Archive for the ‘016640. Peter Burlingham’ Category

The Burlingame Family in the Pacific Northwest

18 May 2008 1 comment

Source: Gary L. Burlingame, The Burlingame Family in the Pacific Northwest (published by the author, 1986).

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Dear Readers:

This is primarily a history of the BURLINGAME family of Oregon and Washington. It lists most of the descendants of Henry S. BURLINGAME (1820-1890), who crossed the plains on the Oregon Trail in 1852 from Illinois. Henry settled in Clark County, Washington. Henry was married twice and had five children who lived to adulthood, married and had children of their own. Henry’s descendants are now living in more than 20 states and in several foreign countries. A large number of us still live in Oregon and Washington, however.

I began this project in 1967 when I was a college student working at the Oregon State Fair in Salem. One evening I walked into an exhibit hall and saw a display set up by a genealogist. She had traced her family back hundreds of years and seemed confident that anybody could do what she had done. She gave me the names of several people researching the BURLINGAME family. I wrote a few letters and quickly realized that I knew very little about my family. That’s when I began bugging many of you with letters about our family. It would be impossible to thank every person for the help he or she gave me these past 19 years. Yes… 19 years! I have a good excuse for it taking so long. You’ll find out why when you read about me on page 120.

Why did I bother to put all of this together? I did it for us — the BURLINGAME family. We all used to be very close to one another. At least that’s what my late father always said. The family he knew, however, seemed to end in the 1930’s when many of the older members passed on. As economic conditions worsened in the Northwest, many of us moved to greener pastures — California, in particular. This book is a last attempt to draw some of us together again.

I knew almost nothing about our family when I started, but can now share a lot with you. The BURLINGAMEs are an old family in this country, with roots going back to 1650 when Roger BURLINGHAM (1620-1718) arrived in Boston from Norfolk, England. Roger later moved to Cranston, Rhode Island where he raised ten children. Three of Roger’s sons became the ancestors for the 3,500 BURLINGAME families found in the 1970 U.S. census. There are probably 5,000 families with the name BURLINGAME in the USA now — not very many compared to the two million SMITH families.

Our surname is an American corruption of the English “BURLINGHAM.” During Roger’s lifetime, the spelling changed to BURLINGAME. This was probably due to pronunciation differences between the early colonists and Englishmen who remained behind. Colonists, who came from many parts of England began mispronouncing our family name. In Norfolk, England, the last syllable of BURLINGHAM is not pronounced ham, but um. For example, the famous palace is pronounced Bucking-um and not Bucking-ham. Roger BURLINGHAM probably got tired of hearing ham at the end of his name and changed the spelling in the hopes of getting the original um pronunciation. We all know it didn’t work. He got game instead of the original Burling-um. Early colonials were notoriously inconsistent in their spellings. In many of the old colonial records, our name was spelled: BURLLINGGAME. That’s how most of us pronounce the name today but we’ve dropped the extra “l” and “g”. The first section of the book tells you what the meaning of BURLINGHAM originally was.

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Our first ancestor in the Northwest, Henry S. BURLINGAME, was a seventh generation descendant of Roger BURLINGHAM. Thus, Henry’s five children were eighth generation descendants and his grandchildren, ninth, etc. In this book, the first seven generations are listed in order, starting with Roger and ending with Henry. Beginning with Henry, I have listed all of his descendants according to the order in which his children were born. Henry’s five children who lived to adulthood were: Martin, Charles, Amos, Harriet, and Mary. In this book, all of Martin’s descendants are listed before Charles’, and Charles before Amos’, etc. Each descendant is identified with a generation number. If you don’t know who you are descended from, all you have to do is to refer to the index at the back of the book. All women are listed by their maiden names.

Have I totally confused you? I hope not, for the one thing I really wanted out of this was a readable book that wasn’t confusing. Many of you have shared family tales and secrets with me that make this more than just a born – married – died list of dates. If I’ve mixed up my facts or have omitted a cousin or two, I apologize in advance.

I mentioned that we all go back to 1650 in this country. That is misleading, for the early LIPPITT, BRIGGS, PLIMPTON, HAWKS, POTTER and KNOWLES families who intermarried with our early ancestors, go back to the 1620’s. I hope that some of you will be inspired by this book to do research on these branches of our family.

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Origins of the BURLINGAME family in England 1 – 5
1st Generation: Roger BURLINGAME (1620-1718) &
Mary LIPPITT BARLINGSTONE (1643-1718) 6 – 14
2nd Generation: John BURLINGAME (1664-1719) &
Mary K. LIPPITT (1666-1708) 15 – 18
3rd Generation: John BURLINGAME Jr. (1690-1755) &
Sarah BRIGGS (1688-1763) 19 – 20
4th Generation: John BURLINGAME III (1712-1786) &
Elizabeth PLIMPTON (1722-1788) 21 – 24
5th Generation: Daniel BURLINGAME (1745-1820) &
Sarah (1750-c.1810) 25 – 26
6th Generation: James R. BURLINGAME (1784-1852) &
Martha HAWKS (1785-186?) 27 – 28
7th Generation: The BURLINGAMEs come to the Northwest
Henry S. BURLINGAME (1820-1890) &
Harriet BEEBE BARTLETT (1814-1852)
Drusilla SHORT (1834-1896) 29 – 39
Sources of Information: 158 – 163
Name Index: 164 – 173

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Our family’s history began in England. The original inhabitants of what is now England were the Celts. Two thousand years ago, the Romans invaded England and pushed the Celts into present-day Scotland, Ireland and Wales. The Roman soldiers brought settlers with them from the continent. These settlers intermarried with Britons who stayed behind, and established a thriving colony which lasted relatively intact for 400 years.

The Celts and another tribe, the Picts, continued to attack the borders of Roman Britain, but they were usually repulsed by Roman troops garrisoned near the borders and towns. In the early 5th century A.D., however, attacks in other parts of the Roman Empire forced the Emperor to withdraw troops from Britain. With the Roman garrisons gone, the Scots and Picts became more aggressive.

The southern Britons, being increasingly unable to stop the invaders, asked for help from the Roman General Aetius. Aetius, however, was too involved fighting Atilla the Hun, who was threatening the city of Rome, to help the Britons. In desperation, the Britons sought the aid of the Saxons, a people living in what is now Holland and Germany near the mouth of the Elbe River.

According to Anglo-Saxon narratives, three ships containing 1600 men were dispatched to help the Britons under the command of the brothers, Hengest and Horsa. The Saxons were assigned the Isle of Thanet in present-day Kent for habitation, and from there marched against the Scots and Picts, gaining complete victory. The date assigned for these events is 449 A.D.

The narratives then state that the Saxons, finding their new home desirable, turned their arms against the Britons. Reinforced by new Saxon tribes, the Angles and Jutes, the invaders conquered Kent, the area between London and the Channel, and ultimately the greater part of what is now England. This conquest took approximately 150 years. The saga of King Arthur comes from this period. He is believed to have been one of the leaders of the Britons in their struggle with the Anglo-Saxons.

In 571-575 A.D., the Kingdom of the East Angles was founded by Uffa, an early Anglo-Saxon leader. King Uffa governed his people through many small chieftaincies, headed by chiefs. One of these chieftaincies was BYRLINGAHAME, which means “Byrl,” the cup bearer, “inga,” a Saxon suffix meaning son, and “hame,” the Angle suffix meaning home or clan. BYRLINGAHAME thus means the home or clan of the son of Byrl. The ancient BYRLINGAHAMEs lived in the area later called East Anglia–the present-day counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire, until the beginning of the 9th century A.D., when new invaders from northern Europe arrived on the scene.

The new invaders were the Danes — another tribe of Germanic origin. Often called Vikings, they eventually conquered all of East Anglia. The BYRLINGAHAMEs fled with the other Anglo-Saxon chiefs to the southern Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Wessex. By a treaty made at Wedmore in 878 A.D., the King of Wessex, Alfred the Great, recognized the Danish conquests. Alfred made a pact with the Danish leader Guthrum.

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This treaty required the Danes to be baptised. Records show that Guthrum and 30 of his followers were. Relative peace returned to Britain. The Kings of Wessex became the Kings of England. The BYRLINGAHAMEs returned to East Anglia and intermarried with the Viking settlers who had driven them from their lands earlier.

In the year 1066 A.D., the last great invasion of England occurred. Thousands of Normans from France followed the Duke of Normandy, William the Conqueror, to England in his successful bid to seize the English throne from his Anglo-Saxon cousin, King Harold. Most of the higher ranking Anglo-Saxons were dispossessed of their lands which were given by William to his Norman supporters. In time, however, the Normans also intermarried with the people they had conquered. The BYRLINGAHAME family survived.

The names BYRLINGAHAME and BYRLINGAHAMINGA appear frequently in the ancient Saxon Chronicles. The final suffix “inga” was dropped by the 11th century. The suffix “ing” still appears in many English names, and when coupled with the Angle suffix “hame” meaning home or clan, we have names such as BIRMINGHAM, BUCKINGHAM, CHELTINGHAM, CUNNINGHAM and DILLINGHAM, among others.

Our name was spelled many ways, some of which were: BYRLINGAHAM (Worcester Rolls 972 A.D.); BAELINGAM (Crawford Charters 998 A.D.); BERLINGEHAM, BIRLINGHAM, BERLINGAHAM, BURLINGHAM, BURLINGAME (Fleet of Fines, 1198 A.D.). After the 12th century, the name was generally spelled BURLINGHAM.

In the County of Norfolk, east of the cathederal city of Norwich on the Yare River, and halfway between Norwich and Yarmouth, near the town of Acle, are three parishes known as Burlingham St. Peter, Burlingham St. Andrew, and Burlingham St. Edmund. Mr. and Mrs. Melvin BURLINGAME of Minneapolis visited these parishes in 1960 and gathered much information on the early BURLINGHAMs of Norfolk.

The Burlingham St. Peter church, located in North Burlingham, was built about 1050 A.D., and is now in complete ruin and overgrown with brush. Burlingham St. Andrew, built about 1275 A.D. is no longer in use, although it is still standing. A monument to the Robert BURLINGHAM family is located in this church. Burlingham St. Edmund, located in South Burlingham, built about 1500 A.D., is still used occasionally.

About three-fourths of a mile from Burlingham St. Edmund stands Burlingham Hall, a manor house built about 1500 A.D. that was the home of some of the early BURLINGHAMs. While in England, the Melvin BURLINGAMEs met the man who a few years before had discovered a tunnel which ran from Burlingham Hall to Burlingham St. Edmund. When and for what purpose this tunnel was built is unknown. It had been sealed for many years at the time of its discovery.

Burlingham Hall is still used as a residence. It is owned by the Crown and is sometimes used to house important visitors to Britain. When Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany visited his grandmother, Queen Victoria, he and his party were housed at Burlingham Hall.

The early BURLINGHAMs do not appear to have suffered too much from the Norman invasion of 1066 A.D. Many of the early BURLINGHAMs served as knights and were granted a fee. A knight’s fee was the first, most

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common, and most esteemed form of holding land. As the owner of a fee, a knight was bound in feudal times to attend his Lord in war for 40 days for each fee held. A Lordship often grew out of these knight’s fees. The title of knight was not hereditary, but the right to use a coat-of-arms was permitted.

Many of the early Norfolk County records have been destroyed over the centuries, but there is a steady record of BURLINGHAM ancestors mentioned in the records still surviving:

Hugh DE BIRLINGHAM, knighted by William the Conqueror in 1075 A.D.

Walterus DE BURLINGHAM was a witness of a deed confirming a grant to the Abby of St. Benel of Holme, Norfolk Co., in 1163 A.D.

Elfide BIRLINGHAM was granted land in Birlingham, and said grant was witnessed by Nicholas DE BIRLINGHAM. No date given.

In the 4th year of the reign of King John (1203 A.D.), a fine was levied between Joceline DE BURLINGHAM and Matilda, his wife; William DE BURLINGHAM and Margaret, his wife; John DE DEPEHAM and Isabel, his wife, and Emme, their sister, to Edwin CARPENTER and Jeffrey DE AMBLIE for 3½ acres in Massingham, and a half of a knight’s fee in Beghton. No consideration was mentioned, but 20 marks of silver were mentioned for the fee. This was evidently the settlement of an estate.

John DE DEPEHAM and Isabel, his wife, leased to Joceline DE BIRLINGHAM and Matilda, his wife, 5 acres in Oxburg at 18 shillings sterling, and 12 acres in Birlingham, the regrant for the lives of Joceline and Matilda at 4 shillings per year, for which they paid 5 marks of silver.

Ailward DE BIRLINGHAM and Edwin, his son, leased Lingwode land to Gilbert DE LINGWODE and Richard, his son. (c. 1205 A.D.)

William, son of Brictric DE BIRLINGHAM, was granted lands in South Berlingham. No date given.

In the “Monasticon Anglicanum of Dugdale” is a charter of confirmation from King Henry III in the 19th year of his reign (1235 A.D.) listing donors for the founding and maintenance of a Benedictine Monastery at Bungay. Mentioned are “the gift of Roger, son of Rynuld DE BIRLINGHAM, of 30 denaratas of the rent of the lands of which Robert HOG of Lingwood holds of the same Roger.” Another entry reads: “of the gift of Roger, son of Rynuld DE BIRLINGHAM, one-half of all his white fish.” If Roger was able to contribute such a sum, it is probable that he held more than one knight’s fee.

George DE BIRLINGHAM held one fee in the 41st year of the reign of Henry III (1250 A.D.), but was not a knight.

Other mentions of BURLINGHAM family members were:

1288 A.D.–Matilda DE CATTON, widow of Alexander BIRLINGHAM sold St. Martin land to Robert DE MARTHAM.

1289 A.D.–Laurence DE BIRLINGHAM, tanner, purchased St. Peter de Parmentergate land from Robert DE NOVO, Castro Subterliman, cementarius, and Rosa, his wife.

1290 A.D.–Matilda De CATTON, relict of Allan (Alexander) DE BIRMINGHAM, deceased, sold St. Vedast land to Laurence De BIRLINGHAM and Letitia, his wife.

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1298 A.D.–Laurence DE BIRLINGHAM, tanner, and Emma, his wife, sold St. Stephen land to Hugo DE SWATHEFFIELD.

1298 A.D.–William DE BIRLINGHAM sold St. Gregory land to Thomas BRUMAN of Neuton next to Castleacre.

1310 A.D.–Laurence DE BIRLINGHAM purchased land in St. Cuthbert from Richard DE WALCOTE.

1312 A.D.–Alice, widow of Sir Roger DE HALES, Knight, and Roger, his son, rector of Norton, sold St. Vedast land to Roger DE BIRLINGHAM and Idania, his wife.

1312 A.D.–Roger DE BIRLINGHAM, tanner of Norwich, and Ida, hi wife, sold St. Vedast land to Agnes, daughter of Hugh DURRANT of Tacolston.

1320 A.D.–Roger, son of Laurence DE BIRLINGHAM, Chaplin, sold land in St. Bartholomew to Laurence DE BIRLINGHAM, tanner of Norwich and William, son of Robert ATTE CHIRCHE of Hakeford and Ethe, his wife.

1322 A.D.–Roger DE BIRLINGHAM, John TOLLE, butcher, and Geoffrey GERNEYSE, purchased St. Stephen land from Walter DE BERI and Margaret, his wife.

1322 A.D.–Otes DE BAERLINGHAM, Knight Bachelor, taken prisoner at Boroughbridge, March 16th, for fighting against the king.

1324 A.D.–Stephen DE BIRLINGHAM and Matilda, his wife, purchased land in St. George de Colgate from Walter COKEREL and Alice, his wife.

1329 A.D.–Stephen DE BIRLINGHAM and Matilda, sold land in St. George de Colgate to Alan DE GYSELINGHAM and Alice, his wife.

1333 A.D.–Stephen DE BIRLINGHAM and Matilda, his wife, sold St. George de Colgate land to Hugh GODESMAN and Beatrix, his wife.

1335 A.D.–John DE ALDERFORDE, Chaplin, and Geoffrey DE PASTON, smith, executors of John DE WYMEDHAN, deeded St. Olave land to Geoffrey DE BAUGURGE and Stephen DE BIRLINGHAM. Stephen and his wife Matilda deeded the same land back to Geoffrey DE PASTON on the same day.

1337 A.D.–Stephen DE BIRLINGHAM and Matilda, his wife, sold land in St. George de Colgate and St. Clement de Fibriggs to Edmund COSYIN.

1339 A.D.–Roger DE BIRLINGHAM, tanner, and Ida, his wife sold land in St. Vedast to William DE DONSTON.

The records from 1340 to 1500 A.D. have not been checked yet. A record has been found showing that a coat-of-arms was granted to a Sir Richard BURLINGAME, no date given. In 1351 A.D. several mentions are made of Sir Adam DE BIRLINGHAM. In this period, there was at least one Lord Mayor of London with the name BIRLINGHAM. The name is not a very common one on English records. It is assumed that most of the family continued to be based in the Norwich area of Norfolk County. Norfolk County is directly northeast of London approximately eighty miles. It is low lying swampy land used mostly for agriculture.

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The author, Gary BURLINGAME, visited Norfolk County in 1977. It is very much like Oregon’s Willamette Valley in appearance. The land is low, flat, and full of small streams and rivers. Norfolk is surrounded on the north and east by the North Sea, and you are always reminded that the sea is near by seagulls and foggy weather. Norfolk also has many windmills similar to those in Holland. The land is very marshy and constantly needs to be drained.

Norfolk peaked in the Middle Ages in population. Seven hundred years ago, Norwich, Norfolk’s largest city, rivaled London in importance. The city was badly damaged in the last World War, but its beautiful cathedral with one of the highest spires in Europe survived and still dominates the old city. Norwich has only 120,000 people now and serves as the administrative center for Norfolk County’s 600,000 people. The county is small in area, with most of its towns and villages within 25 miles of Norwich.

The late Nelson BURLINGAME traced the ancestors of the American BURLINGAME family back three generations in Norfolk. These ancestors used the name BURLINGHAM and were very likely descendants of the BURLINGHAMS of St. Stephens, St. Vedast, South Burlingham and Norwich mentioned earlier. Our known English ancestors were:

SIMON BURLINGHAM (c. 1490 – 1556). Married AGNES ______. Simon was Lord of the manor of Sharrington in Norfolk. Sharrington is approximately 25 miles NW of Norwich. Today, it is a tiny hamlet of perhaps ten houses. Simon is listed in 16th century records as having a coat-of-arms described as follows: “an argent on a bend gules cotised sable, three escallops d’or (gold).” In the 1500’s, there was more than one manor in the Sharrington area. The BURLINGHAM manor has not survived to the present. Simon’s will was dated March 28, 1555 and proved (which meant he had died) on September 25, 1556 at Norwich. His widow survived him. The will mentions sons: Peter, Nicholar, William, Giles and Thomas, and daughters: Amy and Ann.

PETER BURLINGHAM (c. 1530 – 1599) was the son of Simon and Agnes BURLINGHAM of Sharrington. Peter’s wife is unknown. Peter lived at Brenton, Norfolk, about three miles from Sharrington. Peter’s will was dated May 24, 1598 and proved on April 17, 1599. His will mentions sons: Christopher of Thornage, Thomas of Ketteringham, Roger of Norwich; daughters: Phillipa, wife of Philip HEYTHE of Stodey, and Margaret, wife of Robert MARX. The church at Thornage has a BURLINGHAM memorial inside edicated to a Christopher BURLINGHAM who died in 1717. He was probably a grandson of Peter.

THOMAS BURLINGHAM (c. 1580 – 1650’s?). Thomas was the son of Peter BURLINGHAM. He married ELIZABETH HOWARD. He lived at Ketteringham, a small village 5 miles south of Norwich. Thomas and Elizabeth are known to have had at least 2 children: Roger and Elizabeth. Thomas may have moved to Connecticut in the 1650’s with his son, Roger. His son, Roger, is considered the founder of the BURLINGAME family in America.

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ROGER BURLINGAME (24 Jan 1620-1 Sep 1718) was the founder of the BURLINGAME family in America. He was born in Kent Co., England where his mother was visiting her sister. Various years: 1620, 1630 and 1638 are reported in old American records for his birth year, but the most recent research indicates that he was born in 1620. Roger was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth (HOWARD) BURLINGHAM who resided in the early 1600’s in Ketteringham, a small village five miles south of Norwich in Norfolk County, England.

The author of this history, Gary BURLINGAME, visited Ketteringham in 1977. It is a village of a few hundred people, rapidly being encroached upon by the suburbs of Norwich. There is an old church on the edge of the town with monuments inside dating back to the 1600’s. There is nothing inside the church dealing with the BURLINGHAM family. A large graveyard adjoins the church, but due to the weather from the nearby North Sea, stones more than a hundred years old are now illegible.

Nelson BURLINGAME states that Roger BURLINGAME at the age of 16 enlisted in the army, serving in his uncle Roger BURLINGHAM’s regiment. About 1646, he married JACOLYN HUNTINGDON (c. 1620’s-c. 1651). A son, Roger Jr., (1648-1678) was born to them in Coventry, England. Roger BURLINGAME moved up in the ranks and became a Captain. The 1640’s were a turbulent time in England. A civil war raged between the supporters of the King, Charles I, and Parliament, led by Oliver CROMWELL. East Anglia was a Parliamentary stronghold. It appears that the BURLINGAME family supported Parliament which triumphed in 1649.

Captain Roger BURLINGAME and his company were ordered to America. Roger and his troops landed at Boston, Massachusetts on May 10, 1650. He must have been tired of Army life. Soon after reaching Boston, Roger resigned his commission and headed to the Connecticut Colony for the purpose of purchasing a farm. He intended to bring his wife and young son to America, only to learn that his wife had died in England in the meantime. The young son eventually arrived in America, probably accompanying Roger’s brother-in-law and sister when they moved to Connecticut in the mid-1650’s.

Colonial records show that Roger BURLINGAME was a witness to a court held at Stonington, Connecticut in 1654. Next, we find that he and a Thomas GRIFFIAN purchased 100 acres of land at Pequoit (New London), Connecticut on Feb. 16, 1656. GRIFFIAN is reputed to be a brother-in-law of Roger BURLINGAME, the husband of his sister, Elizabeth. The text of the land deed is as follows:

“Know all men by these present that wee Roger BURLINGHAM and Thomas GRIFFIAN, both of Pequoit in the Colonje of Conecticut doe owe and stand Indebted unto Peter BLATCHFORD of the same towne forty pounds. It is for a parcell of land by us bought of the said Peter lying on the east side of the brook called misticke and It is to be paid as followeth, to witt: tenn pounds at or before the twenty-fifth of march one thousand sixe hundred and fifty nine in good merchantable wheate and pork in an equal proportion, and tenn pounds at or

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before the twenty fifth of march in the yeare one thousand sixe hundred and sixty in good merchantable wheat and porke in an equal proportion, all which payments are to be made or tendered at the landing place by sandy point and at the price currant, and for the true performance of all and singular these payments we doe hereby mortgage and make over unto said Peter BLATCHFORD all the tract of an hundred acres lying on the east side of the brooke called misticke, by us purchased of the said Peter, to him and his heirs for ever to his or their propper use provided always that if wee shall duelly pay those payments as above said that then this ingagement or mortgage to be voyd and of none effect other wayes to stand in full force and power. In witness where of wee have sett our hands and seale this sixteenth day of February 1656.”

Witness: his marke
Jonathan BREWSTER Roger “R” BURLINGHAM & a seale
John GALLUP Thomas “L” GRIFFIAN & a seale
(source: Suffolk Deeds Liber III., page 455)

Roger BURLINGAME sold his Connecticut Colony farm on March 1, 1659. On March 14, 1659, a Thomas BURLINGHAM was named as a defendant on the complaint of Will THOMPSON who charged him with gathering the crops on this farm. Who this Thomas BURLINGHAM was is unknown. He may have been the Thomas GRIFFIAN who was a partner in the farm, and the name mistakenly given as BURLINGHAM, or it could have been the father or a brother of Roger BURLINGAME. No further mention or reference to a Thomas BURLINGHAM has been found at this early date. In a similar complaint dated March 12, 1660, William THOMPSON brought action against Peter BLATCHFORD, based on allegations that the defendant had molested him in reference to a farm which the plaintiff had purchased from Roger BURLINGAME.

In 1660, Roger BURLINGAME left Connecticut Colony for Rhode Island. It was not a long move, but only a distance of some 40-45 miles. It appears that Roger went directly to a place in Rhode Island called Mashantatack, now a part of the present cities of Warwick and Cranston. Sidney S. RIDER in his “History of Rhode Island Lands,” states that the first English settlers of Mashantatack were John HARRUD, Roger BURLINGAME and Thomas RALPH. These men claimed to have a grant from the Cooweeseette Indians bearing the date of June 6, 1662 for 4,000 acres at Patuxet, a place called Mashantatack and called by some Paquabuck. (Providence Town Papers, #0120, Book I, pg. 53)

It was in Warwick, Rhode Island that Roger filed an affidavit concerning his former Connecticut farm:

“This mortgage was acknowledged before us by Roger BURLINGAME, the 2nd of the 5th month called July 1660. Signed by Willm CHEESBROUGH, Thomas MINOT and George PEMISON. Also stood under writ: This mortgage asknowledged before me, this xxiith day of April 1661 by Roger BURLINGAME.” Signed: John SMITH, Deputy of Warwick, R.I. Entered and recorded at request of Peter BLATCHFORD, 25th of 2nd mo. 1661. Edw. RAWSON, Recorder.

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Roger BURLINGAME’s claim to the 4,000 acres at Mashantatack was not without its challengers too. W. FIELD and a Tollarton HARRIS also claimed the land as a grant from the King. Court records in Rhode Island have the following on file:

“Tollarton HARRIS, his testimony as to some Warwick men cutting ye grass of W.FIELD and W.HARRIS, age about 18 years, being engaged, doth testify: that on the twelfth day of July, last past, which was in the year 1662, he saw Samuel GORTON the younger, George GOFF, Roger BURLINGAME and Ebenezer MOONE, mow or cut, the grass of W.FIELD an W.HARRIS, both of Providence. The meadows that the aforesaid men were cutting, he said, was at or about a place called Toskeonke, on the north side of the Pawtuxet river. Dated at Providence, this 7th day of March 1663.”

Thos. OLNEY, Deputy. (Cushman Papers)

A similar testimony by an Andrew HARRIS is also found in the Cushman Papers for the same date. The court found Roger BURLINGAME and the others guilty, and ordered them to quit the land and to pay a fine of 10 shillings to HARRIS and FIELD. FIELD and HARRIS, however, were unable to get possession of the land. The town sergeant, whose duty it was to serve the execution of the writ, evaded his duty. He did so knowing that he had the sympathy of the community in doing so, and secondly, that if he attempted to evict the defendants, they would violently resist. This appears to have happened at least once. On May 1, 1670, Tollarton HARRIS testified:

“That upon the 21st day of April, in the present year of 1670, he going along with James ROGERS, general sergeant, into Mashantatack where John HARRUD dwelleth. The said sergeant going there to serve an execution against John HARRUD, but when he was about 10 rods from the house, the said John HARRUD called to them and bid them to stand. The said John HARRUD was standing by the house pointing a gun at them, and said if they would not stand, he would shoot. The sergeant then demanded of John HARRUD to deliver the possession of the house so that he could state Mr. HARRIS therein, but HARRUD smiting his hand upon his breast answered that he would not yield possession while he had life in his body. There being John WEEKS Sr., John WEEKS Jr., Edmund CALVERY, Roger BURLINGHAM, Benjamin BARTON and divers others, to the number of fifteen or thereabouts, and when John HARRUD declared himself, John WEEKS Sr., John WEEKS Jr., and Edmund CALVERY encouraged him not to yield, but with cudgels in their hands stood in resistance to the execution.” Taken before me. Thos: OLNEY.

John HARRUD and Roger BURLINGAME eventually won their land due to the death of Tollarton HARRIS, and because they had the sentiments of the people.

“And it is ordered that Thomas RALPH, Roger BURLINGHAM and John HARRUD, or any two of them, shall be the persons to make the rate and levy the assessments on the inhabitants of Mashantatack.” (Proceedings of the General Assembly of Sep. 25, 1671)

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In October 1671, Thomas RALPH, John HARRUD and Roger BURLINGAME were ordered by the General Assembly to levy a tax of 40 shillings on the inhabitants of Mashantatack. This was a proportional amount of the 200 pounds levied on the entire Rhode Island Colony.

Roger BURLINGAME lived in Mashantatack for the rest of his long life. By about 1690 the Mashantatack area was rapidly filling up with people. The northern part of Mashantatack was being encroached upon by the town of Cranston, and to the south, the town of Warwick was rapidly growing. Roger BURLINGAME seems to have claimed both towns as his residence. This provoked an election crisis in May 1690 when Roger was elected as a Deputy to the General Assembly from Warwick. The other Deputies felt differently:

“Mr. Roger BURLINGHAM being returned to the Assembly as a Deputy from the Town of Warwick, there being much debate as to the legality of the election, the assembly do order that he is not accepted as a Deputy.” (Proceedings of the General Assembly of May 16, 1690)

The 1690 crisis finally established Roger as a legal resident of Cranston, Rhode Island since most of his land had been incorporated into the boundaries of that town. Roger continued to have some property in the town of Warwick but as he grew older, he became more involved with the public affairs of Cranston. In the town elections of June 6, 1698, Roger BURLINGAME was elected a member of the Town Council.

“Roger BURLINGAME’s homesite is about 1½ miles northwest from the Oak Lawn Depot in present-day Cranston, R.I. After passing the Old Friends Meeting House (built in 1729), go up the hill to the second four corners. There turn right and go down to a point nearly opposite the Wilbur A. SEARLE place (so called) where the bridge crosses the brook to go up to the SEARLE place, go west from the Old Furnace Road and there on the east side of the road is the tumbled in cellar, the old chimney mound of brick, stone and mortar with ivy twined about, and a nearly filled in well. This marks the Mansion House (so called in early deeds) of our ancestor, Roger BURLINGAME.” (report written about 1910 by Henry A. BURLINGAME 1846-1926, an early family historian)

Roger BURLINGAME’s house was built about 1666 and survived intact until until approximately 1855 when it was torn down by Wilbur A. SEARLE and Henry ARNOLD. The chimney and other remains stood until approximately 1912. The original house was about 35 by 60 feet and was two and one-half stories with a common plain roof on each side and an “L”-shaped wing at the northeast corner of the house. The main house faced south. Close by was a gambrel roofed house, south of the main house, which fronted west towards the Old Furnace Road. The old well supplied both households.

Further along northerly and easterly towards higher ground on the south side of the Furnace Road was the home of John BURLINGAME, Roger’s eldest son. This house was likely built about 1682 as in that year, Abel POTTER deeded the site to Roger BURLINGAME, and he in turn deeded it the same day to hi son, John.

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A photo of Roger BURLINGAME’s homesite appears in Field’s “History of Rhode Island”, Volume III, page 586. The photo of the chimney remains are unfortunately incorrectly labeled as the remains of Othneil GORTON’s tavern. Historian Henry A. BURLINGAME wrote an article in the 1920’s proving that the remains were actually Roger BURLINGAME’s Mansion House. Part of the article is reprinted below. Othneil GORTON, incidently, married Roger BURLINGAME’s granddaughter.

The Othneil GORTON Tavern: An Error

“I have recently discovered an error in Field’s History of Rhode Island, Vol. III, page 586 where appears a picture of an old chimney remains which is described as the old Othneil GORTON Tavern, erected between 1710 and 1720. The fact is as follows:- Roger BURLINGAME purchased land of the Cooweeset Indians, June 23, 1662 and May 13, 1663, the land being the Mashantatack Purchase, now Cranston, R.I. (Providence Town Papers #0120). As he and two others were chosen to levy the taxes there in October 1671, it is likely that he located there about 1667.

On Sept. 6, 1684 he deeded his homestead to his son, Peter BURLINGAME, reserving a life lease and described it as follows, together with another tract of land, thus:- three parcels of land, with the Mansion House on one of them and one parcel lying easterly from the Mansion House, parcel only being divided by a highway, both parcels containing 33 acres, more or less; the other said parcel contains 17 acres and is situated at or near the place called the mines. (Providence Records Book I, page 266). Roger deeded again to his son Peter, on March 15, 1708, 15 acres adjoining a small piece of land on the westerly side of the highway “that lyeth to the west of my now dwelling house.” (Providence Deeds, Bk. 2, pg 187)

Roger in his deed of 1704 to his son Peter, aforesaid, bounded the land northerly against the land of Robert POTTER. Rachel POTTER, through heirship rights, sold to Othneil GORTON, July 4, 1715 the land that adjoined Roger BURLINGAME’s homestead on the north, as noted in deed from Roger to his son, Roger Jr. and dated Sept. 5, 1715 — “bounding north against the lands of Othneil GORTON”, and who never owned any of the BURLINGAME estate. (Providence Deeds, Bk. 2, pg. 425)

Roger BURLINGAME’s son Peter died in 1712 and his property rights went to his eldest brother John, who made a division with his brothers Thomas and Roger Jr.; John retaining the Mansion House, homestead part. John sold the homestead to Samuel GORTON, March 18, 1719. (Providence Deeds, Bk. 4, pg. 44)

Samuel GORTON died and the Town Council sold the same to Elisha BAKER, Feb. 21, 1725 (Bk. 13, pg. 470); Elisha BAKER sold to Israel GORTON, May 13, 1752 (Bk. 2, pg. 161); he in turn willed all of his estates to his sons: Pardon, Thomas and Cyrus, Jan. 12, 1805 (Bk. 1, pg. 246). These sons called for a division, which was made April 10, 1807 (Bk. 7, p. 315). Pardon had the southerly part with a wood lot northerly and half an acre of meadowland on the “easterly side of the road, about a rod west of the well, thence across the center of the well,” which is now nearly filled, the nearly tumbled in cellar ….still marks the homesite of the first Roger BURLINGAME….”

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Roger BURLINGAME and his family were of the Quaker faith. The Oak Lawn Baptist Church of Providence in its May Day souvenir of May 2, 1882 states that for many years, up until 1711, the “Friends” held their meetings in Roger BURLINGAME’s mansion house. Many of Roger’s descendants kept their Quaker faith, but by the third generation, most had become Baptists, the main religion of Rhode Island.

As mentioned earlier, Roger’s first wife, Jacolyn (HUNTINGDON) BURLINGAME, died in England shortly after Roger had been sent to Boston with his troops. A son from this marriage, Roger BURLINGAME Jr. (1648- 10 Feb 1678) lived to adulthood. He eventually came to America too. He is believed to have accompanied his aunt and uncle, Elizabeth and Thomas GRIFFIAN, when they came to Connecticut Colony from England in the mid-1650’s. It is possible that Thomas BURLINGHAM, Roger Sr.’s father may have also accompanied the GRIFFIANs.

Roger BURLINGAME Jr., eventually married a Mary Elizabeth __?__ (b.1651 Engl-8 July 1672) in Mashantatack. she died there shortly after the birth of a son who also died. Roger Jr. died six years later, evidently having not remarried. Roger Jr.’s death must not have been unexpected. The same year, his father and step-mother had another son, their seventh child, whom they named Roger. This Roger then became known as Roger Jr. He lived from 1678 to 1765 and had many descendants.

Roger BURLINGAME Sr. (1620-1718) remarried on October 3, 1663 in Warwick, R.I., to Mrs MARY (LIPPITT) BARLINGSTONE (3 Mar 1643-5 July 1718). Mary was the widow of William BARLINGSTONE, whom she had married March 23, 1661 in Warwick. William drowned while fishing in the bay about six weeks later.

Mary LIPPITT BARLINGSTONE was born in Providence. She was the daughter of John LIPPITT (1597-1669) and Martha __?__ . John LIPPITT was born in England. According to an entry in the Bible belonging to Christopher LIPPITT, Moses LIPPITT left Warwick Castle in England with his children Moses, Mary, Rebecca and John, and immigrated to America in 1632. The family settled near Providence, naming the settlement Warwick after their home city in England. John LIPPITT (1597-1669) then purchased one of the initial Providence town lots from Roger WILLIAMS.

Another LIPPITT family history has them coming from England in 1635 to Salem, Massachusetts, then going to Rhode Island in 1638. Whatever the history of the earliest years, it is known for certain that John LIPPITT’s name was sixth on a list of 52 persons who held lots in Providence in 1638. On July 27, 1640, he and 38 others signed an agreement for a form of government. On May 16, 1647, LIPPITT and nine other “well be trusted friends and neighbors” were chosen by the town of Providence as commissioners to meet with officials from the other three towns in Rhode Island at Portsmouth to form a government under the charter.

By 1648, John LIPPITT was listed as an inhabitant of Warwick. On April 27, 1652 he sold all of his lands and meadows in Providence with the exception of a 5 acre lot and 3 acre meadow to Arthur FENNER. On May 22, 1669, John LIPPITT deeded his house to his son Moses. He is believed to have died shortly afterwards.

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The LIPPITT family intermarried extensively with the BURLINGAMEs. John BURLINGAME, Roger’s eldest son, married his first cousin, Mary Knowles LIPPITT, daughter of Moses LIPPITT and granddaughter of John LIPPITT. With so many of our ancestors having the same first names, it is necessary to continually keep referring to the date of birth to avoid confusion.

Roger BURLINGAME and Mary LIPPITT BARLINGSTONE BURLINGAME had ten children. All of the children remained in Rhode Island. Nine of the children had descendants, including three sons, John, Thomas and Roger Jr., from whom all BURLINGAMEs in America are now descended.

Mary BURLINGAME preceeded her husband in death by two months in 1718 at the family farm in Cranston (Mashantatack) Rhode Island. Both Roger and Mary are buried on the farm. No traces of their graves now exist.

Before his death, Roger BURLINGAME made a will which was recorded in Cranston. The transcript of the last will and testament of Roger BURLINGAME (1620-1718) is as follows:

“The En Rolement of Ye Will of Roger BURLLINGGAME.” The last will and Testament of Roger BURLLINGGAME of Providence in the Colony of Rhoad Island and Providence Plantations in New England in the name of God Amen.

The twenty eighth day of November one thousand seaven hundred and fifteene, I Roger BURLLINGGAME Being of Parfect mind and memory thanks being given unto God therefore calling unto mind the Mortallity of my body and knowing that is is appoynted for all men once to dye, doe make and Ordaine this my Last Will and Testament that is to say prinsipalley and first of all I Give and Recommend my sole into the hands of God that Gave it and my body I recommend to the Earth to be buried in decent Christian burial att the descression of my Executrix: Nothing doubting but att the General Resurrection I shall receive the same againe by the mighty Power of God:

And as Touching such worldly estate where with it hath pleased God to bless mee in this life with I give, demise and dispose of the same in the following manner and forms as followeth:

Imprimis: I give and bequeath to Mary my dearly beloved wife all of my movable Estate: Viz: all my household goods, cattle & chattles to be wholly at her disposeing during her life and when it shall please God to take her from this Earthly Tabernacle what is left of this Estate shall be equally divided amongst all my Daughters and my three Grand daughters as namely: My son Roger’s daughter Freelove and my daughter Marcye’s daughter Francis and my daughter Alice’s daughter Deborah: to be Equal with the Rest of my daughters: And I give and bequeath to my Grand son John BURLLINGGAME fifty acres of land, it being parte of my home stead beginning att the land given my son Roger BURLLINGGAME and to rainge westward till it makes up fifty acres of land afore said: I give to my Grand

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son John BURLLINGGAME and his heirs for Ever fifty acres: and after my son Roger’s fifty acres is layed out and the fifty acres given to my Grand son John BURLLINGGAME is layed out: Then the remainder parte of the undevided land which was my son Peter’s, I give to my son Thomas BURLLINGGAME: If incase I Roger BURLLINGGAME and my wife Mary have not occasion to make use of the landes herein given and I doe give and bequeath to my three sons as Namely:

My son John and my son Thomas and my son Roger, Twenty shillings apiece: and I doe further ordaine and appoynt my Trusty and well beloved sons in Law Thomas ARNOLD and Amos STAFFORD and my son Roger BURLLINGGAME to be over seers to this my last Will and Testament: and I doe hereby utterly disalow revoake and disannul all and every other former Testament, wills, Legasies and bequeathes and Excurtrix by mee in anywise made will and bequeathed ratifieing and confirming: this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament: In witness where of I have here unto sett my hand and seale: This twenty-eighth day of November in the yeare of our Lord: 1715. Signed sealed published pronounced and declared by me Roger BURLLINGGAME.

The marke of

as my Last Will and Testament in the presence of the subscribers:


Roger’s will was proved at a meeting of the Town Council in Providence on September 13, 1718. Town Council records indicate that on:

“September Ye 10th: 1718. Mary, the Executrix of the Estate of Roger BURLLINGGAME having died, John the eldest son took administration and an inventory of the moveable Estate of Roger BURLLINGGAME was then taken:–

Totall: 199 Pounds, 13 shillings and 8 pence: viz:-Mare, 3 cows, 3 yearlings, calf, 2 sheep, 2 swine, old sword, wearing apparel, scales, cash, etc.”

Thus died the founder of the BURLINGAME family in America. He, in his long life, served as an anchor for our family in Rhode Island where many descendants continue to live to this very day …

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Born 24 Jan 1620 Place Kent Co. Engl. (mother visiting sister there)
Married 3 Oct 1663 Place Warwick R.I.
Occupation soldier, farmer Resided at Mashantatack R.I. (now Cranston)
Church Affil. Quaker War Serv. Headed company to fight Indians
Died 1 Sept 1718 Place Providence R.I.
Buried Place On farm at Cranston R.I.
Other wives 1. c.1646 Jacolyn HUNTINGDON (d. abt 1650 Engl.)
Mother (maiden name) Elizabeth HOWARD
Born 3 Mar 1643 Place Providence R.I.
Church Affil. Quaker Occupation Housewife
Died 5 July 1718 Place Mashantatack (Cranston) RI
Buried Place On farm at Cranston
Other husb. 1. 23 Mar 1661 William BARLINGSTONE (d. May 1661)
Father John LIPPITT (1597-1669)
Mother (maiden name) Martha
When Where When Where To whom When Where
*John BURLINGAME 1 Aug 1664
Warwick RI
24 June 1719
Warwick RI
Mary Knowles LIPPITT
19 Nov 1688
Warwick RI
Thomas BURLINGAME 6 Feb 1667
9 July 1758
Warwick RI
5 Oct 1686 Warwick
2. Hannah WESCOTT
Mary BURLINGAME 14 Jan 1668
14 Oct 1769
Warwick RI
19 Dec 1689
Warwick RI
Jane BURLINGAME c. 1672
after 1718
Warwick RI
1. John POTTER
2. Edward POTTER
both Warwick RI
Alice BURLINGAME c. 1673
before 1715 Oliver HAZZARD
Mercy BURLINGAME 3 Aug 1675
c. 1716
Warwick RI
Othneil GORTON
c. 1692
Warwick RI
Roger BURLINGAME 30 May 1678
13 Dec 1765
Coventry RI
Eleanor SWEET
21 Dec 1699
Peter BURLINGAME 7 Sept 1680
23 Dec 1712
Never Married
Elizabeth BURLINGAME 9 Jan 1684
5 May 1752
Providence RI
1. Thos. ARNOLD
both Providence RI
Patience BURLINGAME 8 May 1685
8 Aug 1746
Providence RI
Thomas OLNEY
15 Jan 1710
Providence RI

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JOHN BURLINGAME (1 Aug 1664 – 24 June 1719) was the eldest son of Roger BURLINGAME (1620-1718) and Mary LIPPITT BARLINGSTONE (1643-1718). John was born in Warwick, Rhode Island, where his mother’s family lived. His father owned property north of Warwick in what was then called Mashantatack and later called Cranton. John grew up on his father’s farm.

On November 19, 1688 in Warwick, John BURLINGAME married his first cousin, MARY KNOWLES LIPPITT (1666 – 13 Jan 1708). Mary was born in Warwick. Her father, Moses LIPPITT (1645 – 6 Jan 1703) was the son of John LIPPITT (1597-1669), and a brother of Mary LIPPITT BARLINGSTONE. Mary Knowles LIPPITT’s mother was Mary KNOWLES (1645 – 28 Dec 1719), also born in Warwick. Mary KNOWLES was the daughter of Henry KNOWLES (1609 – Jan 1670) and Elizabeth POTTER (c. 1590 – 1656) and his first wife, Isabel __?__ (c. 1590’s – Fall 1643). Mary KNOWLES LIPPITT’s ancestors are described below.

Moses LIPPITT, a tanner by trade, took an active role in the administration of Rhode Island. He became a Freeman of the Colony on April 30, 1672 which meant that he owned enough property to be entitled to vote. In 1681, 1684, 1690, 1698 and 1699, he served as a Deputy to the General Assembly from Warwick. In 1687, he was an Overseer of the poor in Rhode Island. Moses was an ancestor for many later Rhode Island governors, senators and generals — including the famous Benedict ARNOLD. He died in Warwick. His will, written Jan. 6, 1700 and proved in 1703, read as follows:

“Executrix: wife Mary. Overseers, brother-in-law John KNOWLES, and Randall HOLDEN. To wife, 20 acre lot at Warwick Great Neck and all housing and lands till son Moses is of age. His son Moses, at age, to have the house where Edward CARTER now dwelleth and land adjoining and certain other lands, a bed, three cows, half of tanning instruments and half profits of tanning trade, he being at half the charge. To grandson Moses BURLINGAME, all rights in Potowomet purchase. To wife, all lands and housing undisposed of for life and then to son Moses. To three daughters, Mary BURLINGAME, Martha BURLINGAME, and Rebecca LIPPITT, 20 shillings each, paid in plate. To wife Mary, all movable estate.”

At his death, Moses LIPPITT left an estate worth 456 pounds including the following: 15 pounds of silver money; 2 silver cups and 6 silver spoons worth 7 pounds and nineteen shillings; a gun, a sword; 4 feather beds, a flock bed, a warming pan, 4 spinning wheels, 3 tables, 15 chairs, 4 benches, 4 stools, 1 horse, 2 oxen, 7 cows, 5 two-year old cows, 2 yearling cows, a bull, 12 swine, and a stock of leather, green hides, and bark for his tanning business.

When Moses’ widow, Mary KNOWLES, died in 1719, she left an estate inventory totalling 452 pounds. Since her son-in-law and daughter, John and Mary K. LIPPITT BURLINGAME, had preceded her in death, they were not mentioned in her will. She did leave 20 pounds

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to her grandson, David BURLINGAME, among others.

Henry KNOWLES, the grandfather of Mary Knowles LIPPITT, wife of John BURLINGAME, first appears in colonial records in Boston in 1635 when he arrived from England on the ship, “Susan & Ellen.” It appears that Henry was born in Hull, Yorkshire, England, according to KNOWLES family historians.

Henry first appears in Rhode Island records on May 27, 1644 when it was ordered in Warwick that he cut his lot shorter at the discretion of Lieutenant SANFORD, Goodman BORDEN and Goodman MOTT. On Jan. 21, 1654, Henry KNOWLES sold “my now dwelling house” along with 9 acres of land and fruit trees to Thomas LAWSON. In 1655, he was listed as one of the Freemen of Warwick. On March 23, 1664, Henry and three others received authorization from the town to keep ordinaries for the entertainment of strangers during the time the King’s Commissioners kept their court in Warwick. On March 3, 1666, Henry KNOWLES was on a jury which found the following verdict:

“We who are engaged to see this dead Indian, do find by diligent search that he was beaten, which was the cause of his death.”

Henry was apparently living in nearby Kingstown when he made his will, although it was proved in Warwick on Jan. 20, 1670. The will reads as follows:

“To wife, northeast half of the house that is in Warwick, well fitted for her use, and son John is to conveniently fit said house for his mother. To wife, the meadow in front of the house, and John to mow and make the grass annually and put it in a convenient place for foddering. To wife also, certain other land for life. To daughter Mary, (BURLINGAME), 15 pounds of which she is to receive 5 pounds from her brother John three years after testator’s death, and 5 pounds annually afterward. To daughter Martha, 20 pounds of which five pounds is to be paid by John in two years, and 5 pounds annually afterwards … To wife, two cows and a hog … the household goods to be divided as my wife shall see cause; the best bed in Warwick to be for my wife, and the other one for John …”

It was testified by witnesses that they heard the deceased say among other things that whoever of his heirs shall enjoy the Warwick estate “was to provide sufficient wood for their mother during her life.” Henry’s wife, Elizabeth POTTER, survived him by about nine years, dying in 1679 in Warwick.

Elizabeth’s parents, Robert and Isabel POTTER, arrived in America before 1630 when they first appear in the Lynn, Massachusetts records. They are believed to have both been born in England. Isabel’s maiden name is not known at this time. On Sept. 3, 1631, Robert POTTER was named a Freeman of Lynn. By 1634, he appears in the Roxbury, Massachusetts records. On May 3, 1637, he had his daughter Deliverance POTTER, baptised in Roxbury.

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In the late 1630’s, Robert POTTER became caught up in the religious turmoil that swept New England. Hundreds of colonists rebelled against the Puritan administration of Massachusetts. Some, like Roger WILLIAMS, the founder of Rhode Island, left immediately for more tolerant places. In Mar. 1638 POTTER was arrested but later released on 20 pounds bail. In 1638, he too left for Rhode Island where he was admitted as an inhabitant of the island of Aquidneck near Portsmouth.

On January 12, 1643, he and ten others bought of Chief Miantonomi a tract of land called Shawomett for 144 fathoms of wampum. The wampum beads were measured with a depth line from a ship. One fathom equalled six feet. Shawomett later became the city of Warwick. On Sept. 2, 1643, Robert POTTER and others from Warwick were ordered to appear at General Court in Boston to hear complaints of two Indians, Ponham and Socconocco regarding “some unjust and injurious dealing toward them by yourselves.”

The Warwick men refused the summons, saying that they were legal subjects of the King and not living within the legal boundaries of Massachusetts. Massachusetts authorities, hoping to crush the religious freedom of the Rhode Islanders, sent soldiers to capture Robert POTTER and the other men of Warwick. The settlers were beseiged in a house. They were eventually captured and charged with holding “blasphemous errors which they must repent of.” At the time of the siege, the wives and children of the Warwick men were forced to flee into the woods. There they suffered many hardships which resulted in the death of at least three women, including Isabel POTTER, the wife of Robert POTTER.

The Warwick men were taken to Boston and convicted of heresy and sedition. Robert POTTER was sent to the prison at Rowley. In March 1644, he was released but was banished by the court from both Massachusetts and Warwick. POTTER went to England where he was pardoned. He returned to Warwick about 1646. He later became an innkeeper in Warwick. In 1651 he was elected Commissioner of the town. He remarried to a woman named Sarah who survived him thirty years. POTTER died in late 1655 or early 1656 in Warwick leaving an estate of 42 pounds 10 shillings. POTTER’s land had to be sold to pay his outstanding debts.

This completes the known ancestors of Mary Knowles LIPPITT BURLINGAME. Her husband, John BURLINGAME, is periodically mentioned in early RI records. On Sept. 1, 1687 he was taxed 8 shillings as a resident of Warwick. On Dec. 23, 1712, John acquired the estate of his recently deceased bachelor brother, Peter BURLINGAME, and generously agreed to share it with his brothers. He added a proviso that his elderly parents could also have access to the estate if needed. On Jan. 1, 1713 John BURLINGAME deeded his original homestead to his son, John BURLINGAME Jr. Shortly before his death in 1719, John BURLINGAME sold his father’s (Roger BURLINGAME) house to Samuel GORTON, his cousin.

John and Mary BURLINGAME lived next door to Roger BURLINGAME in a house built about 1682 which John deeded to John Jr. in 1713. During his last years, John either lived with his parents or with his own son. He is believed buried next to his wife on the Roger BURLINGAME farm in Cranston. John and Mary had at least nine children. They are listed on the following chart.

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Born 1 Aug 1664 Place Warwick RI
Married 19 Nov 1688 Place Warwick R.I.
Occupation Farmer Resided at Warwick R.I.
Church Affil. Quaker War Serv.
Died 24 June 1719 Place Warwick R.I.
Buried Place On family farm
Other wives None
Father Roger BURLINGAME (1620-1718)
Mother (maiden name) Mary LIPPITT BARLINGSTONE (1643-1718)
Born 1666 Place Warwick R.I.
Church Affil. Quaker Occupation Housewife
Died 13 Jan 1708 Place Cranston RI
Buried Place On family farm
Other husb. None
Father Moses LIPPITT (1645-1703)
Mother (maiden name) Mary KNOWLES (1645-1719)
When Where When Where To whom When Where
* John BURLINGAME Jr. 1690
Cranston RI
12 Feb 1755
Cranston RI
c. 1710
Cranston RI
1 Apr 1763 Sarah BAKER
James BURLINGAME 16 Sept 1694
Cranston RI
1 Jan 1768 Hannah BROWN
8 Jan 1734
Patience BURLINGAME Cranston RI 1695 Thomas RALPH
Mercy BURLINGAME Cranston RI Othneil GORTON
Barlingstone BURLINGAME 25 June 1698
Cranston RI
12 Dec 1767
Cranston RI
Charity COLVIN
c. 1726
Benjamin BURLINGAME 1700
Cranston RI
12 May 1742
South America
Persis BURLINGAME 14 Aug 1703
Cranston RI
22 June 1772
Cranston RI
William BURTON
8 Feb 1722
David BURLINGAME 5 Dec 1706
Cranston RI
27 Jan 1755
Glocester RI
9 June 1728

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JOHN BURLINGAME JR. ( 1690 – 12 Feb 1755) was the eldest son of John BURLINGAME (1664-1719) and Mary Knowles LIPPITT (1666-1708). He was born in and died in Cranston RI where he was a farmer. On Jan. 13, 1713 John BURLINGAME Jr. was given his father’s original homestead which adjoined land belonging to his grandfather, Roger BURLINGAME. John Jr. kept this land until Feb. 13, 1739 when he sold it to his son Peter BURLINGAME Jr., who was called “Junior” to distinguish him from his uncle and cousin who had the same name.

About 1710, John BURLINGAME Jr. married SARAH BRIGGS (c. 1688 – 4 June 1763). Sarah has been listed in many records as being a daughter of Daniel and Lydia BRIGGS. Recent research into the BRIGGS family, however, does not list Sarah as a daughter of Daniel BRIGGS, who was a son of Thomas BRIGGS and grandson of Clement BRIGGS who arrived in Massachusetts in November 1621 on the ship “Fortune”. There were at least three unrelated BRIGGS families in Rhode Island and Massachusetts at this period, and while it is possible that Sarah is a descendant of Clement BRIGGS, it appears that she wasn’t related to Daniel and Lydia. Their wills are recorded in probate records and no mention is made of Sarah.

To further complicate matters, three of John and Sarah (BRIGGS) BURLINGAME’s children married into families named BRIGGS! It is likely that these BRIGGS were cousins of Sarah’s. An old record states that Sarah BURLINGAME was killed but does not give the details. She was buried on the Cranston farm.

John BURLINGAME’s will was written Feb. 8, 1755, four days before he died, and was proved April 15, 1755. Executors were his sons Daniel and Jeremiah BURLINGAME. The will mentions his wife Sarah, sons: John, Daniel, Jeremiah and Peter; daughters: Hannah ROBERTS, Sarah BRIGGS, and Naomi ROBERTS; grandsons: Elisha and Benjamin ROBERTS at age, and granddaughters Dorcas and Loranna ROBERTS.

Sarah BURLINGAME, in her will written January 10, 1763 and proved May 28, 1764 mentions all of the above named children. Her sons Daniel and Jeremiah were willed 15 acres, a part of the original homestead of the first Roger BURLINGAME. These lands included old iron ore beds which had been mined by earlier generations of the family.

Daniel and Jeremiah BURLINGAME made a division of the property they had inherited from their mother on March 30, 1767 reading:

“Beginning at a stake and a heap of stones, a small distance northward of the brook, called the Great Brook, above a place called the old mine, and then to extend up said brook about 8 rods to another stake and a heap of stones at the foot of the hill, a little distance from where our said father lies buried, thence a straight line to a stake and a heap of stones adjoining the highway that leads to Thomas SEARLE’s land and by said highway to a small piece of land belonging to Captain Israel GORTON until it comes to said brook, thence up the brook to the first mentioned mound.”

This is the first mention of the BURLINGAME family burial ground in any of the old records.

The following chart lists the seven children of John and Sarah BURLINGAME:

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Born 1690 Place Cranston RI
Married c. 1710 Place
Occupation Farmer Resided at Cranston RI
Church Affil. probably a Quaker War Serv.
Died 12 Feb 1755 Place Cranston RI
Buried Place On family farm
Other wives None
Father John BURLINGAME (1664-1719)
Mother (maiden name) Mary Knowles LIPPITT (1666-1708)
Born c. 1688 Place
Church Affil. Occupation Housewife
Died 4 June 1763 Place Cranston RI
Buried Place On family farm
Other husb. None
Father reputed to be Daniel BRIGGS
Mother (maiden name) reputed to be Lydia BRIGGS
When Where When Where To whom When Where
* John BURLINGAME III 6 June 1712
Cranston RI
5 July 1786
Cumberland RI
28 Apr 1738
Providence RI
Hannah BURLINGAME 1714
Cranston RI
25 Aug 1738
Providence RI
Daniel BURLINGAME 1716
Cranston RI
6 Aug 1794
Coventry RI
25 Dec 1739
Providence RI
Peter BURLINGAME Jr. 6 Feb 1718
Cranston RI
6 Apr 1789
Cranston RI
Zerviah ?
Cranston RI
13 June 1742
Providence RI
Jeremiah BURLINGAME 1 May 1723
Cranston RI
Smithfield RI
Damaris BRIGGS
29 Apr 1744
Cranston RI
7 Sept 1744

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JOHN BURLINGAME III (6 June 1712 – 5 July 1786) was the eldest son of John BURLINGAME Jr. (1690-1755) and Sarah BRIGGS (1688-1763). He was born in Cranston, RI on the farm owned by his father, and first settled by his great grandfather, Roger BURLINGAME.

On April 28, 1738 in Providence, John was married by William BURTON, J.P., to ELIZABETH PLIMPTON (c. 1722 – 26 Oct 1788). Elizabeth was the daughter of Jeremiah PLIMPTON of Attleboro, Massachusetts. Attleboro is approximately ten miles from Providence. Elizabeth’s mother is not definitely known, but it is very likely that it was Elizabeth JOHNSON. The PLIMPTON/PLYMPTON surname was not common in New England at that time. An 1885 genealogy of the PLIMPTON family by Levi B. CHASE, indicated that all of the early PLIMPTONs were related. The name appears to be an American corruption of the English “PLUMPTON.”

According to Mr. CHASE, the PLIMPTONs arrived in Massachusetts in approximately 1640. The founder of the family was John PLIMPTON (1620-Oct 1678) who was born in Cambridgeshire or Lincolnshire, England and arrived in America at the age of 20 as an indentured servant of a Dr. George ALCOCKE. ALCOCKE is listed in a January 22, 1641 Roxbury, Massachusetts will as leaving five pounds to John PLIMPTON. By 1642, John was residing in Dedham MA. By May 10, 1643, he was a freeman of the colony, meaning that his servitude was over.

On March 13, 1644 in Dedham, John PLIMPTON married Jane DAMMANT (1626-168?). She arrived in MA in the spring of 1635 on the ship “Elizabeth & Ann”, together with her mother, Abigale ______ (1610- ? ). Abigale was the widow of a Mr. DAMMANT. By 1635, she had remarried to John EATON and had two additional children, Marie EATON, aged 4, and Thomas EATON, aged 1. John and Abigale EATON also settled in Dedham.

John PLIMPTON and Jane DAMMANT had 13 children, 6 of whom died in infancy. John PLIMPTON is often referred to as Sergeant John PLIMPTON in old family records because of his service in the brutal war again the Indian chief Philip in the 1670’s. Hundreds of colonists lost their lives before the Indians were finally expelled from New England. PLIMPTON, then residing in Medfield MA, was captured in an Indian attack on the town of Deerfield MA. He, along with several other Deerfield residents, was taken into nearby French Canada. In Oct. 1678, a few miles out of Montreal, at a place called Fort Chambly, John PLIMPTON was burnt at the stake by the Indians.

One of his sons was Joseph PLIMPTON (7 Oct 1653-22 June 1702), a weaver in Medfield. Joseph married Mary MORSE on Nov. 3, 1675 in Medfield. They had three sons, Joseph Jr., Jonathon, and Jeremiah. This Jeremiah is believed to be the father of Elizabeth PLIMPTON BURLINGAME. The 1885 CHASE history states that Jeremiah was born Nov. 6, 1683 and was married in 1704 to Elizabeth JOHNSON, then notes “lived about 15 years in Canterbury, Conn., unable to trace him farther.” CHASE lists two known daughters of Jeremiah and Elizabeth JOHNSON PLIMPTON: Sarah, born Oct. 17, 1709 and Sibillah, born Aug. 20, 1712. Elizabeth PLIMPTON BURLINGAME’s birthyear has been estimated as 1722, but it could be several years earlier. Because of the rarity of the PLIMPTON surname, it’s very likely that the above people are her family.

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After their marriage, John BURLINGAME and Elizabeth PLIMPTON moved at an early date to Cumberland, Rhode Island. Cumberland is approximately ten miles north of Providence on the Massachusetts border, only a few miles from Attleboro. John and Elizabeth were the first in our BURLINGAME family to leave Cranston, and he was also the first non-Quaker in the family. John is listed in old records as being a Six-Principle Baptist. That he was a religious man is evident in his will which was written the year before he died and proved by the Cumberland Town Council on Tuesday, August 29, 1786:

“Present: Mr. John LAPHAM, Levi BALLOU, Esquire, Mr. Stephen WHIPPLE, Capt. Amos WHIPPLE and Mr. Joseph RAZE and Christopher WHIPPLE.

In the name of God Amen. I, John BURLINGAME of Cumberland, in the County of Providence, in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Yeoman, being sick and weak in body but of sound disposing mind and memory (blessed by God therefore) do this twenty-third day of March in the ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Annoque Domini 1785, make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following: (that is to say).

Principally and first of all, I recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty God who gave it me and my body to the earth from whence it came. Trusting thro the merits of my Saviour, Jesus Christ, to receive the free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins and to inherit Eternal life, and as touching such worldling estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me, I give, demise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form (that is to say).

Impremis: First of all my mind and will is and I hereby order and direct that all my just debts and funeral charges be first paid and discharged out of my personal estate by my Executor and Executrix herein after named.

Item. I give Elizabeth BURLINGAME my loving wife, one cow and my horse to be her sole use and disposal.

Item. I give to my two well beloved daughters, Elizabeth BURLINGAME and Olive BURLINGAME my other cow equally between them with free liberty to keep said cow on my homestead during the natural life of their mother, the above named Elizabeth BURLINGAME.

Item. I give to my well beloved grandson, Johnson BURLINGAME, my small armour gun.

Item. I give to my well beloved grandson, Gideon BISHOP, my best beaver hat.

Item. I give to my well beloved son, Daniel BURLINGAME, all the rest and remainder of my wearing apparel.

Item. I give to my said loving wife all the remaining part of my household goods and out-door moveables and personal estate after my just debts, funeral charges, and the legacies herein after given to three of my sons and three of my daughters, that is to say, Joseph, Benedict, and John and Sibbel, Sarah and Hannah is paid and discharged out of the same, to be and remain to the sole use and disposal of my said loving wife. And my mind and will further is and I do hereby order and direct that my abovesaid loving wife, Elizabeth BURLINGAME, have the free use, improvement and in-

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come from my homestead during the remaining part of her life in order to make her life as comfortable as her decrepit situation will admit of.

Item. I give to my three aforenamed sons, Joseph BURLINGAME, Benedict BURLINGAME and John BURLINGAME, five shillings lawful money each to be paid to them severally and respectively by my Executor and Executrix within one year after my decease.

And my mind and will further is and I do hereby direct that within one month after the death of my aforesaid loving wife all my real estate be sold at public sale to the highet bidder and the money arising from the sale thereof to be divided in the following manner after the charges for the sale thereof be deducted out of the same, that is to say: the two fifths parts I give to my beloved son Daniel BURLINGAME and the remaining three fifths parts I give tomy son John BURLINGAME, Elizabeth BURLINGAME and Olive BURLINGAME to be equally divided between them and to be and remain unto them my last mentioned two sons and two daughters according to their respective heirs and assigns forever.

And I do hereby constitute, make and ordain my aforesaid loving wife and my respected friend and son-in-law Christopher WHIPPLE of Cumberland, aforesaid gentleman, joint Executrix and Executor to this my last will and testament … “

The will was signed by Daniel MILLER, Daniel F. WHIPPLE and John DEXTER in addition to John BURLINGAME. John BURLINGAME III died the next year in Cumberland. He is presumed to have been buried on his farm, as was the custom at that time.

Elizabeth PLIMPTON BURLINGAME was probably in poor health her last years since the will mentions her “decrepit situation.” She died two years after her husband is also presumed buried at Cumberlan, RI.

It is not known whether any family members bid on the land which was divided up and sold at Elizabeth’s death. The period immediately after the War for Independence saw thousands of Rhode Islanders leave for New Hampshire and Vermont, and later for upstate New York. Some BURLINGAMEs remained in Rhode Island, but beginning with John BURLINGAME III’s children, most of our family began the long migration that would eventually lead to the Pacific Northwest.

The children of John and Elizabeth PLIMPTON BURLINGAME are listed on the following page.

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Born 6 June 1712 Place Cranston RI
Married 28 Apr 1738 Place Providence RI
Occupation Farmer Resided at Cumberland RI
Church Affil. 6 Principle Baptist War Serv.
Died 5 Jul 1786 Place Cumberland RI
Buried Place
Other wives None
Father John BURLINGAME Jr. (1690-1755)
Mother (maiden name) Sarah BRIGGS (1688-1763)
Born c. 1722 Place Attleboro Massachusetts
Church Affil. Baptist Occupation Housewife
Died 26 Oct 1788 Place Cumberland RI
Buried Place
Other husb. None
Father Jeremiah PLIMPTON
Mother (maiden name) probably Elizabeth JOHNSON
When Where When Where To whom When Where
Elizabeth BURLINGAME Cranston RI 1831
Ira, Vermont
Rutland Co.
_____ BISHOP
* Daniel BURLINGAME c. 1745
Cranston RI
4 Sept 1820
Ira, Vermont
Rutland Co.
Sarah (MARTIN?)
c. 1772
Sibbel BURLINGAME c. 1745/46
Cumberland RI
Ben BROWN 1767
John BATES 1775
Cumberland RI
Joseph BURLINGAME 1748
Cumberland RI
c. 1777
(R.War wounds)
25 Oct 1770
Cumberland RI
Cumberland RI
9 Dec 1845
Cumberland RI
26 Mar 1767
Cumberland RI
Olive BURLINGAME Cumberland RI
Hannah BURLINGAME 1757
Cumberland RI
Elias BATES 1777
John COLE 1779
Cumberland RI
24 Dec 1822
Ira, Vermont
Rutland Co.

[page 25]


DANIEL BURLINGAME (about 1745-4 Sept 1820) was the eldest son of John BURLINGAME III (1712-1786) and Elizabeth PLIMPTON (1722-1788). He was born in Cranston, RI. A few years afterwards, his parents moved to Cumberland, RI, abot 15 miles north of Cranston.

While living at Cumberland in the early 1770’s, Daniel BURLINGAME married SARAH (MARTIN?) (about 1750 – after 1810). Sarah was also known as “Sally”. Nothing is known about her parents. Her maiden name may have been MARTIN or WHIPPLE. The 1774 Cumberland census listed Daniel and Sarah as having no children at that time.

The Revolutionary War began in 1775 and Rhode Island was a center of anti-British feelings. Daniel was one of the signers of the Oath of Fidelity at Coventry RI on Sept. 28, 1776:

“We, the subscribers do solemly and sincerely declare that we believe the war, resistance & opposition in which the United American States are now engaged — against the fleets and armies of Great Britain, is on the part of the said States, just and necessary and that we will not directly or indirectly, afford assistance of any sort or kind whatsoever to the said Fleets and Armies during the continuance of the present war, — but that we will heartily assist in the defence of the United States.”

On Jan. 21, 1776, Daniel BURLINGAME enlisted in Cumberland in Capt. DEXTER’s Company, Colonel LIPPITT’s Regiment of Rhode Island footmen. He remained in the colonial army for one year until he was discharged at Peekshill on Jan. 17, 1777. His rank was that of Private. Colonel LIPPITT was a distant cousin of Daniel BURLINGAME. Daniel’s brother, Joseph BURLINGAME, died as the result of wounds received in the war for independence.

Daniel and Sarah BURLINGAME were still living in Cumberland in 1782 when the town census listed them with six children — 4 sons and 2 daughters, all under the age of 16. In 1788 or 1789, following the death of his mother, and his inheritance of two-fifths of her estate, Daniel moved to New Hampshire. He and Sarah appear on a list of residents in Richmond, NH, in School District #13 in 1789. The 1790 federal census for Richmond lists them with 6 children.

Daniel also appears in the records of the nearby town of Winchester NH. Both towns are located in SW New Hampshire where the three states of Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts join. This area had long been settled. Daniel probably purchased an existing farm.

In 1801/1802, Daniel and Sarah moved once again — this time to a farm near the small town of Ira, in Rutland Co. Vermont. Ira is on the western edge of Vermont, some ten miles from the New York border and not far from the southern tip of Lake George. Land records show that Daniel BURLINGAME bought 100 acres in Ira on Dec. 18, 1802 from George SHERMAN for $150. The SHERMAN land was sold by the town to cover taxes due.

Daniel had not moved to an unfamiliar area. His brother, John BURLINGAME IV (1760-1822), had moved to Ira by 1779, and had raised his seven children there. Daniel’s grown children seem to have followed their father. By 1807, Daniel’s sons, Joseph and James, were also landowners in Ira.

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A history of Ira, VT, written by S.I. Peck in 1925 contains little genealogical material on the BURLINGAME family, but does mention other items of note. The town of Ira, approximately six miles square, peaked in population in 1810 with 519 inhabitants. The population was almost entirely Baptist. Most of the farmers kept large flocks of sheep in the early 1800’s. The dominant family in the town was that of Mr. Preserved FISH, whom the BURLINGAMEs married into.

The 1810 Federal Census for Ira shows Daniel and Sarah BURLINGAME with only one daughter, aged 16-26, still living at home. Sometime after 1810 and before 1818, Sarah BURLINGAME is believed to have died at Ira. In 1818, Daniel applied for a Revolutionary War Veterans Pension and did not mention a wife in his claim. His pension of $8 a month was eventually issued in 1820 with arrears of $181.83 paid up to March 4, 1820. By the time Daniel died on Sept. 4, 1820, he had collected a total of $229.83 for serving his country. Daniel died intestate. His brother, John BURLINGAME IV, served as the Executor of his estate.

Daniel and Sarah BURLINGAME had at least six children. The four known ones are listed below.

Born c. 1745 Place Cranston RI
Married c. 1771-73 Place Probably at Cumberland RI
Occupation Farmer Resided at Cumberland RI, Richmond NH, Ira VT
Church Affil. Baptist War Serv. Revolutionary War (RI) 1776-1777
Died 4 Sept 1820 Place Ira, Rutland Co. VT
Buried Place Ira, Rutland Co. VT
Other wives None known
Father John BURLINGAME III (1712-1786)
Mother (maiden name) Elizabeth PLIMPTON (1722-1788)
WIFE SARAH (perhaps MARTIN) also called “Sally”
Born c. 1750 Place
Church Affil. Occupation Housewife
Died Between 1810-1818 Place Ira, Rutland Co. VT
Buried Place Ira, Rutland Co. VT
Other husb. None known
Father MARTIN & WHIPPLE are possible surnames
Mother (maiden name)
When Where When Where To whom When Where
1 Joseph BURLINGAME c. 1775
Cumberland RI
22 Dec. 1842
Brattleboro VT
14 Mar 1803
Ira, VT
2 Rosetta BURLINGAME c. 1778
Cumberland RI
before 1843 —– FISH
3 Sarah BURLINGAME c. 1780
Cumberland RI
*4 James R BURLINGAME c. 1784
Cumberland RI
9 Aug 1852
York Twp.
Carroll Co. IL
Martha HAWKS
15 Sept 1805
Ira VT