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Notes: Chilton

6 August 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Henry A. Phillips, “Notes: Chilton,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 63[1909]:201.

[page 201]

CHILTON – Because the books about Plymouth Colony tell nothing concerning James CHILTON before his appearance at Cape Cod in the Mayflower; because of the pretty tradition attached to the name of his daughter Mary; and because of the numerous descendants left by her and her husband John WINSLOW, it may be well to print in conjunction the following items as offering a clue later to a more satisfactory proof of the English home of James CHILTON, of his trade, and of the fact that he was apparently close upon, or over, sixty years of age when he took passage in the Mayflower.

From the Roll of Freemen of the City of Canterbury, p. 315:

Freeman by Gift: James CHYLTON, tailor, 1583.

From the Registers of St. Paul’s Church, Canterbury, pp. 6 and 8:

  1586, Jan. 15 Isabell, d. of James CHILTON [Bapt.]
  1589, June 8 Jane, d. of James CHILTON
  1599, April 29 Ingle, d. of James CHILTON
 

From Dexter’s The Pilgrim Company in Leyden (2 Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., vol. 17, p. 177):

  CHANDLER, Roger Rog. WILSON and Cath. CARVER wit. his bet. May 22, 1615.
  Isabella (CHILTON). Wife of Rog. Mar. July 21, 1615.
 

BRADFORD says that a second daughter (married) of James CHILTON came over later than he and his daughter Mary. A Roger CHANDLER is found later in Plymouth Colony, at Duxbury in 1633.*

That there had long been a CHILTON family in Canterbury is proved by two entries in the Roll of Freemen quoted above, p. 258:

  Freemen by Redemption: CHILTON, William, spicer, 1399.
    CHILTON, Nicholas, clerk, 1445.
 

120 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.

HENRY A. PHILLIPS.

____________________

* Roger CHANDLER of Duxbury was taxed in 1632, a freeman in 1633, and sold land in 1644. His daughter was in the service of Kenelm WINSLOW before 5 May 1646. (Pope’s Pioneers of Mass., p. 93.) On 3 Oct. 1665 “One hundred and fifty acrees of land are graunted by this Court vnto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDELER, deceased, viz, to each of them fifty acrees, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John BUNDEY” (Plymouth Col. Recs., vol. 4, p. 111). Pope (op. cit., p. 132), in quoting the will of Dolor DAVIS, proved 2 July 1673, mentions a clause referring to DAVIS’s sons Symon and Samuel as residing at Concord, and his having gone thither at the charges of Roger CHANDELER. The Editor is indebted to William P. Greenlaw, Esq., for the above references, which are given in the hope that they may be of use in helping to identify Roger CHANDLER’s daughters.

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The Great Migration Begins: James Chilton

27 January 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 353]

JAMES CHILTON

ORIGIN:  Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Died before Mayflower reached Plymouth

OCCUPATION: Tailor.

ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth land division “Marie CHILTON” received an unknown number of acres as a passenger on the Mayflower [PCR 12:4].  In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division Mary, now the wife of John WINSLOW, is listed as the sixth person in the sixth company [PCR 12:11].

BIRTH: About 1556 (aged 63 in 1619 [Bangs 34]), probably at Canterbury, Kent, son of Lionel CHILTON by an unknown first wife [TAG 38:244].

DEATH: 8 December 1620 off Cape Cod [Prince 165].

MARRIAGE: By 1586 _____ _____; she d. Plymouth early in 1621 [Bradford 446].  (John G. Hunt has suggested, reasonably, but on limited evidence, that she was Susanne FURNER, James CHILTON’s stepsister [TAG 38:244-45].)

CHILDREN:

i     ISABELLA, bp St. Paul’s, Canterbury, Kent, 15 January 1586/7 [MF 2:5]; m. Leiden 21 July 1615 [NS] ROGER CHANDLER [M 11:129].

ii    JANE, bp. St. Paul’s, Canterbury, 8 June 1589 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

iii   JOEL, bur. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 2 November 1593 [MF 2:5].

iv    MARY, bur. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 23 November 1593 [MF 2:5].

v     ELIZABETH, bp. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 14 July 1594 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

vi    JAMES, bp. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 22 August 1596 [MF 2:5]; d. by 11 September 1603.

vii   INGLE, bp. St. Paul’s, Canterbury, 29 April 1599 [MF 2:5]; thought to be the “Engeltgen GILTEN” who m. Leiden 27 August 1622 [NS] Robert NELSON [Dexter 627]; no further record.

viii  CHRISTIAN (dau.), bp. St. Peter’s, Sandwich, Kent, 26 July 1601 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

ix    JAMES, bp. St. Peter’s, Sandwich, 11 September 1603 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

x     MARY, bp. St. Peter’s, Sandwich, 30 May 1607 [MF 2:5]; m. Plymouth by 22 May 1627 JOHN WINSLOW.

COMMENTS: Until recently there was no direct evidence that James CHILTON resided in Leiden, despite the marriage of one and perhaps two daughters there.  Recent research in Leiden has revealed a notarial record detailing an assault on James CHILTON, aged 63, and his daughter on 28 April 1619 [NS]; this assault has been interpreted as one of the reasons leading the Pilgrims to believe that they were becoming less welcome in Leiden, and therefore as a factor in the decision to leave for New England [Bangs 34; see also Stratton 262].

In his list of those on the Mayflower BRADFORD included “James CHILTON and his wife, and Mary their daughter, they had another daughter that was married, came afterward” [Bradford 442].  In his accounting of the family in 1651 BRADFORD reported that “James CHILTON and his wife also died in the first infection, but their daughter Mary is still living and hath nine children; and one daughter is married and hath a child.  So their increase is ten” [Bradford 446].

The Great Migration Begins: Roger Chandler

27 January 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 330]

ROGER CHANDLER

ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1632

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Sayworker (in Leiden).

FREEMAN: In “1633” Plymouth list of freemen, in a section which includes men admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4].  Also in list of [perhaps 7, photocopy illegible] March 1636/7, in Duxbury section of 1639 list, and possibly the man of this name in Duxbury section of list compiled about 1658 [PCR 1:55, 8:174, 198].

ESTATE: Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and [perhaps 27, photocopy illegible] March 1634 [PCR 1:10, 27].

[page 331]

On 2 November 1640 granted twenty-five acres “northwards from Duxburrow Mill, towards Greens Harbour” [PCR 1:165].  On “the last of February 1644 Roger CHAUNDLER of Duxborrow” sold to Francis GODFREY of Duxbury twenty-five acres “on the northern side of the freshet that runneth into Greene’s Harbour where the way to Sittuate crosseth the same being on the upper side the said path” [PCR 12:109].

On 3 October 1665 “one hundred and fifty acres are granted by the Court unto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased, viz, to each of them fifty acres, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John BUNDY” [PCR 4:110].

BIRTH: By about 1590 based on date of marriage, perhaps at Colchester, Essex.

DEATH: Between 5 May 1646 (dispute with Kenelm WINSLOW) and 3 October 1665 (grant of land to his daughters in his right), and probably closer to the earlier date.

MARRIAGE: Leiden, Holland, 21 July 1615 [NS] Isabel CHILTON [MD 11:129], daughter of JAMES CHILTON.

CHILDREN:

i     SAMUEL, b. before 15 October 1622; not seen after Leiden census of 1622.  (See discussion of Samuel CHANDLER, son of EDMUND CHANDLER.)

ii    SARAH, b. before 15 October 1622; m. about 1640 Solomon LEONARD(SON).

iii   MARTHA, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1649 John BUNDY.

iv    MARY, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1653 Edmund BRUFF.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably related to EDMUND CHANDLER, as both were sayworkers in Leiden, both came to Plymouth about the same time, and both removed to Duxbury.  There may also have been some connection with the Nathaniel CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury portion of the 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms, and as a soldier from Duxbury in 1645 for an expedition against the Naragansetts [PCR 2:90, 8:190].

COMMENTS: The marital history of the three daughters has been set forth in two splendid articles, one by Frederick Warner and one by Florence Barclay [TAG 27:1-6, 37:212-17].  These articles provide lengthy abstracts of deeds and other documents proving these marriages; the most important evidence derives from the sale and transfer of the one-hundred-fifty acre parcel granted to the three [unnamed] daughters of Roger CHANDLER in 1665.  Further treatment of these three daughters and their descendants may be found in the Mayflower Society’s Five Generations Project volume which includes JAMES CHILTON [MF 2:10-12 et seq.].

[page 332]

On 5 May 1646 “Upon hearing of the cause betwixt Roger CHAUNDLER and Kenelme WINSLOW, for his daughter’s clothes, which the said Kenelme detaineth, upon pretense of some further service which he required of her, whereunto the said Roger utterly refused to consent, it is ordered by the Court, that the said Kenelme WINSLOW shal deliver the maid her clothes without any further delay” [PCR 2:90].  Given the date of this dispute, the daughter in question must have been one of the two younger daughters, Mary or Martha.

The record immediately above is the last that can with certainty be assigned to the immigrant Roger CHANDLER.  The Roger CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury section of the 1658 list of freemen could be the Roger CHANDLER who later resided in Concord, consistent with the information given in the next paragraph.

Claims have been made that Roger CHANDLER of Concord was a son of this ROGER CHANDLER, mainly on the basis of the identity of names and on the statement by SHATTUCK that “Roger CHANDLER, and twenty others of Plymouth Colony, had a grant of four hundred acres of land in Concord in 1658” [Shattuck 367].  The specificity of the grant of land to “the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased,” in 1665 would seem to rule out the possibility that the immigrant was survived by any sons, but the Concord connection remains a tantalizing clue, as a number of other Plymouth residents removed to Concord about this time as well.  (See Charles H. Chandler, The Descendants of Roger CHANDLER of Concord, Mass., 1658 [Provo UT 1949].)

The Great Migration Begins: Edmund Chandler

27 January 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 326]

EDMUND CHANDLER

ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1632

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Sayweaver, draper, pipemaker (in Leiden [Dexter 609]).

FREEMAN: In “1633” Plymouth list of freemen, ahead of those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4]; on list of Plymouth freemen of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52].  In Duxbury portions of lists of freemen of 1639 and 1658 [PCR *:174, 198].

EDUCATION: The inventory included “a parcel of books” valued at 10s.

OFFICES: Duxbury representative to committee on “the nearer uniting of Plymoth & those on Duxburrough side,” 11 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:41]; trial jury, 7 June 1636 [PCR 1:42]; Duxbury constable, 3 January 1636/7, 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:48, 54]; Duxbury representative to committee on dividing meadow, 2 October 1637 [PCR 1:67]; Duxbury deputy to Plymouth General Court, 4 June 1639, 29 August 1643, 5 March 1643/4 [PCR 1:126, 2:60, 68]; petit jury, 1 September 1640, 5 October 1640 [PCR 7:17, 18].

ESTATE: Land of Edmund CHANDLER mentioned on 1 July 1633 [PCR 1:14]; on 20 October 1634 sold to John ROGERS “a lot of ground adjoining to the lots of Robert HICKS, on Duxbury side, it being a lot which the

[page 327]

said Edward bought of John BARNES” [PCR 1:31]; on 4 July 1635 Isaac ROBINSON sold to Joseph BIDLE “half a lot of ground lying above the island creek, which the said Isaake bought of Edmond CHANDLER, and he of John BARNES” [PCR 1:34]; granted forty acres “on the east side of Moyses SYMONSON, where MORRIS formerly began to clear for Mr. BOWMAN,” 2 January 1636/7 [PCR 1:47, 49]; granted sixty acres on uxbury side “on the northeast side of the lands granted to Moyses SYMONS,” 2 April 1638 [PCR 1:82]; granted fifty acres with some meadow at the North River, 2 November 1640 [PCR 1:165].

On 19 July 1639 Mr. Thomas BESBEECH of Duxbury sold to “Edmond CHAUNDLER of the same one acre of land lying to the north side of the lands of the said Thomas BESBEECH” [PCR 12:46].  On 8 June 1650 “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow” sold to John BROWNE of Duxbury, weaver, “an house situate in Duxburrow aforesaid and an acre of land on which the said house standeth next adjoining unto the house and land of Mr. John RENER above the path” [PCR 12:187].  On 7 June 1651 “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow” sold to Thomas BYRD of Scituate fifty acres at the North River, “with all the meadow land or marsh abutting upon the aforesaid fifty acres of upland” [PCR 12:207].

On 4 May 1653 James LENDAL of Duxbury, tailor, sold to “Edmond CHANDELER of the town aforesaid … planter … two acres of marsh meadow … which was sometimes the meadow of Peeter BROWN’s children” [MD 2:169, citing PCLR 2:1:51].  On 15 July 1653 “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow” exchanged land with Edward BUMPAS of Marshfield, CHANDLER relinquishing all his rights to any lands or meadows in “Duxburrow New Plantation commonly called and known by the Indian names of Satuckquett and Nunckatatesett and places adjacent” in return for the rights of BUMPAS as “one of the thirty-four purchasers who are to have their proportions of land at the places commonly called and known by the Indian names of Cushenett and Coaksett and places adjacent” [MD 2:245-46, citing PCLR 2:1:53].  On 30 March 1655 Edward BUMPAS of Marshfield (with the consent of Hannah his wife) sold to “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow … all his land lying at Ducke Hill lying between the lands of John ROUSE and the lands of the said Edmond CHANDELER” [MD 10:73, citing PCLR 2:1:169].  On 16 June 1659 Samuel EATON sold to “Edmond CHANDELER of Duxburrow two acres of meadow lying between Mr. KEMPE’s land and John ROUSE’s” [MD 14:14, citing PCLR 2:2:27].

In his will, dated 3 May 1662 and proved 4 June 1662, “Edmond CHANDELER” bequeathed to “my son Samuell CHANDELER my whole share of land that is at … Akoaksett and Cushenah”; to “my son Benjamine CHANDELER … all that tract … of land lying in Duxburrow both upland and meadow with all the housing belonging thereunto”; to “my son Josepth [sic] CHANDELER … my whole share of land which now lieth by

[page 328]

Taunton River”; to “my three daughters Sarah, Anna and Mary three thousand and five hundred of sugar which belongs to me at Barbadoes”; to “my three children viz: Benjamine, Josepth and Ruth CHANDELER” rent due from “my son Samuell CHANDELER”; the cattle which have been in the hands of “my son Samuel” to be equally divided between “my three children Benjamine, Josepth and Ruth” [MD 14:68, citing PCPR 2:2:75].

The inventory of the estate was taken 2 June 1662 and totalled £38 7s. 6d., with no real estate included [MD 14:69, citing PCPR 2:2:76].

BIRTH: By about 1587 based on estimated birthdate of eldest child.

DEATH: Duxbury between 3 May 1662 (date of will) and 2 June 1662 (date of inventory).

MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1612 _____ _____; not seen in any record.  (2) By about 1632 _____ _____; not seen in any record.

CHILDREN:

With first wife

i     SAMUEL, b. say 1612; m. at an undetermined date a woman whose name is not known, who inherited his small estate on 5 March 1683/4 [PCR 6:124; MD 14:69]; no known children; all records in Plymouth Colony for a Samuel CHANDLER prior to 1684 apply to this man (see discussion below); the Samuel CHANDLER who married three times in Dorchester, first in 1664, must be another man.

ii    (prob.) LYDIA, b. say 1614; m. Plymouth 11 December 1634 RICHARD HIGGINS [PCR 1:32].

iii   Child, bur. St. Peter’s, Leiden, 26 March 1619 [NS] [Dexter 609].

With second wife

iv    JOHN, b. say 1632, on 25 June 1653 John CHANDLER “being at sea bound for Barbados” left his entire estate to “Edmund CHANDLER, my father, living at New Plimouth in New England,” and if his father was dead then to his brothers and sisters [BarbPR 1:70].

v     SARAH, b. say 1638; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

vi    ANNA, b. say 1640; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

vii   MARY, b. say 1642; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

viii  BENJAMIN, b. say 1644; m. by 1672 Elizabeth BUCK (eldest child b. Scituate 16 February 1672[/3?]), daughter of John BUCK of Scituate [MD 14:128, citing PPR 1:276].

ix    JOSEPH, b. say 1646; m. by 1673 Mercy _____ [Small Gen 1050-51, citing PCLR 3:287].

[page 329]

x     RUTH, b. say 1648; named in father’s will, 3 May 1662; no further record.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably related to ROGER CHANDLER, as both were sayworkers in Leiden, both came to Plymouth about the same time, and both removed to Duxbury.

COMMENTS: Although we cannot place Edmund CHANDLER in Plymouth prior to 1632 based on New England records, he was probably one of the last group of Leiden church members who came to Plymouth in 1629 and 1630.

Edmund CHANDLER does not appear in the 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 Plymouth tax lists, even though his age, wealth and social status would lead one to expect that he should.

Records for a Samuel CHANDLER of Plymouth and then of Duxbury begin with appearances on the 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 Plymouth tax lists [PCR 1:11, 28], and continue through the 1683 estate records in Duxbury.  Attempts have been made to distribute these records between two Samuel CHANDLERs, the elder being possibly the son of Roger CHANDLER seen in Leiden records, who did not survive his father, and the younger being the Samuel CHANDLER named in the will of Edmund CHANDLER.  We will argue here that these records, spread over sixty years, pertain to only one Samuel CHANDLER, who was son of Edmund.

First, the Samuel CHANDLER taxed in 1633 must have been at least 21, and therefore born no later than 1612.  Edmund CHANDLER was made a citizen of LEIDEN in 1613, and was therefore born no later than 1592, and perhaps earlier; he could easily have been father of a Samuel born in 1612.

Second, the records for Samuel CHANDLER from 1633 to 1683 do not at any point imply two persons of that name at Duxbury during these years.  The designations “Sr.” and “Jr.” are never employed in the records.

Third, when Samuel CHANDLER was charged with slander against the Plymouth government in 1639, one of his bondsmen was Richard HIGGINS, who had married in 1634 at Plymouth Lydia CHANDLER.  If she married at the normal age, Lydia would have been born about 1614, and so could well have been a sister of Samuel.

Fourth, on 20 May 1637 John JENNEY sued Samuel CHANDLER for a debt of £20.  “Edmond CHAUNDLER became bail to the action, and to satisfy the debt,” and on 2 October 1637 “Edmond CHAUNDLER undertook to pay the plaintiff” the amount remaining due [PCR 7:6].

All of these arguments are consistent with the hypothesis that Edmund CHANDLER had three children by a first wife; Samuel, Lydia, and the child buried at Leiden in 1619.

[page 330]

The will of Edmund CHANDLER names six other children, but we have little to help us in dating them.  Two of these six were sons, Benjamin and Joseph, with Benjamin always named first in the will.  Three of the daughters (Sarah, Anna and Mary) are grouped together, after which the other three children were grouped together (Benjamin, Joseph and Ruth).  Our arrangement of the children above assumes that these six were named in birth order, and were all by a second (or later) wife.

The argument has been made that Joseph must have been born by 1641, since he was named executor by his father in 1662; but since a testator might not be planning to die immediately, this is not necessarily true.  Benjamin married by about 1671, and Joseph probably sometime in the mid-1670s, and rough estimates of birthdates for these six chilren are assigned on this basis.

Nothing is known of the fate of the four daughters of Edmund CHANDLER.  The grouping together of Sarah, Anna and Mary may possibly indicate that they were married by 3 May 1662, the date of their father’s will.

The son John who died testate at Barbados, would be older by some years than all of these children by the second wife, if we assume that he was twenty-one when he made his will.

On 23 January 1638/9 “Edmond CHANDLER, of Duxburrow, yeom[an],” took John EDWARDS as an apprentice for five years [PCR 1:110].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The best sustained treatment of Edmund CHANDLER and his family is that of Lora A.W. Underhill [Small Gen 1027-60].  Additional useful material was published by George Ernest Bowman [M 14:65-70].

A Chandler Note

14 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: R.W. Sherman, “A Chandler Note,” American Genealogist 67[1992]:96.

Here is one more reference to the daughters of Roger CHANDLER of Plymouth Colony, to add to Mrs. Barclay’s article in TAG (27:1-6):

July 12, 1692. Then layed out to John LEONARD of Bridgewater, 10 acres of medow at Cranberry meadow in Taunton North Purchase in rights of a court grant to the three daughters of Roger CHANDLER deceased, bounded [by rocks]. Signed John RICHMOND, John HATHAWAY and Thomas HARBY and recorded 14 Aug. 1696 (Bristol Co., Mass., LR 1:298).

Plymouth Colony: Its History & People 1620-1691

9 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing Company, 1986).

[page 260]

CHANDLER, EDMOND – Edmond CHANDLER was probably related to Roger CHANDLER, for he was in Leiden during the same period, appearing in the records there in 1613, 1615, 1619, 1623, and 1626.  He was a say-weaver (as was Roger), and was later listed as a draper and then a pipemaker.  He buried a child in Leiden in 1619 (Dexter, p. 609).  As was Roger, Edmond was on the 1633 freeman list.  He moved to Duxbury, and in 1635/36 he was one of the Duxbury members of a committee to look into possibilities of uniting Duxbury with Plymouth (PCR 1:41).  He served on other commissions and juries, and engaged in a good number of land transactions (PCR, passim).  On 1 January 1636/37 he became a constable for Duxbury (PCR 1:48).  On 24 January 1638/39 John EDWARDS put himself as an apprentice to Edmond CHANDLER of Duxbury, yeoman, for five years (PCR 1:110).  On 4 June 1639 CHANDLER became a deputy for Duxbury (PCR 1:126).

Edmond apparently had two wives, but their names are not known (Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, Descendants of Edward SMALL of New England, 2 vols. [Boston & New York, 1934 2:1027-95].  He dated his will 3 May 1662, proved 4 June 1662, and in it he named sons Samuel, Benjamin, and Joseph; and daughters Sarah, Anna, Mary, and Ruth.  The first three daughters were to get 3,500 (pounds?) of sugar belonging to him at Barbadoes (MD 14:68).  He also had a son John, who apparently died without issue, but in his 1653 will, while at sea heading for Barbadoes, he named his father Edmond CHANDLER of Plymouth (Sherman and Wakefield, Plymouth Colony Probate Guide, p. 21).  As Bowman comments, there have been many serious errors written about CHANDLER descendants of colonial Plymouth, some of which he sorts out in “CHANDLER Notes,” MD 14:65 (also see MD 14:140-41).  Note in particular that although Edmond3 (Joseph2) CHANDLER married Elizabeth3 (Jonathan2) ALDEN, they did not have any surviving children, in spite of claims to the contrary.

CHANDLER, Roger – Roger CHANDLER, possibly related to Edmond CHANDLER, q.v., was in Leiden records as a say-weaver from Colchester, England, and he was married at Leiden on 21 July 1615 to Isabel CHILTON.  He and his wife and two children, Samuel and Sarah, were living at Leiden on 15 October 1622 (Dexter, p. 609), having arrived at Plymouth sometime after the 1627 cattle division.  His wife was the daughter of 1620 Mayflower passenger James CHILTON, and their descendants are given in MF 2, which gives references for additional information.  He was on the 1633 freeman list, and he later moved to Duxbury.

[page 261]

[…]

CHILTON, ISABEL – The daughter of James and Susanna CHILTON, Isabel was baptized at St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, County Kent, on 15 January 1586/87.  She married at Leiden 21 July 1615 Roger CHANDLER, q.v., and they came to Plymouth sometime after the 1627 cattle division.  Bradford (Ford) 2:400 recorded under James CHILTON and wife that “They had

[page 262]

an other daughter, that was married, came afterward.”  Isabel’s children and their descendants are given in MF 2.

CHILTON, JAMES – James CHILTON has been erroneously lumped together with the “Strangers” on the 1620 Mayflower, but he was in fact a Leiden Separatist, as is shown by Jan van Dorsten in “Why the Pilgrims Left Leiden,” in Bang’s Pilgrims, p. 34.  Leiden records reveal that on 28 April 1619 the sixty-three-year-old James CHILTON was returning to his house with his daughter when about twenty boys began throwing rocks at them, and James was hit on the head and knocked to the ground.  he never saw Plymouth, for he died on 8 December 1620 when the Mayflower was still at Provincetown Harbor.  His wife Susanna and daughter Mary came with him, and a daughter Isabella came later.  He probably had another daughter, “Engeltgen,” who married in Leiden in 1622 (see MF 2 which gives his first five generations in America).  He was also known to have had other children in England, but no descendants from them have been traced.  James CHILTON was the son of Lionel CHILTON, and he was a resident of Canterbury, where he worked as a tailor, and of Sandwich, Kent before going to Holland.   His English background is given by John G. Hunt, “Origins of the CHILTONs of the Mayflower,” TAG 38:244.

CHILTON, MARY – A daughter of James and Susanna CHILTON, Mary sailed with them on the 1620 Mayflower, and she has been called the first woman to step on Plymouth Rock (see Charles T. Libby, Mary CHILTON’s Title to Celebrity, [reprint. Providence, R.I., 1978]).  She was baptized at St. Peter’s Parish, Sandwich, Kent on 31 May 1607.  She married at Plymouth Edward WINSLOW’s brother John WINSLOW, q.v., and they later moved to Boston, where she died before 1 May 1679.  Her family is given in MF 2.  See also Robert M. Sherman, “The Baptism of Mary CHILTON,” MQ 43:56, and Hunt’s article under her father, James CHILTON.

CHILTON, SUSANNA – A 1620 Mayflower passenger, Susanna accompanied her husband James CHILTON and daughter Mary to Plymouth.  Her maiden name is not certain.  Hunt thought it was FURNER; see his article under James CHILTON.  She died shortly after arriving at Plymouth.

[page 433]

The 1627-1634 Arrivals

Chandler, Sarah  daughter of Roger

[page 185]

[early 1600s]

When a servant of Mr. Thomas Gilbert, Jr. complained that he was ill used by his master & in want of proper clothing, the court ordered the town of Taunton to take notice of the boy’s condition & use its best prudence to see that the boy was completely provided for & “wee likewise desire you seriously to remember that some speedy course may bee taken for the curing of the boyes foot, being in danger of perishing.”

[page 445]

The 1643 ABLE TO BEAR ARMS (ATBA) List

Taunton 1643

Thomas Gilbert

Willm Phillips

The Probable Identity of the Daughters of Roger Chandler

4 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Frederick G. Warner, “The Probable Identity of the Daughters of Roger Chandler of Duxbury,
Mass.,” American Genealogist 27[1951]:1-6.

The Mayflower Descendant (Vol. 11, p. 129) shows that Roger Chandler, say-worker, single man, from Colchester in England, married Isabel Chilton, single woman, from Canterbury in England, on July 21, 1615, in Leyden, Holland. Henry and Morton Dexter, in The England and Holland of the Pilgrims (1906) state that Roger Chandler, his wife Isabella, and children Samuel and Sarah, were living in Zevenhuysen, Leyden, on October 15, 1622. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Vol. 63, p. 201) gives the baptism of Isabell, daughter of James Chilton, on January 15, 1586, at St. Paul’s Church, Canterbury, England. Bradford in his history Of Plimouth Plantation states that James Chilton, his wife and daughter Mary, came on the Mayflower, and that “They had an other doughter, yt was maried, came afterward.”

Plymouth Colony Records show that Roger Chandler was taxed 9 s. on March 25, 1633, and that he was listed as a freeman of Duxbury the same year. He was granted land in Duxbury on November 2, 1640, was living there in February, 1644, when he sold land, and on May 5, 1646, he sued Kenelme Winslow for his daughter’s clothes which Winslow “detaineth upon pretence of some further service which he required of her.” The court ordered Winslow to deliver the clothes. Chandler’s name appears on a list of freemen of Duxbury made about 1658. He died before October 3, 1665.

On that date (Oct. 3, 1665), “one hundred and fifty acres are granted by the Court unto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger Chandler, deceased, viz., to each of them fifty acres, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John Bundy” [Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 4, p. 110].

William L. Chaffin in his History of Easton, Mass. (1886) states that this land lay in the part of Taunton North Purchase which later became the town of Easton. Samuel H. Emery in his History of Taunton (1893) states that on June 1, 1668, fifty-three Taunton men purchased of Plymouth Colony, a tract of about 60 square miles which lay north of Taunton, west of Bridgewater, south of Massachusetts Bay line and east of Rehoboth, “excepting only a small parcel granted unto John Bundy and also a grant made unto Thomas Briggs.” This tract of land became known as the North Purchase of Taunton.

The Old Records of Taunton North Purchase (Vol. 1, p. 27) at the Registry of Deeds in Taunton show that on January 6, 1684, the proprietors of Taunton North Purchase appointed Thomas Leonard, John Richmond, and John Hathaway “… to see that such lands that are Granted to particular persons, by the Court, and are within the said North Purchase, be laid out unto the persons concerned according to their grants.” The committee report, filed on October 3, 1701, states that “We did many years agoe lay out and bound unto the Right of the Daughters of Roger Chandler, one hundred and fifty acres of land as follows: We began the northeast corner at a white oak with three branches standing in the line between said North Purchase and Bridgewater township, from thence we ran west 150 rods to another white oak with three branches which we marked for a corner and from thence we ran four sides for a corner, it stands on the south side of a hill that an old cartway went over, and then we turned the corner and ordered the range to be due east unto the line between said North Purchase and Bridgewater township above mentioned….”

Taunton Land Records (Book 2, p. 49) contains a deed, dated December 18, 1689, in which John Leonard of Bridgewater of the Colony of “Plimouth” sold to Abiah Whitman of the town of Weymouth “… one hundred acres of land be it more or less, being two third parts of a lott of land, the other third part being the land of Stephen Bruff of the town of Boston in New England, which said lott of one hundred and fifty acres is bounded by ye line which runs between Taunton and Bridgewater easterly with a white oak tree marked on four sides growing out with three great limbs on the top of said tree, the said marked tree growing on the northeast corner of said granted lott, extending from the said marked tree running westward about 150 rods to another marked [an evident omission here in the recorded copy] on the four sides standing and growing upon the south side of a steep, high hill, extending from the said marked black oak tree running east reaching to the aforesaid line running between Bridgewater and Taunton together with all … priviledges … whatsoever unto the two thirds of the said lott being one hundred acres belonging or in any wise appertaining, with all the right property claim and interest of him the said John Leonard in the two thirds part of the said tract of land … Also the said John Leonard do grant, assign and confirme unto the said Abiah Whitman … the full two thirds part of ten acres of meadow land which is belonging to the afore said tract of land to have and to hold the said two third parts of ten acres of meadow land….”

Although a line or two of the original deed describing the westerly boundary of the tract were apparently omitted by the recorder in making the copy, the description given is sufficient to identify positively the one hundred acres sold by John Leonard as part of the one hundred and fifty acres laid out to the right of the daughters of Roger Chandler.

The original record of a grant of ten acres of meadow to the three daughters of Roger Chandler has not been found. However, page 11 of the Book of Votes of Taunton North Purchase Proprietors shows that at a meeting of proprietors held on May 31, 1697, it was “voted that whereas there hath been some controversy about the meadow granted to the Daughters of Roger Chandler within the tract of land called Taunton North Purchase, the proprietors of said North Purchase voted and agreed this 31st day of May, 1697, that Thomas Randall, John White, Thomas Harvey, Sr., and Nicholas White or the major part of them shall measure and set bounds to said meadow where the Leonards have formerly pitched to prevent further inconveniency and what said men or the major part of them shall do according to the Court grant to the said daughters shall be firm and good.” On the same page, the committee return dated the 10th day of June 1697 reads “… we the subscribers have laid out ten acres of meadow and meadowish land to the right of the three daughters of Roger Chandler according to the Court Grant in Taunton North Purchase in a meadow called and known by the name of Cranberry meadow bounded….” Signed by Thomas Randall, Thomas Harvey, Sr., Nicholas White, Sr., and John White, measurer.

Page 16 of the same Book of Votes shows that on March 6, 1698/9, the proprietors voted, “… that Abiah Whitman shall have his meadow in Cranberry meadow joining to the meadow he bought of John Leonard so that he do not hinder others from draining their meadows through his meadow.” On page 12, Volume 1, of the Records is the following: June 14, 1699, there was laid out to Abiah Whitman, eight acres of meadow on the right of Robert Crosman, deceaased, bounded by “Whitman’s acres of meadow which was laid out to the right of Roger Chandlers daughters lying on the west side of said meadow — thence by a trench dug westward to the upland which is called Cranberry Meadow Neck thence by said upland to the northeast corner of said WHITMANs ten acres….” Taunton Land Records show that Robert and Martha Crossman of Taunton sold all of their rights in Taunton North Purchase to Abiah Whitman on May 3, 1690.

Therefore it is apparent that John Leonard sold two thirds of the ten acre meadow laid out to the right of Roger Chandler’s daughters to Abiah Whitman as well as two thirds of the one hundred and fifty acres granted to them.

On page 152 of Book 11 of the Plymouth Land Records is recorded a deed dated December 7, 1687, which reads in part as follows: “To all Christian People to whom this deed shall come, Samuel Leonard of the town of Bridgewater in ye County of Plymouth in New England and James Bundy Sendeth Greeting, know ye that the said Samuel Leonard and James Bundy being in Partnership together proper owners of a certain tract of land bordering westerly upon the township of Bridgewater on the westerly side of the river commonly called Cutting Cove River, containing a hundred acres together with two third parts of ten acres of meadow land belonging to ye same, the said Samuel Leonard for and in consideration of other land properly belonging to John Leonard of the town abovesd, and James Bundy aforesd for and in consideration of the full sum of four pounds in currant pay, themselves each of them being fully satisfied and contented for the same, have by these presents for and in behalf of themselves … sold … unto John Leonard of the town abovesd all the abovesd premises….” The deed was acknowledged at Preston, Conn., by Samuel Lenorson on August 9, 1709, and by James Bundy on July 2, 1709.

From the above facts, it is very apparent that the one hundred acres of land and the two thirds of a ten acre meadow which Samuel Leonard and James Leonard jointly sold to Samuel’s brother John Leonard were parts of the land originally granted to Roger Chandler’s daughters.

The other one third of the 150 acres of land and of the ten acres meadow laid out to the three daughters of Roger Chandler would be accounted for if Stephen Bruff of Boston had sold it to John Leonard’s brother Jacob by an unrecorded deed. John Leonard’s deed of December 18, 1689, stated that the other one third of the 150 acres was owned by Stephen Bruff. The May 31, 1697, vote of the proprietors of North Purchase indicated that someone by the name of Leonard had “pitched” or settled on land near to the ten acre meadow. Taunton Land Records show that on October 22, 1697, Jacob Leonard and wife Susannah of Taunton sold to James Harris of Bridgewater, 59 acres of upland and meadow in Taunton North Purchase, “… the land lying near the land of Abiah Whitman and bounded on the easterly end by Bridgewater line and southerly by the land of Abiah Whitman containing by estimation 59 acres of land be it more or less with the house that is on it … also a parcell of meadow land lying at a place called Cranberry meadow, it being the third part of ten acres of meadow….” The proprietors of Taunton North Purchase, on October 5, 1698, in connection with a court action in which James Harris, residing in North Purchase, sued John Phillips and Clement Briggs, did not question the legality of the residence of James Harris in North Purchase.

Taunton Land Records also show that on March 4, 1699/1700, Abiah Whitman deeded to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Timothy Cooper, as full portion of his estate, part of a lot in North Purchase, “… joining to the west four mile line of Bridgewater, 53 acres, being half of that lot of land which I bought of John Leonardson of Bridgewater, whereon standeth Timothy Cooper’s house (the whole lot being laid out for one hundred acres) bounded north by John Harris, east by the Bridgewater line … also one third part of the meadow which I bought of John Leonardson lying in North Purchase….” Therefore, in 1700, James Harris lived on the north third, Timothy Cooper lived on the middle third, and Abiah Whitman owned the south third of the 150 acres laid out to the three daughters of Roger Chandler, and each owned one third of the ten acre meadow. At that time Stephen Bruff and his wife Damaris, daughter of Lt. Batholomew Threeneedles, were living in Boston, where their daughter Damaris was born on October 27, 1701.

The original will of John Bundy of Taunton, dated April 5, 1681 and proved October 29, 1681, is filed at the Plymouth Registry of Probates. It directs that 15 acres of his land in North Purchase be sold to Malachi Holloway, and bequeathed “the rest of my land in North Purchase to my son James Bundy….” James Bundy was born in Taunton on December 29, 1664, eldest son of John and Martha Bundy. Since the original grant to the three daughters of Roger Chandler was made at the request of John Bundy, and the records of the proprietors of North Purchase do not show any land laid out to the right of John Bundy, it seems certain that James Bundy’s mother Martha was one of Chandler’s daughters. She was probably the youngest, and the one mentioned in Chandler’s court action against Kenelm Winslow.

Samuel Leonard of Bridgewater was the eldest son of Solomon and Mary Leonard of Duxbury and Bridgewater. Solomon Leonard died before 1671, as proved by a deed from Samuel Leonard to his brother John, dated May 1, 1671, recorded at Plymouth, which reads in part as follows: “As much as my father Solomon Leonard of Bridgewater while he was living did with my mother freely bestow on my brother John Leonard, fifty acres….” On June 2, 1674, Samuel Leonard confirmed an exchange of land made by his father before his death, with Nicholas Byram, and on October 27, 1675 he gave bond as administrator of his father’s estate.

Plymouth Colony Records show that on October 27, 1675, “In reference to the disposal of the estate of Sollomon Lenardson of Bridgewater, deceased, the court ordered that such particulars as belong to Samuel Lenardson, the eldest son of said Sollomon Lenardson being firstly sett apart, viz, 50 acres of upland lying on the south side of Nunckatatasett River; and 20 acres more adjoining to it on the northerly side thereof; and 12 acres lying at the town of Bridgewater on which the house standeth and three lots of meadow containing two and one-half acres each; and fifty acres appertaining to John Lenardson, the second son of said Sollomon Lenardson; and all debts owing to any from said estate being first payed, the Court ordered as follows: Samuel to have a double portion and the remainder to be divided amongst the rest of the children in equal portions.” The fact that Samuel Leonard had a double portion of his father’s estate, that he never lived in Taunton, and that he and James Bundy of Taunton were joint partners owning two thirds of the two parcels of land granted to the three daughters of Roger Chandler, makes it very probable that his mother Mary was also one of Chandler’s daughters.

Incidentally it should be noted that John and Martha Bundy named their first son James, perhaps after James Chilton; that Solomon and Mary Leonard named their first son Samuel, perhaps after Roger Chandler’s son Samuel; and that John Leonard named a daughter Martha, perhaps after Martha Bundy. Samuel Leonard moved to Preston, Conn., before 1700, and James Bundy moved there from Rhode Island sometime after May 31, 1703, which affords further evidence of close relationship between the two families.

Plymouth Colony Records show that there was an Edmond Brough in the colony as early as November 2, 1640, and that Edward Brough was a freeman of Marshfield in 1643. Very little else is known about him. He may have married Roger Chandler’s daughter Sarah. If so, Stephen Bruff of Boston was probably a grandson.