Archive

Archive for the ‘013971. Isabella Chilton’ Category

Notes: Chilton

6 August 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Henry A. Phillips, “Notes: Chilton,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 63[1909]:201.

[page 201]

CHILTON – Because the books about Plymouth Colony tell nothing concerning James CHILTON before his appearance at Cape Cod in the Mayflower; because of the pretty tradition attached to the name of his daughter Mary; and because of the numerous descendants left by her and her husband John WINSLOW, it may be well to print in conjunction the following items as offering a clue later to a more satisfactory proof of the English home of James CHILTON, of his trade, and of the fact that he was apparently close upon, or over, sixty years of age when he took passage in the Mayflower.

From the Roll of Freemen of the City of Canterbury, p. 315:

Freeman by Gift: James CHYLTON, tailor, 1583.

From the Registers of St. Paul’s Church, Canterbury, pp. 6 and 8:

  1586, Jan. 15 Isabell, d. of James CHILTON [Bapt.]
  1589, June 8 Jane, d. of James CHILTON
  1599, April 29 Ingle, d. of James CHILTON
 

From Dexter’s The Pilgrim Company in Leyden (2 Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., vol. 17, p. 177):

  CHANDLER, Roger Rog. WILSON and Cath. CARVER wit. his bet. May 22, 1615.
  Isabella (CHILTON). Wife of Rog. Mar. July 21, 1615.
 

BRADFORD says that a second daughter (married) of James CHILTON came over later than he and his daughter Mary. A Roger CHANDLER is found later in Plymouth Colony, at Duxbury in 1633.*

That there had long been a CHILTON family in Canterbury is proved by two entries in the Roll of Freemen quoted above, p. 258:

  Freemen by Redemption: CHILTON, William, spicer, 1399.
    CHILTON, Nicholas, clerk, 1445.
 

120 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.

HENRY A. PHILLIPS.

____________________

* Roger CHANDLER of Duxbury was taxed in 1632, a freeman in 1633, and sold land in 1644. His daughter was in the service of Kenelm WINSLOW before 5 May 1646. (Pope’s Pioneers of Mass., p. 93.) On 3 Oct. 1665 “One hundred and fifty acrees of land are graunted by this Court vnto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDELER, deceased, viz, to each of them fifty acrees, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John BUNDEY” (Plymouth Col. Recs., vol. 4, p. 111). Pope (op. cit., p. 132), in quoting the will of Dolor DAVIS, proved 2 July 1673, mentions a clause referring to DAVIS’s sons Symon and Samuel as residing at Concord, and his having gone thither at the charges of Roger CHANDELER. The Editor is indebted to William P. Greenlaw, Esq., for the above references, which are given in the hope that they may be of use in helping to identify Roger CHANDLER’s daughters.

Advertisements

The Great Migration Begins: James Chilton

27 January 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 353]

JAMES CHILTON

ORIGIN:  Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Died before Mayflower reached Plymouth

OCCUPATION: Tailor.

ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth land division “Marie CHILTON” received an unknown number of acres as a passenger on the Mayflower [PCR 12:4].  In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division Mary, now the wife of John WINSLOW, is listed as the sixth person in the sixth company [PCR 12:11].

BIRTH: About 1556 (aged 63 in 1619 [Bangs 34]), probably at Canterbury, Kent, son of Lionel CHILTON by an unknown first wife [TAG 38:244].

DEATH: 8 December 1620 off Cape Cod [Prince 165].

MARRIAGE: By 1586 _____ _____; she d. Plymouth early in 1621 [Bradford 446].  (John G. Hunt has suggested, reasonably, but on limited evidence, that she was Susanne FURNER, James CHILTON’s stepsister [TAG 38:244-45].)

CHILDREN:

i     ISABELLA, bp St. Paul’s, Canterbury, Kent, 15 January 1586/7 [MF 2:5]; m. Leiden 21 July 1615 [NS] ROGER CHANDLER [M 11:129].

ii    JANE, bp. St. Paul’s, Canterbury, 8 June 1589 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

iii   JOEL, bur. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 2 November 1593 [MF 2:5].

iv    MARY, bur. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 23 November 1593 [MF 2:5].

v     ELIZABETH, bp. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 14 July 1594 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

vi    JAMES, bp. St. Martin’s, Canterbury, 22 August 1596 [MF 2:5]; d. by 11 September 1603.

vii   INGLE, bp. St. Paul’s, Canterbury, 29 April 1599 [MF 2:5]; thought to be the “Engeltgen GILTEN” who m. Leiden 27 August 1622 [NS] Robert NELSON [Dexter 627]; no further record.

viii  CHRISTIAN (dau.), bp. St. Peter’s, Sandwich, Kent, 26 July 1601 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

ix    JAMES, bp. St. Peter’s, Sandwich, 11 September 1603 [MF 2:5]; no further record.

x     MARY, bp. St. Peter’s, Sandwich, 30 May 1607 [MF 2:5]; m. Plymouth by 22 May 1627 JOHN WINSLOW.

COMMENTS: Until recently there was no direct evidence that James CHILTON resided in Leiden, despite the marriage of one and perhaps two daughters there.  Recent research in Leiden has revealed a notarial record detailing an assault on James CHILTON, aged 63, and his daughter on 28 April 1619 [NS]; this assault has been interpreted as one of the reasons leading the Pilgrims to believe that they were becoming less welcome in Leiden, and therefore as a factor in the decision to leave for New England [Bangs 34; see also Stratton 262].

In his list of those on the Mayflower BRADFORD included “James CHILTON and his wife, and Mary their daughter, they had another daughter that was married, came afterward” [Bradford 442].  In his accounting of the family in 1651 BRADFORD reported that “James CHILTON and his wife also died in the first infection, but their daughter Mary is still living and hath nine children; and one daughter is married and hath a child.  So their increase is ten” [Bradford 446].

The Great Migration Begins: Roger Chandler

27 January 2009 Leave a comment

Source: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volume 1, A-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

[page 330]

ROGER CHANDLER

ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1632

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Sayworker (in Leiden).

FREEMAN: In “1633” Plymouth list of freemen, in a section which includes men admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4].  Also in list of [perhaps 7, photocopy illegible] March 1636/7, in Duxbury section of 1639 list, and possibly the man of this name in Duxbury section of list compiled about 1658 [PCR 1:55, 8:174, 198].

ESTATE: Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and [perhaps 27, photocopy illegible] March 1634 [PCR 1:10, 27].

[page 331]

On 2 November 1640 granted twenty-five acres “northwards from Duxburrow Mill, towards Greens Harbour” [PCR 1:165].  On “the last of February 1644 Roger CHAUNDLER of Duxborrow” sold to Francis GODFREY of Duxbury twenty-five acres “on the northern side of the freshet that runneth into Greene’s Harbour where the way to Sittuate crosseth the same being on the upper side the said path” [PCR 12:109].

On 3 October 1665 “one hundred and fifty acres are granted by the Court unto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased, viz, to each of them fifty acres, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John BUNDY” [PCR 4:110].

BIRTH: By about 1590 based on date of marriage, perhaps at Colchester, Essex.

DEATH: Between 5 May 1646 (dispute with Kenelm WINSLOW) and 3 October 1665 (grant of land to his daughters in his right), and probably closer to the earlier date.

MARRIAGE: Leiden, Holland, 21 July 1615 [NS] Isabel CHILTON [MD 11:129], daughter of JAMES CHILTON.

CHILDREN:

i     SAMUEL, b. before 15 October 1622; not seen after Leiden census of 1622.  (See discussion of Samuel CHANDLER, son of EDMUND CHANDLER.)

ii    SARAH, b. before 15 October 1622; m. about 1640 Solomon LEONARD(SON).

iii   MARTHA, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1649 John BUNDY.

iv    MARY, b. probably late 1620s; m. by 1653 Edmund BRUFF.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably related to EDMUND CHANDLER, as both were sayworkers in Leiden, both came to Plymouth about the same time, and both removed to Duxbury.  There may also have been some connection with the Nathaniel CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury portion of the 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms, and as a soldier from Duxbury in 1645 for an expedition against the Naragansetts [PCR 2:90, 8:190].

COMMENTS: The marital history of the three daughters has been set forth in two splendid articles, one by Frederick Warner and one by Florence Barclay [TAG 27:1-6, 37:212-17].  These articles provide lengthy abstracts of deeds and other documents proving these marriages; the most important evidence derives from the sale and transfer of the one-hundred-fifty acre parcel granted to the three [unnamed] daughters of Roger CHANDLER in 1665.  Further treatment of these three daughters and their descendants may be found in the Mayflower Society’s Five Generations Project volume which includes JAMES CHILTON [MF 2:10-12 et seq.].

[page 332]

On 5 May 1646 “Upon hearing of the cause betwixt Roger CHAUNDLER and Kenelme WINSLOW, for his daughter’s clothes, which the said Kenelme detaineth, upon pretense of some further service which he required of her, whereunto the said Roger utterly refused to consent, it is ordered by the Court, that the said Kenelme WINSLOW shal deliver the maid her clothes without any further delay” [PCR 2:90].  Given the date of this dispute, the daughter in question must have been one of the two younger daughters, Mary or Martha.

The record immediately above is the last that can with certainty be assigned to the immigrant Roger CHANDLER.  The Roger CHANDLER who appears in the Duxbury section of the 1658 list of freemen could be the Roger CHANDLER who later resided in Concord, consistent with the information given in the next paragraph.

Claims have been made that Roger CHANDLER of Concord was a son of this ROGER CHANDLER, mainly on the basis of the identity of names and on the statement by SHATTUCK that “Roger CHANDLER, and twenty others of Plymouth Colony, had a grant of four hundred acres of land in Concord in 1658” [Shattuck 367].  The specificity of the grant of land to “the three sisters, the daughters of Roger CHANDLER, deceased,” in 1665 would seem to rule out the possibility that the immigrant was survived by any sons, but the Concord connection remains a tantalizing clue, as a number of other Plymouth residents removed to Concord about this time as well.  (See Charles H. Chandler, The Descendants of Roger CHANDLER of Concord, Mass., 1658 [Provo UT 1949].)

Plymouth Colony: Its History & People 1620-1691

9 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing Company, 1986).

[page 260]

CHANDLER, EDMOND – Edmond CHANDLER was probably related to Roger CHANDLER, for he was in Leiden during the same period, appearing in the records there in 1613, 1615, 1619, 1623, and 1626.  He was a say-weaver (as was Roger), and was later listed as a draper and then a pipemaker.  He buried a child in Leiden in 1619 (Dexter, p. 609).  As was Roger, Edmond was on the 1633 freeman list.  He moved to Duxbury, and in 1635/36 he was one of the Duxbury members of a committee to look into possibilities of uniting Duxbury with Plymouth (PCR 1:41).  He served on other commissions and juries, and engaged in a good number of land transactions (PCR, passim).  On 1 January 1636/37 he became a constable for Duxbury (PCR 1:48).  On 24 January 1638/39 John EDWARDS put himself as an apprentice to Edmond CHANDLER of Duxbury, yeoman, for five years (PCR 1:110).  On 4 June 1639 CHANDLER became a deputy for Duxbury (PCR 1:126).

Edmond apparently had two wives, but their names are not known (Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, Descendants of Edward SMALL of New England, 2 vols. [Boston & New York, 1934 2:1027-95].  He dated his will 3 May 1662, proved 4 June 1662, and in it he named sons Samuel, Benjamin, and Joseph; and daughters Sarah, Anna, Mary, and Ruth.  The first three daughters were to get 3,500 (pounds?) of sugar belonging to him at Barbadoes (MD 14:68).  He also had a son John, who apparently died without issue, but in his 1653 will, while at sea heading for Barbadoes, he named his father Edmond CHANDLER of Plymouth (Sherman and Wakefield, Plymouth Colony Probate Guide, p. 21).  As Bowman comments, there have been many serious errors written about CHANDLER descendants of colonial Plymouth, some of which he sorts out in “CHANDLER Notes,” MD 14:65 (also see MD 14:140-41).  Note in particular that although Edmond3 (Joseph2) CHANDLER married Elizabeth3 (Jonathan2) ALDEN, they did not have any surviving children, in spite of claims to the contrary.

CHANDLER, Roger – Roger CHANDLER, possibly related to Edmond CHANDLER, q.v., was in Leiden records as a say-weaver from Colchester, England, and he was married at Leiden on 21 July 1615 to Isabel CHILTON.  He and his wife and two children, Samuel and Sarah, were living at Leiden on 15 October 1622 (Dexter, p. 609), having arrived at Plymouth sometime after the 1627 cattle division.  His wife was the daughter of 1620 Mayflower passenger James CHILTON, and their descendants are given in MF 2, which gives references for additional information.  He was on the 1633 freeman list, and he later moved to Duxbury.

[page 261]

[…]

CHILTON, ISABEL – The daughter of James and Susanna CHILTON, Isabel was baptized at St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, County Kent, on 15 January 1586/87.  She married at Leiden 21 July 1615 Roger CHANDLER, q.v., and they came to Plymouth sometime after the 1627 cattle division.  Bradford (Ford) 2:400 recorded under James CHILTON and wife that “They had

[page 262]

an other daughter, that was married, came afterward.”  Isabel’s children and their descendants are given in MF 2.

CHILTON, JAMES – James CHILTON has been erroneously lumped together with the “Strangers” on the 1620 Mayflower, but he was in fact a Leiden Separatist, as is shown by Jan van Dorsten in “Why the Pilgrims Left Leiden,” in Bang’s Pilgrims, p. 34.  Leiden records reveal that on 28 April 1619 the sixty-three-year-old James CHILTON was returning to his house with his daughter when about twenty boys began throwing rocks at them, and James was hit on the head and knocked to the ground.  he never saw Plymouth, for he died on 8 December 1620 when the Mayflower was still at Provincetown Harbor.  His wife Susanna and daughter Mary came with him, and a daughter Isabella came later.  He probably had another daughter, “Engeltgen,” who married in Leiden in 1622 (see MF 2 which gives his first five generations in America).  He was also known to have had other children in England, but no descendants from them have been traced.  James CHILTON was the son of Lionel CHILTON, and he was a resident of Canterbury, where he worked as a tailor, and of Sandwich, Kent before going to Holland.   His English background is given by John G. Hunt, “Origins of the CHILTONs of the Mayflower,” TAG 38:244.

CHILTON, MARY – A daughter of James and Susanna CHILTON, Mary sailed with them on the 1620 Mayflower, and she has been called the first woman to step on Plymouth Rock (see Charles T. Libby, Mary CHILTON’s Title to Celebrity, [reprint. Providence, R.I., 1978]).  She was baptized at St. Peter’s Parish, Sandwich, Kent on 31 May 1607.  She married at Plymouth Edward WINSLOW’s brother John WINSLOW, q.v., and they later moved to Boston, where she died before 1 May 1679.  Her family is given in MF 2.  See also Robert M. Sherman, “The Baptism of Mary CHILTON,” MQ 43:56, and Hunt’s article under her father, James CHILTON.

CHILTON, SUSANNA – A 1620 Mayflower passenger, Susanna accompanied her husband James CHILTON and daughter Mary to Plymouth.  Her maiden name is not certain.  Hunt thought it was FURNER; see his article under James CHILTON.  She died shortly after arriving at Plymouth.

[page 433]

The 1627-1634 Arrivals

Chandler, Sarah  daughter of Roger

[page 185]

[early 1600s]

When a servant of Mr. Thomas Gilbert, Jr. complained that he was ill used by his master & in want of proper clothing, the court ordered the town of Taunton to take notice of the boy’s condition & use its best prudence to see that the boy was completely provided for & “wee likewise desire you seriously to remember that some speedy course may bee taken for the curing of the boyes foot, being in danger of perishing.”

[page 445]

The 1643 ABLE TO BEAR ARMS (ATBA) List

Taunton 1643

Thomas Gilbert

Willm Phillips

The Probable Identity of the Daughters of Roger Chandler

4 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Frederick G. Warner, “The Probable Identity of the Daughters of Roger Chandler of Duxbury,
Mass.,” American Genealogist 27[1951]:1-6.

The Mayflower Descendant (Vol. 11, p. 129) shows that Roger Chandler, say-worker, single man, from Colchester in England, married Isabel Chilton, single woman, from Canterbury in England, on July 21, 1615, in Leyden, Holland. Henry and Morton Dexter, in The England and Holland of the Pilgrims (1906) state that Roger Chandler, his wife Isabella, and children Samuel and Sarah, were living in Zevenhuysen, Leyden, on October 15, 1622. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Vol. 63, p. 201) gives the baptism of Isabell, daughter of James Chilton, on January 15, 1586, at St. Paul’s Church, Canterbury, England. Bradford in his history Of Plimouth Plantation states that James Chilton, his wife and daughter Mary, came on the Mayflower, and that “They had an other doughter, yt was maried, came afterward.”

Plymouth Colony Records show that Roger Chandler was taxed 9 s. on March 25, 1633, and that he was listed as a freeman of Duxbury the same year. He was granted land in Duxbury on November 2, 1640, was living there in February, 1644, when he sold land, and on May 5, 1646, he sued Kenelme Winslow for his daughter’s clothes which Winslow “detaineth upon pretence of some further service which he required of her.” The court ordered Winslow to deliver the clothes. Chandler’s name appears on a list of freemen of Duxbury made about 1658. He died before October 3, 1665.

On that date (Oct. 3, 1665), “one hundred and fifty acres are granted by the Court unto the three sisters, the daughters of Roger Chandler, deceased, viz., to each of them fifty acres, lying between the Bay line and the bounds of Taunton, according to the desire of John Bundy” [Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 4, p. 110].

William L. Chaffin in his History of Easton, Mass. (1886) states that this land lay in the part of Taunton North Purchase which later became the town of Easton. Samuel H. Emery in his History of Taunton (1893) states that on June 1, 1668, fifty-three Taunton men purchased of Plymouth Colony, a tract of about 60 square miles which lay north of Taunton, west of Bridgewater, south of Massachusetts Bay line and east of Rehoboth, “excepting only a small parcel granted unto John Bundy and also a grant made unto Thomas Briggs.” This tract of land became known as the North Purchase of Taunton.

The Old Records of Taunton North Purchase (Vol. 1, p. 27) at the Registry of Deeds in Taunton show that on January 6, 1684, the proprietors of Taunton North Purchase appointed Thomas Leonard, John Richmond, and John Hathaway “… to see that such lands that are Granted to particular persons, by the Court, and are within the said North Purchase, be laid out unto the persons concerned according to their grants.” The committee report, filed on October 3, 1701, states that “We did many years agoe lay out and bound unto the Right of the Daughters of Roger Chandler, one hundred and fifty acres of land as follows: We began the northeast corner at a white oak with three branches standing in the line between said North Purchase and Bridgewater township, from thence we ran west 150 rods to another white oak with three branches which we marked for a corner and from thence we ran four sides for a corner, it stands on the south side of a hill that an old cartway went over, and then we turned the corner and ordered the range to be due east unto the line between said North Purchase and Bridgewater township above mentioned….”

Taunton Land Records (Book 2, p. 49) contains a deed, dated December 18, 1689, in which John Leonard of Bridgewater of the Colony of “Plimouth” sold to Abiah Whitman of the town of Weymouth “… one hundred acres of land be it more or less, being two third parts of a lott of land, the other third part being the land of Stephen Bruff of the town of Boston in New England, which said lott of one hundred and fifty acres is bounded by ye line which runs between Taunton and Bridgewater easterly with a white oak tree marked on four sides growing out with three great limbs on the top of said tree, the said marked tree growing on the northeast corner of said granted lott, extending from the said marked tree running westward about 150 rods to another marked [an evident omission here in the recorded copy] on the four sides standing and growing upon the south side of a steep, high hill, extending from the said marked black oak tree running east reaching to the aforesaid line running between Bridgewater and Taunton together with all … priviledges … whatsoever unto the two thirds of the said lott being one hundred acres belonging or in any wise appertaining, with all the right property claim and interest of him the said John Leonard in the two thirds part of the said tract of land … Also the said John Leonard do grant, assign and confirme unto the said Abiah Whitman … the full two thirds part of ten acres of meadow land which is belonging to the afore said tract of land to have and to hold the said two third parts of ten acres of meadow land….”

Although a line or two of the original deed describing the westerly boundary of the tract were apparently omitted by the recorder in making the copy, the description given is sufficient to identify positively the one hundred acres sold by John Leonard as part of the one hundred and fifty acres laid out to the right of the daughters of Roger Chandler.

The original record of a grant of ten acres of meadow to the three daughters of Roger Chandler has not been found. However, page 11 of the Book of Votes of Taunton North Purchase Proprietors shows that at a meeting of proprietors held on May 31, 1697, it was “voted that whereas there hath been some controversy about the meadow granted to the Daughters of Roger Chandler within the tract of land called Taunton North Purchase, the proprietors of said North Purchase voted and agreed this 31st day of May, 1697, that Thomas Randall, John White, Thomas Harvey, Sr., and Nicholas White or the major part of them shall measure and set bounds to said meadow where the Leonards have formerly pitched to prevent further inconveniency and what said men or the major part of them shall do according to the Court grant to the said daughters shall be firm and good.” On the same page, the committee return dated the 10th day of June 1697 reads “… we the subscribers have laid out ten acres of meadow and meadowish land to the right of the three daughters of Roger Chandler according to the Court Grant in Taunton North Purchase in a meadow called and known by the name of Cranberry meadow bounded….” Signed by Thomas Randall, Thomas Harvey, Sr., Nicholas White, Sr., and John White, measurer.

Page 16 of the same Book of Votes shows that on March 6, 1698/9, the proprietors voted, “… that Abiah Whitman shall have his meadow in Cranberry meadow joining to the meadow he bought of John Leonard so that he do not hinder others from draining their meadows through his meadow.” On page 12, Volume 1, of the Records is the following: June 14, 1699, there was laid out to Abiah Whitman, eight acres of meadow on the right of Robert Crosman, deceaased, bounded by “Whitman’s acres of meadow which was laid out to the right of Roger Chandlers daughters lying on the west side of said meadow — thence by a trench dug westward to the upland which is called Cranberry Meadow Neck thence by said upland to the northeast corner of said WHITMANs ten acres….” Taunton Land Records show that Robert and Martha Crossman of Taunton sold all of their rights in Taunton North Purchase to Abiah Whitman on May 3, 1690.

Therefore it is apparent that John Leonard sold two thirds of the ten acre meadow laid out to the right of Roger Chandler’s daughters to Abiah Whitman as well as two thirds of the one hundred and fifty acres granted to them.

On page 152 of Book 11 of the Plymouth Land Records is recorded a deed dated December 7, 1687, which reads in part as follows: “To all Christian People to whom this deed shall come, Samuel Leonard of the town of Bridgewater in ye County of Plymouth in New England and James Bundy Sendeth Greeting, know ye that the said Samuel Leonard and James Bundy being in Partnership together proper owners of a certain tract of land bordering westerly upon the township of Bridgewater on the westerly side of the river commonly called Cutting Cove River, containing a hundred acres together with two third parts of ten acres of meadow land belonging to ye same, the said Samuel Leonard for and in consideration of other land properly belonging to John Leonard of the town abovesd, and James Bundy aforesd for and in consideration of the full sum of four pounds in currant pay, themselves each of them being fully satisfied and contented for the same, have by these presents for and in behalf of themselves … sold … unto John Leonard of the town abovesd all the abovesd premises….” The deed was acknowledged at Preston, Conn., by Samuel Lenorson on August 9, 1709, and by James Bundy on July 2, 1709.

From the above facts, it is very apparent that the one hundred acres of land and the two thirds of a ten acre meadow which Samuel Leonard and James Leonard jointly sold to Samuel’s brother John Leonard were parts of the land originally granted to Roger Chandler’s daughters.

The other one third of the 150 acres of land and of the ten acres meadow laid out to the three daughters of Roger Chandler would be accounted for if Stephen Bruff of Boston had sold it to John Leonard’s brother Jacob by an unrecorded deed. John Leonard’s deed of December 18, 1689, stated that the other one third of the 150 acres was owned by Stephen Bruff. The May 31, 1697, vote of the proprietors of North Purchase indicated that someone by the name of Leonard had “pitched” or settled on land near to the ten acre meadow. Taunton Land Records show that on October 22, 1697, Jacob Leonard and wife Susannah of Taunton sold to James Harris of Bridgewater, 59 acres of upland and meadow in Taunton North Purchase, “… the land lying near the land of Abiah Whitman and bounded on the easterly end by Bridgewater line and southerly by the land of Abiah Whitman containing by estimation 59 acres of land be it more or less with the house that is on it … also a parcell of meadow land lying at a place called Cranberry meadow, it being the third part of ten acres of meadow….” The proprietors of Taunton North Purchase, on October 5, 1698, in connection with a court action in which James Harris, residing in North Purchase, sued John Phillips and Clement Briggs, did not question the legality of the residence of James Harris in North Purchase.

Taunton Land Records also show that on March 4, 1699/1700, Abiah Whitman deeded to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Timothy Cooper, as full portion of his estate, part of a lot in North Purchase, “… joining to the west four mile line of Bridgewater, 53 acres, being half of that lot of land which I bought of John Leonardson of Bridgewater, whereon standeth Timothy Cooper’s house (the whole lot being laid out for one hundred acres) bounded north by John Harris, east by the Bridgewater line … also one third part of the meadow which I bought of John Leonardson lying in North Purchase….” Therefore, in 1700, James Harris lived on the north third, Timothy Cooper lived on the middle third, and Abiah Whitman owned the south third of the 150 acres laid out to the three daughters of Roger Chandler, and each owned one third of the ten acre meadow. At that time Stephen Bruff and his wife Damaris, daughter of Lt. Batholomew Threeneedles, were living in Boston, where their daughter Damaris was born on October 27, 1701.

The original will of John Bundy of Taunton, dated April 5, 1681 and proved October 29, 1681, is filed at the Plymouth Registry of Probates. It directs that 15 acres of his land in North Purchase be sold to Malachi Holloway, and bequeathed “the rest of my land in North Purchase to my son James Bundy….” James Bundy was born in Taunton on December 29, 1664, eldest son of John and Martha Bundy. Since the original grant to the three daughters of Roger Chandler was made at the request of John Bundy, and the records of the proprietors of North Purchase do not show any land laid out to the right of John Bundy, it seems certain that James Bundy’s mother Martha was one of Chandler’s daughters. She was probably the youngest, and the one mentioned in Chandler’s court action against Kenelm Winslow.

Samuel Leonard of Bridgewater was the eldest son of Solomon and Mary Leonard of Duxbury and Bridgewater. Solomon Leonard died before 1671, as proved by a deed from Samuel Leonard to his brother John, dated May 1, 1671, recorded at Plymouth, which reads in part as follows: “As much as my father Solomon Leonard of Bridgewater while he was living did with my mother freely bestow on my brother John Leonard, fifty acres….” On June 2, 1674, Samuel Leonard confirmed an exchange of land made by his father before his death, with Nicholas Byram, and on October 27, 1675 he gave bond as administrator of his father’s estate.

Plymouth Colony Records show that on October 27, 1675, “In reference to the disposal of the estate of Sollomon Lenardson of Bridgewater, deceased, the court ordered that such particulars as belong to Samuel Lenardson, the eldest son of said Sollomon Lenardson being firstly sett apart, viz, 50 acres of upland lying on the south side of Nunckatatasett River; and 20 acres more adjoining to it on the northerly side thereof; and 12 acres lying at the town of Bridgewater on which the house standeth and three lots of meadow containing two and one-half acres each; and fifty acres appertaining to John Lenardson, the second son of said Sollomon Lenardson; and all debts owing to any from said estate being first payed, the Court ordered as follows: Samuel to have a double portion and the remainder to be divided amongst the rest of the children in equal portions.” The fact that Samuel Leonard had a double portion of his father’s estate, that he never lived in Taunton, and that he and James Bundy of Taunton were joint partners owning two thirds of the two parcels of land granted to the three daughters of Roger Chandler, makes it very probable that his mother Mary was also one of Chandler’s daughters.

Incidentally it should be noted that John and Martha Bundy named their first son James, perhaps after James Chilton; that Solomon and Mary Leonard named their first son Samuel, perhaps after Roger Chandler’s son Samuel; and that John Leonard named a daughter Martha, perhaps after Martha Bundy. Samuel Leonard moved to Preston, Conn., before 1700, and James Bundy moved there from Rhode Island sometime after May 31, 1703, which affords further evidence of close relationship between the two families.

Plymouth Colony Records show that there was an Edmond Brough in the colony as early as November 2, 1640, and that Edward Brough was a freeman of Marshfield in 1643. Very little else is known about him. He may have married Roger Chandler’s daughter Sarah. If so, Stephen Bruff of Boston was probably a grandson.

Chilton and Leonard: Mayflower Families Through Five Generations

4 May 2008 Leave a comment

Source: Robert M. Sherman, editor, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume 2 (Plymouth,
Massachusetts: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1978).

[page 3]

JAMES CHILTON

James Chilton was the oldest passenger on the Mayflower, with the possible exception of Elder William Brewster. James was born before 1563 in Canterbury, Kent County, England, where the surname appears in the annals as far back as 1339 when Robert Chilton was a representative to Parliament from Canterbury. James’ grandfather Richard Chilton of St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, in a will dated and proved in 1549, mentioned his deceased wife Isabell, and bequeathed the bulk of his estate to his son Lyonell.

The will of Lyonell “Chylton,” a yeoman of considerable property residing in St. Paul’s Parish, dated 7 Sept. 1582 and proved 13 Feb. 1582/3, named sons John and James Chilton; daughters Alice, Anne and Margaret; wife Isabell and her children–Thomas Furner and Susanna Furner. To son James he left two tenements in Canterbury. Isabell was evidently a recent second wife of Lyonell, and not James’ mother (whose name is unknown).

James Chilton, tailor, was listed as a freeman of Canterbury in 1583. He married before 1587 just possibly Susanna Furner, daughter of his step-mother and her first husband Francis Furner. Seven children were baptized in Canterbury to James, then about 1600 the family moved to neighboring Sandwich where three more children were baptized, including youngest daughter Mary, who was baptized at St. Peter’s in 1607. Here he undoubtedly met Moses Fletcher, who was destined to be a fellow Mayflower passenger, as well as other Pilgrims who later went to Holland, and so was drawn into the Pilgrim movement.

From 1607 to 1620 we lose sight of James, but since his daughter “Ysabel Tgiltron spinster from Canterbury” was married in Leyden, Holland in 1615, and probably a second daughter Ingle, listed as “Engeltgen Gilten,” was married there in 1622, it is likely that James took his family to Holland, where Leyden betrothal records include several Pilgrims from Sandwich and Canterbury. On the other hand, James Chilton’s name has not been found in Leyden as owner of property, as a citizen, as friend of a betrothed couple, or even as witness at the betrothal of his own daughter. Possibly this apparent lack of record might be ascribed to the difficulty the Dutch had with writing the name Chilton.

Descent from James Chilton has been proved through only his eldest daughter Isabella and his youngest daughter Mary. “Engeltgen Gilten” mentioned above, who married

[page 4]

Robert Nelson, could not be followed further. None of the other children appears to have lived to maturity.

Governor Bradford wrote that among those on the Mayflower were James Chilton and his wife, and Mary their daughter; they had another daughter that was married, came afterward. In 1650 he wrote “James Chilton and his wife also died in the first infection, but their daughter Mary is still living and hath nine children; and one daughter is married and hath a child. So their increase is ten.” James died on 18 December 1620, scarcely a month after signing the Mayflower Compact–the only signer who died at Cape Cod. His wife shortly followed him, dying during the First Sickness at Plymouth sometime after 21 January 1620/1.

At thirteen Mary Chilton was thus left an orphan at Plymouth. No record reveals with whom she spent the next few years, but perhaps for at least a part of the time she was a member of either the Alden or the Standish household; in the 1623 land division “Marie” Chilton received her share (undoubtedly three acres–
one for herself and one for each parent) between the shares of John Alden and Myles Standish. By the time of the cattle division of May 1627, Mary had married John Winslow, and the couple were included with John
Shaw’s group.

References: NEHGR 63:201. TAG 38:244-5. STODDARD pp. 100, 120, 124. FAM OF PILGRIMS pp. 60-1.
BANKS ENGLISH ANCESTRY p. 45. BRADFORD’S HIST (1952) pp. 442, 446. MQ 26(4):2; 27(1):5-6; 33:43-
5; 38:101-3; 40:8-13; 43:56. SAVAGE 1:379. LEYDEN DOCUMENTS pp. 21, 48. PLYMOUTH COLONY
RECS 1:9; 12:4, 11.

[page 5]

FIRST GENERATION

1. JAMES1 CHILTON b. prob. Canterbury, Kent Co., England bef. 1563; d. Cape Cod Harbor (now Provincetown) aboard the Mayflower 18 Dec. 1620; son of Lyonell Chylton. [Lyonell’s second wife, the widow Isabell Furner, was not the mother of his children.]

He m. England bef. 1587 pos. SUSANNA FURNER, dau. of his step-mother; his wife d. Plymouth shortly after 11 Jan. 1620/1.

Children (CHILTON) b. Kent Co., England:

  • 2 i ISABELLA2 bp. St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, 15 Jan. 1586/7.
  • ii JANE bp. St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, 8 June 1589; n.f.r.
  • iii MARY b. Canterbury; bur. St. Martin’s Parish 23 Nov. 1593.
  • iv JOEL b. Canterbury; bur. St. Martin’s Parish 2 Nov. 1593.
  • v ELIZABETH bp. St. Martin’s Parish, Canterbury, 14 July 1594; n.f.r.
  • vi JAMES bp. St. Martin’s Parish, Canterbury, 22 Aug. 1596; d.y.
  • vii INGLE bp. St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, 29 April 1599; prob. the “Engeltgen Gilten” who m. Leyden, Holland, 27 Aug. 1622 ROBERT NELSON; n.f.r.
  • viii CHRISTIAN (dau.) bp. St. Peter’s Parish, Sandwich, 26 July 1601; n.f.r.
  • ix JAMES bp. St. Peter’s Parish, Sandwich, 11 Sept. 1603; n.f.r.
  • 3 x MARY bp. St. Peter’s Parish, Sandwich, 30 May 1607.

References: MD 1:87; 6:244. MQ 26(4):2; 27(1):5-6; 38:101[some dates in error]; 43:56. SAVAGE 1:379. TAG 38:244-5. NEHGR 63-201. BANKS ENGLISH ANCESTRY p. 45. FAM OF PILGRIMS pp. 60-1. LEYDEN DOCUMENTS p. 48. BRADFORD’S HIST (1952) pp. 442, 446. Register, St. Peter’s Christenings, Sandwich (now at Canterbury Cathedral).

SECOND GENERATION

2 ISABELLA2 CHILTON (James1) bp. St. Paul’s Parish, Canterbury, Kent Co., England, 15 Jan. 1586/7; no death record found. In fact, Bradford’s statement that James Chilton “had an other doughter, that was married, came afterward,” provides the only evidence that Isabella came to Plymouth.

She m. Leyden, Holland, 21 July 1615 ROGER CHANDLER (Rogier Kandelaer batchelor from Colchester, England); d. bet. 1658 and 3 Oct. 1665 prob. Duxbury.

The Leyden poll tax of 15 Oct. 1622 includes “Rogier Chandelaer, Isabel Chandelaer” his wife, and children Samuel and Sara. Roger and his family probably came to Plymouth in 1629 or 1630, when according to Bradford the

[page 6]

Leyden contingent arrived. He was taxed in Plymouth 25 March 1633, and listed as a freeman the same year–the earliest record of him in this country. He was enumerated among those able to bear arms in Duxbury in 1643, and sold land there in 1644; he was listed among freemen of Duxbury in a tally presumed taken in 1658.

In October 1665 the Plymouth Court granted 150 acres of land to the three (unnamed) daughters of Roger Chandler deceased. Articles in TAG indicate their names and husbands.

Children (CHANDLER):

  • i SAMUEL3 b. Leyden, Holland, bef. 15 Oct. 1622; prob. d.y.*
  • 4 ii SARAH b. Leyden bef. 15 Oct. 1622
  • 5 iii MARY b. after 1622 prob. Leyden
  • 6 iv MARTHA b. after 1622 prob. Leyden

References: MD 6:244; 11:129; 14:69. LEYDEN DOCUMENTS p. 21. FAM OF PILGRIMS pp. 61-2. TAG 27:1-6; 37:212-7. SMALL DESC 2:855-70. SAVAGE 1:358. NEHGR 63:201. BRADFORD’S HIST (1952) p. 442; also (1912) 2:400. DUXBURY RECS p. 19. PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 1:4, 10, 11, 27, 165; 2:98; 4:110; 8:174, 198; 12:109. ARBER p. 273. Leyden Poll Tax. MA PIONEERS p. 93.

3. Mary2 CHILTON (James1) bp. St. Peter’s Parish, Sandwich, Kent Co., England, 31 May 1607; d. Boston MA bef. 1 May 1679.

She m. Plymouth bet. July 1623 and 22 May 1627 JOHN WINSLOW, b. Droitwich, Worcestershire, England, 16 April 1597; d. Boston bef. 21 May 1674; son of Edward and Magdalen (Ollyver) Winslow, and brother of Pilgrim Edward Winslow. Both John and Mary are buried in King’s Chapel Burying Ground, Boston.

John Winslow arrived at Plymouth in 1621 on the Fortune. He was listed as a freeman in 1633, and became active in the government of the colony, setting off and appraising land and serving on jury; in 1653 he became a member of “a counsell of warr.” With wife Mary, he moved to Boston in 1657. His will, attested 21 May 1674, […]

*Neither Samuel Chandler of Duxbury nor the one of Dorchester seems to be a son of Roger. Samuel of Duxbury was the son of Edmund Chandler, and Samuel of Dorchester was taxed in Plymouth in 1633, so appears to be too old to be Roger’s son. Further, in the 1665 grant to Roger’s three daughters, no mention was made of a son.

[page 8]

A tradition, apparently true, persists that Mary Chilton was the first female to reach shore from the Mayflower; less certain is whether this was accomplished at Cape Cod or at Plymouth. However it is certain that she left the only will of a female passenger, a paper today preserved at the Suffolk County Registry of Probate in Boston. […]

[page 10]

Mary’s will was proved 11 July 1679. It would appear that she died before 1 May 1679, however, upon which date Mr. William Tailer renounced the executorship of her estate. Administration of her estate was granted 24 July 1679 to her son John Winslow and son-in-law Richard Middlecott.

Children (WINSLOW) b. Plymouth after 22 May 1627:

  • 7 i JOHN3 b. prob. bef. 1630
  • 8 ii SUSANNA b. prob. bef. 1630
  • 9 iii MARY b. about 1631
  • 10 iv EDWARD b. ca. 1635
  • 11 v SARAH b. ca. 1638
  • 12 vi SAMUEL b. ca. 1641
  • 13 vii JOSEPH
  • 14 viii ISAAC b. 1644
  • ix a child b. bef. 1650; prob. d.y., certainly d. bef. 12 March 1673 (date father’s will)
  • x BENJAMIN b. 12 Aug. 1653; d. between 12 March 1673/4 and 31 July 1676; unm.

References: MD 1:65-71, 151; 2:116; 3:129-33; 17:70. MQ 33:43-5; 38:101-3. FAM OF PILGRIMS pp. 62-3 [no primary source found for mar. date 10 Oct. 1624]. STODDARD pp. 100, 125. BANKS ENGLISH ANCESTRY pp. 45, 130. BRADFORD’S HIST (1952) pp. 442, 446. NEHGR 17:159-60. PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 1:3, 9; 8:17; 12:11(John & Mary Winslow in a division). PLYMOUTH BY THACHER p. 95. MARY CHILTON. SAVAGE 1:379; 4:601.

THIRD GENERATION

4 SARAH CHANDLER3 (Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Leyden, Holland, bef. 15 Oct. 1622; d. Bridgewater bef. 27 Oct. 1675.

She m. Duxbury ca. 1640 SOLOMON LEONARD (or LENNER or LEONARDSON), b. prob. Monmouthshire, England, ca. 1610; d. Bridgewater bef. 1 May 1671.

[page 11]

Solomon Leonard was first recorded in Duxbury 1637, and in May 1638 was “promised lands on Duxburrow side, (in part of those due to him for his service).” This was probably the usual recompense to a servant; since normal service was seven years, we surmise that Solomon prob. arrived in Plymouth ca. 1631. In Feb. 1638/9 he received a grant of 25 acres. In 1645 he received a share of land in what later became Bridgewater, to which he removed soon after 1649. He was living there in 1658/9.

On 1 May 1671 Samuel Leonard of Bridgewater confirmed that his deceased father, Solomon Leonard, had given land to “my brother John Leonard.” Strangely, Samuel did not post bond as administrator of his father, Solomon deceased, until 27 Oct. 1675, at which time the failure to mention the widow of Solomon implies that Sarah had already died. In the disposition of this estate, “Samuel Leonardson” is called eldest son, John second son, with equal division among the “rest of the children.” In a deed 10 May 1677 to his brother “Isaak Leonardson,” Samuel Leonardson mentions brothers John, Jacob and Solomon.

Children (LEONARD) all b. Duxbury, last two prob. in that part later called Bridgewater:

  • 15 i SAMUEL4 b. ca. 1643
  • 16 ii JOHN b. ca. 1645
  • 17 iii JACOB b. ca. 1647
  • 18 iv ISAAC b. ca. 1650
  • 19 v SOLOMON b. after 1650
  • 20 vi MARY b. ca. 1650

References: TAG 27:1-6; 37:213. SAVAGE 3:80[incorrect wife and death]. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL p. 244[confounds Solomon with son Solomon]. (PLYMOUTH) ANC LANDMARKS p. 172. FAM OF PILGRIMS p. 62. Plymouth Col. LR 3:199; 4:217-8(Samuel Leonard). Plymouth Co. PR #12697(Solomon Leonardson). LEONARD FAM pp. 13-33. PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 1:83, 122; 3:159-60; 5:179-80; 8:189; 12:113. MA HIST COLL(Second Series) 7:138.

5 MARY CHANDLER3 (Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. prob. Leyden, Holland, after 1622; with virtual certainty the “Mary wife of Edmund Burfe” who d. Boston 15 Aug. 1658.

She m. EDMUND BRUFF (or BRAUGH, BROUGH, BURFE, or BURPH), who prob. d. soon after his wife.

Edmund Brough was first recorded in a Plymouth arbitration in Nov. 1640; he was in Marshfield in 1643, and moved to Boston about 1654. Nothing further was found in Suffolk County probate or land records.

[page 12]

Child (BRUFF) b. pos. Marshfield:

  • 21 i STEPHEN b. bef. 1653

References: TAG 37:212-7. SAVAGE 1:263, 302. BOSTON VR 9:67. MA PIONEERS p. 71. PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 1:164; 2:58; 8:196.

6 MARTHA CHANDLER3 (Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. prob. Leyden, Holland, after 1622; d. Taunton 1 May 1674.

She m. bef. 1649 JOHN BUNDY, b. England ca. 1617; d. Taunton after April but bef. 29 Oct. 1681 ae 64. His mother was sister to Susanna, wife of Phillip Alley of Boston. He m. (2) Taunton 1676 Ruth (RATCHELL?) GURNEY of Mendon; they had sons John, Joseph and Edward. His widow Ruth m. Guido Bailey of Bridgewater.

John Bundy was in Boston in 1635; in Plymouth by 1636, indentured to William Brewster, where he was listed as able to bear arms in 1643; and served in the Narragansett expedition of 1645. He returned to Boston by 1649, and by 1662 was in Taunton.

The will of John Bundy “aged 64 or therabout of Tanton”, dated April 1681 and proved 29 Oct. 1681,
mentions his wife (unnamed), “the children”, son “Jeames Bundy”, “my sons”, and “the sons by this wife”.

Children (BUNDY) born to John and Martha, first two born in Boston, last three in Taunton:

  • i MARTHA4 b. 2 Nov. 1649; n.f.r.
  • 22 ii MARY b. 5 Oct. 1653
  • iii PATIENCE b. ?; d. Taunton 27 March 1665.
  • 23 iv JAMES b. 29 Sept. (or Dec.) 1664
  • v SARAH b. 4 March 1668; n.f.r.
  • pos. vi SAMUEL b. 4 Oct. 1670 (“son of Samuel”–an apparent error?); n.f.r.

References: TAG 27:1-6; 33:138, 141; 37:212. SAVAGE 1:298. VR TAUNTON. BOSTON VR 9:29, 41. NEHGR 116:18-9. SEATTLE BUL 5(6):333-5; 6(8):451-3(Bundy). Plymouth Co. PR #3310(John Bundy). PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 1:51, 107; 2:90; 4:20; 8:35, 36, 39, 55, 65, 70, 82, 85. SUFFOLK COUNTY CT pp. 210-1(John Bundy, plaintiff). MA PIONEERS pp. 72a, 79. KING PHILIP’s WAR p. 458.

[page 21]

FOURTH GENERATION

15 SAMUEL LEONARD4 (or LEONARDSON) (Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Duxbury ca. 1643; d. Preston CT after 30 Nov. 1720.

He m. (1) bef. 7 March 1675/6 ABIGAIL WOOD, b. Plymouth ca. 1645; d. prob. Worcester; dau. of John and Sarah (Masterson) Wood (or Attwood). A division of the estate of John Wood “formerly of Plymouth” 7 March 1675/6 includes his child Abigail Leonard.

He m. (2) DEBORAH —–, prob. d. Preston between 21 March 1718/9 and 30 Nov. 1720. He lived in Bridgewater from before 1683 until after 10 Jan. 1687/8 when he and wife Abigail sold lands in Bridgewater in a deed acknowledged at Boston 31 Jan. 1687/8. He went to Worcester where he was living in 1692. Driven out by Indians in 1697, he moved with his family to Preston CT, where in Nov. 1698 he was among the twelve founders of the First Church.

Samuel Leonard of Preston sold 140 acres of land in Worcester 21 March 1718/9, his wife Deborah releasing her dower right. Also in 1718 Samuel “Lenard” of Preston sold to Thomas Clark of Norwich [husband of his daughter Elizabeth] his rights to “all ye commons and unlaid out lands in Preston.” Together with his daughter Mercy and her husband, and Lydia, widow of his son Samuel, he was among founders of the Second Church in Preston 30 Nov. 1720.

Children (LEONARD or LEONARDSON) b. Bridgewater to Samuel and Abigail:*

  • 50 i MERCY5
  • 51 ii ELIZABETH
  • 52 iii SAMUEL b. ca. 1683

*No confirmation was found for daughters Mary and Abigail suggested in LEONARD FAM. The Mayflower Society has accepted lineages based on a daughter Mary, for whom no substantiating proof was found.

[page 22]

Child (LEONARD or LEONARDSON) b. to Samuel and Deborah:

  • 53 iv PHEBE bp. Preston CT 7 or 17 Oct. 1703

References: LEONARD FAM pp. 35-6. PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 5:188; 6:161-3(John Wood). TAG 27:1-6. Plymouth Col. LR 3:199; 4:5(Samuel Leonard). CSL Barbour Index:Preston. Plymouth Co. PR 1:338-9(John Wood). PRESTON CH pp. 129, 138. Middlesex Co. LR 20:233(Samuel Leonard). Preston CT LR 3:159(Samuel Lenard). WORCESTER BY NUTT p. 168.

16 JOHN LEONARD4 (Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Duxbury ca. 1645; d. Bridgewater bef. 21 Nov. 1699 (inventory).

He m. ca. 1670 SARAH —–, living 30 Aug. 1701.*

Widow Sarah Leonard and son Joseph Leonard were appointed administrators 23 Jan. 1699/1700 on the estate of John Leonard late of Bridgewater deceased. In a division of this estate the widow was to receive her thirds; John Leonard the eldest son’s share; other shares to sons Enoch, Moses, Josiah and Joseph, and to daughter Sarah Leonard when she was 18. On 30 Aug. 1701 signing receipts were: widow Leonard, John Leonard, Joseph Leonard and Josiah Leonard. No Plymouth County probate or land records were found to reveal anything further regarding either the mother or the daughter Sarah.

Children (LEONARD) all prob. b. Bridgewater:

  • i JOHN5 living Bridgewater 1710(deed); prob. living with brother Moses in Worcester 25 Feb. 1726; prob. d. unm.**
  • 54 ii ENOCH
  • 55 iii MOSES b. ca. 1677
  • 56 iv JOSIAH
  • v JOSEPH b. bef. 1681(signed receipt 1701); living Bridgewater 1725(deed, see #54); n.f.r.
  • vi SARAH b. after 1683; pos. the Sarah who m. Bridgewater 28 July 1708 THOMAS WASHBURN; no known issue.

References: TAG 27:1-6[no daughter Martha found]. SAVAGE 3:79. VR BRIDGEWATER. LEONARD FAM pp. 37-8. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL pp. 245, 341[no evidence found that the above Joseph was the one who married Hannah and moved to Pomfret CT–see #65]. Plymouth Co. PR 1:321, 360(John Leonard). Plymouth Co. LR 31:204(Enoch Leonard & Joseph Leonard).

*Not a daughter of Roger Chandler as claimed in LEONARD FAM.

**Mitchell attributes children born in the 1730’s to this John; they are more likely of a younger John.

[page 23]

17 JACOB LEONARD4 (or LENERSON) (Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Duxbury ca. 1647; d. Bridgewater bet. 9 May and 19 Dec. 1717.

He m.(1) —– —–, d. bef. 1680.

He m.(2) ca. 1680 SUSANNA KING, b. Weymouth 6 May 1659; living Bridgewater 14 Dec. 1716; dau. of Samuel and Experience (Phillips) King.

Jacob served in King Philip’s War 1676; he was in Weymouth by 1679, apparently in Worcester by 1684, but returned to Bridgewater from which he was warned in 1693. Evidently he spent most of his later life in Bridgewater, although he was in Taunton when he purchased a Bridgewater house in 1697, and in Hingham in Dec. 1713. Jacob “Lennard” of Bridgewater sold to Moses “Lennard” (#55) of Marlboro a purchase right in “Woster” (Worcester) 9 May 1717.

The will of Jacob Leonard of Bridgewater husbandman, dated 14 Dec. 1716 presented 19 Dec. 1717 left land in “Woster” to two eldest daughters, Abigail “Washbourne” and Susanna Hill; names three younger daughters, Experience Leonard, Mary Leonard and Sarah Leonard; two sons Solomon and Jacob Leonard; “my present wife Susanna Leonard their mother.”

A son Joseph by an earlier wife is indicated in LEONARD FAM and BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL, as well as in “Bridgewater Corrections.” VR BRIDGEWATER cites gravestones and a “framed record in the possession of the New England Historical Genealogical Society” indicating a son Joseph. It is curious that although the phrase “my present wife” in his will suggests an earlier wife, Jacob did not mention a son Joseph, or Joseph’s heirs, either in his will or in any deeds.

Child (LEONARD) b. to Jacob and first wife, prob. Duxbury:

  • 57 i JOSEPH5 b. ca. 1672*

Children (LEONARD) b. to Jacob and Susanna:

  • 58 ii ABIGAIL b. Weymouth 11 Nov. 1680
  • 59 iii SUSANNA b. Weymouth 27 Dec. 1683
  • iv EXPERIENCE living 14 Dec. 1716; n.f.r.
  • 60 v MARY
  • 61 vi SOLOMON b. ca. 1693
  • 62 vii SARAH b. Bridgewater 11 June 1699
  • viii JACOB b. Bridgewater 13 June 1702; d. there 6 Dec. 1722; Solomon granted administration of his brother Jacob, 21 Dec. 1728 (sic); no other probate papers.

*The Mayflower Society accepts descent through this Joseph although the evidence is skimpy. No evidence was located to indicate the name of Jacob’s purported first wife.

[page 24]

References: SAVAGE 3:79. VR BRIDGEWATER, WEYMOUTH. LEONARD FAM pp. 38-43. WEYMOUTH BY CHAMBERLAIN 3:351, 367. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL pp. 245, 423. EASTON HIST p. 43. NEHGR 33:246. Bridgewater Corrections p. 17. TAG 27:4. Plymouth Co. PR 4:31; #12617 and 5:408(Jacob Leonard). Plymouth Co. LR 6:82(Harris to Leonard); 10:337(Allen to Leonard). Middlesex Co. LR 21:295(Jacob Lennard). VR BRIDGEWATER 1:14 “P.R. 107.” KING PHILIP’S WAR p. 221.

18 ISAAC LEONARD4 (Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Duxbury ca. 1650; d. Bridgewater after 10 Dec. 1717 and before 9 March 1719/20 (deed).

He m. ca. 1675 DELIVERANCE —–, living Bridgewater in March 1719/20 (pos. dau. of William and Hannah (—–) Ames b. Braintree 12 mo. 6th 1653).

Isaac took part in the Narragansett Expedition in 1675, for which son Isaac Leonard of Bridgewater claimed a grant in 1733. He was a weaver. Isaac of Bridgewater and wife Deliverance sold land with dwelling and barn in Bridgewater 29 Feb. 1705/6. He owned land in Mendon and Worcester. He was of Bridgewater 27 March 1717 when he transferred Worcester land, wife Deliverance consenting 7 March 1719/20; son Benjamin on 9 March 1719/20 attested he saw Isaac sign. On 5 April 1717, acknowledged 10 Dec. 1717, Isaac Leonard of Bridgewater gave to son Joseph Leonard his homestead in Bridgewater, on condition Isaac have lifetime use. No Plymouth County probate or land records were found to connect probable child Deliverance.

Children (LEONARD) presumably b. Bridgewater:

  • 63 i ISAAC5
  • 64 ii HANNAH b. 15 March 1679/80
  • prob. iii DELIVERANCE m. Bridgewater 9 Jan. 1701 SAMUEL WASHBURN JR., b. Bridgewater 6 April 1678; d. 1752; son of Samuel and Deborah (Packard) Washburn. He m.(2) 1703 Abigail Leonard (#58). Samuel and Deliverance had no issue.
  • 65 iv JOSEPH
  • 66 v BENJAMIN b. ca. 1686-90

References: VR BRIDGEWATER. BRAINTREE VR p. 633. TAG 46:121. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL pp. 245, 341. NEHGR 16:145. LEONARD FAM pp. 44-5. KING PHILIP’S WAR p. 428. BOSTON TRANSCRIPT 19 Feb. 1917 #6058-10. Plymouth Co. LR 8:65; 14:94(Isaac Leonard); 38:201(Benjamin Leonard). Middlesex Co. LR 21:70(Isaac Leonard).

19 SOLOMON LEONARD (or LENERSON)4 (Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella CHILTON2, James1) b. Duxbury or Bridgewater after 1650; d. Bridgewater 14 May 1686 (inventory).

He m. MARY —–, d. after 15 June 1686. The inventory of the estate of Solomon Lenerson of Bridgewater was

[page 25]

taken 21 May 1686, and sworn to be true by Mary Lenerson 15 June 1686.

Isaac Hayward and his wife Martha in 1739 transferred all rights to lands of “our father Soloman Leonard” late of Bridgewater deceased.

Children (LEONARD) prob. b. Bridgewater:*

  • 67 i MARTHA5 b. ca. 1685

References: BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL pp. 244-5, 277, 288[confounds two Solomons, father and son]. LEONARD FAM pp. 46-8. Plymouth Co. PR 1:1(Solomon Leonard). Plymouth Co. LR 33:46(Isaac Hayward).

20 MARY LEONARD4 (Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Duxbury or Bridgewater after 1650; living Taunton 3 March 1724/5.

She m. Taunton 24 Dec. 1673 JOHN POLLARD, b. Boston 4th day 4th month 1644; living Taunton 7 May 1722; son of William and Anne (—–) Pollard. He m.(1) Deliverance Willis, by whom he had Deliverance, Hannah and William.

John was head of a family in Taunton in 1675, then moved to Boston; he returned to Taunton before Feb. 1692/3 when he bought land of Nicholas Stoughton. John Pollard Sr. was a press master for troops in July 1695; John Pollard Jr. was impressed for service in May 1697. On 7 May 1722 John Pollard of Taunton, cooper, released rights to one-eighth of a house called the “Horse Show” [Horse Shoe] in Boston to Jonathan Pollard of Boston, innholder; wife Mary signed the deed. Mary Pollard of Taunton testified 3 March 1724/5 aged about 75 years.

Children (POLLARD) b. to John and Mary:

  • i JOHN5 b. Taunton 20 March 1675; disappears after 1710, unless he is the John Polden of Plymouth.
  • ii MARY b. Boston 8 March 1677; n.f.r.**
  • 68 iii SAMUEL b. Boston 16 Jan. 1679
  • pos. iv JOSEPH bp. Boston 1685/6; n.f.r.

References: SAVAGE 3:80, 449. VR TAUNTON. BOSTON VR 9:18, 101, 108, 115, 142, 149. MD 21:57. LEONARD FAM p. 48. POLLARD FAM 1:47, 50-3[erroneously indicates John Pollard m. Mary dau. of Solomon

*No evidence was found to support the claim in LEONARD FAM for two other “supposed” daughters, Sarah and Lydia. The Sarah Leonard who m. 1710 Samuel Perry of “Sandwitch,” and Lydia Leonard who m. 1712 Joseph Pratt Jr. have not been placed.

**This Mary was not the wife of Solomon Kneeland, since one of the sons of Solomon and Mary Kneeland had Samuel Pollard for a grandfather.

[page 26]

and Mary Leonard; proposes the family lived in Essex County and had additional children]. PLYMOUTH COLONY RECS 8:55, 66. Suffolk Co. LR 33:261(John Pollard). Bristol Co. LR 4:68(Stoughton to Pollard); 14:208(John Pollard); 16:93(Mary Pollard). TAUNTON HIST pp. 93, 399, 400. [John Pollard and wife Deborah Campbell of Norton 1724 (see Bristol Co. LR 18:225) have not been placed.]

[page 58]

63 ISAAC LEONARD5 (Isaac4, Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) living 2 March 1736/7 “in York government.”

He m. Bridgewater 16 April 1701 MARY (GURNEY?) RANDALL of “North Purchase,” widow of Samuel Randall.

Isaac Leonard Jr. of Bridgewater bought land in Taunton “North Purchase” in 1702. When he moved there is uncertain, but he was living in North Purchase in 1713 and in 1720 when he bought land there. He was of Norton “east precinct” in 1722/3 when he purchased land in Easton. Isaac Leonard of Easton and wife Mary sold their home lot with dwelling in Easton March 1725/6.

Isaac Leonard of “Pomphret” CT sold two tracts in Easton 9 Sept. 1727, and Isaac “late of Easton now of Pomfret CT” sold his share in an iron mine in Easton 4 Jan. 1729, in a deed acknowledged 19 March 1730/1. Listed as inhabitants of Pomfret in 1731 were: Isaac Leonard Sr. and Jr., David Leonard and Thomas Leonard. Isaac was in Pomfret in 1732/3 when he traded land with a Joseph Leonard. (In one instance the land, sold by Joseph to Isaac6, was bounded by land of Joseph’s brother Isaac5.) After 1734 Joseph Leonard and wife, and Isaac Leonard, were admitted to the Second Church in Pomfret. In a deed signed 2 Feb. 1736/7

[page 59]

Isaac Leonard “late of Pomfret” was “now resident in Worcester shire in York government”* when he sold his holdings in Pomfret. No further records were found in CT for Isaac or sons David and Thomas.

Probable children (LEONARD): ISAAC6, DAVID, and THOMAS.

References: VR BRIDGEWATER. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL pp. 106, 245. LEONARD FAM pp. 66-7. TAG 33:137-41. NEHGR 116:18-9. EATON HIST p. 48. WINDHAM CO CT BY LARNED 1:343, 349. Pomfret CT LR 2:156, 160; 3:38(Isaac Leonard). Bristol Co. LR 7:454(Benjamin Snow); 13:119(Thos. Randall Jr.); 13:121 (Jeremiah Willis & Samuel Smith); 18:145(Wm. Hayward); 18:510; 19:487; 20:50(Isaac Leonard).

64 HANNAH LEONARD5 (Isaac4, Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. Bridgewater 15 March 1679/80; d. Easton 22 April 1753.

She m. (1) Marlboro 11 March 1697 DAVID NEWTON, b. Marlboro 12 March 1671/2; d. there 4 April 1702; son of Moses and Joanna (Larkin) Newton. David Newton’s will, dated Marlboro 3 April 1702 sworn 26 May 1702, names wife Hannah, three “small daughters” Hannah, Lydia and Thankfull, and father Moses Newton Sr. as overseer. The will of Moses Newton of Marlborough, dated 3 April 1724, mentions “children of my sons David and Edward Newton deceased.”

She m. (2) bet. 1702 and 1708 NATHANIEL MANLEY, b. Weymouth 27 May 1684; d. Easton 21 April 1753; son of William and Rebecca (—–) Manley of Easton.

In 1716 Nathaniel Manley living in the easterly end of Taunton North Purchase gave rights in iron ore to his brother-in-law Isaac Leonard of Taunton. The same year he sold land and dwelling, his share from his father William Manley and his brothers Thomas and William Manley. Nathaniel was of Easton when he next sold land in 1726, and in 1727/8, which he and wife Hannah both acknowledged 5 May 1738. On 20 April 1753 Nathaniel Manley of Easton sold to Ichabod Manley of Easton several lots in Easton; on the second Tuesday of June 1754 one of the witnesses attested that Nathaniel Manley, since deceased, signed the deed.

Children (NEWTON) b. Marlboro to David and Hannah: HANNAH6 b. 1697; LIDIAH b. 1699; and THANKFULL b. 1701.

Children (MANLEY) b. Easton to Nathaniel and Hannah: ICHABOD b. 1709; HANNAH b. 1711; REBECCA b. 1714; ELIZABETH b. 1716; and MARY b. 1720, d. 1739.

References: VR BRIDGEWATER, HARDWICK(b. Ichabod), MARLBORO, WEYMOUTH. LEONARD FAM pp. 44-5. NEHGR 16:145. NEWTON GEN pp. 166-9.

*”Worcester shire in York government” has not been surely located, though Westchester NY has been suggested.

[page 60]

WEYMOUTH BY CHAMBERLAIN 3:414. EASTON HIST pp. 47-8. Easton VR(copy of original record book at town hall). Middlesex Co. PR #15885 and 10:459(David Newton). Bristol Co. LR 13:117; 20:214; 27:214; 27:406; 36:292; 40:402(Nathaniel Manley). Worcester Co. PR, old series, #43331 (Moses Newton).

65 JOSEPH LEONARD5 (Isaac4, Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. prob. Bridgewater; living Pomfret CT 6 April 1736.

He m. Bridgewater 19 Nov. 1712 HANNAH JENNINGS, dau. of Richard Jennings. Richard’s will, signed in Bridgewater 27 April 1739 proved 1751, names daughter Hannah wife of Joseph Leonard. In 1725 Mary Bailey sold rights to Joseph Leonard of Bridgewater “son of Isaac Leonard decd.” Joseph Leonard Jr. of Bridgewater sold 20 March 1728 “my homestead where I dwell” in Bridgewater, and wife Hannah released right of dower. On 8 April 1728 Joseph Leonard of Bridgewater, cooper, bought land in Pomfret, bounded on the south by land of Isaac Leonard. Joseph Leonard of Pomfret husbandman on 9 Jan. 1732/3 sold to Isaac Leonard of Pomfret “the farm whereon I now live” bounded by land of “my brother Isaac Leonard,” witnessed by an Isaac Leonard. On 5 April 1736 Joseph Leonard of Pomfret sold land in Pomfret, acknowledged the next day; he and his family then disappear from the records of Connecticut.

Children (LEONARD) all except last b. Bridgewater: twins HANNAH6 and JOSEPH b. 1713; MOSES b. 1714; SETH b. 1715; TIMOTHY b. 1718; REBECCA b. 1721; MEHETABEL b. 1724; THANKFUL b. 1726; EBENEZER b. 1728; and BETTE b. Pomfret CT 1730.

References: CSL Barbour Index:Pomfret. VR BRIDGEWATER. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL pp. 210, 245. LEONARD FAM p. 61[clearly has the incorrect Joseph going to Pomfret]. Plymouth Co. PR 12:385(Richard Jennings). Plymouth Co. LR 19:168(Mary Bailey); 23:151(Joseph Leonard). WINDHAM CO. CT BY LARNED 1:349. Pomfret CT LR 2:59(John Adams); 2:155, 156, 157, 160, 161, 162(Joseph Leonard & Isaac Leonard).

66 BENJAMIN LEONARD5 (Isaac4, Sarah CHANDLER3, Isabella2 CHILTON, James1) b. prob. Bridgewater ca. 1686 to 1690; d. Mendham NY by July 1749.

He m. (1) Bridgewater 15 Aug. 1715 or 1716 HANNAH PHILLIPS, d. ca. 1730; dau. of William and Hannah (Gilbert) Phillips of Taunton. On 15 Nov. 1717 Benjamin and Hannah Leonard of Bridgewater received of “our grandfather Thomas Gilbert of Taunton, administrator of the estate of William Phillips late of Taunton deceased, our father,” their share of his estate.

[page 61]

He m. (2) Freetown 13 June 1734 MARY CUDWORTH, b. Freetown 14 Nov. 1702; very prob. d. Morristown NJ 5 Nov. 1778 ae 75; dau. of James and Betsey (Hatch) Cudworth.

Benjamin Leonard, cooper, of Bridgewater sold his homestead in Bridgewater in 1720, and the same year he and wife Hannah sold land in Dighton, set off to her from her father’s estate. In 1722 Benjamin bought land in Dighton, and was living in the part which later became Berkley in July 1723 with wife Hannah. Benjamin was of Berkley when he sold land in 1735, and also when he sold his homestead in 1737, wife Mary relinquishing dower. Both he and Mary still of Berkley acknowledged a sale 7 Dec. 1738. His last sale was acknowledged in Berkley 3 Sept. 1739.

About 1740 Benjamin and family moved to Mendham, Morris Co., NJ. No probate or land records have been located for either Benjamin or Mary in NJ.

Children (LEONARD) b. to Benjamin and Hannah, first two b. Bridgewater, all recorded Dighton: JEMIMA6 b. 1717; LYDIA b. 1718; HANNAH b. 1720; BENJAMIN b. 1722; WILLIAM b. 1724; and CALEB b. 1726.

Children (LEONARD) b. to Benjamin and Mary, only Henry certain, others probable (marriages for
Ephraim, Sarah, Dorothea and Hannah found at Morristown NJ 1753-61): EPHRAIM; HENRY bp. Berkley 1738; SARAH; DOROTHEA; HANNAH; and possibly SUSANNA.

References: VR BRIDGEWATER. Dighton VR 1:42, 91. Freetown VR, typescript, pp. 17, 79; and marriages p. 40. TAG 46:121. BRIDGEWATER BY MITCHELL p. 247. LEONARD FAM pp. 67-8. CORY ANCY 2:1:87-90. Plymouth Co. LR 38:201(Benj. Leonard). BERKLEY HIST p. 6. Berkley Baptisms by Rev. Samuel Tobey, typescript at Old Colony Hist. Soc., Taunton. Bristol Co. LR 13:139, 565; 15:16, 255; 35:355; 40:276; 57:199(Benj. Leonard); 15:5(James Leonard Jr.). NJ ARCHIVES, WILLS 2:478(Jos. Thompson will mentions Benj. Leonard deceased).