1674, a fact recorded probably in a court deposition. After an ampersand, “&”, the wife’s full name is given, with any known birth or death years likewise in parenthesis. “1/wf” or “2/wf” indicates first or second wife, any surname in parenthesis is a maiden name (in general, if there are two surnames, one or both in parenthesis, the first is a maiden surname, the second that of a first husband; if there are three surnames, however the parentheses are placed, the last two are those of previous husbands in chronological order), a blank line (within or outside parenthesis) indicates that the wife’s maiden name is unknown, a surname in brackets is one not derived from a marriage record, “w Daniel” indicates “widow of Daniel,” whose last name is given earlier, and “m/2” or “m/3”, followed by a man’s full name and often a year, indicates a second or third marriage. After the data on husband and wife is a semi-colon, then a date. If the date is exact — 25 Nov. 1674 — it is a marriage (or marriage intention) date; if it is a year only, preceded “b”, it is the birth date of a first child, not the birthdate of either partner, and the marriage can be assumed to have taken place a year or more earlier. Often these “first child” birthdates are approximate. Following this date is a list of residences, from marriage through usually the death of the husband, in chronological order. Question marks alongside any data indicate doubt, of course; “+” after a date means “following”, “-” means “Before”, and stray kinships that might provide clues to origins are sometimes noted as well. Since marriages of men with the same name are also roughly chronological, and each marriage is listed separately, data on a man’s second marriage (including residence only after it) often does not immediately follow the listing for his first.

[page 14]

ALLERTON, Isaac2 [(1630-1702 Virginia)] & 2/wf Elizabeth [WILLOUGHBY]/COLCLOUGH; 1663

[page 15]

AMBROSS, William & Elizabeth MATTOCK; 6 Jan 1697; Boston

[page 39]

BANKS, John & Mehitable MATTOX m/2 Thomas WEBBER; 29 Aug 1694; Boston

[pages 72-73]

BISHOP, Nathaniel (-1687) & Alice ? (not Alice MATTOCKS)(-1674+) b 1634; Boston

BISHOP, Nathaniel & Alice [MATTOCKS?], m/2 John LEWIS 1659, m/3 Abraham HOWE by 1680, m/4 John HARRIS aft 1683; b 1634 (no)

[page 76]

BLAKE, William (1594-1663) & Agnes (?THORNE) BAND/BOND? (-1678), wid; Pitminster, Eng, 27 Sep, 23 Sep 1617; Dorchester

[page 108]

BROWN, Samuel & Mary MATTOCKE, m/2 Thomas BISHOP?; 9 Jul 1661; Boston

[pages 132-33]

CANFIELD, Samuel (1645-1690) & Sarah [WILLOUGHBY] (living 1677), left widow Elizabeth; ca 1668; Norwalk, CT

CANFIELD, Samuel & Elizabeth [MERWIN?/WILLOUGHBY?] (see above); ? ; Norwalk, CT

[page 257]

FAIRBANKS, Richard & Elizabeth (DAULTON); Boston, Eng, b 1636, b 1633, 17 Sep 1618; Boston, ?dau Lydia m/1 Edward BATES, m/2 William FLETCHER

[page 302]

GILBERT, John (-1657) & 3/wf 2/wf Winifred (ROSSITER) COMBE (-1663+); in Eng b 1619; Dorchester/Taunton

GILBERT, Thomas (-1676, 1677) & Jane (COMBE) ROSSITER (-1691), Taunton, ?w Hugh?; 23 Mar 1639, 1639/40 (no); Taunton

GILBERT, Thomas2 (?1620-1662) & Catherine (CHAPIN) BLISS (1626-1712), w Nathaniel, m/3 Samuel MARSHFIELD 1664; 31 Jun 1655, 30 Jun 1655, ?31 Jul; Springfield

GILBERT, Thomas (1643-1725, ae 82y), ?Boston & Anna BLAKEY/BLACKE of Milton (1653-1722); 18 Dec 1676; Taunton

[page 339]

HAMMOND, Lawrence (-1699) & 3/wf Margaret WILLOUGHBY (-1683), w Francis; 8 Feb 1674/5; Charlestown

[page 348]

HART, Nicholas (-1645±) & Jane/Joan [ROSSITER] (1616, ?1615-1685±, 1691); b 1635?; Taunton/Warwick, RI/Portsmouth, RI/ Plymouth

[page 461]

LEONARD, Isaac (ca 1650-ca 1717) & Deliverance ? ; b 1680; Bridgewater

[page 462]

LEONARD, Solomon (?1610-1686) & Mary (CHANDLER) (-bef 1 May 1671); b 1640, b 1643?; Duxbury/Bridgewater

LEONARD, Solomon2 & Mary ? ; b 1680; Bridgewater

[page 463]

LEWIS, John & Alice [MATTOCKS? no?] BISHOP, m/2 Abraham HOWE bef 1680, m/3 John HARRIS (1683+); 22 Nov 1659; Boston

[page 480]

LYNDE, Nathaniel (1659-1729) & 1/wf Susanna WILLOUGHBY (1664-1710); b 1683; Charlestown/ Saybrook, CT

[page 488]

MARCH, George & Mary FOULSOM/FOLSOM, m/2 Joseph HERRICK; 12 Jun 1672; Newbury

MARCH, Hugh1 (-1693) & 1/wf Judith ? (-1675); b 1646; Newbury

MARCH, Hugh1 (-1693) & 2/wf Dorcas (BOWMAN) BLACKLEACH (-1683), w Benjamin; 29 May 1676; Newbury/Watertown

MARCH, Hugh (1656-) & Sarah MOODY (1663-); 29 Mar 1683; Newbury

MARCH, Hugh1 (-1693) & 3/wf Sarah (CUTTING)(BROWN) HEALY (-1699), w James, w William; 3 Dec 1685; Newbury

MARCH, Hugh (1673-1695) & Sarah [COKER], m/2 Archaleus ADAMS 1698; b 1694; Newbury

MARCH, James (-1721) & Mary [WALKER] (1699-), dau Shubael, m/2 John EMERY; b 1690; Newbury

MARCH, John1 (-1666) & 1/wf Rebecca ? ; b 1638; Charlestown

MARCH, John (-1666) & Anna [?BICKNER]; b 1666; Charlestown

MARCH, John & Jemima TRUE; 1 Oct 1679; Newbury

MARCH, John & Mary ANGIER; 11 Dec 1700; Newbury/Reading

MARCH, Nicholas & Martha ? , m/2 William DADEY? 1670; b 1657; Charlestown

MARCH, Stephen & Anna WILBORN; 26 Jan 1691/2; Taunton

MARCH/MARSH, Theophilus (-1694) & Elizabeth HUNT; 10 Jan 1664/5, 3 Feb 1664/5, 3 Feb 1664; Cambridge/Charlestown

MARCH, ? & ? FIELD; b 1701?; Flushing, LI

[page 497]

MATTOCK, David (-1654) & Sarah ? , m/2 Thomas RAWLINS 1656; Braintree/Roxbury

MADOCKS, Edmund & Rebecca MUNINGS/MUNNINGS; 14 Jan 1651/2; Boston

MADDOCK, Henry & Mary WELLINGTON (1640-), m/2 John COOLIDGE 1679; 21 May 1662; Watertown

MATTOCK/MADDOCK, Henry & Rachel ? ; b. 1673; Saco, ME/Boston

MATTOX, Henry & Diana SOUTHER; 3 Mar 1698; Boston

MATTOCKS, James (-1667) & Mary [SPOORE?]; b 1637; Boston

MADDOCKS, John (-1703) & Ruth CHURCH, m/2 Joseph CHILD, m/3 Thomas INGERSOLL 1720; 23 Jun 1689; Watertown

MATTOCK, John (1669-) & Elizabeth ? ; b. 1701?; Boston

MATTOCKE, Richard & Grace TOD (1650-); 2 Mar 1668/9; New Haven

MATTOCKE, Samuel & Constance FAIRBANKS; 30 Mar 1653; Boston

MATTOCKS, Samuel (1659-) & Anna/Ann?/Anne MARCH; 12 Apr 1688; Charlestown/Boston

[page 503]

MERIAM, George1 (ca 1603-1675) & Susan/Susanna RAVEN (-1675+); Tunbridge, Eng, 16 Oct 1627; Concord

[page 579]

PHILLIPS, William (-1705, ae 35?) & Hannah (GILBERT) (1677-1705); b 1699, b 1697?; Taunton

[pages 599-600]

PRATT, Ebenezer & Martha ? ; ca 1700; Weymouth

PRATT, Ephriam (1675±1748) & Phebe ? (-1736); b 1698, (ca 1695?); Weymouth

PRATT, Joseph (1639-1720) & Sarah JUDKINS (1645-1726); 7 May 1662; Weymouth

PRATT, Joseph (1665-1765) & Sarah (BENSON) (-bef 1721); b 1693, ca 1690?; Weymouth

PRATT, John (-1647?) & Mary? (WHITMAN?) dau John, m/2 William TURNER bef 1671; b 1630; Dorchester

PRATT, John (ca 1622-1716) & Elizabeth WHITMAN (-1716, ae 82); 22 Nov 1656, 9? Oct, 27 Nov, no ch; Weymouth

PRATT, John (1668-) & Mercy (NEWCOMB) (1665-1721); b 1690; Weymouth

PRATT, John (1663-1744) & 1/wf Mary (NEWCOMB?); b 1686; Weymouth

PRATT, Matthew (1628-) & Sarah HUNT (1640-1729); 1 Aug 1661; Weymouth

PRATT, Matthew & Susanna PORTER/Mary ? (1665-1761); b 1691; Weymouth/Abington

PRATT, Matthew (-1673?) & Elizabeth [BATES?] in Eng b 1628, b 1622, 1619?; Weymouth/Rehoboth

PRATT, Phineas/Phinehas? (1590/93-1680, ae 90?, ae 81 in 1674) & Mary (PRIEST) GOBERTSON/CUTHBERTSON (-1682+, 1689?); ca 1627/33; Plymouth/Charlestown

PRATT, Samuel (1670-1728) & Patience (CHARLES) (1675-1735); b 1695; Weymouth/Taunton

PRATT, Samuel (-1679) & Hannah RODGERS/ROGERS (-1721, ae 77), m/2 Thomas BAILEY b 1687; 19 Sep 1660, 19 Jul; Weymouth

PRATT, Samuel (1670-1745±) & (Hannah?)(MILLER); b 1697; Middleborough

PRATT, Thomas (ca 1626-1676) & 1/wf Mary ? ; b 1653, b 1659; Weymouth

PRATT, Thomas & Deborah LOVELL (1664/5-1727); ca 1690; Weymouth

PRATT, Thomas & Lydia (?BROWN), m/2 Josiah CHAPIN 1676; ca 1665, b 1676; Weymouth

PRATT, Thomas (-1676) & Lydia (BROWN?) (1658?-) of Ipswich, m/2 Josiah CHAPIN 1676; ca 1665; Weymouth

PRATT, Thomas (1646-) & ? (had Mary 19 Apr 1680, Thomas 9 Dec 1682, Hannah 19 Jul 1685); b 1680; Concord (see Thomas & Alice)

PRATT, Thomas (1646-1720) & Alice ? ; b 1669; Charlestown/Chelsea

PRATT, William & Hannah ? ; ca 1700; Weymouth

PRATT, William (1674-) & Hannah HOUGH; 8? Oct 1700; Saybrook, CT

PRATT, William (1659-1713) & Elizabeth (BAKER)/(SWIFT?) (1656-); 26 Oct 1680; Dorchester

PRATT, William (ca 1620-) & Experience (KING); b 1692; Weymouth/Dorchester

[page 612]

RAWLINS, Thomas1 (-1660) & 3/wf Sarah MADOCKS/MATTOCKS (-1660+) w David; 2 May 1656; Boston

[page 638]

ROSSITER, Hugh & (?Jane) ? (1614-1691), m/2 Thomas GILBERT 1639; Dorchester

ROSSITER, Edward (?1585-1630) & ? ; b 1615; Dorchester

[page 824]

WILLOUGHBY, Francis (?1613-1671) & 1/wf Mary ? (-1640); in Eng, b 1639, b 1635; Charlestown

WILLOUGHBY, Francis (?1613-1671) & 2/wf Sarah [TAYLOR] (-1654); 1640?, in Eng; Charlestown

WILLOUGHBY, Francis (?1613-1671) & 3/wf Margaret (LOCKE) TAYLOR, w Daniel, m Lawrence HAMMOND 1675; ca 1658-9, in Eng; Charlestown

WILLOUGHBY, Jonathan (ca 1635-) & Griszel GOLDESBOROUGH; in Eng, – Dec 1661, lic 3 Dec 1661; Charlestown/Wethersfield, CT

WILLOUGHBY, Nehemiah (1644-1702) & Abigail BARTHOLOMEW (1650-1702); 2 Jan 1671/2, 2 Jan 1671; Charlestown/Salem

WILLOUGHBY, William (1588-1651, in Eng) & Elizabeth ? (-1662, Charlestown); in Eng, b 1613; Charlestown

WILLOUGHBY, William & Abigail ? ; Greenland, NH

Genealogies of the Early Families of Weymouth, Mass.

10 May 2008 1 comment

Source: Geo. Walter Chamberlain, Genealogies of the Early Families of Weymouth, Mass., 2 volumes in 1 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1984), pages 500-08.

1. MATTHEW1 PRATT, whose Christian name appears as Macute, Macuth, Macaeth, Micareth, was “an old resident” of Weymouth. He had twenty acres granted to him “in the mill field” (now East Weymouth) and eighteen acres on the west side of “mill River.” He was made a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 13 May, 1640. In Feb. 1648, he was chosen a “townsman” (selectman). He died at Weymouth, 29 Aug. 1672. He made his will 25 Mar. 1672, and it was proved 30 Apr. 1673. To his wife Elizabeth Pratt the use of his estate for her natural life. To son Thomas Pratt lands after his wife’s decease, and land at “Hollie” upon condition that he pay “my daughter Chard” £4. To son Matthew Pratt lands on like condition. To son John Pratt “an ewe and lamb.” To son Samuel Pratt land near his house. To son Joseph Pratt a lot at the pond. To his daughter Chard £7, and to her daughter Johannah Chard his best bed. To his daughter White a parcel of land. To his son Thomas Pratt’s daughter Sarah £5. To Thomas Pratt’s son William Pratt half of a mare. Wife to be executrix. “His Pastor Mr. Samuel Torrey and his Kinsman Elder Edward Bates, and his son Thomas Pratt” to be overseers. Witnesses: Edward Bates and Thomas Dyer. The inventory of Mathew Pratt who deceased Aug. 29, 1672, was taken 12 Dec. 1672. (Pratt Genealogy, 1889, pp. 19-21.)

Children:

2. Thomas,2 b. before 1628.

3. Matthew, b. in 1628.

4. John, marriagable 22 Nov. 1656.

5. Samuel, marriagable 19 Sept. 1660.

6. Joseph, b. at Weymouth, 10 Aug. 1637.

Elizabeth, m. 22 Nov. 1656, William Chard of Weymouth; d. 26 Feb. 1726.

Mary, m. Thomas White of Braintree.

2. SERGT. THOMAS2 PRATT (Matthew1) was born before 1628; slain by the Indians between Sudbury and Marlborough, 19 Apr. 1676. He married (1) Mary ────, the mother of his children. He married (2) Lydia ────, who survived him and married at Braintree 26 Sept. 1676, Josiah Chapin of Braintree. “Inventory of the estate of Sergt. Thomas Pratt of Weymouth who was slain by the Indians, the 19th day of April, 1676” was valued at £278 11s 1d, and Lydia Pratt appeared in Probate Court, 27 July 1676, and agreed to accept £20 and the estate she brought with her. (Suffolk Probate, 12: 49, 50.)

“Petition of William Pratt and of John Pratt as guardians to Thomas Pratt, of Thomas White, as guardian to Abigail Pratt, and Ephraim Frost, husband to Hephzibah, daughter to Thomas Pratt, deceased, children of Tho: Pratt, late of Weymouth, set forth that Thomas Pratt (dying by the late warr) left five children, — two sons and three daughters; that the eldest, then about 23 years, a daughter, from infancy was impotent both of body and mind, and John Pratt, administrator of his brother’s estate, hath obtained power to leave the estate undivided until William, the eldest son, attains 21 years, for the maintenance of their helpless sister Sarah, and the administrator hath paid Lydia, relict of Tho: Pratt, deceased £30 in full, and her present husband Josiah Chapin, and hath paid Hephzibah, the second daughter of Thomas Pratt, deceased, upon her marriage with Ephraim Frost £30, and William the eldest son will be of full age 6 Mar. next (1679-80), made an agreement that William, the eldest son, should have the house, barn, orchard and lands and to pay his sister Abigail £18; that Thomas, second son, is to receive land neere to Hingham brooke; that Sarah, the impotent daughter, shall have £80; and William and Thomas are to provide for their poore sister,” 30 Jan. 1679-80. (Suffolk Probate, 6: 321.)

Children, born at Weymouth:

Sarah,3 b. near 1653; “an impotent helpless child,” alive 30 Jan. 1679-80.

Hephzibah, b. near 1655; m. before 30 Jan. 1679-80, Ephraim Frost of Cambridge; d. 23 Sept. 1719, ae. 64 yrs.

7. William, b. 6 Mar. 1658-59.

Abigail, b. 15 May, 1662; m. William Tirrell of Weymouth.

8. Thomas, b. near 1665.

3. MATTHEW2 PRATT (Matthew1) was born near 1628; died at Weymouth, 12 Jan. 1712-13, aged 85 years. He married at Weymouth, 1 Aug. 1661, Sarah Hunt, daughter of Enoch and Dorothy (────) Hunt, born at Weymouth, 4 July, 1640; died there 3 Aug. 1729. Through sickness he and his wife were deaf and dumb. (Mather’s Magnalia 1:495.) Matthew Pratt, Sr., of Weymouth made his will 30 July, 1711, probated 4 June, 1713. To his wife Sarah he gave his house and barn, and land adjoining for life, to son Matthew Pratt housing and lands bought of “my cousin William Pratt;” to daughter Susannah Porter £10; to son William Pratt 20 acres “in the Ferry field;” to daughter Mary Allin £15; to daughter Dorothy Whitman £10; son Samuel Pratt “his dwelling, barn , & land adjoining lying on the southerly side of the way that goeth to Brother John Pratt’s house” after his wife’s decease. To daughter Sarah Ford £10; to daughter Whitman £5; to daughter Anne White, £13; to daughter Hannah Whitmarsh land “lying near the late dwelling house of Samuel Whitmarsh in Weymouth in the Second Division.” Son Matthew, William and Samuel Pratt, executors; friends Stephen French, Sr., and Capt. John Hunt, overseers. (Suffolk Probate, 18: 109.) Inventory, £1,326 16s.

Children, born at Weymouth:

9. Matthew,3 b. 18 Sept. 1665.

Mary, b. 1667; m. ──── Allen.

Hannah, b. 4 Nov. 1670; m. Samuel Whitmarsh.

Dorothy, m. 13 Aug. 1700, John Whitman of Weymouth.

10. William, b. 5 May, 1673.

11. Samuel, bp. at Third Church of Boston, 2 Apr. 1676.

Sarah, m. Isaac Ford.

Anne, b. 14 Sept. 1682; m. Samuel White.

Susannah, b. Sept. 1684; m. Thomas Porter of Weymouth.

4. LIEUT. JOHN2 PRATT (Matthew1) was born near 1636; died at Weymouth, 3 Oct. 1716. He married at Weymouth, 22 Nov. 1656, Mary Whitman, daughter of Ensign John and Ruth (────) Whitman of Weymouth. She was born probably in England near 1634, and died at Weymouth, 10 July, 1716, aged 82 years.

John Pratt of Weymouth, “husbandman, being aged and weake in body,” made his will 12 July, 1714, and it was proved at Boston 19 Nov. 1716. To his wife Mary use of his estate for her natural life. He set at liberty his servants Ruth Pratt and Silence Critchfield at his wife’s decease, they to have liberty to dwell in his house until they see cause to dispose of themselves otherwise. To the aforesaid Ruth Pratt £40. To Silence Critchfield £20 at 18 years. To his Kinsman John Gurney £25 at 21 “if he live with me so long as I live.” To his nephew Lieut. John Pratt of Weymouth £10, provided he cancels a bond which I gave for him 11 Dec. 1708, unto Philip Torrey of Weymouth. To his nephew Dea. Thomas Pratt of the North Purchase £10. To his nephew Ebenezer Pratt of Weymouth £40, “if he bring up a son of his at the Colledge,” and “when he dose put his son to the Grammer School” to have £5. If any die their children shall have their part. “As my kinswoman Mary Dyer has for ten years before she was married lived with me and my wife and approved herself kind and faithful, now near two years since she was married with her husband William Dyer has lived in my house and family, I give the said Mary Dyer all the remainder of my estate after my wife’s decease.” William Dyer and Mary Dyer to be executors. Witnesses: Margaret Humphrey, Silence Humphrey and James Humphrey. (Suffolk Probate, 19: 216.) No children.

5. SAMUEL2 PRATT (Matthew1) was born near 1640; died at Weymouth, shortly before 5 Sept. 1679. He married at Weymouth, 19 Sept. 1660, Hannah Rogers, daughter of Dea. John Rogers. Her father called her “Hannah Pratt wife of Samuel Pratt” in his will 8 Feb. 1660-61. She died at Weymouth, 16 Oct. 1715. Samuel Pratt of Weymouth “being sick & weake & minding his mortallity” made his will 12 Apr. 1679, and it was proved 16 Oct. 1679. He appointed his loving wife and his brother John Rogers to be executors. His wife to have his whole estate until his children are of age. If his wife Hannah Pratt marry again she shall have £20. To his son John Pratt certain lands. To son Samuel Pratt half of his lot “at pen plaine.” Son Ebenezer Pratt one-half of his housing and land adjoining. All the rest of his children £7 apiece. His son John Pratt to have half of a certain lot and a part of his 40 acre lot “neere Pen plaine.” Son Samuel Pratt remainder of lot “at pen plaine.” His brother Joseph Pratt, John Richards and Samuel White to be overseers. Witnesses: John Rogers, Jonas Humphrey and Joseph Dyer. (Suffolk Probate, 6: 307.) Inventory taken 5 Sept. 1679. Item: “12 acres neere Hezekiah Kings house £24.” Total, £275 12s. (Ibid. 12: 325.)

Children, born at Weymouth:

Judith,3 b. 25 June or 1 July, 1661.

12. John, b. 17 Aug. 1663.

Hannah, b. 21 Dec. 1665.

Mary, b. 3 Mar. 1668; m. William Dyer and took care of her uncle John PRATT and his wife in their old age.

13. Samuel, b. 15 Nov. 1670.

Experience, b. 8 Jan. 1672.

14. Ebenezer, b. near 1674; called “nephew” by Lieut. John Pratt, 12 July, 1714.

6. JOSEPH2 PRATT (Matthew1) was born at Weymouth, 10 Aug. 1637; died there 24 Dec. 1720. He married at Weymouth, 7 May, 1662, Sarah Judkins, probably daughter of Job and Sarah Judkins of Boston, born in Boston, 7 Dec. 1645. She died at Weymouth, a widow, 14 Jan. 1726. Joseph Pratt of Weymouth made his will 5 Mar. 1718-19, and it was proved 10 Feb. 1720-21. He styled himself, “husbandman, being through the decay and desease of old age weak in body.” To his wife Sarah he gave a good maintenance. To his son Joseph Pratt 10s. besides what was formerly given him. To son John Pratt 10s. “if he should ever come hither again.” Son William Pratt, 5s. besides what he hath had already. Son Ephraim Pratt likewise same. To his son-in-law Aaron Pratt and to the children born of his late daughter Sarah Pratt, deceased, his late wife, 10s. To his daughter Experience Battle £8 besides what she already hath had. To his daughter Hannah Hines £5 besides what she hath had in bringing up one of her daughters. Son Samuel Pratt, executor. Witnesses: Edward Bates, John Reed and Joshua Torrey. (Suffolk Probate, 22: 81.)

Children, born at Weymouth:

Sarah,3 b. 31 May, 1664; m. Aaron Pratt, son of Phinehas Pratt; d. 22 June, 1706.

15. Joseph, b. 2 Feb. 1665.

16. John, b. 17 May, 1668.

17. William, alive 5 Mar. 1718-19.

18. Ephraim, alive 5 Mar. 1718-19.

Experience, m. David Battle of Hingham, 13 Mar. 1706-07.

Hannah, m. ──── Hines.

19. Samuel, inherited the homestead in Weymouth.

7. WILLIAM3 PRATT (Sergt. Thomas,2 Matthew1) was born at Weymouth, 6 Mar. 1659; died at Easton, 13 Jan. 1713. He married at Dorchester, 26 Oct. 1680, Elizabeth Baker of Dorchester, daughter of Richard and Faith (Withington) Baker, born in 1655 and died 20 Aug. 1728. He removed to Dorchester in 1690, and was ordained Ruling Elder of a Massachusetts colony that settled at Dorchester on the Ashley River in South Carolina in 1695. He soon returned to Weymouth as the climate did not agree with him. He removed from Weymouth to Bridgewater, 19 Dec. 1705. His diary is in possession of Joshua E. Crane, 1920, of Bridgewater and Taunton. (Pratt Genealogy, 1889, pp. 26-31.)

Child, born at Weymouth:

Thankful,4 4 Oct. 1683; m. 12 May 1702, Daniel Axtel of Berkley. Nine children.

8. DEA. THOMAS3 PRATT (Sergt. Thomas,2 Matthew1) was born at Weymouth, near 1661; died at Easton, 1 Dec. 1744. He married (1), near 1688, Deborah ────, who died at Easton, 12 Jan. 1727. He married (2), 5 Mar. 1729-30, Desire Bonney. He removed from Weymouth to Middleborough, near 1695, and to Easton in 1710.

Children, first two born at Weymouth others at Middleborough:

Thomas, b. near 1690.

Mary, b. near 1692.

Jane, m. 19 Oct. 1726, Nathaniel Alger.

James, b. near 1699.

Abigail, b. 23 June, 1701.

Hepzibah, b. 23 Apr. 1705.

9. MATTHEW3 PRATT (Matthew2) was born at Weymouth, 18 Sept. 1665; died at Abington, 1 July, 1746. He married Susannah Porter, daughter of John and Deliverance (Byram) Porter, born at Weymouth 2 June 1665. John Porter called her “my daughter Susannah Pratt” in his will, 8 Feb. 1715-16. Tradition says that she died at Abington in 1761 aged 96 years. He apparently removed from Weymouth to Abington about 1713.

Children, presumably born at Weymouth:

John,4 b. 4 Oct. 1691; removed to Bridgewater, 1705. A John Pratt from Weymouth purchased a farm in Bridgewater in 1705.

Micah, b. 1692; removed to Taunton.

20. Samuel, b. near 1695.

Mary, b. 22 Nov. 1699; m. 11 Feb. 1718-19, Rev. Samuel Brown of Abington. Her birth and marriage are both on Weymouth records.

10. WILLIAM3 PRATT (Matthew2) was born at Weymouth, 5 May, 1673; died there 18 Sept. 1714. He married, near 1700, Hannah ────, who married (2), at Weymouth, 23 Dec. 1719, Thomas Randall of the “East Precinct annexed to Norton” (Easton). Hannah Pratt of Weymouth, widow granted administration on the estate of her late husband William Pratt, late of Weymouth, boatman, 3 Oct. 1715. (Suffolk Probate, 18: 501.) She died 14 Feb. 1757. Matthew Pratt, aged about 18, Mary Pratt, about 20, Betty Pratt about 18, Ann Pratt about 16, children of William Pratt, late of Weymouth, boatman, deceased, made choice of their father- in-law Thomas Randall of Easton, husbandman, to be their guardian, 16 May, 1727. (Suffolk Probate, 25: 332-335.) William Pratt, eldest son, had the homestead (saving unto his mother Hannah Randall her dower), he to pay his brothers and sisters, viz., Joshua Pratt, Matthew and James Pratt, Hannah Ford, Sarah Spooner, Mary Pratt, Betty and Ann Pratt, £35 apiece, 21 Jan. 1728. (Ibid. 27: 32, 33.)

Children, born at Weymouth:

Sarah,4 b. 25 Feb. 1702; m. ──── Spooner.

21. William, b. 18 Oct. 1703; inherited the homestead, 21 Jan. 1728.

Joshua, b. 23 Mar. 1704-05; removed to Bridgewater.

Mary, b. near 1707.

Matthew, b. near 1709; resided in Braintree.

Betty, b. near 1709; m. 19 Dec. 1734, Joshua Lovell of Weymouth.

Ann, b. near 1711; m. Robert Randall of Easton.

James, b. 29 Mar. 1713; d. 31 May, 1713.

Hannah, m. int. 7 Mar. 1718-19, Nathaniel Ford of Weymouth.

James, b. 11 May, 1714; alive 21 Jan. 1728; d. at Taunton, unm., 21 July 1754.

11. SAMUEL3 PRATT (Matthew2) was baptized at the Third or Old South Church of Boston, 2 Apr. 1676. He married (1) near 1704, Hannah ────, who died at Weymouth, 16 Oct. 1715.

Children, born at Weymouth:

22. Samuel,4 b. 2 July, 1705.

23. Daniel, b. 11 Feb. 1707-08.

Hannah, b. 29 Sept. 1710; m. 30 Nov. 1732, Benjamin Vining of Weymouth.

John, b. 13 July, 1713.

12. LIEUT. JOHN3 PRATT (Samuel2) was born at Weymouth, 17 Aug. 1663; died there 8 Feb. 1743-44, “in his 81st year.” He married (1), near 1681, Mary ────. He married (2) Elizabeth Swift, daughter of Thomas Swift of Milton. She was born at Milton, 21 Aug. 1662; died at Weymouth, 25 Dec. 1736. He married (3) (intention at Weymouth, 18 Sept. 1737) Mrs. Sarah (Dunbar) Gardner, probably widow of Benjamin Gardner of Hingham, and daughter of Robert and Rose (────) Dunbar also of Hingham.

Child by first wife, born at Weymouth:

24. Samuel,4 b. 15 Oct. 1686.

Children by second wife, born at Weymouth:

25. Nathaniel, b. 26 Oct. 1702.

26. Thomas, b. 3 Jan. 1704-05.

13. SAMUEL3 PRATT (Samuel2) was born at Weymouth, 15 Nov. 1670; died 11 Aug. 1728. He married (1) Patience Chard, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Pratt) Chard, born at Weymouth, 20 Apr. 1671. She was his wife 10 Mar. 1710. Samuel Pratt, Sr., of Weymouth, weaver, for £260, sells Edward Derby of Taunton, husbandman, 40 acres in Weymouth with the dwelling house thereon. Signed Thomas Pratt and Patience Pratt, his wife, 30 Mar. 1710. (Suffolk Deeds, 30: 23.) He removed from Weymouth to Taunton about 1710.

Children, born at Weymouth:

Judith,4 b. 23 Nov. 1695.

Samuel, b. ──── (date not preserved on town records).

Perhaps other children were born at Weymouth.

14. EBENEZER3 PRATT (Samuel2) was born near 1674; died before 11 Feb. 1752. He married (1), near 1700, Martha ────, who died at Weymouth, 18 May, 1720. He married (2) at Bridgewater, 15 Dec. 1720, Waitstill Washburn. He married (3) Hannah ────, who survived him.

Ebenezer Pratt of Weymouth made his will 5 Dec. 1744; proved 11 Feb. 1752. To wife Hannah use of a part of his dwelling, and £12 yearly. To son Ebenezer certain lands; to son Samuel part of dwelling house he now lives in; to daughter Ann Allen £30 to be paid in consideration of her part of her mother’s land, which bond is now lost, my will is that my executors pay said £30 unto the children of my said daughter Ann as they come of age. To daughter Mary Pool £15. To daughter Sarah Pratt £5 yearly for life. Sons Ebenezer and Samuel, executors. “If my wife considers our marriage contract of force after my decease, in that case what I have given her I give to my daughters Ann & Mary.” (Suffolk Probate, 46: 24.) The widow did not accept the bequest of the testator.

Children by first wife, born at Weymouth:

27. Ebenezer,4 b. 6 Aug. 1702.

Ann, b. 24 Apr. 1704; m. ──── Allen.

Mary, b. 23 Aug. 1706; m. 4 Jan. 1732-33, John Pool of Weymouth.

Sarah, b. 3 Oct. 1708.

28. Samuel, b. 19 Dec. 1712.

15. JOSEPH3 PRATT (Joseph2) was born at Weymouth, 2 Feb. 1665; died at Bridgewater, 13 or 14 Jan. 1765, aged 99 years 11 months. The Boston News-Letter of 31 Jan. 1765, contains the following: “On the fourteenth of this month died at Bridgewater Joseph Pratt, aged 100 years. A man of good character and religious profession. He had twenty children by his first wife, but none by his second, who still survives him, about 90 years of age.” He married (1) Sarah Benson of Hull, the mother of his children. He married (2) at Weymouth, 14 Dec. 1721, Anna Richards, who died at Bridgewater, 20 or 21 Mar. 1766, in her 92d year. He removed from Weymouth to Bridgewater about 1705. Of the twenty children, only two are recorded on Weymouth records. In his will he names seven, 13 Mar. 1755.

Children, probably born at Weymouth:

Joseph,4 resided in Bridgewater.

Benjamin, b. near 1693; removed from town.

Jonathan, b. 3 May, 1700, at Weymouth; not mentioned in his father’s will.

Nathaniel, b. 23 Mar. 1700-01, at Weymouth.

Solomon; resided in Bridgewater.

David, b. near 1708; resided in East Bridgewater.

Samuel, settled in East Bridgewater.

Sarah, m. Ebenezer Snow.

16. JOHN3 PRATT (Joseph2) was born at Weymouth, 17 May, 1668. He married Mercy Newcomb, daughter of John and Ruth Newcomb, born at Braintree, 1665; died before 13 May, 1721. Her father made his will on the last-named date, and mentioned “my grandchildren, the children of my daughter Mercy Pratt deceased which I give and bequeath to them as that which in right belonged to their mother.” (Suffolk Probate, 22: 560.)

Children, born at Weymouth:

Ruth,4 b. 1 Nov. 1690 (see Vital Records of Weymouth, 1: 238); living in the home of Lieut. John Pratt, 12 July, 1714; m. perhaps 11 Feb. 1720-21, William Freeman of Boston.

29. Micah, b. 4 Oct. 1691.

John, b. 8 Mar. 1692; d. young.

30. John, 2d, b. 26 May, 1696.

17. WILLIAM3 PRATT (Joseph2) was born at Weymouth near 1670; mentioned in his father’s will, 5 Mar. 1718-19, as a son. He married, near 1690, Experience King, daughter of Samuel and Experience (Phillips) King, born at Weymouth, 6 Oct. 1664.

Children, born at Weymouth:

Joanna,4 b. 23 Sept. 1692.

William, b. 3 Oct. 1695; removed to Easton.

Isaac, b. 20 Feb. 1700; surveyor, 1729.

Experience, b. 3 Apr. 1703.

Ann, b. 30 Mar. 1704-05.

18. EPHRAIM3 PRATT (Joseph2) was born at Weymouth near 1675; died before 6 Jan. 1748. He married, near 1695, Phebe ────, who died at Weymouth, 2 Dec. 1736. “Being advanced in years” he made his will 9 Feb. 1740, and it was proved 7 Feb. 1748. To his son Ephraim Pratt he gave 20s. To son Joseph Pratt his homestead and all the buildings and 10 acres at “Hanny Hill” (Honey Hill). To his grandchildren, the children of his daughter Phebe Shaw, 20s apiece. Unto his daughter Mary Pratt, the wife of Daniel Pratt, warming pan, brass pan, and pewter. To granddaughter Phebe Pratt, daughter of Joseph Pratt, a bed. Son Joseph Pratt, executor. Witnesses: Adam Cushing, Jacob Turner and Caleb Beal. (Suffolk Probate, 42: 165.) The inventory of his estate was taken 6 Jan. 1748.

Children, born at Weymouth:

31. Ephraim,4 b. 15 June, 1698.

Phebe, b. 20 Mar. 1699-1700; m. 18 Jan. 1718-19, Zachariah Shaw of Weymouth.

32. Joseph, b. Sept. 1703.

33. John, b. 1 Mar. 1704-05; not mentioned in his father’s will, 9 Feb. 1740.

Mary, b. 28 June, 1711; m. 1 Nov. 1739, Daniel Pratt of Weymouth.

19. SAMUEL3 PRATT (Joseph2) inherited his father’s homestead, 10 Feb. 1720-21. Samuel Pratt, son of Joseph Pratt, had land granted to him in Weymouth in 1710 …